# Questions tagged [perfect-matchings]

A perfect matching is a matching of all the vertices of a graph. In other words, a perfect matching is a set of edges such that each vertex of the graph is incident to exactly one edge in the set.

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### Existence of perfect "sub-matchings" in symmetric bipartite regular graphs

Given a symmetric $k$-regular assignment matrix $\boldsymbol{A}\in\lbrace 0,1\rbrace^{r\cdot s\,\times r\cdot s}$ that is "partitioned" into submatrices of size $r\times r$. The existence of ...
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### Connecting $2n$ points in $\mathbb R^2$ with line segments s.t. each point belongs to exactly one line segment

I'm trying to do a certain simulation related to the toric code and I'm looking for an algorithm that connects $2n$ points ($n \in \mathbb Z_+$) in $\mathbb R^2$ with line segments with the following ...
143 views

### Upper bound on the number of perfect matchings in $K_{3,3}$-free graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph with an even number of vertices $|V|=2n$. Assume that $G$ is $K_{3,3}$-free i.e. it does not contain a graph isomorphic to biclique $K_{3,3}$. A perfect matching of $G$ is a ...
1 vote
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### On perfect matchings on planar graphs - is there a linear time deterministic algorithm?

The slides here provide a way to get a pfaffian orientation from Minimum Spanning Tree. MST can be found in linear time if graph is planar and weights are $1$ and the slides give a linear time ...
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### Can the most distant edge-disjoint pair of perfect matchings be calculated efficiently

Question: has the linear program \begin{align} \text{LP:} \\ & \sum_{ij} w_{ij}\cdot(b_{ij}-a_{ij})\ \stackrel{!}{=}\ \max \\ \text{s.t. } & \sum_{ij}a_{ij}\ \le\ \sum_{ij}b_{ij} \\ & 0\ ...
1 vote
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### What's the name of the graph operation of connecting two copies of a graph with a perfect matching?

Let $G=(V_1,E_1)$ be a simple graph with vertex set $\{v_1,v_2,\ldots,v_n\}$ and let $G'=(V_2,E_2)$ be another copy of $G$ with vertex set $\{u_1,u_2,\ldots,u_n\}$. Assume $V_1\cap V_2= \emptyset$. ...
166 views

### The perfect matching problem of planar graph

We know that connectivity is closely related to the Hamiltonian of planar graphs. The most famous result is the Tutte theorem. Theorem (Tutte, 1956). A 4-connected planar graph has a Hamiltonian ...
55 views

### Sum of number of perfect matchings and a constant constuction

Suppose we have two bipartite graphs $G_1$ and $G_2$ with perfect matching count $P_1$ and $P_2$ respectively then their disjoint union gives a bipartite graph with perfect matching $P_1P_2$. Is ...
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### Computing bipartite matching of size $k$?

Given a bipartite graph with $n$ vertices on each side and an integer $k$, how can we compute all bipartite matchings of size $k$? The problem of computing all perfect matchings is #P-complete. But I ...
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### Minimum-weight disjoint union of perfect matchings

Is there a counter example or proof for the claim that the lightest edge-disjoint union of a pair of perfect matchings contains the edges of the lightest perfect matching in a finite complete graph ...
338 views

### Smallest $3$-regular graph with a unique perfect matching

What is the smallest 3-regular graph to have a unique perfect matching? With a large enough number of nodes, it is possible for a 3-regular graph to have no perfect matching (example can be seen in ...
1 vote
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### Number of extremal $\{0,1\}$ matrices having permanent $1$ property

Is there a function which describes the number of $\{0,1\}^{n\times n}\cap\mathbb Z^{n\times n}$ matrices having permanent $1$? I think it might be $\mathsf{poly}(n!)$ bounded. Is there a function ...
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### What is known about iterated matching as a TSP heuristic

A fairly wellknown heuristic for TSP that is based on matching is described in the 2003 paper Match twice and stitch: a new TSP tour construction heuristic by Andrew B. Kahng and Sherief Reda. Its ...
368 views

### Can local flip moves connect dimer matchings on 'quadrangulated' planar bipartite graphs? (perfect matching reconfiguration problem)

I'm interested in the structure of dimer matchings on planar graphs with a bipartite structure. In particular, I'm interested in whether any two perfect matchings can be connected, i.e. transformed ...
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### A vertex transitive graph has a near perfect/ matching missing an independent set of vertices

Consider a power of cycle graph $C_n^k\,\,,\frac{n}{2}>k\ge2$, represented as a Cayley graph with generating set $\{1,2,\ldots, k,n-k,\ldots,n-1\}$ on the Group $\mathbb{Z}_n$. Supposing I remove ...
1 vote
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### A simple case of a strong version of the Berge-Fulkerson conjecture

UPDATE 28 June 2019 A counterexample for Conjecture 2 has been provided. The conjecture is now demoted again to guess. The text has been updated to reflect this change, and there is now a new ...
1 vote
Let $G$ be a bridgeless cubic (simple) graph, and let $M$ be a perfect matching in $G$. $G-M$ will necessarily be a set of circuits. For example, if we delete a perfect matching from $K_{3,3}$ we ...
### Maximum number of perfect matchings in a graph of genus $g$ balanced $k$-partite graph
What is the maximum number of perfect matchings a genus $g$ balanced $k$-partite graph (number of vertices for each color in all possible $k$-colorings is within a difference of $1$) can have? I am ...