Questions tagged [prime-gaps]

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Related to one of the twin prime conjectures (In between squares)

This question is inspired by an answer that I have received for another question [see here]: One of the twin prime conjectures states that Between the squares of two consecutive odd numbers $[2n+1]^2$ ...
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205 views

Comparing sets of twin primes with other sets. Why is there a max and min value?

I have taken 2 sets: The first is a consecutive list of the first prime of twin pairs. The second is a consecutive list of numbers as follow 1, 1+2, 1+2+3, 1+2+3+4, 1+2+3+4+5 .... I have then compared ...
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Prime gap transform

Let $n$ be a large enough composite integer, and consider an arithmetic function $f$ that maps $n$ to the sum of prime gaps making a closed interval $J_{f}(n)$ containing $n$ whose extremities are ...
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2answers
373 views

A generalization of strong primes

In this post we denote the sequence of prime numbers as $p_k$ for integers $k\geq 1$. I don't know if the following definition is in the literature. Definition. We define the $\theta$-strong primes, ...
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On a conjecture about the arithmetic function that counts the number of twin primes

This is cross-posted from the question that I've asked with same title on Mathematics Stack Exchange two months ago, which has remained unanswered. Given a positive real number $x$ we will write ...
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1answer
189 views

L. Gegenbauer's proof of Infinitude of Primes [closed]

I was going through the paper 'Euclid’S theorem on the infinitude of primes: A historical survey of its proofs' by Romeo Mestrovic where he mentioned that L. Gegenbauer proved Infinitude of Primes by ...
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1answer
196 views

A conjecture stronger than the Legendre conjecture about prime numbers [closed]

I want to draw attention on my own question (cross posted from Mse) Hi I want to evaluate the following sum : $$S_n=\frac{1}{\log(2)}+\frac{2}{\log(3)}+\frac{3}{\log(4)}+\frac{4}{\log(5)}+\cdots+\...
6
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1answer
544 views

How to explain this prime gap bias around last digits?

My question is related to this article by Oliver and Soundararajan (article about a bias in the distribution of the last digits of consecutive prime numbers). After trying some python experimental ...
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1answer
879 views

Some interesting experimental results about the distribution of primes

Let's consider the following metric of the gap between consecutive primes $$m(k)=\frac {p_k^2-p_{k-1}^2} {24}\;\;\;\;\;(k\ge4)$$ Now, let's define the function $\delta(k)=m(k)\;\;\;\;$ if $\,m(k)\,$ ...
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1answer
140 views

Numerical estimates for a function relating to twin primes :

Consider the following function : $$F(s)= \sum_{\text{$p,\ p+2$ are primes}} \left({\frac{1}{p^s}}+{\frac{1}{(p+2)^s}}\right).$$ Brun's theorem tells us that $F(1)$ is finite. We are looking for ...
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115 views

Is the abscissa of convergence of $s\mapsto\sum_{n>0}(ng_{n}/2)^{-s}$ known?

The famous Polignac conjecture posits that the $n$-th prime gap $g_{n}:=p_{n+1}-p_{n}$ attains all even positive integral values infinitely many times, which implies $\displaystyle{\zeta_{Pol}:=s\...
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1answer
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A conjecture about an inequality that involve Ramanujan primes

In this post we denote for integers $n\geq 1$ the $n$-th Ramanujan prime as $R_n$ (thus the sequence A104272 from the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences), I add a conjecture that I think can be ...
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81 views

Variants of Nicholson's inequalities for prime numbers, involving the Lambert $W$ function

The purpose of this post is ask about two closely related/inspired conjectures from inequalities due to Nicholson (see [1]) and Visser [2]. If my reasonings are right should be stronger versions of ...
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Remarkable articles about the distribution of prime numbers that were written by contemporary physicists [closed]

I would like to ask about if you know papers containing remarkable achievements that were written by contemporary physicists concerning the distribution of prime numbers (or closely related, maybe the ...
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1answer
228 views

Is there a clear criterion or rule about when one can use the heuristic given by Cramér random model for prime numbers?

I don't know if I have misunderstood the information from the section about the heuristic related to Cramér's conjecture and the known facts about Maier's theorem, from the Wikipedia Cramér's ...
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1answer
390 views

A weaker version of the Brocard's Conjecture

Brocard's conjecture states that: If $p_{k}$ and $p_{k+1}$ are consecutive prime numbers greater than $2$, then between $p_{k}²$ and $p_{k+1}²$ there are at least four prime numbers. I know that is ...
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Is every prime the largest prime factor in some prime gap?

Definition: In the gap between any two consecutive odd primes we have one or more composite numbers. One of these composite number will have a prime factor which is greater than that of any other ...
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1answer
187 views

Is this theorem on the abundance of prime patterns/k-tuples known?

I am looking for references regarding the following statement. For any two natural numbers x and y there must be a prime k-tuple (a, b, ...) corresponding to x consecutive primes (n+a, n+b, ...) for ...
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1answer
165 views

A question about a sum that involves gaps between twin primes, on assumption of the First Hardy–Littlewood conjecture

I wondered, inspired in a result mentioned from [1] (page 45), what should be the asymptotic behaviour of the sequence on assumption of the First Hardy–Littlewood conjecture $$\sum_{\substack{\text{...
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162 views

A Bonse's inequality for semiprimes, with a good mathematical content

A semiprime $s$ is a positive integer that is the product of two prime numbers, see Semiprine the encyclopedia Wikipedia. A well-known inequality, with applications, that involves prime numbers is the ...
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538 views

Can Scholze's perfectoid spaces bridge the gap for twin prime conjecture? [closed]

It seems than an analogue of the twin prime conjecture for polynomials in finite fields has been solved: see https://www.quantamagazine.org/big-question-about-primes-proved-in-small-number-systems-...
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266 views

Prime numbers in this region

Let $q \geq 5$ be a prime number, and consider : $N_q = \displaystyle{\small \prod_{\substack{p \leq q \\ \text{p prime}}} {\normalsize p}}$ Using Chinese remainder theorem we can show that : $$\#\{(...
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242 views

Symmetry of the distribution of prime gaps

Following Positive proportion of logarithmic gaps between consecutive primes let for given $\lambda$, $\alpha$ and for any $x$ all positive the quantities $S^{-}_{\lambda,\alpha}(x):=\#\{p_{n+1}\...
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715 views

Positive proportion of logarithmic gaps between consecutive primes

For $x, \lambda > 0$, define $$S_\lambda(x) := \#\{p_{n+1} \leq x : p_{n+1} - p_n \geq \lambda \log x\} ,$$ where $p_n$ is the $n$th prime number. It is known [1] that an uniform version of the ...
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115 views

Upper bound for number of primes close to the next prime

Let $p_n$ denote the $n$th prime number and let $g_n := p_{n+1} - p_n$ be the $n$th prime gap. I'm looking for a good upper bound for the quantity $$G(x, y) :=\#\{p_n \leq x : g_n \leq y\} ,$$ holding ...
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591 views

Does this infinite primes snake-product converge?

This re-asks a question I posed on MSE: Q. Does this infinite product converge? $$ \frac{2}{3}\cdot\frac{7}{5}\cdot\frac{11}{13}\cdot\frac{19}{17}\cdot\frac{23}{29}\cdot\frac{37}{31} \cdot \cdots \...
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1answer
348 views

consecutive prime gaps and explicit bound

I am aware of the theorem that $p_{n+1}- p_n \leq n^{0.525}$ which is true for all sufficiently large numbers due to Baker, but if i want to make the implicit "for all sufficiently large numbers" ...
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2answers
915 views

$\pi((n+1)^2)-\pi(n^2) \le \pi(n)$ for all $n \ge 370$?

There are some conjectures of the form: There always exist at least $X$ prime numbers between $A$ and $B$. Examples: Bertrand's postulate: for every $n>1$ there is always at least one prime $p$ ...
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119 views

Number of prime differences

Has any progress been made since Chen on bounding \begin{equation*} G(n) = \#\{\epsilon N < p_1, p_2 \leq N: n = p_1 - p_2\} \end{equation*} from above? As far as I can tell, the best upper ...
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424 views

Moments of merit

The merit of a prime gap equals $(p_{n+1}-p_n)/\ln p_n$. One can interrogate the statistics of merit by first restricting $n<M$ for some $M$, and then letting $M$ approach $\infty$. The very ...