# Questions tagged [involutions]

The involutions tag has no usage guidance.

48
questions

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### Color algebras and color involutions

If $A$ is a $G$-graded algebra then one can define on it a color involution, i.e. a bijective linear map preserving the grading such that the image of a product of two homogeneous elements is defined ...

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### Involutive automorphism of simple Lie algebra

I am sorry if this question is too elementary to be posted here, but no experts answer this question when I post it on Math Stackexchange.
Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{k}+\mathfrak{p}$ be a Cartan ...

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### Smooth involutions on homotopy 11-spheres or diffeomorphism classification of homotopy projective 11-space

Does anyone know if smooth fixed point free involutions on homotopy 11-spheres have been studied? Or equivalently, is something known about the diffeomorphism classification of homotopy $\mathbb{R}P^{...

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64 views

### What do conjugacy classes of involutions like in finite simple group $E_7(q)$?

Are there any refences for conjugacy classes of involutions in finite simple group $E_7(q)$?

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### Concerning $\mathbb{C}(s_1,s_2,s_3,y)=\mathbb{C}(x,y)$, where $s_1,s_2,s_3$ are symmetric

Perhaps the following question is not in the level of MO questions, but it has not received comments in MSE, so I ask it here also:
Let $\beta: \mathbb{C}[x,y] \to \mathbb{C}[x,y]$ be the involution ...

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### Characterizing subfields $\mathbb{C}(u,v) \subseteq \mathbb{C}(x,y)$ invariant under an involution

Let $\iota$ be an involution on $\mathbb{C}(x,y)$, namely, a $\mathbb{C}$-algebra automorphism of $\mathbb{C}(x,y)$ of order two.
Examples of involutions: $\alpha: (x,y) \mapsto (y,x)$, $\beta: (x,y) ...

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76 views

### An ideal invariant under an automorphism

The following question appears here; hopefully, it is appropriate for MO.
Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero, and let $\beta: k[x,y] \to k[x,y]$ be the following involution $\beta: (x,y) \...

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### Certain $u,v,w \in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$ such that $\mathbb{C}(u,v,w)=\mathbb{C}(x,y)$

Let $\beta$ be the following involution on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$,
$\beta: (x,y) \mapsto (x,-y)$.
Assume that $s_1,s_2 \in S_{\beta}$ and $k \in K_{\beta}$ satisfy:
(i) $s_1,s_2$ are algebraically ...

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### Finite field special functions

I am looking for special class of involutive functions (f) with exactly one (zero) fixed point over finite field $F_q$ with properties:
1) $f(f(x))=x$ for any $x \in F_q$ , $f(x)=x$ iff $x=0$
2) ...

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### Symmetric subgroups of simple algebraic groups over finite fields

Let $G$ be a simply connected simple algebraic group over a field $k$.
Let $\theta\colon G\to G$ be an involution of $G$ over $k$ (an automorphism of order 2).
Let $H=(G^\theta)^0$, the identity ...

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69 views

### Comparison of length functions on Weyl groups

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over an algebraically closed field $k$ (with nice enough characteristic), and let $\sigma:G\to G$ be a finite order automorphism of $G$. The connected component $...

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300 views

### Positive definite matrices diagonalised by orthogonal matrices that are also involutions

Let $A$ be a positive definite matrix. Then, $A$ is diagonalized by an orthogonal matrix $P$.
I want to know when this matrix is also an involution, i.e., $P^2 = I$.
If there is any ...

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139 views

### Eigenspaces and covering relations of twisted involutions

Let $\theta:G\to G$ be an involution of a complex connected reductive Lie group, preserving a maximal torus $T$ (which, for me, lies inside a $\theta$-invariant Borel $B$). Let $K = G^\theta$ be the ...

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46 views

### Isotropy of skew-Hermitian forms over division algebras

Assume char(F) $\neq$ 2.
Let $D$ be a central division algebra over a field $F$ and $h: V \rightarrow D$ be an anisotropic skew-Hermitian form. We can easily see that $h_{\bar{F}}$ is totally ...

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301 views

### Descent of coherent sheaves on finite coverings

Let $X$ be a non-singular hyperelliptic curve (over $\mathbb{C}$) and $\pi:X \to \mathbb{P}^1$ be a $2:1$ covering. Let $\sigma:X \to X$ be the hyperelliptic involution and $E$ be a locally free sheaf ...

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108 views

### More on finite groups generated by involutions

Can finite groups, which are generated by involutions, be represented as a quotient of a Coxeter group?

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### What classifies involutive automorphisms on finite groups? What classifies involutions on finite based rings?

Groups
Let $G$ be a finite group. An involutive automorphism on $G$ is an automorphism $i\colon G \to G$ such that $i^2 = 1_G$.
Question 1. What classifies involutive automorphisms on a given (non-...

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233 views

### Irreducible Symmetric Pairs

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple Lie algebra with a compact subalgebra $\mathfrak{k}$ such that $(\mathfrak{g},\mathfrak{k})$ corresponds to an irreducible Riemann symmetric space. Denote by $\sigma$ be ...

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365 views

### Compact dual of a noncompact Lie group

Let $\mathfrak{g}_0$ be a noncompact simple Lie algebra, and fix a Cartan involution $\theta$ of $\mathfrak{g}_0$, which gives a Cartan decomposition $\mathfrak{g}_0=\mathfrak{k}_0+\mathfrak{p}_0$. ...

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106 views

### Symmetric pairs of holomorphic type

Let $G$ be a real simple Lie group of Hermitian type; that is, $G/K$ carries a structure of a Hermitian symmetric space where $K$ is a maximal compact subgroup of $G$. Equivalently, the center $Z(\...

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84 views

### A question about involutions and polynomials

Let $x = (a,b) \in \mathbb{Q}^2$ and let $p(x,t) = t^2-at+b$. Does there exist an involution $\tau$ of $\mathbb{Q}^2$ such that for all $\tau(x) \neq x$, $x \in \mathbb{Q}^2$ one of the polynomials $p(...

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### equivalence classes of arch diagrams in bijection with permutations

By an arch diagram of size $n$, I mean a diagram consisting of $n$ arches matching $2n$ points, where the points are ordered on a line running from left to right. An arch diagram is basically just a ...

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389 views

### Number of fixed points in Zagier's involution (Fermat's Theorem) [closed]

Zagier's has found a famous one sentence proof for Fermat's theorem on sums of two squares. It centers on the following involution of the set $S= \lbrace (x,y,z) \in N^3: x^2+4yz=p \rbrace $ having ...

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### Reference for classification of positive involutions

An involution on a finite dimensional algebra $A$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is an involutive anti-automorphism of $A$. If $\sigma$ is an involution on $A$, we say that $\sigma$ is positive if $\mathrm{Tr}_{A/\...

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### Generators of fixed function fields under involutions

I am trying to prove something for function fields in two generators and only one involution but I don't know if it is true, if true, I would like to generalize, here it is.
Let $K=k(\eta_1,\eta_2)$ ...

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### When is a Hermitian matrix of the form $g^*g$ for some matrix $g$

I tried asking this question on Math StackExchange and didn't get any replies. I was hoping that maybe someone here could help, sorry for duplicating.
I'm trying to figure out some properties of ...

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309 views

### Stinespring's dilation without $C^{\ast}$-algebras

Does Stinespring's dilation theorem hold if the algebra of interest is a topological $\ast$-algebra instead of the usual $C^{\ast}$-algebra?
I will now state the version of Stinespring's dilation ...

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### Involution on the components of a group algebra

If $G$ is a finite group and $k$ a field, there is a canonical involution (ie an involutive anti-automorphism) $\sigma$ on $k[G]$ induced by $g\mapsto g^{-1}$. Given that the center of $k[G]$ has $(\...

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### Extension of an involutive automorphism

Suppose that $g$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra and $g'$ its reductive subalgebra.
If $\tau$ is an involutive automorphism of $g'$, can $\tau$ be extended to an involutive automorphism of $g$ ...

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283 views

### An angle-doubling trick of Kirillov and Berenstein [closed]

Kirillov and Berenstein, in their article "Groups generated by involutions, Gelfand-Tsetlin patterns and combinatorics of Young tableaux" (available at math.uoregon.edu/~arkadiy/bk1.pdf), present a ...

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476 views

### A question on conjugacy classes of central involutions in a finite group

An involution $a$ of a group $G$ is called central if there exists a sylow $2$-subgroup $H$ of $G$ such that $a \in C_G(H)$, or equivalently if the centralizer of $a$ contains a sylow $2$-subgroup.
...

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292 views

### Why are all involutions conjugate in the special linear group of degree 2?

It appears to be standard that the set of non-identity involutions in $SL(2, 2^n) = PSL(2, 2^n)$ forms a single conjugacy class. What is the best reference for this?
I note that
https://math....

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### On generating an explicit formula for an involution

I apologize for the very specific question I am asking. Define the relative entropy $D:[0,1]\times[0,1]\mapsto[0,\infty]$ by
$$D(x,y) = x\log_e\frac{x}{y}+(1-x)\log_e\frac{1-x}{1-y}.$$
Note $D(x,y)\...

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### A function composed with itself produces the identity

Let $B$ be the closed unit ball in $\mathbb R^3$ and $f: B\to B$ continuous, such that $f\circ f$ is the identity (i.e., $f\circ f=\mathbb 1_B$) and $f$ restricted on $\partial B$ is also the identity ...

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### Involution centralizers in simple groups

I often see lower bounds on the size of centralizers of involutions
in finite (nonabelian) simple groups, but is there a general upper bound
for the size of an involution centralizer in such a ...

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### Hermitian forms over quaternion algebra

Notations: Let $Q=(a,b)$ be a quaternion algebra over a field of characteristic $\neq 2$, i.e. $i^2=a, j^2=b, k=ij, ij=-ji$. Consider $K=k(t)(\alpha)$, where $\alpha=\sqrt{at^2+b}$. Let $\sigma=Int(i)\...

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203 views

### A question on an involution of $E_8$ lattice

There exits an involution $\iota$ of the $E_8$ lattice such that $(E_8)^{\pm} \cong D_4$, where $(E_8)^{\pm}$ denotes the $\pm$ eigen-lattice of the involution $\iota$. Could someone kindly give me an ...

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### $T^2$-fibered K3 surface with involution

Let $S$ be a K3 surface and $f:S\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ a $T^2$-fibration (not necessarily holomorphic, I have a special Langrangian fibration in mind). Assume there is a $k$-section, then a fiber ...

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### Involution of $E_{8}$ lattice

Let $L$ be a lattice associate to the Dykin matrix of type $E_{8}$. I would like to understand involutions of $L$ and their invariant $L^{+}$ and coinvariant lattice $L^-$ (I think they are isomorphic)...

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### Heisenberg-type groups over rings with involution

Hello everyone!
In a paper "Coverings of twisted Chevalley groups over commutative rings" Eiichi Abe intoroduced the following construction:
Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $x\mapsto\overline{x}$ ...

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### Does a manifold which bounds always admit a free involution?

If a closed smooth manifold $M$ admits a smooth free involution $T$, then it bounds. In fact, the mapping cylinder of the quotient map $M \to M/T$ is the manifold whose boundary is $M$.
Is the ...

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515 views

### Complete De Morgan algebra

Recall that an algebra $(A,\sim)$ is a De Morgan algebra if $A$ is a bounded distributive lattice and $\sim$ is a unary operation which satisfies:
${\sim} (x\vee y)={\sim} x\wedge {\sim} y$ and ${\...

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### (Non-)existence of skew fields satisfying a SGPI (=skew generalized polynomial identity)

Let $K$ be a skew-field, infinite dimensional over its center $F$.
From Kaplansky's PI-theorem it then follows that $K$ cannot satisfy a polynomial identity (the theorem says that primitive PI-...

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### Does a fixed-point free “homotopy involution” imply that a manifold bounds?

Let $M^n$ be a closed (compact, connected, without boundary) smooth manifold. It is known that if there exists a fixed point free involution $\tau:M \rightarrow M$, then M bounds. That is, there ...

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### Algebraic axiomatization for AB+BA^T operation on matrices

Let us consider a matrix algebra $Mat_{n\times n}(K)$, where $K$ is a field, $char K \neq 2.$
It is well-known that the axiomatization of commutator operation $[A,B]=AB-BA$ on matrix algebra leads us ...

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### Find elements $\rho_i$ such that $H < B : [\langle H, \rho_i \rangle : H ] = 2$

Let $\Gamma (G;(G_i)_{i \in I})$ be a coset geometry (in the sense of Buekenhout) firm, residually connected and flag transitive with Borel subgroup $B$. Consider $H$ any subgroup of $B$. I want to ...

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### Infinite dimensional division algebras with finite center, and their involutions

Let $q$ be a prime power, and $D$ a non-commutative division algebra (skew field) over $\mathbb{F}_q$ (the finite field with $q$ elements) such that the center $C(D)$ equals $\mathbb{F}_q$.
...

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### What is the subgroup generated by involutions?

I was recently taking some notes on the Cartan-Dieudonné theorem: if $(V,q)$ is a nondegenerate quadratic space of finite dimension $n$ over a field of characteristic not $2$, then every element of ...