Questions tagged [arithmetic-dynamics]

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5
votes
1answer
153 views

On the density map of the abundancy index

Let $σ$ be the sum-of-divisors function. Let $σ(n)/n$ be the abundancy index of $n$. Consider the density map $$f(x) = \lim_{N \to \infty} f_N(x) \ \ \text{ with } \ \ f_N(x) = \frac{1}{N} \#\{ 1 \...
9
votes
0answers
131 views

Discriminants of Gleason's period-$n$ polynomials for the Mandelbrot set

Gleason's polynomials are the sequence of monic integer polynomials defined recursively by $$ \prod_{d \mid n} G_d(c) = (((c^2+c)^2+c)^2+\cdots+c)^2+c \quad \quad \quad [\textrm{$n$ iterates}], $$ for ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Can the immediate basin of attraction of super-attracting fixed point at 0 of a polynomial contain non-zero roots?

Let $f$ be a polynomial with a super attracting fixed point at $x=0$. Can the immediate basin of attraction of the fixed point contain other roots? If so, please provide a specific example with the ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Why is the relative trace of Sobolev norms finite?

I am reading the 2009 Paper on Effective Equidistribution by Einsiedler, Margulis and Venkatesh (EMV). I do not understand Section 5.3 on the proof of (3.10). They want to prove that the relative ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Can this construction generate bounded aperiodic functions?

This question is based on this old MathOverflow question: How this set of functions is ordered? In that question, Vladimir Reshetnikov asked about a class $S$ of functions $f:\mathbb{N}\to\mathbb{N}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
301 views

Does Lang's conjecture imply Morton-Silverman's Uniform Boundedness conjecture?

I was curious to see whether the following conjecture of Morton-Silverman is (known to be) a consequence of Lang (or Lang-Vojta's) conjecture. Conjecture. Let $D$, $N$, and $d$ be positive integers. ...
4
votes
0answers
129 views

The image of annuli of the non-Archimedean projective line by rational functions

I'm reading the book "potential theory and dynamics over the Berkovich projective line" by Baker and Rumely. The proposition 2.18 in this claims that if you choose suitable finite $\{a_i\} \in D(a,r)$ ...
3
votes
0answers
254 views

Paper by Moser on commuting circle diffeomorphisms and simultaneous Diophantine approximations

I am reading Moser's paper On commuting circle mappings and simultaneous Diophantine approximations and I found it hard because it is my first time that I seriously have to read a paper. It is a local ...
13
votes
0answers
438 views

Strange formula in arithmetic dynamic

Added: another function like that is $S_p f(z) = f(z)+\frac{f(\sqrt{zp})^2}{f(p)}$ in a field of characteristic two. We discovered the following operator which acts on the space of polynomials (or ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

$x_1 = 2$, $x_{n + 1} = {{x_n(x_n + 1)}\over2}$, what can we say about $x_n \text{ mod }2$?

This question was asked on MathStackexchange here, but there was no answer, so I am asking it here. Let$$x_1 = 2, \quad x_{n + 1} = {{x_n(x_n + 1)}\over2}.$$What can we say about the behavior of $x_n ...
10
votes
2answers
312 views

Growth of an integer vector under the action of a matrix in $GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$

I have some questions regarding the dynamics of elements of $GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$ acting on $\mathbb{Z}^n$. In particular, given an invertible integer matrix $M \in GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$, and given an ...
5
votes
0answers
190 views

Dynamical Mordell-Lang on Kahler manifolds?

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb C$ and $\phi : X \to X$ is an endomorphism. Let $p \in V$ be a point and $V \subset X$ a subvariety. The dynamical Mordell-lang ...
7
votes
1answer
686 views

Algebraic dynamics in finite fields

What is known about combinatorial structure of the rational maps of degree 2 over finite fields? From some general reasons I think it was studied. For being more specific, consider the field $\mathbb{...
11
votes
2answers
471 views

A condition for a sequence defined by a recurrence relationship to all be integers

I am interested in a specific sequence $\{a_n \}$ defined by a simple recurrence relationship: $$a_n = \frac {a_{n-1} ^2 +c} {b} $$ where $b,c\in \mathbb{Z}$. I want to find all $b,c$ such that there ...
4
votes
2answers
371 views

Growth of the size of iterated polynomials

I have been working independently on a project but now I am stuck and need to seek an expert's wisdom for a part of it. I am basically looking for theorems related to growth of the size of polynomials....
1
vote
0answers
229 views

A probability application question

Suppose there are two possible states $H$ and $L$, with prior probability $p$ and $1-p$ respectively. There are infinite rounds with a discount factor $ d$. In round 1, you could choose a value $t_1$...
15
votes
1answer
968 views

Why is the Dynamical Mordell-Lang conjecture interesting?

The gist of the Dynamical Mordell-Lang conjecture is: Let's say you have a set $S$. Inside $S$, you have a point $x$ where you start off at. Now, you also have a function $f: S \rightarrow S$ (is ...
3
votes
0answers
124 views

Equidistribution of double coset

Let $G=PGL_n(\mathbb{R})$, $K=PO_n(\mathbb{R})$ and $X=G/K$. Also suppose $\Gamma=SL_n(\mathbb{Z})$ acts on the left of $X$. We define a typical Hecke operator on $L^2(\Gamma\backslash X)$ by the ...
0
votes
1answer
241 views

Indeterminancy locus of rational maps

Let $K=\bar{\mathbb{Q}}(\mathbb{P}^2_\bar{\mathbb{Q}})$, the function field of $\mathbb{P}^2_\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$. Let $C/K$ be a smooth projective curve over $K$ in $\mathbb{P}^2_K$ and let $f$ be a ...
10
votes
1answer
317 views

Reducibility of polynomials maps

Motivated by this question. Let $f \in \mathbb{Q}[x]$ or$f \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ . Consider the sequence $f(x),f(f(x)), \ldots f^n(x)$. If some $f^k(x)$ is reducible, the rest iterates will be ...
14
votes
2answers
644 views

Generating primes via composition of polynomials

It is well known that no nonconstant polynomial $f\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ can assume only prime values at integer arguments. Indeed, if $a\in \mathbb{Z}$ is so large that $|f(a)|>1$, and if $p$ is a ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Arithmetic dynamics and dynamics on moduli spaces

The following question is more of a request for pointers to suitable literature on introductory material for arithmetic dynamics and dynamics on moduli spaces. In my dissertation, I have been ...
0
votes
0answers
145 views

cat map re-transformation

Hi, Is there any way of moving from one cat map transformation to the other without resetting parameters? For example, suppose you have two matrices '$A$'and '$B$' each permuted with different cat ...
13
votes
0answers
497 views

Higher-dimensional algebraic subgroups of the proalgebraic Nottingham group?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and, for $n\ge0$, ${\mathcal{A}}_n={\mathcal{A}}_n(R)$ the group of series $u(x)=\sum_0^\infty a_jx^{j+1}\in R[[x]]$ for which $a_0\in R^\times$ and $u(x)\equiv x\pmod{x^...
4
votes
0answers
312 views

Algebraic Dynamics over separated schemes

I have a few questions regarding the current status of research on algebraic dynamics over separated schemes. In what follows $\varphi:X\rightarrow X$ will be a finite self-morphism of a noetherian ...
6
votes
4answers
666 views

A follow up question related to entropy

For a self-map $\varphi:X\longrightarrow X$ of a space $X$, many important notions of entropy are defined through a limit of the form $$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\frac{1}{n}\log a_n,$$ where in each ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Greatest common divisor of a^{2^n}-1 and b^{2^n}-1

Let a and b be coprime integers. Do we know, expect, or unexpect that there are infinitely many primes p which divide $gcd(a^{2^n} - 1, b^{2^n}-1)$ for some n? Certainly any Fermat prime will ...
12
votes
0answers
374 views

Rational maps whose complex conjugate equals a PGL conjugate

Let $f(z)\in\mathbb{C}(z)$ be a rational function, and let $\bar{f}(z)$ denote the function obtained by taking the complex conjugate of the coefficients of $f$. I am interested in maps $f$ for which ...
24
votes
7answers
2k views

If you were to axiomatize the notion of entropy …

What are the axioms that a good notion of entropy must satisfy? Please note that I am not asking for the definitions of various types of entropy such as topological entropy or measure-theoretic ...
7
votes
2answers
399 views

Dynamics of a random “quadratic” directed graph

Let G be a directed graph on N vertices chosen at random, conditional on the requirement that the out-degree of each vertex is 1 and the in-degree of each vertex is either 0 or 2. The "periodic" ...
13
votes
1answer
981 views

Conjectures on iterated polynomial maps on finite fields

Let $p$ be a prime, and consider the sequence $x_0, x_1, \dots$ of elements of the finite field $\mathbf F_p$ given by $x_0 = 0$ and $x_{i+1} = x_i^2 + 1$ for all $i \ge 0$. This sequence must ...