# Questions tagged [finite-geometry]

Galois geometry, finite projective and affine spaces, polar spaces, partial geometries, generalized polygons, near polygons, and other finite incidence geometries.

Galois geometry, finite projective and affine spaces, polar spaces, partial geometries, generalized polygons, near polygons, and other finite incidence geometries.

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As the title says. Which finite projective planes admit a symmetric incidence matrix?
I am not an expert in the field at all, but I consulted with one. He claimed that $PG(2, \mathbb F_q)$ can always ...

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It is well-known that an arbitrary projective plane can have very different symmetry group to a field plane. In particular, the symmetries are not transitive on the set of fundamental quadrangles. ...

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I'm trying to find out what is already known about the following setup.
Let $V$ be an $n$-dimensional vector space over a finite field $F_q$ (I'm mostly interested in the case where $q$ is prime), and ...

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A projective plane $Π$ is a 3-tuple $(P,L,I)$ where $P$ and $L$ are sets, and $I$ is a relation between $P$ and $L$, such that:
For every two elements $p_1$, $p_2\in P$, there exists a unique ...

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It is well-known that there is an isomorphism between $PSp(4,3)$ (the symplectic group of dimension $4$ over $\mathbb F_3$) and $PSU(4,2^2)$ (the unitary group defined by $4\times4$ unitary matrices ...

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In the article Womcodes constructed with projective geometries Frans Merkx constructed several good wom-codes (write-once memory codes, see How to reuse a "write-once" memory by Rivest & Shamir ...

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Let $p$ be a large prime and let $\alpha$ be a root of a primitive quadratic polynomial over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $N$ be an integer parameter of size proportional to $p$ and $$V = \{\alpha + b : b \in \...

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An order-$m$ subplane of a finite projective plane of order $n$ is called a Baer subplane if $n=m^2$.
It is known that the projective plane $PG(2,q)$ is a Baer subplane of the Desarguesian ...

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In a comment on a blog post from 2009 about the hypothetical Moore graph(s) of degree 57 and girth 5, Gordon Royle offered the following observation (reproduced here in full for the sake of ...

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Recall that a doubly-stochastic matrix is a square matrix with non-negative elements such the sum of the elements in every row, as well as in every column, is $1$. The set of doubly-stochastic ...

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This is, essentially, a geometrically rendered version of the question I asked a week ago, with the emphases slightly shifted; it seems more natural and appealing (to me, at least) in this form.
Let ...

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Let $p$ be a prime, and $n\ge 1$ an integer number. Suppose that the (not necessarily distinct) vectors $v_1,\dotsc,v_N \in{\mathbb F}_p^n$ satisfy the following condition:
\begin{gather}
\text{For ...

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Let $\Sigma$ be a set of $|\Sigma| = n$ subsets of the universe $[n]$, each of size $k$, with the property that any two of these subsets intersect on at most one element. It is easy to see that the ...

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Here are two facts that are superficially similar.
Tiling Theorem: The only regular tilings of $\mathbb{R}^2$ are achieved by triangles, squares, and hexagons.
Feit-Higman Theorem: The only finite ...

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This is the "real-life" (but slightly more technical) version of a question I have asked recently.
For a prime $p>10$, let $\mathcal L_X$, $\mathcal L_Y$, and $\mathcal L_Z$ denote the pencils of ...

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I'm trying to understand the proof of Kantor's Singer cycle theorem, which asserts that if $G$ is a subgroup of $\operatorname{GL}(n,q)$ containing a Singer cycle then $\operatorname{GL}(n/s,q^s) \leq ...

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Let $\mathcal L$ denote the set of all lines in $\mathbb F_p^2$ parallel to one of the lines
$$ X:=\{(x,0)\colon x\in\mathbb F_p \},
\ Y:=\{(0,y)\colon y\in\mathbb F_p \},
\ Z:=\{(z,z)\...

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This is motivated by a computer-generated conjecture that bipartite distance-regular graphs are hamiltonian. I decided to check the case of Moore graphs first.
The cycles and complete bipartite graphs ...

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$\newcommand{\F}{\mathbb F}$
A subset $P$ of the affine plane $\F_p^2$ is said to determine a direction if there is a line in this direction containing at least two points of $P$.
A set of size $|P|&...

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It is well known that the projective plane of order $2$ can be represented by the circulant matrix $M_2:=circ(x,x,1,x,1,1,1)= \begin{pmatrix}
x&x&1&x&1&1&1\\
1&x&x&...

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$\newcommand{\F}{{\mathbb F}}$
Let $q$ be an odd prime power. A blocking set in the affine plane $\F_q^2$ is a set blocking (meeting) every line.
A union of two non-parallel lines is a blocking set ...

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Consider the finite field ${\bf F}_p$ and its cubic extension ${\bf F}_{p^3}$. The multiplicative group ${\bf G}_m({\bf F}_{p^3})$ contains the multiplicative group ${\bf G}_m({\bf F}_p) \cong {\bf Z}/...

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Let $p$ be a fixed prime, and suppose that $S$ is a subset of the affine plane $\mathbb F_p^2$. If $|S|\le p+1$, then by the pigeonhole principle, through any given point $s\in S$ there is a line $L=L(...

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Consider the projectivization $\mathbb P\mathbb F_p^n$ of $\mathbb F_p^n$. How large a set $B \subseteq \mathbb P \mathbb F_p^n$ can I pick so that no three points of $B$ lie on the same line?

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Google scholar gives more than 200 articles comcerning finite Bolyai-Lobachevsky (BL) planes. Usually they devoted to construction of such objects (axioms may be different).
Are their any ...

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Let E be an elliptic curve over $F_p$. Suppose that its j invarient is not supersingular and that $j\neq 0 $ or 1728.
Then the modular polynomial $\Phi_l(j,T)$ has a zero $\tilde{\jmath} \in \...

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In a finite projective plane, each two points appear together in exactly one line, and each two lines intersect in exactly one point. It is known that, if each line contains $n+1$ points, then the ...

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Let $J_n := \{1,2,3,\ldots,n,1^*,2^*,\ldots,n^*\}$ with the involution $x\mapsto x^*$ exchanging $i$ and $i^*$ for $1\leq i\leq n$. The following is supposed to be standard, but to avoid any doubt as ...

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I'm wondering if the notion of an orientable/non-orientable manifold has any reasonable extension that allows for a similar classification of finite geometries.
For example, the real projective plane ...

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This question is related to the question I asked earlier.
For a natural number $n$, a set $D$ of integer numbers is called a $n$-cyclic difference set if each integer number $x\notin n\mathbb Z$ can ...

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A subset $A$ of a group $G$ is defined to be self-linked if $A\cap gA\ne\emptyset$ for all $g\in G$. This happens if and only if $AA^{-1}=G$.
For a finite group $G$ denote by $sl(G)$ the smallest ...

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Problem 1. For which $n$ does the cyclic group $C_n$ admit a difference set $D\subset C_n$, i.e., a set such that each non-unit element $x\in C_n$ can be uniquely written as the difference $x=ab^{-1}$...

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By a classical result of Singer (1938), for a prime number $p$ the cyclic group $C_n$ of order $n=1+p+p^2$ contains a subset $D$ of cardinality $|D|=1+p$ such that $DD^{-1}=C_n$. Such set $D$ is ...

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A difference between finite geometries and (e.g.) Euclidean space is that "lines" in finite geometries are unordered subsets of the universe, while "lines" in Euclidean space are ordered subsets of ...

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It seems to me that the answer should be yes, but my naive attempts to come up with an example have failed.
Just to clarify, by finite hyperbolic geometry I mean a finite set of points and lines such ...

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It is well-known there is an isomorphism between $GL(3,2)=PGL(3,2)$, the automorphism group of the Fano plane (i.e. the projective plane over the finite field with two elements), and $PSL(2,7)$, which ...

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Let $V$ be a $m$-dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{F}_q$ and $1<\ell<m-1$. Let $r$ be a positive integer such that $r\ell\leq m$.
QUESTION. What is the maximum number of elements in the ...

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A square in $\mathbb F_2^n\oplus\mathbb F_2^n$ is a quadruple of the form
$$ (u,v)+\{(0,0),(0,d),(d,0),(d,d)\},\quad u,v,d\in\mathbb F_2^n,\ d\ne 0. $$
A set $A\subset\mathbb F_2^n\oplus\mathbb F_2^...

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The following may be well-known $-$ but not known to me:
What is the smallest possible size of a set in ${\mathbb F}_2^n$ that blocks every $2$-flat?
Here "blocks" means "have a non-empty ...

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Suppose I'm given a set of point $S = \{x_1, \dots, x_m \} \subseteq \mathbb{F}_2^n$, and the following task. Find a set of disjoint affine subspaces of $\mathbb{F}_2^n$, $A_1, \dots, A_k$ satisfying ...

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What is the smallest possible size of a set of points in $\mathbb{F}_q^3$ which intersects (blocks) every line?
Clearly the union of three affine hyperplanes that intersect in a singleton, say $x = 0,...

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Let's define $k$-blocking set in affine space $AG(n,q)$ a set that meets every coset (translate of subspace) of dimension $k$.
I have seen a lot work related to minimal $(n-1)$-blockings set.
...

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Let $\mathbb{F}$ be a finite field of characteristic $2$. Let $L_m$ denote the set of lines in $\mathbb{F}^2$ with slope $m\in\mathbb{F}$, that is, all parallel lines of the form $y=mx+b$. Consider a ...

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Consider a finite projective plane of order $q$. Define $f(m)$ to be the maximum number of lines completely contained in any point set of size $m$, where $1 \leq m \leq q^2+q+1$. I would like to ...

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It was proved by Dvir that a Kakeya set in $\mathbb{F}_q^n$ has size at least $q^n/n!$, a bound which was later improved to $q^n/2^n$.
For $n = 2$ and $q$ odd the exact bound is $q(q+1)/2 + (q-1)/2$ ...

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Let $G$ be a graph. A $k$-spread is a set of cliques of order $k$ which partition the vertex set (so $k|n$, where $n$ is the number of vertices).
A partial $k$-resolution of $G$ is a set of pairwise ...

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This question can be interpreted as an instance of the Zarankiewicz problem. Suppose we have an $n\times n$ matrix with entries in $\{0,1\}$ with no $\begin{pmatrix}1 & 1\\ 1& 1\end{pmatrix} $ ...

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Is the following statement true for finite reflection groups?
Let $G$ be a finite reflection group acting on $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $x, y\in \mathbb{R}^n$
and let $z$ be in the orbit of $y$. If $\...

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Let $V$ be a vector space over a field with $5$ elements, $A,B \subseteq V$ independent subsets. Must there be a subspace of $V$ of codimension 1 disjoint from $A \cup B$?

10
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If a finite projective plane $\pi_1$ of order $m$ contains, as a sub plane, a
finite projective plane $\pi_2$ of order $n$, then $m \geq n^2$ with equality holding only in the case of a Baer sub plane....