# Questions tagged [blow-ups]

The blow-ups tag has no usage guidance.

185
questions

2
votes

0
answers

36
views

### 0-framed smoothly slice knot that can be obtained by blowing down successively a link of unknots

A knot in $S^3$ is called a smoothly slice knot if it bounds a smoothly embedded 2-disk in $D^4$. Every ribbon knot is known to be a smoothly slice knot, and there are known some nontrivial smoothly ...

0
votes

0
answers

123
views

### Vector bundles on blowups

$\DeclareMathOperator\Pic{Pic}\DeclareMathOperator\ker{ker}$Let $X$ be a (projective) variety, which is singular at a point $p$ of $X$ (we can also replace $p$ with some closed subvariety). Suppose $Y$...

0
votes

0
answers

100
views

### Nonlinear wave equation : ODE blow-up construction

Consider the focusing non-linear wave equation (NLW)
\begin{align*}\partial_{tt} u(t,x) - \Delta u(t,x) &= -|u|^{p-1}u, \quad (t,x) \in [0,+\infty) \times \mathbb R^d \\
u(0,x) &= u_0(x) \in \...

0
votes

1
answer

130
views

### Blow up and critical points of the projection map

Denote $Z=V(x_1, \dots, x_{n-1}) \subset \mathbb{C}^n$ and let $Bl_Z(\mathbb{C}^n)$ be the blow up of $\mathbb{C}^n$ along $Z$ together with the projection map $\pi \colon Bl_Z(\mathbb{C}^n) \to \...

2
votes

0
answers

92
views

### On intersections of exceptional divisors

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective variety of dimension $n \ge 2$, $L$ a very ample line bundle on $X$ and $\pi: \widetilde{X} \to X$ be the blow-up along a closed subvariety of codimension at least $2$. ...

4
votes

0
answers

178
views

### Blow-up of a stratified space

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, and $D_1, \ldots, D_n$ be a collection of simple normal crossing divisors. The divisors induce a stratification $\mathcal{T}_X$ of $X$.
Let $...

1
vote

0
answers

80
views

### Representability of blow-up of stacks

Suppose $\mathcal{Z}\subseteq\mathcal{X}$ is a closed immersion of stacks. Is the blow-up morphism $p:Bl_{\mathcal{Z}}(\mathcal{X})\to\mathcal{X}$ representable? More precisely, if $C\to\mathcal{X}$ ...

6
votes

1
answer

387
views

### If power of an ideal is locally free then it is locally free

Let $X$ be a noetherian scheme and $\mathcal{I} \subset \mathcal{O}_X$ a coherent sheaf of ideals. Suppose that $\mathcal{I}^d$ is locally-free for some power $d$. Then the blowing up $\mathrm{Bl}_{\...

0
votes

0
answers

104
views

### Problem in calculating the global sections of $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^3}(d)\otimes \mathcal{I}_Z$

This is an additional question to the one I posed in Equivalence of sequences of blowups of $\mathbb{P}^3$
Let $[x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4]$ be coordinates of $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $Z\subset \mathbb{P}^3$ the ...

2
votes

1
answer

184
views

### Equivalence of sequences of blowups of $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $[x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4]$ be coordinates of $\mathbb{P}^3$ and $Z\subset \mathbb{P}^3$ the subscheme given by the ideal $$I_Z=(x_1,x_2,x_3^2) \subset \mathbb{C}[x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4]$$ i.e. $Z$ is a double ...

2
votes

1
answer

134
views

### Mori fiber space contractions of the blow-up of a projective space

Let $\mathbb P(V)$ be a projective space containing $Y$ as a subvariety. Let $Z$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb P(V)$ along $Y$.
Clearly there exists a divisorial contraction given by $b: Z \to \mathbb P(...

9
votes

1
answer

677
views

### Inverse Kirby knot

Given an (oriented framed) knot $K$ in the 3-sphere $S^3$, we can perform a surgery along $K$ to get another 3-manifold $M$. From $M$, we can perform the inverse surgery back to $S^3$.
However, the ...

9
votes

0
answers

265
views

### Proof of Artin–Rees / Krull intersection motivated by universal property of blowup

I was very confused by the proof of Artin–Rees / Krull intersection theorem when I was younger.
Now that I learnt about blow up— I saw the Rees algebra again and I want to now gain a better ...

3
votes

0
answers

119
views

### How to use blow-up to prove the boundary regularity for a harmonic function

While reading the book Regularity Theory of Elliptic PDE I’m confused with a theorem:
Thm. 2.30.
Let $\alpha \in (0,1)$ and $k \in N$ with $k \leq 2$, and let $\Omega$ be a bounded $C^{k, \alpha}$ ...

2
votes

0
answers

157
views

### On the exceptional divisor of the resolution of indeterminacy locus of rational map

Let $f:X \dashrightarrow Y$ be a rational map between smooth, projective varieties over $\mathbb{C}$. We know that there is a resolution of the indeterminacy locus using which we obtain a smooth, ...

2
votes

1
answer

170
views

### Blow-ups of surfaces over a field

Let $S$ be a smooth projective surface of Picard rank $\rho(S)$ over a field $K$, and $\overline{S}$ its algebraic closure.
Take a point $p\in\overline{S}$ and denote by $\overline{X}$ be blow-up of $\...

5
votes

1
answer

218
views

### Which projective varieties cannot appear as an exceptional divisor of a blow-up of the projective space

I am looking for examples of projective varieties (over $\mathbb{C}$) of dimension, say $n$ which cannot appear as an exceptional divisor of a blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^{n+1}$ along some closed subscheme....

2
votes

0
answers

138
views

### Base locus of a linear system after blow-up

I have a smooth proejective fourfold $X$ with an effective divisor $D$ on it.
The base locus ${\rm Bs}|D|$ of the linear system $|D|$ is a smooth rational curve $C$ and a generic member of $|D|$ has ...

10
votes

1
answer

662
views

### What's the cohomology ring structure of a blow-up?

Let $X$ be a compact Kähler manifold, with $j_Z: Z\hookrightarrow X$ a submanifold of complex codimension $r$, $\tau: \widetilde{X} \to X$ the blow-up of $X$ along $Z$, with exceptional divisor $j: E \...

2
votes

0
answers

147
views

### Higher cohomology of projective bundles

Let $C$ be a curve and $L$ be a line bundle with sufficiently large degree. Let $C_p$ denote the $p$-th symmetric product of $C$, which consists of all the effective divisors of degree $p$ on $C$. Let ...

2
votes

0
answers

130
views

### Intersections of strict transform and strict transform of intersections

Let $Z_1,Z_2$ and $Y$ be subvarieties of a locally complete intersection variety $X$ over $\mathbb C$.
Consider the strict transforms of $Z_1$ and $Z_2$ in the blowup $Bl_YX$, the question is: when ...

2
votes

1
answer

120
views

### Is the blowup of a toric variety corresponding to a subdivision normal?

Toroidal Embeddings 1 by KKMS say subdividing the fan of a toric variety yields the fan of a normalized blowup. How do I avoid normalization? Do I need to choose my subdivision carefully, or is it ...

2
votes

0
answers

179
views

### Surgery for algebraic varieties

I have a number of vague questions that I wasn't sure whether they are suitable to ask or not, but I decided to ask!
According to this result, any two birational varieties can be constructed by a ...

1
vote

0
answers

128
views

### Factorization of birational maps in char $p$

So I was reading about the factorization result that any birational map between smooth varieties is composition of blow-ups and blow-downs with smooth centers. It is apparently true only in ...

2
votes

1
answer

177
views

### Blow-up of a three-dimensional variety at a node

Let $X$ be a three-dimensional variety over $\mathbb{C}$ with a nodal singularity at a point, say $P$. Is the exceptional divisor of the blow-up of $X$ at $P$ isomorphic to a smooth quadric in $\...

2
votes

1
answer

225
views

### Help about "Varieties with small Dual Varieties" by L.Ein

I'm studying the paper "Varieties with small Dual Varieties" by L.Ein and in the construction he gives about the $10-$dimensional spinor variety $S_4 \subset \mathbb{P}^{15}$ I'm finding ...

9
votes

5
answers

771
views

### Blow-up of projective variety $P^1 \times P^1..... \times P^1$ ($n$ times) and blow-up of $P^n$

It is known that the blow-up of $P^1 \times P^1$ at a point is isomorphic to the blow-up of $P^2$ at two points. I'm wondering if there is any general statement for the blow-up of $P^1 \times P^1 \...

7
votes

1
answer

310
views

### Strict transform of a tangent curve under blow-up

$\DeclareMathOperator{\Bl}{\operatorname{Bl}}$It is known that if we have a projective variety $X$ and a projective smooth subvariety $Y$ then the exceptional divisor $E \subset \Bl_{Y}X$ of the blow-...

3
votes

0
answers

123
views

### branch divisor of this map

We consider the blow up $Bl(\mathbb{P}^2)_p$ of $\mathbb{P}^2$ in $p:=|1:0:0|$ and the following surface:
$Y:=\{(|y_1: y_2:y_3:y_4|, |x_0:x_1:x_2|) \in \mathbb{P}^3\times \mathbb{P}^2: rk(\begin{...

7
votes

1
answer

348
views

### General conditions for normality of blow-up

Let $X$ be an integral, affine, normal complex surface. I am looking for conditions on zero-dimensional closed subschemes $Z$ in $X$ such that the reduced scheme associated to the blow-up of $X$ along ...

4
votes

1
answer

326
views

### Relative canonical class of blowing-up a flag ideal

Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety of dimension $n$. Consider a flag ideal $I$ on $X\times \mathbb{P}^1$, namely,
$$
I=I_0+I_1t+I_2t^2+\cdots+I_{N-1}t^{N-1}+(t^N)\,,
$$
where $t$ is the ...

4
votes

0
answers

85
views

### Serre vanishing on one-point blow-ups

This is basically the last step of problem 5.3.7 in Huybrechts' Complex Geometry.
Let $X$ be a complex manifold, $x \in X$, $E$ a holomorphic vector bundle on $X$ and $L$ a positive line bundle. ...

5
votes

1
answer

176
views

### Extending rational maps of nodal curves

Let $R$ be a discrete valuation ring with fraction field $K$ and $C, D$ two nodal (=prestable) curves over $\operatorname{Spec} R$. If I have a map $C_K \to D_K$ between the restriction of the curves ...

5
votes

0
answers

224
views

### Deformations of a blow up

My question is related to this question, but I'm looking for something a bit more explicit.
Let $S$ be a smooth surface over $\mathbb C$, fix a point $s\in S$ and take the blow up $\beta \colon S' \...

2
votes

0
answers

113
views

### Determining if a morphism is a blowup along a given subvariety

Let $X,\tilde{X}$ be two smooth projective varieties over $\mathbb{C}$, and let $\pi:\tilde{X}\rightarrow X$ be a projective morphism. Let us moreover assume that there exists a smooth closed ...

1
vote

0
answers

76
views

### Properties of the contraction map of the exceptional divisor of a blow-up

Let $X$ be a smooth variety and $Z$ be a smooth subvariety. Consider the blow-up at $Z$ $$\pi:\mathrm{Bl}_Z(X)\rightarrow X$$ and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor. What are the properties of the ...

2
votes

1
answer

240
views

### Picard group modulo codimension 2

Let $X$ be a normal (possibly singular) projective surface over $\mathbb{C}$. Consider the set $M_X$ of all coherent sheaves $F$ on $X$ such that there exists a finite subset $Y\subset X$ such that $F$...

6
votes

2
answers

406
views

### Simple proof that the arithmetic genus is non-negative

I take an irreducible and reduced closed curve $C\subseteq \mathbb{P}^n$, defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ and define the arithmetic genus $p_a(C)$ as the integer such that the Hilbert ...

5
votes

0
answers

165
views

### When do the spectra of overrings glue to a proper morphism?

This question is motivated by the construction of blowups.
Let $A \subset K$ be a commutative domain and its fraction field, and let $\{A_i\}$ be some finite collection of overrings in between.
Let $X ...

1
vote

1
answer

99
views

### Reference requence: scheme of complete homomorphisms of rank $r$ via blowups

I'm reading these notes
where it states in section $3$: (transcribed because I can't post image)
Step 1. Introduce the stacks of degenerated and iterated shtukas
which extends that of shtukas.
This ...

4
votes

1
answer

466
views

### Blowing up vector bundles in the zero section

Assume we are given a scheme $X$ (feel free to add all the needed hypotheses, at this point I’m working with smooth schemes, but the fewer is needed, the better) and a vector bundle $E$ over $X$. I ...

1
vote

0
answers

212
views

### Extend any morphism to suitable projective variety? [closed]

Let $F: X\to \mathbb{P}^n$ be a morphism from an affine variety to projective space (over some algebraically closed field of characteristic zero). Can we always find an open immersion $\iota: X\...

5
votes

0
answers

251
views

### Fibers of blow up in families

Let $T$ be a smooth curve over $\mathbb{C}$ and $p:\mathbb{P}^n \times T \to T$ the natural projection. Let $V \subset \mathbb{P}^n_T$ be a $T$-flat subscheme of codimension at least $2$ and $\pi: \...

10
votes

0
answers

170
views

### Derived equivalences preserved by blow-ups

Let $X$ and $Y$ be smooth projective varieties over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $X$ and $Y$ are derived equivalent. Let $\pi : \tilde{X} \longrightarrow X$ be a blow-up of $X$ along a smooth center. Can ...

8
votes

2
answers

534
views

### Blow-up of the plane at $5$ points

If we Blow-up $\mathbb P^2_{\mathbb C}$ at $5$ points $T=\{p_1,\ldots,p_5\}$ we obtain a Del Pezzo surface $X$ of degree $4$. Now take another set of $5$ points $T'=\{q_1,\ldots,q_5\}$ ($T'\neq T$), ...

0
votes

0
answers

94
views

### Proper subvarieties of blow-up

Let $X$ be an integral affine scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $Y\subset X$ be an integral closed subscheme of codimension $n>0$. We blow up $X$ along $Y$ and get a scheme $Bl_Y X$. ...

7
votes

1
answer

807
views

### Why only some del Pezzo are toric?

Let us define smooth del Pezzo surfaces $dP_r$ as the blowup of $r$ generic points in $\mathbb{CP}_2$. One can show that if we request $dP_r$ to be Fano, then $r=0,...,8$. In theoretical physics ...

1
vote

0
answers

75
views

### Blow up of 9 points in 3-fold and intersection of strict transforms

Suppose we have blown up a variety $X$ at some points $P_j$ so that we introduce exceptional divisors $E_j$ in $\widetilde X$; what is the general strategy to determine the intersections of these ...

8
votes

1
answer

357
views

### The relative dimension of blow-up and singularities

Let $X$ be an integral affine scheme of finite type over $\mathbb{C}$, $\mathrm{dim}\,X=d$. Let $Y\subset X$ be an integral closed subscheme of codimension $n>0$. We blow up $X$ along $Y$ and get ...

1
vote

1
answer

163
views

### Projective subvarieties of blow-ups of affine varieties

Let $X$ be an integral affine scheme of finite type over a field $k$. Let $Y\subset X$ be an integral closed subscheme of codimension $n>0$. We blow up $X$ along $Y$ and get a $k$-scheme $X'$. Is ...