# Questions tagged [projective-modules]

For questions about projective modules over a ring and projective objects in related categories.

104
questions

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### Hom functor and arbitrary coproducts

Let $M$ be a finitely generated $R$-module. It's easy to check that, in this case, $\mathbf{Hom}(M,-)$ preserves infinite sums. Now suppose that $M$ is projective. Is the
reciprocal true? That is, if ...

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431 views

### Basis for free modules over an affine domain

Let $A=k[x_1,\cdots,x_r]/I$ for some prime ideal $I$ and some field $k$. Consider the free $A$-module $A^n$.
Question 1. Given an element $e\in A^n$, is there a method to tell whether $e$ can be ...

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68 views

### Weyl theorem - possible corollary - alternative characterization of projective representation of $Z_N\times Z_N$

For an integer $N$, let $\omega=e^{2i\pi/N}$ and $A$, $B$ be the clock and shift operators:
$A=\left(\begin{matrix}
1 & 0 & \cdots & 0 \\
0 & \omega & \cdots & 0 \\
\vdots &...

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230 views

### Property of the trace on finitely generated projective modules

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with unit and let $P$ be a projective $A$-module finitely generated. By definition, there exists an $A$-module $P'$ such that $P\oplus P'$ is free of finite rank $r$. If $...

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104 views

### A weak Schur's lemma for non-semisimple finite dimensional algebras

Let $B \subseteq C$ be an inclusion of finite dimensional (associative) algebras over a field $k$. Assume that $C$ is a free $B$-module. Let $\bigoplus_i U_i$ be
a decomposition of $B$ into ...

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54 views

### Lifting idempotents and projective coverings — reference request

Let $R$ be a (non-commutative, unital) ring with Jacobson radical $J$, write $\overline{R}=R/J$ and denote the quotient map $R\to \overline{R}$ by $a\mapsto \overline{a}$.
It is easy to see that if ...

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194 views

### A module associated to an endomorphism of a vector bundle

Let $E$ be a vector bundle over a compact connected Hausdorff space $X$. To an endomorphism $\alpha \in End(E)$, we associate a $C(X)-$ module $\Gamma(E,\alpha)$ consisting of all $\beta\in End(E)$ ...

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84 views

### On existence of finitely generated projective generator with commutative endomorphism ring in ${}_R Mod$

Let $R$ be a ring with unity (not necessarily commutative). Let ${}_R Mod$ be the category of left $R$-modules. If ${}_R Mod$ has a projective generator with commutative endomorphism ring , then does $...

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119 views

### Projective modules over maximal orders of central simple algebras

In "Supersingular K3 surfaces" by TetsuJi Shioda, when proving Theorem 3.5 (Deligne) he considers a supersingular elliptic curve $C$ over an algebraic closed field of $\text{char}\ p>0$ and let $R ...

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429 views

### Moduli space of flat connections over a Riemann surface

If I understand correctly, in the Refs below:
We can see that the moduli space of SU($N$) flat connections over a torus, is equivalent to a complex projective space $\mathbb{P}^{N-1}$
Namely,
$$
M_{\...

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158 views

### Moduli space is a Calabi-Yau manifold?

I asked a question here where a moduli space of flat connection is related to the $n$-dimensional complex projective space:
$$\Bbb E/S_n \cong \Bbb P^{n-1}. $$
This is related to a 4d SU(N) Yang-...

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**1**answer

50 views

### Decomposing semihereditary rings

Let $R$ be a commutative semihereditary ring (i.e. every finitely generated ideal of $R$ is projective https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hereditary_ring). Then is $R$ a finite direct product of Prufer ...

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82 views

### Decomposing Noetherian hereditary rings of Krull dimension $1$ into product of hereditary domains (i.e. Dedekind domains)

Let $R$ be a commutative Noetherian hereditary ring (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hereditary_ring) of Krull dimension $1$. Then is it true that $R$ is a finite direct product of Dedekind domains ?

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33 views

### Numerator-cancellable Modules

I don't know why there is no investigation of the cancellability of quotients in category of modules. What I mean by cancellability of quotients in category of modules is the following :
Let $R$ be a ...

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193 views

### Are these two constructions of $K_0(A)$ isomorphic?

The following question is extracted from this question on MSE, which got no answer so far, probably because it was a bit hidden by another question which a posteriori was totally obvious.
Let $A$ be ...

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111 views

### structure of flat modules over a DVR

I. Kaplansky has proved that if a torsion free module (over a complete DVR) is countably generated and does not contains infinitely divisible elements then it is free.
Is there any analog of this ...

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392 views

### A projective (or free) $\mathbb{Z}\pi_1$-module

Suppose that $Z$ is a finite wedge of spheres containing circles and there exist maps $f:Y\to Z$ and $g:Z\to Y$ so that $g\circ f\simeq 1_Y$. Assume that there exists a map $h:X\to Y$ which induces ...

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118 views

### A question concerning a short exact sequence with an action

Let $A$ and $D$ be two non-trivial abelian groups and $B,C$ be two non-abelian groups. Also, let $C$ is a free group and acts on $A,B,D$.
Let $0\to A \xrightarrow{f}B\xrightarrow{g}C\to 0$ be a ...

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198 views

### Finitely generated submodule of non-finitely generated projective module is contained in some proper direct summand ?

Let $P$ be a non-finitely generated projective module over a commutative Noetherian ring. Is every finitely generated submodule of $P$ contained in some finitely generated direct summand of $P$ ? Or ...

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105 views

### When can every countably generated submodule of a a non-countably generated projective module be contained in a countably generated direct summand ?

One answer to this Lemma on infinitely generated projective modules shows that every finitely generated module of a non-countably generated projective module is contained in a countably generated ...

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335 views

### Adjoints of scalar extension and scalar coextension

Let $h\colon R\rightarrow S$ be a morphism of commutative rings. We consider the following functors (I am aware that the notations may be different in other contexts):
$h^*$: Scalar extension by ...

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88 views

### Finitely generated submodules of projectives lie inside f. g. projectives?

Let $R$ be a (not necessarily commutative) ring.
If $M$ is a finitely generated submodule of a projective module $P$, is there a finitely generated projective submodule $P'$ such that
$M \subseteq P'...

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233 views

### If $M \otimes -$ is continuous, why is $M$ f.g. projective? Alternative proof

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $M$ be some $R$-module such that $M \otimes -$ is continuous (i.e. preserves all limits). Then one can show that $M$ is f.g. projective.
One way to prove this is to ...

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258 views

### Role of stably free modules in algebraic geometry

For any ring $R$, a non-zero module $S$ is stably free if $S\oplus R^a$ is free ($a\geq 1$). This may be an overly vague question, but I am wondering in what contexts do stably free modules arise in ...

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204 views

### Does $A\oplus M_n(R)\cong B\oplus M_n(R)$ imply $A\cong B$? $R$ Dedekind domain

Let $R$ be a Dedekind domain and $A, B$ be finitely generated projective $M_n(R)$-modules. Is it true that
$A\oplus M_n(R)\cong B\oplus M_n(R)\:\:\Rightarrow\:\:A\cong B$?
Here, the isomorphism is ...

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489 views

### The projective covers of Artinian module

The injective hull for a module always exists, however over certain rings modules may not have projective covers. I have a question.
If $A$ is an Artinian module on a Noetherian local ring $R$ then $...

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384 views

### When is countable direct-product of projective modules again projective ?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity. The Bass-Papp theorem states that any countable direct sum of injective $R$-modules is injective iff $R$ is Noetherian . Chase's theorem states that any ...

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285 views

### On graded projective modules

If $R$ is a PID, then we know that any projective module over $R$ is free. Is there any graded version of this? That is, let us call a graded commutative ring $R=\oplus _{g \in G} R_g$ a graded PID if ...

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201 views

### Why does there exist a non-split sequence with the condition that $\mathrm{pd} M=\infty$?

Why does there exist a non-split sequence with the condition that $\mathrm{pd} M = \infty$?
Remarks.
I am reading
Andrzej Skowroński, Sverre O.Smalø, Dan Zacharia: On the Finiteness of the Global ...

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230 views

### On integral domains over which special kind of modules are projective

For an integral domain $R$ let $\mathrm{Frac}(R)$ denote its field of fractions. Then $R$ is embedded in $\mathrm{Frac}(R)$ and we can consider $\mathrm{Frac}(R)$ as an $R$-module.
Can we ...

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141 views

### Is projectivity preserved by invariants?

Let $f:R\rightarrow S$ be a homomorphism of (commutative) rings with unity and suppose that $G$ is a group acting on $R$ and $S$ in such a way that $f\sigma=\sigma f$ for every $\sigma\in G$. Denote ...

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171 views

### Graded and projective (but not bounded below) module that is not graded-projective?

Let $A = \bigoplus_{n = 0}^\infty A_n$ be a graded algebra over a field $k$ that is locally finite: each $A_n$ is a finite-dimensional $k$-vector space. We say that a graded left $A$-module $P = \...

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494 views

### Kaplansky conjecture (consequences)

The Kaplansky conjecture says that: for any field $F$ and any torsion free group $G$, the group ring $F[G]$ does not have nontrivial idempotent elements.
Questions
Do we assume that $F$ has any ...

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347 views

### Non-free projective pearls (general and Abelian)

A pearl is an ordered pair $\ \mathbf P:=(G\,\ S),\ $ where $\ G\ $ is a group, and $\ S\ $ is a non-empty subset of G which does not contain the neutral element of $\ G\ $ (i.e. not 1 in the ...

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146 views

### Operations on semi-hereditary rings

I am learning about left (right) semi-hereditary rings, and got stuck with the following questions. Just to recall that being left semi-hereditary means that every finitely generated submodule of a ...

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116 views

### Is a ring with stable range 2 2-Hermite?

Let $R$ be a (possibly non-commutative) ring. The left stable range of $R$ (denoted $sr_l(R)$) is the smallest $n$ such that every left unimodular row of length $>n$ is reducible. A similar ...

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826 views

### If a quotient ring is a projective module then the ideal is principal

I've been studying projective modules in Rotman, as well as the topic of localization. Now on the Wikipedia article about them, there's an example of a locally free module that is not projective.
The ...

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163 views

### Morphisms in K-theory: comparison of two pictures

Algebraic $K_0$ group for an algebra $A$ may be defined in terms of stable isomorphism classes of idempotents in $M_n(A)$ or equivalently in terms of isomorphism clasess of finitely generated ...

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156 views

### Projectives in the category of modular representations of Lie algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semi-simple Lie algebra (eg. $\mathfrak{g} = \mathfrak{sl}_n$), defined over an algebraically closed field $\textbf{k}$ with characteristic $p >> 0$. The center $Z(U\...

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123 views

### Why is $\operatorname{nr}_{F[G]}:K_1(F[G])\to Z(F[G])^\times$ a bijection?

Let $A$ be a finite dimensional semisimple $F$-algebra and $K_1(A)$ the Whitehead group of $A$.
By splitting $A$ into its Wedderburn components, the reduced norm map $\operatorname{nr}_A:K_1(A)\to Z(...

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236 views

### Which varieties are flat degenerations of projective space?

Let $V$ be a vector space over a field with discrete valuation and let $R$ be its ring of integers.
Which varieties can be reached as the special fiber of a flat degeneration over $R$, when the ...

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160 views

### An invariant submodule of a projective module

This is a basic question (not research level) which has already been asked on SE by someone else but doesn't yet have an answer so I'd like to repost it on MO.
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with ...

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351 views

### Why do we want $p$-permutation modules in splendid equivalences?

First Rickard (in Splendid Equivalences: Derived Categories and Permutation Modules ) and then Rouquier (Block theory via stable and Rickard equivalences, Appendix A.1) define splendid equivalences ...

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281 views

### A technical question about affine grassmanian

For a commutative ring $R$, consider $R[[t]]$-modules $$t^k R[[t]]^n \subset M \subset t^{-k} R[[t]]^n \subset R((t))^n.$$ It is known that if $t^{-k} R[[t]]^n / M$ is finitely generated projective $R$...

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72 views

### Analogue of Bass's Lemma 2.4 on when inverse images of free modules are free

Let $R$ be a Noetherian integral domain. Let $x\in R$ be a prime element. Let $\overline{R}=R/Rx$.
Let $P$ be a finitely-generated projective $R$-module.
Assume that $\frac{P}{xP}$ is a free $\...

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147 views

### Seeking an unpublished manuscript by Tetsuro Okuyama

Several papers in representation theory attribute the notion of relatively projective modules to Tetsuro Okuyama's manuscript "A generalization of projective covers of modules over finite group ...

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571 views

### Vector bundles on open (affine) curves

It is well-known by Grothendieck (or earlier by Dedekind-Weber) that every vector bundle on $\mathbb{P}^1_k$ for $k$ a field decomposes into a sum of the line bundles $\mathcal{O}(k)$.
As ...

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1k views

### Every finitely generated flat module over a ring with finitely many minimal primes is projective

Over a commutative ring $R$, a finite type locally free (weak sense) module for which the rank function is locally constant is projective.
If we notice that for each minimal prime $p$ of the ring, ...

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311 views

### Jordan-Hölder-like statements for modules with $\Delta$-filtrations over a quasihereditary algebra

Definitions
Let $A$ be an Artin algebra (for instance, take $A$ to be a finite dimensional algebra over some field) and label the isomorphism classes of simple $A$-modules by the elements of a ...

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178 views

### Projective dimension of a quotient ring

Assume $A$ and $B$ are commutative algebras with $1$, $B = A[z] = A[Z]/(h(Z))$,
$Z$ an indeterminate.
The first comment in this question says that, if $A$ is noetherian, then
$pd_{B\otimes_A B}(B) \...