# Questions tagged [classification]

The classification tag has no usage guidance.

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### Minimum number of support vectors? [closed]

I'm learning SVM and its written everywhere that the minimal number of support vectors is 2? But I couldn't find any formal proofs of that. Why cant there be less than 2 support vectors? Can somebody ...

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### Why the VC dimension of triangles in 2D space is not greater than 7?

I understand that there are sets of 7 points on a circle that can be fully
shattered using triangles.But, it is not clear to me why it cannot shatter 8 points.
Is there any intuitive way of arriving ...

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### How does one obtain a classification of reducible holonomy groups from Berger's classification?

How does one obtain a classification of reducible holonomy groups from Berger's classification with de Rham's decomposition theorem? It was suggested to me that I should requiring that each factor in ...

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### Name for “partially complete” invariants in classification problems?

For any equivalence $\sim$ on some collection of objects $C$ consider the problem of trying to determine if two arbitrary objects $x$ and $y$ in $C$ are equivalent i.e. if $x\sim y$ now by definition ...

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### The “Johnson polychora”

Firstly, a definition:
A convex polyhedron, whose faces are regular polygons (2D polytopes).
This includes the 92 Johnson solids, 13 Archimedean solids, 5 Platonic solids and two infinite ...

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### Classification of the quotients of the ring Z/4 [X]

Is it possible to classify all cyclic $\mathbb{Z}/4$-algebras, i.e. the regular quotients of $\mathbb{Z}/4 [X]$? A typical example is $\mathbb{Z}/4 [X] / \langle X^n , 2 X^k \rangle$. For my purposes ...

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### Generalize characterization of upper semicontinous functions

Let $X$ be a metric space and denote $f:X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}.$
It is easy to show that the following two statements are equivalent:
$(1)$ For any real number $c$, we have $f^{-1}(-\infty,c)$ is ...

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### Classification of pointed Hopf algebras up to gauge equivalence

The classification of finite-dimensional pointed Hopf algebras over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero and whose group of group-like elements is abelian is very much completed. ...

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### Classification of non-Hausdorff topological vector spaces

It is well-known that up to topological isomorphism there is exactly one Hausdorff topological vector space (say, over $\mathbb{C}$) of a given dimension $n$, namely $\mathbb{C}^n$ with the euclidean ...

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### Smallest number $n$ for which we don't know the classification of all groups of order $n$

I noticed that in groupprops and wikipedia there are often given tables of classifications of groups of small order. This motivated me to ask, what is the current state of research in classifying all ...

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### Regular homotopy of punctured surfaces

A theorem of James and Thomas (Note on the classification of cross-sections, Topology 4) asserts that the space of immersions, up to regular homotopy, from a compact surface $S$ into $\mathbb{R}^3$ ...

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### Has anyone catalogued the “first generation” proof of the classification of finite simple groups?

It has been estimated that the original proof of the CFSG spans around 15,000 journal pages written by hundreds of authors over most of the 20th century. The GLS project attempted to simplify this ...

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### Classification of finite subgroup of $PGSp_4(\mathbb{C})$

Is there a classification of the finite subgroups of $PGSp_4(\mathbb{C})$?

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### Classification of cubic surfaces in $\mathbb{P}^3$

We know every cubic surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ is obtained by blowing up $\mathbb{P}^2$ at 6 points in general position. Hence they are all birational to $\mathbb{P}^2$.
My question is: Do we have ...

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### Representation theorem for modular lattices?

Birkhoff's representation theorem implies that every distributive lattice embeds into the lattice of subsets of a set. Is there also some representation theorem for modular lattices?
For example, I ...

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### Are the closed and unbounded subsets of $\mathbb{R}$ known up to homeomorphism?

I am currently working on a problem for which this knowledge could greatly reduce the number of cases, but I have yet to find anything after searching online. Are the closed unbounded subsets of $\...

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### Heegaard diagrams of prime 3-manifolds

Are there some known results which give a classification of closed prime 3-manifolds up to their Heegaard diagrams? (That is, providing a collection of Heegaard diagrams which exhausts all prime ...

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### Classification of finite abelian hypergroups and table algebras

Update: Originally, I formulated this question for finite abelian hypergroups, but in a discussion with Geoff Robinson below I realized that the abelian hypergroups defined below are equivalent to ...

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### Is there a structure theorem or group law for finite groups generated by two elements?

Say that $a, b \in G$ are two elements of a finite group $G$. Is there a structure theorem for the structure of $\langle a,b\rangle$? Is there a way to derive group laws for the group operation in the ...

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### A class 3 group of order 243

Let G be a group of order $243=3^5$. We denote by $(G_i)$ its lower central series and assume that $G$ has class $3$ and that $|G:G_2|=|G_3|=9$. We assume moreover that the cubing map factors as a (...

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### A relation on the set of isomorphism classes of finitely generated groups

Let $G$ be the set of finitely generated groups up to isomorphism hence its elements will be noted $[B]$ where $B$ is some finitely generated group.
On this set we put a relation $\mathcal{ND}$ ("...

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### How do you *state* the Classification of finite simple groups?

From the point of view of formal math, what would constitute an appropriate statement of the classification of finite simple groups? As I understand it, the classification enumerates 18 infinite ...

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### First Explicit Irreducible Representations

Although the classification of simple Lie Algebras and their representations is fully understood, I wonder whether there is some book with exhaustive tables describing explicit irreducible ...

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### What is the growth of the rank of a power of a finite simple group?

Which asymptotic bounds (upper and lower) are known for $s_n$ - the minimal number of generators of $S^n$ where $S$ is a nonabelian finite simple group?

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### Signatures of latin squares: what about the extremal cases?

For a latin square (LS) of order $n$, we will define a cut (or maybe general transversal, I don't know whether there is an entrenched name for this) as a collection of $n$ cells such that no two share ...

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### Characterization of Frobenius complements

I have learned that Frobenius complements are characterized (among finite groups) by having a fixed point free complex representation.
That is, a finite group $G$ is a Frobenius complement if and only ...

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### Lens spaces and generalized Petersen graphs

Recently I came across this mathoverflow question, in which the number of homeomorphism classes of 3-dimensional lens spaces $L(p, q)$ is computed as a function of $p$. Using the OEIS, I found a ...

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### In what sense is the classification of all finite groups “impossible”?

I think there is a general belief that the classification of all finite groups is "impossible". I would like to know if this claim can be made more precise in any way. For instance, if there is a ...

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### Castelnuovo's rationality criterion on singular surfaces?

Let $S$ be a projective surface over an algebraically closed field. Suppose that $q(S)=h^1(\mathcal O_S)=0$ and $P_2(S)=h^0(\mathcal O_S(2K_S))=0$. If $S$ is smooth, Castelnuovo's rationality ...

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### Uniform-in-p classification* of p-groups of order p^n for each fixed n?

To what extent is there/can there be a description that is uniform in p (for p sufficiently large) of the p-groups of order $p^n$, for each fixed n?
Note 1: I used the word "description" rather than ...

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### How much information does the multiplicative semigroup of an algebra contain?

How much do we know about an given algebra when we only know its semigroup strucure under the product law?
How far can two algebras be distinguished by knowing only their semigroup strucure?
The ...

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### Are all symmetric idempotent Latin squares known?

Are all symmetric idempotent Latin squares known?
There is such a square of order $n$ if and only if $n$ is odd. However, is there a classification of all of them?
(The motivation for the question ...

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### Taking direct sums in $K$-theory in Kirchberg-Phillips classification

A theorem by Kirchberg and Phillips states that two unital separable nuclear simple purely infinite $C^*$-algebras (so called Kirchberg algebras) satisfying the Universal Coefficient Theorem are ...

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### basics of classification of trilinear forms (when is it non-discrete)

Consider tri-linear forms, $\{A_{ijk}\}$ where $i=1,..,n_1$, $j=1,..,n_2$, $k=1,..n_3$, over a field of zero characteristic, up to the equivalence $A\to (U_1,U_2,U_3)(A)$, by three matrices.
What is ...

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### The PDE $u_t=u_{xx}-u_{yy}$: The simplest linear second-order PDE that isn't elliptic, parabolic, or hyperbolic.

I know that there have been several questions on here and stackexchange about linear PDE's which don't fall into the standard classification, but I had a more focused question which I haven't seen ...

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### Finding Decision Boundary from empirical distribution

Based on measuring a certain characteristic, we want to classify measurements as coming from either of two populations. The true population distributions are unknown (and we don't want to take any ...

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### Rock-paper-scissors…

A directed graph whose underlying undirected graph is complete is called a tournament. Let us call a (finite) directed graph balanced if every vertex has as many incoming as outgoing edges. The ...

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### bielliptic surfaces

Definition:
A surface is called $S$ bielliptic if $S \cong (E \times F) /G$, where $E,F$ are elliptic curves and $G$ is a finite group of translations of $E$ acting on $F$ such that $F /G \cong \...

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### Del pezzo surfaces in positive characteristic

For me a Del Pezzo surface $X$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$ is an algebraic surface where the anticanonical bundle $\omega^{-1}_X$ or $-K_X$ is ample. (I prefer the second ...

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### “Locally Cartesian” varieties

Differentiable manifolds can be described in terms of local charts to open subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and transition functions that are diffeomorphisms. Trying to put $\mathbb{A}^n$ (over an ...

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### Is there a classification of open subsets of euclidean space up to homeomorphism?

I hope this question is reasonable enough to have a well known answer. i.e either there is a simple invariant (like the homotopy groups) that characterizes the homeomorphism type of such set among ...

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### Classifications of finite simple objects

I'm curious to know if other classifications are known of "finite simple structures" in the same spirit of the monumental classification of finite simple groups. Here I mean "classification" in the ...