Questions tagged [blow-ups]

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72 views

Intersections of strict transform and strict transform of intersections

Let $Z_1,Z_2$ and $Y$ be subvarieties of a locally complete intersection variety $X$ over $\mathbb C$. Consider the strict transforms of $Z_1$ and $Z_2$ in the blowup $Bl_YX$, the question is: when ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Is the blowup of a toric variety corresponding to a subdivision normal?

Toroidal Embeddings 1 by KKMS say subdividing the fan of a toric variety yields the fan of a normalized blowup. How do I avoid normalization? Do I need to choose my subdivision carefully, or is it ...
2
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0answers
171 views

Surgery for algebraic varieties

I have a number of vague questions that I wasn't sure whether they are suitable to ask or not, but I decided to ask! According to this result, any two birational varieties can be constructed by a ...
1
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0answers
106 views

Factorization of birational maps in char $p$

So I was reading about the factorization result that any birational map between smooth varieties is composition of blow-ups and blow-downs with smooth centers. It is apparently true only in ...
1
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1answer
154 views

Blow-up of a three-dimensional variety at a node

Let $X$ be a three-dimensional variety over $\mathbb{C}$ with a nodal singularity at a point, say $P$. Is the exceptional divisor of the blow-up of $X$ at $P$ isomorphic to a smooth quadric in $\...
2
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1answer
201 views

Help about “Varieties with small Dual Varieties” by L.Ein

I'm studying the paper "Varieties with small Dual Varieties" by L.Ein and in the construction he gives about the $10-$dimensional spinor variety $S_4 \subset \mathbb{P}^{15}$ I'm finding ...
1
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0answers
67 views

Strict transforms of higher codimension subvarieties

The following question could be posed in a more general context but for simplicity I will stick to a particular case. Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^9$ be a smooth variety of degree $d$ and dimension $6$. ...
9
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5answers
486 views

Blow-up of projective variety $P^1 \times P^1… \times P^1$ ($n$ times) and blow-up of $P^n$

It is known that the blow-up of $P^1 \times P^1$ at a point is isomorphic to the blow-up of $P^2$ at two points. I'm wondering if there is any general statement for the blow-up of $P^1 \times P^1 \...
7
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1answer
207 views

Strict transform of a tangent curve under blow-up

$\DeclareMathOperator{\Bl}{\operatorname{Bl}}$It is known that if we have a projective variety $X$ and a projective smooth subvariety $Y$ then the exceptional divisor $E \subset \Bl_{Y}X$ of the blow-...
3
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0answers
98 views

branch divisor of this map

We consider the blow up $Bl(\mathbb{P}^2)_p$ of $\mathbb{P}^2$ in $p:=|1:0:0|$ and the following surface: $Y:=\{(|y_1: y_2:y_3:y_4|, |x_0:x_1:x_2|) \in \mathbb{P}^3\times \mathbb{P}^2: rk(\begin{...
7
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1answer
329 views

General conditions for normality of blow-up

Let $X$ be an integral, affine, normal complex surface. I am looking for conditions on zero-dimensional closed subschemes $Z$ in $X$ such that the reduced scheme associated to the blow-up of $X$ along ...
4
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1answer
284 views

Relative canonical class of blowing-up a flag ideal

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety of dimension $n$. Consider a flag ideal $I$ on $X\times \mathbb{P}^1$, namely, $$ I=I_0+I_1t+I_2t^2+\cdots+I_{N-1}t^{N-1}+(t^N)\,, $$ where $t$ is the ...
4
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0answers
79 views

Serre vanishing on one-point blow-ups

This is basically the last step of problem 5.3.7 in Huybrechts' Complex Geometry. Let $X$ be a complex manifold, $x \in X$, $E$ a holomorphic vector bundle on $X$ and $L$ a positive line bundle. ...
5
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1answer
146 views

Extending rational maps of nodal curves

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ and $C, D$ two nodal (=prestable) curves over $\operatorname{Spec} R$. If I have a map $C_K \to D_K$ between the restriction of the curves ...
5
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0answers
196 views

Deformations of a blow up

My question is related to this question, but I'm looking for something a bit more explicit. Let $S$ be a smooth surface over $\mathbb C$, fix a point $s\in S$ and take the blow up $\beta \colon S' \...
2
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0answers
100 views

Determining if a morphism is a blowup along a given subvariety

Let $X,\tilde{X}$ be two smooth projective varieties over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $\pi:\tilde{X}\rightarrow X$ be a projective morphism. Let us moreover assume that there exists a smooth closed ...
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70 views

Properties of the contraction map of the exceptional divisor of a blow-up

Let $X$ be a smooth variety and $Z$ be a smooth subvariety. Consider the blow-up at $Z$ $$\pi:\mathrm{Bl}_Z(X)\rightarrow X$$ and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor. What are the properties of the ...
2
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1answer
197 views

Picard group modulo codimension 2

Let $X$ be a normal (possibly singular) projective surface over $\mathbb{C}$. Consider the set $M_X$ of all coherent sheaves $F$ on $X$ such that there exists a finite subset $Y\subset X$ such that $F$...
6
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2answers
291 views

Simple proof that the arithmetic genus is non-negative

I take an irreducible and reduced closed curve $C\subseteq \mathbb{P}^n$, defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ and define the arithmetic genus $p_a(C)$ as the integer such that the Hilbert ...
2
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0answers
69 views

Birational contraction of toric vector bundle

Let $X$ be the toric vector bundle over $\mathbb{P}(1,1,1,2)$ with grading matrix $$ \left(\begin{array}{cccccc} 1 & 1 & 1 & 2 & -2 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & ...
5
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0answers
156 views

When do the spectra of overrings glue to a proper morphism?

This question is motivated by the construction of blowups. Let $A \subset K$ be a commutative domain and its fraction field, and let $\{A_i\}$ be some finite collection of overrings in between. Let $X ...
1
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1answer
94 views

Reference requence: scheme of complete homomorphisms of rank $r$ via blowups

I'm reading these notes where it states in section $3$: (transcribed because I can't post image) Step 1. Introduce the stacks of degenerated and iterated shtukas which extends that of shtukas. This ...
4
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1answer
331 views

Blowing up vector bundles in the zero section

Assume we are given a scheme $X$ (feel free to add all the needed hypotheses, at this point I’m working with smooth schemes, but the fewer is needed, the better) and a vector bundle $E$ over $X$. I ...
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0answers
147 views

Extend any morphism to suitable projective variety? [closed]

Let $F: X\to \mathbb{P}^n$ be a morphism from an affine variety to projective space (over some algebraically closed field of characteristic zero). Can we always find an open immersion $\iota: X\...
5
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0answers
196 views

Fibers of blow up in families

Let $T$ be a smooth curve over $\mathbb{C}$ and $p:\mathbb{P}^n \times T \to T$ the natural projection. Let $V \subset \mathbb{P}^n_T$ be a $T$-flat subscheme of codimension at least $2$ and $\pi: \...
10
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0answers
162 views

Derived equivalences preserved by blow-ups

Let $X$ and $Y$ be smooth projective varieties over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $X$ and $Y$ are derived equivalent. Let $\pi : \tilde{X} \longrightarrow X$ be a blow-up of $X$ along a smooth center. Can ...
8
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2answers
448 views

Blow-up of the plane at $5$ points

If we Blow-up $\mathbb P^2_{\mathbb C}$ at $5$ points $T=\{p_1,\ldots,p_5\}$ we obtain a Del Pezzo surface $X$ of degree $4$. Now take another set of $5$ points $T'=\{q_1,\ldots,q_5\}$ ($T'\neq T$), ...
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0answers
92 views

Proper subvarieties of blow-up

Let $X$ be an integral affine scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $Y\subset X$ be an integral closed subscheme of codimension $n>0$. We blow up $X$ along $Y$ and get a scheme $Bl_Y X$. ...
6
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1answer
632 views

Why only some del Pezzo are toric?

Let us define smooth del Pezzo surfaces $dP_r$ as the blowup of $r$ generic points in $\mathbb{CP}_2$. One can show that if we request $dP_r$ to be Fano, then $r=0,...,8$. In theoretical physics ...
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0answers
67 views

Blow up of 9 points in 3-fold and intersection of strict transforms

Suppose we have blown up a variety $X$ at some points $P_j$ so that we introduce exceptional divisors $E_j$ in $\widetilde X$; what is the general strategy to determine the intersections of these ...
8
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1answer
313 views

The relative dimension of blow-up and singularities

Let $X$ be an integral affine scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{C}$, $\mathrm{dim}\,X=d$. Let $Y\subset X$ be an integral closed subscheme of codimension $n>0$. We blow up $X$ along $Y$ and get ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Projective subvarieties of blow-ups of affine varieties

Let $X$ be an integral affine scheme of finite type over a field $k$. Let $Y\subset X$ be an integral closed subscheme of codimension $n>0$. We blow up $X$ along $Y$ and get a $k$-scheme $X'$. Is ...
4
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0answers
119 views

Diffeomorphism of $ \mathbb{C}P^2 \# ~\overline{\mathbb{C}P^2}$

I am currently reading Dusa McDuff's paper "Blow ups and symplectic embedding in dimension 4" and had a few questions regarding the paper. In the paper McDuff uses the following notation. $X = \...
2
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0answers
134 views

Is this construction with stacks a blow-up?

Let $X$ be the stack of rank $1$ degree $b$ coherent sheaves $E$ with torsion of length at most 1 on an elliptic curve $C$. Let $Y$ be the stack of pairs $E^{'} \subset E$ such that $E \in X$ and $E/E^...
2
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1answer
272 views

Blow up of a Projective scheme along a projective-subscheme using Macaulay2

Given a closed-subscheme (corresponding to the homogeneous ideal $I$ inside $K[x_0,...,x_n]$) of a projective scheme $\mathbb{P}^n$, how can one find out the blow up using Macaulay2? ...
2
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1answer
193 views

Counter example about blow-up solution of DEs

Let $f(\cdot)$ be a continuously differentiable function over $\mathbb{R}$, and $u\in L^2_{loc}(0,\infty)$, $a\in \mathbb{R}$, and $x(t)$ solves the integral of $$\dot{x}(t)=ax(t)+f(x(t))+u(t), \quad ...
8
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0answers
187 views

Very ample divisors on blow ups of the projective plane

Let $X$ be $\mathbb{P}^2$ blown up at $k$ points in general position. The Picard group of $X$ is just $\mathbb{Z}^{k+1}$ and one knows the intersection product explicitly. If $D$ is an ample divisor, ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Blowing up the base of an elliptically fibered (non Weierstrass) threefold

Suppose $X$ is an elliptically fibered smooth threefold, with a nontrivial Mordel-Weil group. Lets call the sections $\sigma_i$ ,$i=1 \dots n$. None of these "sections" are honestly a section, they ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Gradient blowup for the 1-dim heat equation near an irregular boundary point

I'm trying to estimate the rate of boundary gradient blow-up for the 1-dim heat equation near an irregular boundary point. Let $b(t) := (1-t)^\alpha$, $\alpha < 1/2$. Let $u(t,x)$ solve the ...
3
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0answers
240 views

The Chow ring of a blow-up along a badly embedded subscheme

Let $X$ be a variety and $i:Y\hookrightarrow X$ be a regularly embedded closed subvariety, and write $\tilde X$ for $Bl_Y X$ the blow-up of $X$ along $Y$. Let $A^*(X)$ refer to the Fulton-Macpherson ...
2
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1answer
650 views

An explicit computation of the blow-up of curve over $\mathbb{F}_3$ at two points

I would like to work through computing the blow-up of a particular curve along a subvariety consisting of just two points, both of which are ordinary double points. Let $$F(X,Y,Z) = X^4 + Y^4 - X Y^2 ...
4
votes
2answers
887 views

Topology of the blowup of a surface at a point (connected sum)

Let $S$ be a complex algebraic (smooth) surface and $\widetilde{S}$ be the blowup of $S$ at a point $p\in S$. I would like to understand the statement: As a topological manifold, $\widetilde{S}$ ...
1
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0answers
48 views

How can I describe in explicit geometric terms the (in general non-complete) linear system?

Let $\varphi\!: S \to S^\prime$ be a birational morphism of projective non-singular irreducible surfaces over a (algebraically closed) field $k$ and let $D \in \mathrm{Div}(S)$. Also, let $\big(\...
3
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0answers
197 views

When is the strict transform of very ample divisor ample?

Let $X$ be a projective variety and $Y \subset X$ is a very ample divisor on $X$. Let $Z \subset X$ be a regular subvariety (but $X$ need not be regular along $Z$) of codimension $2$ and $\pi:\tilde{X}...
1
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1answer
124 views

Gysin map for projective sub-bundles of exceptional divisors

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective variety, $Y \subset X$ a smooth, projective subvariety of codimension $3$. Denote by $\pi:\tilde{X} \to X$ the blow-up of $X$ along $Y$ and by $E$ the exceptional ...
1
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0answers
610 views

Cotangent sheaf of a blow up

It's well known that for a nonsingular variety $X$ and a nonsingular subvariety $Y$ with $\text{codim}(Y,X) \ge 2$, we can compute the canonical sheaf of $\widetilde{X}$ (the blow up of $X$ along $Y$) ...
6
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1answer
161 views

Blowing-up an ideal generated by squares

Let $f_1,\dots,f_r$ be regular functions on a smooth projective variety $X$, and consider the ideals $I = (f_1^2,\dots,f_r^2)$ and $J = (f_1,\dots,f_r)$. Let $Y = Z(I)$ and $W = Z(J)$ be the ...
13
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0answers
441 views

Cohomology of a blow-up of a real algebraic variety

Let $X$ be a complex algebraic variety, $Z \subset X$ a closed subvariety, $\mathrm{Bl}_Z X$ the blow-up and $E$ the exceptional divisor. There is an isomorphism of cohomology groups $$ H^k(X(\mathbf ...
2
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0answers
152 views

Blow-up, strict transform and gysin map

Let $X$ be a non-singular, projective variety and $Y \subset X$ non-singular, projective subvariety. Denote by $\pi:W \to X$ the blow-up of $X$ along $Y$. Let $Y_1 \subset W$ be a non-singular ...
4
votes
2answers
337 views

Is this divisorial contraction a blow-up?

Let $C$ be a curve in a smooth $3$-fold $X$ with an ordinary node $p\in X$. Blow-up $p$ let $E$ be the exceptional divisor, and $\widetilde{C}$ the strict transform of $C$. Furthermore let $L$ be the ...