# Questions tagged [incidence-geometry]

Abstract incidence geometries like projective spaces, polar spaces, generalized polygons, as well as incidence problems in the real or complex Euclidean spaces (eg. Szemerédi–Trotter theorem).

64 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
102 views

### Combinatorics of projective planes over commutative rings

An axiomatic projective plane is a point-line incidence structure with the following axioms: any two distinct points are collinear (via a unique line); any two distinct lines meet in a unique point; ...
75 views

### Segre's theorem in $3$ dimensions with a “twist”

As I understand, there is a $3$-dimensional analogue of Segre's theorem stating that the maximum size of a set in ${\bf F}_q^3$ ($q$ odd) with no three points collinear is $q^2+1$. I am trying to ...
130 views

### Projective planes over non-division rings

Is there a "right" notion of a projective plane over a general (unital, non-division) ring? Let me explain what type of object I am looking for. Let $R$ be an arbitrary (not necessarily ...
108 views

### Point-line incidence bounds over positive characteristic fields

I am aware of work on point-line incidence bounds over $\mathbb{R}$, $\mathbb{C}$, and finite fields, in particular various versions of the Szemeredi-Trotter bounds. I would like to know if work along ...
65 views

### Infinite-dimensional quasifields

In their seminal paper on translation planes (The Construction of Translation Planes from Projective Spaces, Journal of Algebra 1:85-102, 1964, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-8693(64)90010-9), Bruck and ...
87 views

### Perfect matchings in infinite regular bipartite graphs

This question was motivated by a discussion here and is related to a previous question here. Let $\kappa$ and $\lambda$ be cardinals such that $0<\lambda\leq \kappa$. Let $G=(A\cup B, E)$ be a ...
70 views

### Injective choice function for finite Fano planes

Let $H=(V,E)$ be a hypergraph that is a finite Fano plane, that is, $V$ is a finite set and $E$ has the following properties: for $e_1\neq e_2\in E$ we have $|e_1|=|e_2|$, as well as $|e_1\cap e_2|=1$...
64 views

### What can be said about a class of incidence structures closed under duals and complements?

Note that I do not work in combinatorics, and so this question might be a bit naive. The question is inspired by some structures that arise in my research within representation theory. Recall that an ...
135 views

### Question involving an incidence geometry theorem from Larry Guth's book Polynomial Methods in Combinatorics [2016]

At the very beginning of Chapter 11 of Larry Guth's book, we are given the following theorem which is supposed to be proved within the chapter: Theorem 11.1. There is a constant K so that the ...
48 views

### Generalized quadrangles and their connection to prime powers

Generalized quadrangles are a commonly know geometric structures. A generalized quadrangle is an incidence structure $(P,B,I)$, with $I \subseteq P \times B$ an incidence relation, satisfying certain ...
56 views

### Generic linear subspaces of symmetric matrices

Let $\mathcal{S}_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be the real vector space of symmetric $n\times n$ traceless matrices with real entries and let $L\subset \mathcal{S}_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be a linear subspace. Noticing ...
292 views

### How many squares can be formed by $n$ points in general position in the plane?

[This is much in the spirit (but different from) the questions from different posters: How many squares can be formed by using n points? and How many squares can be formed by using n points: revisited?...
87 views

### graph built from orthogonal Latin Squares

I've asked the following question on MathExchange site, with a bounty, with no answer or comments. Maybe I would have additional comments here. The problem came to be while reading some articles on ...
326 views

### Why should it be hard to generalize Dvir's proof of the finite field Kakeya conjecture to the Euclidean case?

Let $q$ be prime and let $q\delta \sim 1.$ Let $K$ be any set of $Cn\delta$-separated tubes in $B(0,2)$, where $C_n$ is some constant depending on $n$. Let us consider a grid of $q^n$ points scaled ...
171 views

### Does any real projective plane incidence theorem follow from axioms?

Is it known whether any projective geometry statement that holds true in the real projective plane (equivalently, can be deduced from Hilbert axioms) follows from the standard projective axiomatics? ...
305 views

### Geometric interpretation of the exceptional isomorphism $PSp(4,3)=PSU(4,2^2)$

It is well-known that there is an isomorphism between $PSp(4,3)$ (the symplectic group of dimension $4$ over $\mathbb F_3$) and $PSU(4,2^2)$ (the unitary group defined by $4\times4$ unitary matrices ...
336 views

### About the paper by Buekenhout, Delandtsheer, Doyen, Kleidman, Liebeck and Saxl

The paper by Buekenhout, Delandtsheer, Doyen, Kleidman, Liebeck and Saxl called Linear spaces with flag transitive automorphism groups (Geom. Dedicata) from 1990 annonces a very powerful ...
143 views

### Are two “perfectly dense” hypergraphs on $\mathbb{N}$ necessarily isomorphic?

We say that a hypergraph $(\mathbb{N}, E)$ where $E\subseteq {\cal P}(\mathbb N)$ is perfectly dense if $\mathbb{N}\notin E$, all $e\in E$ are infinite, $e_1, e_2 \in E$ implies $|e_1\cap e_2| = 1$,...
140 views

### theories where angles exist without a metric

The underlying basic question, which I'm sure I'm not the first to ask, is what are the possible exotic/nonintuitive models of Euclid's axioms/postulates, outside the one where "lines" are interpreted ...
99 views

### What (if anything) is the connection between the Feit-Higman Theorem and the regular plane tilings?

Here are two facts that are superficially similar. Tiling Theorem: The only regular tilings of $\mathbb{R}^2$ are achieved by triangles, squares, and hexagons. Feit-Higman Theorem: The only finite ...
210 views

### What are $(m,n)$-pseudoplanes?

An incidence geometry is a set $P$ (the "points"), a set $L$ (the "lines"), and a relation $I\subseteq P\times L$ ("incidence"). Equivalently, a bipartite graph with the halves of the partition ...
143 views

### Very symmetric quadrangle in $\Bbb CP^2$

Is there a quadrangle $Q \subset \Bbb CP^2$, namely $Q$ is a set of four points, such that every permutation of $Q$ can be realizad by an isometric projectivity of $\Bbb CP^2$? Clearly the analogous ...
166 views

222 views

713 views

### Synthetic projective lines

The classical synthetic notion of projective plane consists of a set of points, a set of lines, and a relation of incidence between the two, such that any two distinct points lie on a unique line and ...
646 views

### Is the sumset or the sumset of the square set always large?

Let A be a finite subset of $\mathbb{N}$, $\mathbb{R}$, or a sufficiently small subset of $\mathbb{F}_{p}$. Do we have a lower bound of the form $|A|^{1+\delta}$ on the following quantity: \max (|\...
821 views

### Minimal number of intersections in a convex $n$-gon?

For a convex polygon $P$, draw all the diagonals of $P$ and consider the intersection points made by those diagonals. Let $f(n)$ be the minimal number of such intersections where $P$ ranges over all ...
954 views

377 views

### Subplanes of Finite Projective Planes

If a finite projective plane $\pi_1$ of order $m$ contains, as a sub plane, a finite projective plane $\pi_2$ of order $n$, then $m \geq n^2$ with equality holding only in the case of a Baer sub plane....
66 views

366 views

### Covering all, but $k$ points with affine subspaces

For non-negative integer $d\le n$ and $k\le 2^n$, how many affine subspaces of co-dimension $d$ are needed to cover all, but exactly $k$ elements of the vector space ${\mathbb F}_2^n$, and what are ...
I was working on something and stumbled upon the following situation. I have in front of me a configuration $L$ of lines in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ and say I consider the graph $G$ having as vertex set $L$ ...