# Questions tagged [path-connected]

For questions relating to path-connected topological spaces, that is, spaces where any two points can be connected by a path.

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### A topological characterization of trees?

Motivated by this complex dynamics question: Let $X$ be a compact, path-connected metric space. Suppose there exist an integer $N\geq 2$ and distinct points $p_1,\dots,p_N\in X$ such that no proper ...
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1 vote
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### If $X$ is a strong deformation retract of $\mathbb{R}^n$, then is $X$ simply connected at infinity?

Let $X \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, and assume there is a strong deformation retract from $\mathbb{R}^n$ to $X$. Is $X$ necessarily simply connected at infinity? (Edit) Follow up question: if there is a ...
237 views

### Planar compact connected set whose boundary has a finite length is arcwise connected

Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^{2}$ be a compact connected set such that $\mathcal{H}^{1}(\partial K)<+\infty$. Is $K$ arcwise connected?
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### Let K be a compact set in a surface, U component of S-K, K'=S-U. K has finitely many components. Does every component of K' contains a component of K? [closed]

Let $S$ be a compact connected surface. Let $K$ be a compact subset of $S$ and suppose that $K$ has a finite number of connected components. Let $U$ be a connected component of $S \setminus K$ and ...
196 views

### Simple closed curves in a simply connected domain

Let $U$ be a bounded simply connected domain in the plane. Let $K$ be the boundary (or frontier) of $U$. For every $\varepsilon>0$ is there a simple closed curve $S\subset U$ such that the ...
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### A plane ray which limits onto itself

A ray is a continuous one-to-one image of the half-line $[0,\infty)$. If $f:[0,\infty)\to \mathbb R ^2$ is continuous and one-to-one, then we say that the ray $X=f[0,\infty)$ limits onto itself if for ...
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### Connectedness of Quot schemes

Let $X$ be a connected projective scheme over $\mathbb{C}$ and $E$ a coherent sheaf on $X$. Consider the Quot scheme $\operatorname{Quot}_X(E,P)$ of quotients of $E$ of fixed Hilbert polynomial $P$. ...
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### $1$-parameter family of minimal embeddings and the maximum principle

Let $M^3$ be a closed orientable smooth manifold and let $g_t$ be a (smooth) $1$-parameter family of Riemannian metrics on $M$, $t \in \mathbb{R}$. Let $P \subset M$ a fixed closed orientable embedded ...
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### Is every path connected $F_\sigma$ subset of a plane an image of $[0,1)$?

The title says it all. Let $A$ be a path connected $F_\sigma$ subset of a plane (or more generally $\mathbb{R}^n$). Recall that a subset is called $F_\sigma$ if it is a union of a sequence of closed ...
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### How complicated can the path component of a compact metric space be?

Let $X$ be a compact metric space and $P$ be a path component of $X$. Since we are not assuming $X$ is locally path connected, $P$ must need not be open nor closed. Certainly, $P$ must be separable ...
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### Opposite-nearest neighbor algorithm vs. nearest neighbor algorithm

Take the traveling salesman problem, but with three slight twists: You can choose a different start vertex for each of the two algorithms. Each path from one vertex to another is of unique, arbitrary ...
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### Connectedness of the set having a fixed distance from a closed set 2

This question is related to this one: Connectedness of the set having a fixed distance from a closed set. Suppose $F$ is a closed and connected set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ ($n>1$). Suppose the complement ...
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### Separating a certain planar region with an open set

I have a fairly specific question related to plane separation properties. I couldn't quite see how to use Phragmen–Brouwer properties to answer it because those kind of results generally apply to ...
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### When every closed and connected subset is path connected

Let $X$ be a compact $T_0$ topological space such that its closed and connected subsets are path connected. Is there any characterization for such a space?
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### Gromov Hausdorff distance to tubular neighborhood

Let $M$ be a compact path metric space in $\mathbb{R}^d$, and for $\sigma>0$, $$M_\sigma:=\{y\in\mathbb{R}^d:\min_{x\in M}\|x-y\|\leq\sigma\}$$ the $\sigma$-tube around $X$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$. I ...
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1 vote
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### Connected components of bounded linear operators of $V = (\mathcal C(U(1), \mathbb C) , \lVert \cdot \rVert_\infty)$

This question is related to this one. Consider the complex Banach space $V=(\mathcal C(U(1), \mathbb C), \Vert \cdot \Vert_\infty)$ where $\mathcal C(U(1), \mathbb C)$ is the space of continuous ...
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### Is there a compact, connected, totally path-disconnected topological group?

There exist homogeneous spaces such as the pseudo-arc, which are compact, connected, and totally path-disconnected. Is there a nontrivial, Hausdorff topological group with the same properties, i.e. ...
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### Lorenz attractor path-connected?

Can we tell if the Lorenz attractor is path-connected? By the attractor I do not mean only the line weaving around, but rather its closure. EDIT: The answer below is unsatisfactory, and possibly ...
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### Does there exist a continuous path between two sets of oriented basis for a vector space out of a collection of subspaces?

This is cross post to the question at MSE. Let $V_1, V_2, \dots, V_n$ be a collection of vector subspaces in $\mathbb R^n$. For each $j=1, \dots, n$, $\dim(V_j) = m$ with $2 \le m < n$. We also ...
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### Is there a homeomorphism between the sets of Schur stable and Hurwitz stable matrices in companion forms?

This is a cross-post to the question I asked at MSE. The set of Schur stable matrices is \begin{align*} \mathcal S = \{A \in M_n(\mathbb R): \rho(A) < 1\}, \end{align*} where $\rho(\cdot)$ denotes ...
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### Can we classify the general linear maps such that for a fixed matrix $A \in M_n(\mathbb R)$ the conjuagation action fixes the first column?

Let $A \in GL_n(\mathbb R)$ be fixed. Let us consider the conjugation action by $G \in GL_n(\mathbb R)$, i.e., $G^{-1}AG$. I would like to see a way to identify the matrices such that the action fixes ...
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### Find all paths on undirected Graph [closed]

I have an undirected graph and i want to list all possible paths from a starting node. Each connection between 2 nodes is unique in a listed path is unique, for example give this graph representation:...
1 vote
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### Path connected without bounded path connected subset?

Question: Is there a path connected subset of $\mathbb R^2$, without any bounded path connected subset (aside from singletons)? Motivation: If we replace "path connected" by "connected", then the ...
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### Is every metric continuum almost path-connected?

The question was motivated by this question of Anton Petrunin. By a metric continuum we understand a connected compact metric space. Let $p$ be a positive real number. A metric continuum $X$ is ...
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### When does $S \cap GL_4(\mathbb R)$ have precisely two connected components where $S \subset M_4(\mathbb R)$ is a linear subspace?

This is a cross-post to the question I asked at MSE. Let $A \in M_4(\mathbb R)$ and $A = (e_2, x, e_4, y)$ where $e_2, e_4$ are standard basis in $\mathbb R^4$ and $x,y$ are undetermined variables. ...
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### Analogue of a path-connected subspace in the context of point processes

Given a set of points $S$ in some metric space, a pair of points $x, x'$ will be termed $\epsilon$-connected if they are connected by a series of points $x_1, \ldots, x_m \in S$ such that $d(x, x_1)$, ...
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### topological group that is connected and locally connected but not path-connected

Is there a ($\mathrm{T}_0$) topological group that is connected and locally connected but is not path-connected? This is a cross-post from MSE, since my question there was posted over three weeks ago ...
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### Connected and locally connected, but not path-connected

Allow me to use some non-standard terminology: A h-contractible space is a non-empty topological space $X$ such that, for any topological space $T$ and any pair of continuous maps $f_0, f_1 : T \to X$...
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### When is a sublevel set path-connected?

I am trying to completely characterize the conditions on $f : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ under which $\{x | f(x) \le 0 \}$ is path-connected. There are many obvious conditions that are sufficient (...
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### When is $\{ x \ge 0 | f(x) \le 0\}$ path-connected?
I'm trying to determine the conditions on $f : \mathbb{R}^n_{\ge 0} \to \mathbb{R^n}$ under which $\{ x \ge 0 | f(x) \le 0 \}$ is path-connected. We can assume that $f$ is continuous and concave. ...