# Questions tagged [np]

In computational complexity, NP is the complexity class consisting of problems whose yes instances can be verified in polynomial time. NP stands for 'nondeterministic polynomial time '.

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### Computational practicality of proving a theorem by transforming into a map coloring and finding $P(3)$, where $P$ is the chromatic polynomial

So I have heard that you can transform a math statement into a map in such a way that proving the statement is true is equivalent to finding a $3$-coloring of that map. I'm also aware that you can ...
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### Is there an example of converting a mathematical statement into a three color mapping? [closed]

https://youtu.be/5ovdoxnfFVc?t=1118 At this point, prof Wigderson says it is easy to go from a mathematical statement to a graph coloring problem. The video does not provide an example of this, and a ...
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### Finding valuable conjectures from NP-Complete problems [closed]

Let's suppose we've got an NP-Complete problem, such as the subset sum problem. There are conjectures that, if proven true, would place the subset sum problem to the P-Complete problem realm? If the ...
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### Are <sum, product, N> triplets unique and hard to solve? [closed]

This question comes from some reasoning I made myself about a "joke block chain" where every new block is labeled with a triplet <S, P, N> where where S = sum of the N transactions so ...
767 views

### How did the Baker-Gill-Solovay paper come to be?

How did the Baker-Gill-Solovay paper come to be? Why were those three people talking together about "Relativizations of the $P=?NP$" question, and what was their collaboration like for the ...
140 views

### Transforming an optimization problem to maxmin formulation

Given $N=mn$ real numbers $a_i$, we seek to partition them into $n$ subsets $S_j$ ($1\le j\le n$), each containing $m$ numbers, so as to maximize $\prod_{j=1}^n \sum_{a_i\in S_j} a_i$. My questions ...
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### What is the efficiency of this algorithm which decides the answer to the Boolean satisfiability problem? [closed]

I have just written a short javascript program which, given any boolean expression with $N$ variables, completes in N "ticks" of the clock and which makes the decision. I will explain this algorithm, ...
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### Is the Weber problem a NP-hard problem?

The Weber problem is a special case of a facilities location problem : In a basic formulation, the facility location problem consists of a set of potential facility sites L where a facility can be ...
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### Is it theoretically possible to find a factoring algorithm that runs in polynomial time? [closed]

Given that we don't know if P=NP, what's to stop someone from finding tomorrow an algorithm that makes prime factoring, or any other trap-door function reversing for that matter, computationally ...
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### Proof for the NP-hardness of the Max-3-DCC Problem

The Max-3-DCC is the variant of vertex cycle cover problem where each of the vertex disjoint oriented cycles consists of at least 3 arcs and every vertex belongs to exactly one of those cycles; ...
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### Determining the minimum weight maximal oriented subgraph of a complete directed graph

Let $G(V,A,W):\ |V| = n,\ A=V\times V\setminus \lbrace (v,\ v)\rbrace,\ W\in\mathbb{R}_+^{n\times n},\ W^T\ne W$ be a complete directed graph with asymmetric weights. Questions: What is the ...
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### Is bounded graph isomorphism $NP$ complete?

Fix a matrix $M\in(\mathbb Z\backslash\{0\})^{n\times n}$ where $\|M\|_\infty\leq 2^{poly(n)}$. Is the bounded graph isomorphism problem Given symmetric $A,B\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ and $U,V>0$ ...
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### Equivalent forms of the P vs. NP problem

Many things in math can be formulated quite differently; see the list of statements equivalent to RH here, for example, with RH formulated as a bound on lcm of consecutive integers, as an integral ...
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### NP - hardness of school scheduling problem with a restriction

I do have a real-life scheduling problem for a special education school. Basically, i have a binary variable containing teachers, subject, time slot and rooms as indices. The goal is to assign each ...
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### Is this kind of “Gerrymandering” NP-complete?

[I posted this on Math Stack Exchange about two weeks ago, but didn't get any reply, so I'm trying it here.] Consider the following simplified form of "Gerrymandering": You have $n^2$ ...
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### Shortest Lattice Vector with restricted $x$

Let $\Lambda$ be a lattice with basis, $B$ consisting of vectors $b_i$, so that the elements of $\Lambda$ are of form, $y\in \Lambda \iff y=Bx=\sum_i b_ix_i$ for some $x_i\in\mathbb{Z}$. My questions ...
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### Is it known whether $\mathrm{NP \subseteq P/poly}$?

It is not immediately clear to me whether this statement is true or false. Can finite restrictions of NP problems be computed in polynomial time?
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### Karp hardness of two cycles which lengths differ by one

Our problem is as follows: NEARLY-EQUAL-CYCLE-PAIR Input: An undirected graph $G(V,E)$ Output: YES if there exists $2$ (simple) cycles in $G$ which lengths differ by $1$, otherwise NO Is it $NP$-...
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### $\mathrm{NP}$-complete problems in graph theory: undirected vs. directed

Is it true that it is much easier to establish $\mathrm{NP}$-complete on undirected graphs than digraphs (directed graph)? Academic articles proving $\mathrm{NP}$-completeness of problems on ...
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### descriptive complexity theory to attack computational complexity problems [closed]

What is the usefulness of descriptive complexity to attack computational complexity theory?what are the recent results in this direction? Thanks
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### Is finding a local minimizer of a NP-hard optimization problem is still NP-hard [closed]

I was wondering if for a NP-hard optimization problem, I only want to find its local minimizer, is it still NP-hard or NP-hard is only true when trying to find a global minimizer?
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### Can we say that this problem is NP-hard?

I have an optimization problem of the form: \begin{align} &\text{maximize}\quad f(\mathbf{x}) = \dfrac{\sum\limits_{n=1}^{N}x_na_n}{1+\sum\limits_{n=1}^{N}x_nb_n}\\ & \text{subject to}\quad \...
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### On Knot Equivalence problem statement

How is the knot equivalence problem represented? By this I mean I am looking for an analogy that compares with graph equivalence. For graph equivalence, we have two graphs $G_1$ and $G_2$ with ...
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### How hard is recognizing a permutation that is a square for the shift product?

This is a continuation of my attempts to generate simple combinatorial computational problems that turn out to be computationally hard (NP-complete). In this pursuit, I came up with a permutation ...
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### NP-hardness of finding maximum of minimum element in diagonal of a matrix

For $A = \{a_{ij}\} \in R^{n\times n}$, is finding $$\max_{\sigma \in S_n}\min_{1 \le i \le n} a_{i,\ \sigma_i}$$ NP-hard?
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### Surd Partition Problem

Could the following "Surd Partition" problem be NP complete? Note that if the square roots are omitted in the following then the problem is well known to have a polynomial solution. Surd Partition ...
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### Is this problem on weighted bipartite graph solvable in polynomial time or it is NP-Complete

I encounter this problem recently and I want to know whether it is NP-Complete or solvable in polynomial time: Given a undirected weighted bipartite graph $G = (V, E)$ where $V$ can be partitioned ...
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### reduction to np hard ordering problem

I am trying to show a reduction from a problem of ordering problem to an np-hard problem that has approximation poly-time algorithm. My problem is: I have M auctions and in each auction I have N ...
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### What impact would P=BQP have on NP?

Assuming P=BQP (ie we have polynomial time algorithms to solve all BQP problems) can we use it to prove that P=NP? The argument is that since we have the Grover's algorithm which can solve NP ...
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### NP-hard problems in linear algebra and real analysis [closed]

I am curious about NP-hard problems in linear algebra and real analysis. An example in linear algebra would be the calculation of the permanent. I would thus like to collect in this thread a list of ...
Consider the following language: $L=\{\langle G=(V,E),s,v,t,l\rangle\;|\;s,v,t\in V, l\in \mathbb{N} \wedge$ There exists a simple path from $s$ to $t$, going through $v$ of length $\leq l\}$. ($G$ ...