# Questions tagged [cayley-graphs]

Questions concerning Cayley graphs, regardless of whether the group be finite, infinite, abelian, non-abelian. Strong connections to geometric group theory.

57
questions

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### Edge coloring of a graph on alternating groups

Let $G$ be the Cayley graph on the alternating group $A_n\,n\ge4$ with generating set $$S=\begin{cases}\{(1,2,3),(1,3,2),\\(1,2,\ldots,n),(1,n,n-1,\ldots,2)\}, &n\ \text{odd}\\ \{(1,2,3),(1,3,2),\\...

16
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0
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296
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### Does every infinite, connected, locally finite, vertex-transitive graph have a leafless spanning tree?

My question is
Let $G$ be an infinite, connected, locally finite, vertex-transitive graph. Must
$G$ have the following substructures?
i) a leafless spanning
tree;
ii) a spanning forest consisting ...

5
votes

0
answers

142
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### (How) does the spectral gap of the $n\times n$ Rubik's cube close with $n$?

Consider the spectrum of the adjacency matrix $A$ of the Cayley graph of the standard, 3x3x3 Rubik's cube generated with the usual quarter-turn and half-turn twists of each face (the Singmaster ...

6
votes

1
answer

128
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### Does the visual boundary of any one-ended Cayley graph contain at least three points?

Let $\Gamma$ be a Cayley graph of a finitely generated group. We can define the visual boundary of $\Gamma$ with respect to some base vertex $b$, denoted $\partial \Gamma$, as the set of geodesic rays ...

3
votes

0
answers

168
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### Property $(T)$ for $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z}) \ltimes \mathbb{Z}^2$

(This is in part a request for references and in part a somewhat pedagogical question.)
I gave a course on expanders seven years ago, and I am giving a course on expanders again now. We will soon do ...

3
votes

1
answer

125
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### Bandwidth of finite groups

For a generating set $S$ of a group $G$ denote by $\mathrm{Cay}(G,S)$ the corresponding Cayley graph.
For a finite graph $A$ denote by $\beta(A)$ its bandwidth.
Question: Has the "group bandwidth&...

5
votes

0
answers

187
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### Groups of non-orientable genus 1 and 2

The non-orientable genus (aka crosscap-number) $\overline{\gamma}(G)$ of a finite group $G$ is the minimum non-orientable genus among all its connected Cayley graphs (and $0$ if $G$ has a planar ...

2
votes

0
answers

129
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### Chromatic numbers of Cayley graphs induced by Hamming balls

The motivation for this question is to find, for a fixed odd $p$ and large $n$, sets $A\subset (\mathbb Z/p\mathbb Z)^n$ with $|A|> cp^n$ for some fixed $c$, where the difference set $A-A:=\{a-a': ...

2
votes

0
answers

99
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### Bruhat-Tits tree as Cayley graph of free group

$\DeclareMathOperator\BT{BT}\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}$Let $p > 2$ be a prime and $n = \frac{p + 1}{2}$. We can identify the vertices of Bruhat-Tits tree $\BT(\mathbb Q_p)$ with the elements in ...

3
votes

0
answers

61
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### Hamiltonian cycles in Cayley graph on alternating group

Let $G=\operatorname{Cay}(A_n,S)$ be the Cayley graph on the Alternating group $A_n\quad n\ge4$ with generating set $S=\{(1,2,3),(1,2,4),\ldots,(1,4,2),(1,3,2)\}$. One Hamiltonian cycle in $G$ for $n=...

3
votes

0
answers

336
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### What about a Cayley n-complex for n>2?

Let $G$ be a finitely presented group. The Cayley graph of the finite generating set is a $1$-complex where the $0$-cells are the elements of $G$ and the $1$-cells are given by the generators (...

3
votes

1
answer

249
views

### Explicit formula for embedding Cayley graph of free group into hyperbolic space

The problem is to embed Cayley graph of free group with $n\geq2$ generators (the same as Bethe lattice with coordination number $2n$) into any model of $\mathbb{H}^2$ (we have no model preference, the ...

5
votes

0
answers

139
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### When is a Schreier coset graph vertex transitive

When is a Schreier Coset graph on a group $G$ with subgroup $H$ and symmetric generating set $S$(without identity) vertex transitive?
It is well known that when $H$ is normal, the Schreier coset graph ...

1
vote

2
answers

120
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### Difference in chromatic number between Schreier coset graphs and Cayley graphs

Can the Schreier coset graphs can be seen as a subgraph of Cayley graph on the same groups(neglecting the loop edges) and, hence, have their chromatic numbers bounded by the chromatic numbers of the ...

2
votes

1
answer

90
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### Imposing reciprocity in the definition of vertex-transitivity

A simple, undirected graph is vertex-transitive if for any pair of vertices $x,y$, there exists an automorphism (adjacency-preserving self-bijection) $\phi$ such that $\phi(x)=y$.
What if, instead of ...

0
votes

1
answer

109
views

### Bound on chromatic number of graphs on any finite $p$-group

Is the chromatic number of a Cayley graph on $p$-groups with any generating set bounded by the chromatic number of the maximal induced circulant subgraph?
I think yes. Because for one, the main ...

0
votes

1
answer

76
views

### Extending the vertex coloring of circulant graph to graph on $p$-group

Let $G_1$ be a circulant graph of prime order $p$. This implies that $G_1$ is the Cayley graph on $\mathbb{Z}_p$ with some generating set $S_1$. I am interested in knowing the characterizations of the ...

1
vote

0
answers

46
views

### Circulant graphs chromatically dominated by powers of cycles

Suppose we can color the vertices of powers of cycles $C_n^k$ using $c$ colors such that each of the color classes $c_i$ have $v_i$ number of vertices. Can we always color the circulant of degree $2k$ ...

1
vote

0
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115
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### halved and folded hypercube duality

Notation. Consider the group $\Gamma=\mathbb{Z}_2^n$. I will denote the group operation aditively and by $\epsilon_i=(0,\dots,0,1,0,\dots,0)$ I denote the canonical generators. Let's define also $\...

6
votes

1
answer

243
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### Is the function $k(g,h) = \frac{1}{1+\lvert gh^{-1}\rvert}$ positive definite?

Let $G$ be a finite group, $S \subset G$ a generating set, closed under taking inverses, and $\lvert\cdot\rvert$ the word length with respect to this set $S$.
Question. Is the function $k(g,h) = \...

12
votes

2
answers

691
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### Is the Petersen graph a "Cayley graph" of some more general group-like structure?

The Petersen graph is the smallest vertex-transitive graph which is not a Cayley graph. Is it the "Cayley graph" of some slightly more general group-like structure?

1
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0
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83
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### Example of family of Cayley graphs with Ramanujan behaviour on finite $p$-groups

This is a very general question: are there known examples of Ramanujan behaviour of Cayley graphs obtained from family of finite p-groups?
${\mathrm{\bf Adjacency~matrix:}}$ Given a graph ${\mathcal{G}...

0
votes

0
answers

112
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### Procedure to color the edges of a circulant graph

From the first theorem in this paper, it is clear that a cayley graph on abelian group for all generating sets of even order is class $1$, that is can be edge colored in exactly $\Delta$ colors. But, ...

3
votes

0
answers

69
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### how do I find eigenvalues of Cayley graph for one subset given a different subset

How do I find eigenvalues for the adjacency matrix of Cayley graph $X(S_n,S)$ where $S_n$ is the symmetric group of order $n$ and $S$ is the set of transpositions $(i,i+1)$, if the eigenvalues of the ...

-1
votes

1
answer

162
views

### Which line graphs of Cayley graphs are Cayley

When are the line graphs of Cayley graphs Cayley?
From this link we can know when the line graphs of complete graphs are cayley. But, my question pertains to the larger class of Cayley graphs. Are ...

1
vote

1
answer

154
views

### Cayley graphs on $Z_{11}$ and $Z_p$

I want to find all cayley graphs on $Z_{11}$. I know how many connected cayley graphs exist but i want to find all of them, connected or not, to find their eigenvalues. I found some of them and a ...

2
votes

0
answers

58
views

### Path-covering for vertex-transitive graphs

I have the following dummy problem:
Claim - There exists $N$ such that for $n > N$, if $G_n$ be a connected directed vertex-transitive graph with $n$ vertices, then there exists a set $S$ of paths ...

-1
votes

1
answer

192
views

### Perfect Cayley graphs for abelian groups have $\frac{n}{\omega}$ disjoint maximal cliques

Let $G$ be a perfect/ weakly perfect Cayley graph on an abelian group with respect to a symmetric generating set. In addition let the clique number be $\omega$ which divides the order of graph $n$. ...

1
vote

1
answer

212
views

### Cayley graphs do not have isolated maximal cliques

Let a Cayley graph $G$ of a group $H$ with respect to the generating set $\{s_i\}$ have a clique of order $> 2$. In addition assume the graph $G$ is non-complete. If the clique size is less than ...

4
votes

2
answers

403
views

### Transposition Cayley graphs are planar

Consider the Cayley graph $G$ with vertex set the elements of the symmetric group $S_n$ and generating set the set of minimal transposition generators of the group $S_n$, that is the set $S=\{(12),(13)...

0
votes

1
answer

105
views

### Recognizing perfect Cayley graphs as tensor products

It is known (and can easily be seen) that a unitary Cayley graph on $n=\prod_ip_i$, ($p_i$ distinct primes) vertices with $n$ square-free can be recognized as the tensor product of the graphs $K_{p_i}$...

4
votes

1
answer

299
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### $C_4\times C_2 : C_2$: what does this mean?

I am reading this paper where the object $C_4\times C_2 : C_2$ is used as a group structure. I know that $C_n$ is a cyclic group but don't know what kind of operation between groups is identified by ...

1
vote

0
answers

109
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### Chromatic number of certain graphs with high maximum degree

Let $G$ be the graph of even order $n$ and size $\ge\frac{n^2}{4}$ which is a Cayley graph on a nilpotent group but not complete. Can the chromatic number of this graph be determined in polynomial ...

4
votes

1
answer

245
views

### Diameter of Cayley graphs of finite simple groups

Babai, Kantor and Lubotzky proved in 1989 the following theorem (Sciencedirect link to article).
THEOREM 1.1. There is a constant $C$ such that every nonabelian finite simple group $G$ has a set $S$ ...

0
votes

1
answer

328
views

### A vertex transitive graph has a near perfect/ matching missing an independent set of vertices

Consider a power of cycle graph $C_n^k\,\,,\frac{n}{2}>k\ge2$, represented as a Cayley graph with generating set $\{1,2,\ldots, k,n-k,\ldots,n-1\}$ on the Group $\mathbb{Z}_n$. Supposing I remove ...

6
votes

1
answer

221
views

### Vanishing of certain coefficients coming from Coxeter groups

Let $\left(W\text{, }S\right)$ be a Coxeter system. For every $w\in W$ let us write $\left|w\right|$ for the length of $w$. Set $\lambda\left(e\right)=1$ where $e\in W$ denotes the neutral element of ...

1
vote

0
answers

149
views

### Are all even regular undirected Cayley graphs of Class 1?

Are even order Cayley graphs of Class 1, that is, can they be edge-colored with exactly $m$ colors, where $m$ is the degree of each vertex?
I think yes, because of the symmetry the Cayley graphs ...

4
votes

1
answer

141
views

### Diameter for permutations of bounded support

Let $S\subset \textrm{Sym}(n)$ be a set of permutations each of which is of bounded support, that is, each $\sigma\in S$ moves $O(1)$ elements of $\{1,2,\dotsc,n\}$. Let $\Gamma$ be the graph whose ...

3
votes

0
answers

206
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### Growth functions of finite group - computation, typical behaviour, surveys?

Looking on the growth function for Rubik's group and symmetric group, one sees rather different behaviour:
Rubik's growth in LOG scale (see MO322877):
S_n n=9 growth and nice fit by normal ...

4
votes

1
answer

215
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### Total coloring conjecture for Cayley graphs

The total coloring conjecture (TCC) states that any total coloring of a simple graph $G(V,E)$ has its total chromatic number bounded as $\chi^{T}(G)\le \Delta+2$ where $\Delta $ is the maximal degree ...

4
votes

1
answer

158
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### Cliques in Cayley graph on $n$-cycles

Let $S\subset S_n$ be the set of all $n$-cycles. I want to know if the Cayley graph $(S_n,S)$ has large dense subgraphs. I'm expecting it to not have super-polynomial size and $1-o(1)$ dense subgraphs....

5
votes

1
answer

354
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### Cayley graph properties

Consider an infinite graph that satisfies the following property: if any finite set of vertices is removed (and all the adjacent edges), then the resulting graph has only one infinite connected ...

15
votes

1
answer

495
views

### Chromatic numbers of infinite abelian Cayley graphs

The recent striking progress on the chromatic number of the plane by de Grey arises from the interesting fact that certain Cayley graphs have large chromatic number; namely, the graph whose vertices ...

2
votes

2
answers

227
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### Distance regular Cayley graphs on $Z_2^n$?

Let $Z_2^n$ be group $Z_2 \times Z_2 \times \cdots \times Z_2$ with operation Exclusive-or. I'd like to know if the $Cay(Z_2^n,S)$ for $S \subset Z_2^n \setminus \{0\}$ is distance regular graph or ...

20
votes

4
answers

1k
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### Cayley graph of $A_5$ with generators $(1,2,3,4,5),(1,4,3,2,5)$

The Cayley graph of $A_5$ with two generators of order 5 seems rather complicated. What is its graph genus (orientable or non-orientable)?
The best I could get by trial and error is an embedding ...

0
votes

2
answers

133
views

### coloring infinite vertex transitive graph without large cliques

Let $G$ be an infinite vertex-transitive graph (this means that for every $u,w \in V(G)$ there exists an automorphism $\tau$ of $G$ such that $\tau(u) = v$).
We assume that $G$ is undirected, and does ...

5
votes

1
answer

138
views

### Inertia of a class of Cayley graphs

Let $H^n_2(d)$ be the Cayley graph with vertex set $\{0,1\}^n$ where two strings form an edge iff they have Hamming distance at least $d$. What is the inertia of these graphs, that is, the numbers of ...

5
votes

2
answers

734
views

### A generously vertex transitive graph which is not Cayley?

A graph is vertex transitive if $x \mapsto y$ by an automorphism.
A graph is generously vertex transitive if $x \mapsto y \mapsto x$ by an automorphism.
Simple facts:
GVT $\rightarrow$ unimodular. ...

15
votes

0
answers

236
views

### Approximation of the effective resistance on Cayley graph

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group, and denote by $G$ the Cayley graph of $\Gamma$. Denote by $d_R$ the resistance distance metric on this graph. The resistance distance metric between the ...

3
votes

0
answers

285
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### Induced graphs of Cayley graph

I have a Cayley graph $\mathrm{Cay}(G,S)$, its group presentation $G=\langle S | R \rangle$, and it becomes a metric graph by assigning a length equal to $1$ to each edge. I also have an induced ...