# Questions tagged [bipartite-graphs]

A bipartite graph is a graph whose vertices can be divided into two disjoint sets such that no two vertices in the same set are adjacent.

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### Probability that a random multigraph is simple

Question.
Consider a given sequence of $n$ integers $d_1$, $d_2$, $\cdots$, $d_n$ with $\sum_i d_i$ even and $d_i\le n$ for all $i$. One may sample a random multi-graph having this degree sequence ...

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### One part of a bipartite graph has max degree 3. Partition the other part to 3 ~equal subsets s.t. just a fraction of first part see all 3 subsets

Let $d \gg 1$. Let $G:=(U, V, E)$ be some bipartite graph such that deg$(u) \le d$ for all $u\in U$ and deg$(v) \le 3$ for all $v \in V$.
Now, is it possible to color vertices in $U$ with 3 colors ...

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43 views

### If all 2-faces of a polytope are $2n$-gons, is the edge-graph bipartite?

This question on MSE has not received a satisfying answer. It can be summarized as follows:
Question: Is is true that the edge-graph of a (convex) polytope is bipartite if and only if all 2-faces ...

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75 views

### Number of subgraphs with matching of size $n$ for a complete bipartite graph

Say we have a $K_{n,n}$ bipartite graph (i.e. a complete bipartite graph with $n$ nodes on each side). We induce a subgraph by deleting some subset of edges. There are $2^{n^2}$ possible subgraphs. ...

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16 views

### Hadwiger number in vertex collapse in a bipartite graph

If $G=(V,E)$ is a finite graph, let the Hadwiger number $\eta(G)$ equal the largest integer $n$ such that the complete graph $K_n$ is a minor of $G$.
Is there a bipartite graph $G$ on more than $3$ ...

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34 views

### How many edges can be in an unbalanced bipartite graph of girth $>6$?

Let $G = (V, E)$ be a bipartite graph with $n, m$ nodes in its bipartition and girth (shortest cycle length) $>6$.
There is a simple counting argument called the Moore Bounds that gives
$$|E| = O\...

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34 views

### Treewidth related properties of a bipartite graph with bounded local crossing number and diameter

If a bipartite degree at most $3$ graph on $O(n^2)$ vertices with diameter at most $O(\log n)$ has property that every edge intersects at most $O(\log n)$ edges on a planar drawing then does any of ...

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56 views

### Partitioning vertex set to maximize weights of inter-class edges?

An interesting problem has come up in my work, and I haven't quite been able to find references to it so I thought I'd ask here.
Suppose we have some complete, weighted graph with vertex set $V$. Is ...

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63 views

### Maximum number of perfect matchings in a graph of genus $g$ balanced $k$-partite graph

What is the maximum number of perfect matchings a genus $g$ balanced $k$-partite graph (number of vertices for each color in all possible $k$-colorings is within a difference of $1$) can have? I am ...

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### Statistics of perfect matching and incremental perfect matchings in bipartite planar graphs?

Planar graph permanent can be reduced to determinants and so statistics should be amenable.
Pick a uniformly random bipartite planar graph $G$ with $n$ vertices of each color and choose new ...

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245 views

### Minimum planar bipartite graph to cover all perfect matching count

Given set $\mathcal T_n=\{0,1,\dots,2^n-1\}$ what is the minimum number of vertices $2m$ needed in a planar bipartite balanced graph such that at every $i\in\mathcal T_n$ there is a graph $G\in\...

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43 views

### Volume interpretation of number of perfect matchings in bipartite planar graphs

Permanent of biadjacency of bipartite graphs is the number of perfect matchings. In the case of planar graphs we can obtain an orientation with sign changes and get away with computing the determinant ...

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168 views

### “König's theorem” for $T_2$-spaces?

For any topological space $(X,\tau)$ we define a matching to be a collection of non-empty and pairwise disjoint open sets. We define the matching number $\nu(X,\tau)$ to be the smallest cardinal $\...

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### Have partition functions of abstract simplicial complexes been examined?

Many complicated probability distributions arising in electrical engineering and machine learning have a simple expression as a sum of products that can also be encoded in a factor graph. The ...

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107 views

### An variation of an assignment problem in combinatorics: assign items to customers

Suppose we want to assign $n$ items to $m$ customers ($n \geq m$). Each assignment of an item $i$ to a customer $j$ has an associated cost $c(i,j)$. Find an assignment that maximizes the total cost. ...

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70 views

### On a condition concerning the number of neighbors in bipartite graphs

For any undirected simple graph $G=(V,E)$ we define for $v\in V$ the set $N(v) = \{w\in V: \{v,w\}\in E\}$.
Suppose $A, B$ are finite, disjoint sets, and $G = (A\cup B, E)$ is a bipartite graph with ...

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118 views

### Is the partition of bipartite graphs NP-hard?

I wonder if the following problem is NP-hard. Is it?
Given a bipartite graph $G = (U, V, E)$ with weights $w : E \to \mathbb{R}_+$, find a partition of $U$ into $U_1, U_2$ and nonempty disjoint ...

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**1**answer

95 views

### Maximum partition of bipartite graph

Let $G = (U, V, E)$ be a bipartite graph. Let $w: E \to \mathbb{R}$ be a weight function on the edge set $E$. Given subsets $U_1,\ldots, U_k \subset U, U_i\cap U_j = \emptyset$ and a partition $V_1,\...

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329 views

### Algorithm to find a $k$-partite graph

Is there any algorithm which finds any $k$-partite graph of a given graph which is known to be a $k$-partite graph?
For example, you are given a graph $G$ with vertices $V$ and edges $E$, and you ...

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168 views

### Dowker and neighborhood complexes: reference wanted

Let $R$ be a 0-1 matrix whose rows or columns are maximal.
Q1. Is there a name for such a matrix (or, e.g., a corresponding relation)?
From 0-1 matrix corresponding to an abstract simplicial ...

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493 views

### Combinatorial optimization problem for bipartite graphs

Let $G(V_1\cup V_2, E)$ be a simple bipartite graph having $n$ vertices and $m$ edges, such that $|V_1|=|V_2|$ (which implies that $n$ is an even number). Given any node $i \in V_1\cup V_2$, we denote ...

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184 views

### How many $40$-vertex cubic bipartite graphs have determinant $\pm 3$?

To get some feel for the size of a particular computation, I would like to know the approximate number of (pairwise-nonisomorphic) cubic bipartite graphs on $40$ vertices whose bipartite adjacency ...

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112 views

### Existence of bipartite subgraphs satisfying degree and edge cardinality constraints

How can we prove the following conjecture?
Given any simple unweighted bipartite graph $G(V_1, V_2, E)$, there always exists a subgraph $G'(V_1, V_2, E')$ of $G$ such that the two following ...

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62 views

### Canonical form for a bipartite graph

I have a bipartite graph, including V1 and V2 vertices, and I would like to convert it to a canonical form. One simple method is converting this graph to a general graph by expanding its adjacency ...

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189 views

### Hamiltonicity and minimal degree in bipartite graphs

Given an integer $k>1$, is there a connected bipartite graph $\Gamma = (A, B, E)$ where $A\cap B = \emptyset$ and $E \subseteq \big\{\{a, b\}:a\in A, b\in B\big\}$ such that
$|A| = |B|$,
$\text{...

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403 views

### Hamiltonian paths in bipartite graphs with 2 sets of “almost” same cardinality

Suppose we have two finite disjoint sets $A, B \neq \emptyset$ such that $|A|$ and $|B|$ differ by at most $1$, and let $\Gamma = (A\cup B, E)$ where $E\subseteq \big\{\{a,b\}: a\in A, b\in B\big\}$ ...

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471 views

### Graph to Bipartite conversion preserving number of perfect matchings

Given a graph $G$ on $n$ vertices is there a technique to convert to a balanced bipartite graph $B$ with $O(n^c)$ vertices at some fixed $0<c$ in $O(n^{c'})$ time at some fixed $0<c'$ such that ...

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157 views

### Minimal size of the maximum biclique

We examine a bipartite graph with two sides $R$ and $L$, and denote by $|L|$ and $|R|$ the number of nodes in each side. We know only that each vertex on side $R$ is connected to $k$ vertices on side $...

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137 views

### Minimal size of the maximal biclique

We examine a bipartite graph with two sides $R$ and $L$, and denote by $|L|$ and $|R|$ the number of nodes in each side. We know only that each node on side $R$ is connected to $k$ nodes on side $L$, ...

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66 views

### Moving subsets of bipartite graph

I am dealing with a bipartite graph $G = (L\cup R, E)$. The left and right sets are both assumed to be regular with degrees $d_L$ and $d_R$. Assume $|L| > |R|$ and hence $d_L < d_R$.
Let $S \...

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127 views

### Is bipartite graph genus bound by $O(\mbox{max deg})$?

We know that planar graphs have $O(1)$ degree.
We know balanced (each color has same number of vertices) complete bipartite graphs have genus $O(n^2)$.
If maximum and average degree are $O(n^\...

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### Looking for the name or reference regarding a bipartite graph parameter

I'm writing a paper about a math puzzle and the thing I'm studying ends up equivalent to finding the following parameter of a bipartite graph G with parts X and Y:
The largest $k$ such that any $k$ ...

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624 views

### Applications of Hafnians

I am learning about Hafnians but I am struggling to find real-world applications of them. I understand the applications of determinants, permanents, and even pfaffians but I am at a loss for Hafnians. ...

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### Cut norm and biclique gap?

Given real $\pm1$ matrix $M\in\Bbb R^{n\times m}$ we have that cut-norm is given by $$\|M\|_C=\max_{\mathcal I\subseteq[n],\mathcal J\subseteq[m]}\Big|\sum_{(i,j)\in\mathcal I\times\mathcal J}M_{ij}\...

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### Maximality with respect to having no marriage

Let $A,B\neq \emptyset$ be disjoint and suppose $G = (A\cup B, E)$ is bipartite where for all $e\in E$ we have $e\cap A \neq \emptyset\neq e\cap B$. For $a\in A$ we set $N_G(a) = \{b\in B: (\exists e\...

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### Marriages in infinite bipartite graphs with many neighbors

Let $A,B\neq \emptyset$ be disjoint and suppose $G = (A\cup B, E)$ is bipartite where for all $e\in E$ we have $e\cap A \neq \emptyset\neq e\cap B$. For $a\in A$ we set $N_G(a) = \{b\in B: (\exists e\...

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87 views

### Minimum number of edges to add in order to have a biclique cover

Given a bipartite graph G and a number N, what's the minimum number of edges I have to add to G in order to be able to cover the resulting graph with no more than N complete bipartite subgraphs?
For ...

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711 views

### Rank Adjacency Matrix Bipartite Graph

I am interested to know what kind of characterizations are known of the rank of bipartite graphs $G(n,m)$ ($n$ vertices on one side, $m$ on the other, $n \leq m$).
When is the incidence matrix full ...

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### Bipartite Defect in Graphs

This question is inspired by a recent related question.
Given a bipartition $V=B \cup C$ of the vertices of a graph, call an edge $B$-monochromatic (or $C$-monochromatic) if both ends are in $B$ (or ...

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### Finding large bicliques in random bipartite graph

I want to find a $k$ by $r$ biclique hidden in an $M$ by $N$ random bipartite graph where edges are present with probability $p \in [0,1]$. I am specifically interested in $p \ll 1$, and large values ...

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### Matching in a bipartite graph that saturates all vertices

Let $G=(S,T;E)$ be a bipartite graph without isolated vertices.
For every edge $e\in E$, e $=$ $st$ $($ s $\in S$, $ t\in T$) happens the inequality $dG(s)$ $>=$ $dG(t)$.
Prove that in $G$ ...

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197 views

### Number of bipartite graphs with a neighborhood property

Consider a bipartite graph of order $2n$ with equal bipartitions $C_1$ and $C_2$, where, $$C_i = \{v_{i,1}, v_{i,2}, v_{i,3} \dots v_{i,n}\}; i = 1, 2.$$
Given two vertices $v_{i,p}$ and $v_{i,q}$, $...

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738 views

### Maximum number of edges in bipartite graph without cycles of length 4

Let $ex(n,H)$ denote the maximum number of edges of a graph on $n$ vertices not containing a copy of $H$. Let $ex(n,m,H)$ denote the maximum number of edges of a bipartite graph with parts' sizes $m$ ...

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432 views

### Minimum modifications to make a graph bipartite

Let's say I have a graph that is not bipartite. Let's say it is colored red and black and there are some conflicts where two vertices of the same color share an edge. I can introduce a new vertex ...

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329 views

### Missing count in number of perfect matchings

Let $f(G)$ give number of perfect matchings of a graph $G$.
Denote $\mathcal N_{2n}=\{0,1,2,\dots,n!-1,n!\}$.
Denote collection of all $2n$ vertex balanced bipartite graph to be $\mathcal G_{2n}$.
...

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190 views

### What is the densest bipartite graph with unique Hamiltonian cycle?

In a prior post regarding perfect matching, it was stated that the densest graph with a unique perfect matching cannot have more than $n^2$ edges, if graph has $2n$ vertices.
Analogously, what is the ...

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108 views

### Maximum number of $4$-cycles

Suppose we have a balanced bipartite planar maximum degree $k$ graph.
How many such graphs on $2n$ vertices have at most $f(n)$ maximum number of $4$ cycles for a given function $f:\Bbb R^+\...

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119 views

### Counting bounded genus non-isomorphic graphs

What is the number of non-isomorphic $2n$ vertex balanced bipartite graphs of degree at most $d$ and genus $g$?
I am most interested in $d\leq3$ and $g=0$.

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### Expected number of perfect matchings in bounded degree bipartite graphs

Consider collection $\mathcal C_{n,n,\Delta}$ of every $2n$ vertex balanced bipartite graph of average degree $\Delta$.
What is the expected number of perfect matching a graph in $\mathcal C_{n,n,\...

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512 views

### On number of perfect matchings

Consider $2n$ vertex balanced bipartite graph.
If total number of edges is $n^2$ then we have $n!$ perfect matchings.
Fix $c\in(0,\frac12)$ and consider collection of $2n$ vertex balanced bipartite ...