# Questions tagged [non-associative-algebras]

Questions about non-associative algebras other than Lie algebras.

36
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### Is there a characterisation of Cayley–Dickson Algebras?

The Cayley–Dickson construction takes an algebra with involution and produces another algebra with involution of twice the dimension.
Starting from the reals (with trivial involution), we ...

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116 views

### Nonassociative algebras closed under $\sqrt{\ }$?

Consider a non-associative commutative unital algebra of finite dimension where the product is defined by a Cayley table such that elements are generated with real number coefficients
$(a_0, \dotsc, ...

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335 views

### Why is the automorphism group of the octonions $G_2$ instead of $SO(7)$

I can calculate the derivation of the octonions and I clearly find the 14 generators that form the algebra of $G_2$. However, when I do the same calculation for the quaternions, I end up with the ...

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33 views

### Separable nonassociative algebras

In his paper "Structure and Representation of Nonassociative Algebras", Schafer notes that an arbitrary nonassociative algebra over a field is separable "if and only if the ...

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### Conceptual meaning of the Dickson construction

The Cayley-Dickson construction (a.k.a. Dickson construction or Dickson doubling) constructs a new *-algebra $A'$ out of a given *-algebra $A$. As a vector space $A' = A \oplus A$, and the ...

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167 views

### Left- (right-) multiplications of an algebra that are derivations

Let us say that $A$ is a (finite-dimensional) algebra over a field of characteristic zero. We can assume commutativity
but not associativity, if that makes it easier. Indeed, I am mostly interested in ...

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608 views

### How many Lie and associative algebras over a finite field are there?

This question is related to the following general question:
Given a variety of (non-associative) algebras $\mathcal V$, a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$, with $q$ elements, and a positive integer $n$, ...

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29 views

### Gelfand-Kirillov dimension for non-associative algebras

Let $A$ be any finitely generated algebra - non necessarely unital neither associative - over a base field $k$. Let us denote the product $*$. Suppose $A$ is finitely generated by $S$, and introduce $...

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58 views

### Reference request: associative subalgebras of Cayley algebras are at most 4-dimensional

By a Cayley algebra I mean an 8-dimensional algebra (over an arbitrary field) formed in the Cayley-Dickson process. (They are also called octonion algebras, but I prefer to reserve the term octonion ...

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104 views

### Is the average associator over a finite subloop of octonions necessarily zero?

For any three octonions $a,b,c$, their associator is defined as \begin{equation*} [a,b,c]=a(bc)-(ab)c \end{equation*} and measures their non-associativity so to speak.
Now suppose that $L$ is a finite ...

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79 views

### Principal ideal of a non-associative magma

The definitions of an ideal of an algebraic structure $A$ (as a substructure $I$ such that the product of $A$ and $I$ is a subset of $I$) do not involve associativity.
However, the definitions of a ...

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28 views

### Is there a unique way to define an Euclidean Jordan Algebra as the product of two simple Euclidean Jordan Algebras?

Let $A$ and $B$ be two simple Euclidean Jordan Algebras. It is well known that $A\times B$ can be made into a Jordan Algebra in a unique way by defining the operation component-wise. Is it true that ...

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541 views

### Good reference on the algebraic geometry of non-associative rings

I am looking for a good reference about the algebraic geometry of non-associative rings. I am in particular interested in derivation algebras.
Preferrably an online resource or a book that is ...

**4**

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**1**answer

264 views

### “Non-associative” standard polynomials

I saw somewhere (I appreciate if anyone has any references to proof of this fact) that if $A$ is a finite dimensional associative algebra such that $\textrm{dim}(A)<n$, then $A$ satisfies the ...

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242 views

### Non-associative deformation quantization

Several physicists consider non-Poisson bivectors but still apply Kontsevich formality in order to get deformation quantization type results: see e.g. Szabos's review An introduction to nonassociative ...

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89 views

### Is there a way to adjoin a counit to a non counital coalgebra?

Let $k$ be a field.
If $A$ is a non unital $k$-algebra, there is a simple way to make it unital by taking $\tilde{A}:=A\oplus k$ and setting
$$ (a+\lambda)(b+\mu):=ab+\lambda b +\mu a +\lambda \mu$$
...

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119 views

### Determinants in Jordan algebras of Euclidean type

As far as I heard (I am not sure about the precise statement) there is a classification of simple Jordan algebras of Euclidean type. Each (some?) of such algebras admits a cone of positive definite ...

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94 views

### Weak associativity

Let $(V,*)$ be an algebra and denote $A_*\in \text{Hom}(V^{\otimes 3},V)$ the associator of the binary product $*\in \text{Hom}(V^{\otimes 2},V)$ defined as $A_*(a,b,c):=(a*b)*c-a*(b*c)$.
The ...

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**1**answer

3k views

### Have you ever seen this bizarre commutative algebra?

I have encountered very strange commutative nonassociative algebras without unit, over a characteristic zero field, and I cannot figure out where do they belong. Has anybody seen these animals in any ...

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628 views

### What's the maximum probability of associativity for triples in a nonassociative loop?

In a finite nonabelian group, the probability that two randomly chosen elements commute cannot exceed 5/8. One easy proof also makes it easy to find the smallest groups that attain this bound, namely ...

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330 views

### Non-associative module theory [closed]

I'm looking for a reference that treats basic module theory over non-associative rings, the isomorphism theorems and so on. I imagine the theory is known, but have not been able to find a reference.
...

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124 views

### Language representation problem regarding non-commutative, non-associative algebras

Consider a sentence as a series of words with an associated set of labels that tell one how information is passed through the sentence - examples include combinatory categorical grammars or Lambek ...

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106 views

### Multiplication on cubic hypersurfaces and partially defined groups

Let $V$ be a general smooth projective cubic hypersurface. Doing literally as in case of cubic curves we define a relation on $V\times V\times V$: $(x,y,z)$ satisfy it iff $x+y+z$ is an intersection ...

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129 views

### Is there a notion of octonionic structure on a Lie algebra? In the same way as there is one for complex and quaternionic

Is there a notion of octonionic structure on a Lie group? In the same way as there is one for complex and quaternionic

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552 views

### Determinants of octonionic hermitian matrices

For quaternionic hermitian matrices (i.e. quaternionic square matrices $(a_{ij})$ satisfying
$a_{ji}=\bar a_{ij}$) there is a nice notion of (Moore) determinant which can be defined as follows.
...

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**1**answer

173 views

### Does the Cayley-Dickson construction preserve isomorphism of quaternion algebras?

I posted this on math.stackexchange to no avail, so I hope it's appropriate to post here despite that it might not be research-level. I expect the answer to this is well-known to people studying non-...

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1k views

### Applications of Jordan algebras

Jordan algebras are non-associative algebras satisfying a somewhat strange (to me) list of axioms, see wikipedia. Basic examples are real symmetric and complex hermitian matrices with the product $A\...

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133 views

### Is the generated subalgebra of a subset of pairwise operator-commuting element in a JB-algebra associative?

In a Jordan algebra elements $a$ and $b$ are said to operator-commute, whenever $a \circ (b \circ x) = b \circ (a \circ x)$ for every other element $x$. (That is: $T_aT_b = T_bT_a$, writing $T_x(y) = ...

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121 views

### A question about index of the commutant in a Moufang loop

Let $M$ be a non-commutative Moufang loop and $C(M)$ be its commutant. I can prove that the index of $C(M)$ in $M$, $|M:C(M)|$, is greater than or equal to 4. Also, I can show that $|M:Z(M)|\geq 4$, ...

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158 views

### Is there a system of quasigroup equations implying non-associativity?

I have read that if 4 quasigroup operations, $\cdot,\circ,\star,\square$, on a set $S$ respect the following equation:
$$x\cdot (y\circ z) = (x \star y) \square z$$
for all $x,y,z\in S$, then all 4 ...

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326 views

### Is there a cohomology for magmas?

Is there a cohomology theory for magmas? Or cohomology theories for any class of non-associative algebras (other than Lie and maybe Jordan)?

**9**

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268 views

### Homotopes of simple Lie algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a complex simple Lie algebra with bracket $[x,y]$. For which $z\in \mathfrak{g}$ does the formula
$$
\mu(x,y)=ad (z)([x,y])=[z,[x,y]]
$$
define another Lie bracket on the same ...

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227 views

### Reference request: The relationship between norm and trace forms on an Albert algebra

I am interested in either a nice reference, or some clarification.
Overview: I am considering $J_3(\mathbb{O})$, the Jordan algebra of $3\times 3$ self adjoint octonionic matrices. This algebra is a ...

**11**

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327 views

### What is flexible about flexible algebras?

A possibly non-associative algebra is flexible if it satisfies the identity $$(xy)x=x(yx).$$ This is clearly a very weak form of associativity —and obviously an associative algebra is flexible— but it ...

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180 views

### Any results or concise introduction about nonassociative algebra that even does not satisify Power associativity?

Any results or concise introduction about nonassociative algebra that even does not satisify Power associativity?

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2k views

### The octonions on a bad day

We can define the algebra of quaternions $\mathbb H$ over any field $k$, and depending on the arithmetic of $k$ it is either a division algebra or a matrix algebra.
We can also define the algebra of ...