Questions tagged [discriminant]

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3
votes
2answers
366 views

Why the sign in the definition of the discriminant?

Consider the split monic $f=\prod_{i=1}^n(x-x_i)\in \mathbb Z[x_1 ,\dots ,x_n,x]$. Its discriminant is usually defined as $$(-1)^{n(n-1)/2}\prod_{i=1}^nf^\prime(x_i)=\prod_{1\leq i<j\leq n}(x_i-x_j)...
4
votes
1answer
158 views

Discriminants of some $q$-analogs of $(1+x)^n$

Let $[n]_q=1+q+\dots +q^{n-1}$, $ {[n]_q}! =[1]_q [2]_q \dots [n]_q$ and $\binom{n}{j}_q = \frac{[n]_q!}{[j]_q![n-j]_q!}$ be the usual $q$-notation. Consider the polynomials $p_n(q,r,x)= \sum_{j=0}^n ...
3
votes
0answers
153 views

Does there exist a type of discriminant not only for irreducible polynomials but also for exponential functions, logarithm functions?

I think discriminant is the strongest tool that I've used_ https://math.stackexchange.com/q/4035405/822157, however, does there exist a type of discriminant not only for irreducible polynomials but ...
1
vote
1answer
307 views

A mysterious expression from a discriminant

I recently investigated $\textrm{Discriminant}_u(\omega P(u) +(z-u)P'(u))$, where $P(u) := u^3 + au + b$ and $\omega$ is a real parameter (with $\omega\in(0,1)\cup(1,3)$) associated with the order of ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Upper bound for discriminant of Galois closure

In Lang's Algebraic Number Theory book he uses a certain bound on the discriminant of the Galois closure of a number field $K$ without proof stating that it is an easy exercise. Let $\tilde{K}$ be the ...
6
votes
0answers
633 views

Discriminant of $\alpha P(u) + (z-u) P'(u)$

I'm trying to find a “closed form” of $\textrm{Discriminant}_u(f(u))$, where $f(u) := \alpha P(u) + (z-u) P'(u)$. Here $P(u)$ is a monic polynomial of degree $d > 1$ with $u\in\mathbb{C}$, $\alpha$ ...
8
votes
1answer
279 views

What is the subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ which preserves the discriminant?

$\DeclareMathOperator{\SL}{\operatorname{SL}}$Let $\mathcal{P}_{n-1}$ be the space of complex polynomials in one variable, say $z$, of degree at most $n-1$. As a complex vector space, it is clearly $n$...
9
votes
0answers
193 views

Discriminants of Gleason's period-$n$ polynomials for the Mandelbrot set

Gleason's polynomials are the sequence of monic integer polynomials defined recursively by $$ \prod_{d \mid n} G_d(c) = (((c^2+c)^2+c)^2+\cdots+c)^2+c \quad \quad \quad [\textrm{$n$ iterates}], $$ for ...
4
votes
0answers
120 views

Discriminant mod 8

Let $f,g\in\mathbb{Z}[X]$ be monic polynomials of degree $n$, with discriminants $\Delta_{f}$ and $\Delta_{g}$, such that $f=g$ in $\mathbb{F}_{2}[X]$ and $\Delta_{f}$ is odd. Is there an elementary ...
4
votes
1answer
295 views

Discriminant of a radical extension of a quadratic number field

Let $K=\mathbb Q(\sqrt 5)$ and $\varepsilon = \frac{3 + \sqrt 5}{2}$ its totally positive fundamental unit (i.e. it generates the subgroup of totally positive units). For any $n \geq 3$, let $L_n = K(\...
9
votes
0answers
202 views

How small may the discriminant of an $S_d$-field be?

In every degree $d$, the Galois closure of the typical number field has the maximal possible Galois group $S_d$. Denote by $f(d)$ the least absolute value of a discriminant of an $S_d$-field of degree ...
8
votes
0answers
241 views

Number fields ordered by discriminant

Since the discriminant of a number field $K \neq \mathbb{Q}$ is bounded from below by an exponential of the degree $[K:\mathbb{Q}]$, for instance by Minkowski's Geometry of Numbers bound, there are ...
9
votes
0answers
282 views

Is this a possible strengthening of the Lehmer conjecture?

Here is another possible refinement of the Lehmer conjecture. For $\alpha \in \overline{\mathbb{Q}}^{\times}$, let $C_{\alpha} \subseteq \mathbb{Q}(\alpha)$ be the maximal cyclotomic field contained ...
8
votes
0answers
182 views

Is there an approximate formula for the discriminant of a sparse polynomial?

Consider integer polynomials $P \in \mathbb{Z}[X] \setminus \{0\}$ of a degree $D \geq 1$ and without multiple complex roots. Let me introduce a notation $$ d(P) := \frac{1}{D} \log{|\mathrm{Disc}(P)|}...
3
votes
0answers
101 views

When does a number field have $p$-rank greater than $n$?

Consider $F/\mathbb{Q}$, a number field. Let $S$ be a finite set of primes of $F$ containing the Archimedean primes. Let $n$ be any natural number and $L_n$ be a finite extension of $F$ such that $\...
2
votes
1answer
387 views

Definition of a Discriminant in Three Variables

I am studying pell conics and the source I am using (Franz Lemmermeyer: Conics - A Poor Man's Elliptic Curves) defines its discriminant as follows: For equations of the form $X^2 + XY + \frac{1-d}{4}...
1
vote
2answers
127 views

What would be a standard reference for the formula of the discriminant of $f(t^d)$?

I've posted this to Math.SE about a month ago: Seems like $$ \Delta(a_0+a_1t^d+a_2t^{2d}+...+a_nt^{nd})=(-1)^{n\frac{d(d-1)}2}d^{nd}(a_0a_n)^{d-1}[\Delta(a_0+a_1t+a_2t^2+...+a_nt^n)]^d, $$ where $\...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

Is the set of integers represented by a quadratic form of non-fundamental discriminant a subset of the rep. set of a form of fundamental discriminant?

I am currently working with positive-definite, reduced, primitive, integral binary quadratic forms, and I have noticed something interesting. Conjecture: Let $Q$ be a form of non-fundamental ...
6
votes
4answers
635 views

What is the essence of the constant factor in the standard definitions of the discriminant?

Let $f(x) = x^m+\sum_{j=0}^{m-1}f_{m-j}x^j\in P[x]$ be a monic polynomial over a field $P$ and let $f(x) = (x-\alpha_1)\cdot\ldots\cdot(x-\alpha_m)$ be a factorization of $f$ over an extension field $...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Reducible binary quadratic form

Let $f(x,y)=(ex+fy)(gx+hy); \ x,y,e,f,g,h \in \mathbb{Z}$ be a reducible integral binary quadratic form. Is there a criterion to determine if a number is represented by this form? In particular, does ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

Show that $\sum_{i=0}^{\frac{p-1}{2}} {{\frac{p-1}{2}}\choose {i}}^2 x^{\frac{p-1}{2}-i}$ is separable

This is a problem occurs in my research. For any algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p$. I want to show that $\sum_{i=0}^{\frac{p-1}{2}} {{\frac{p-1}{2}}\choose {i}}^2 x^{\frac{p-1}{2}-i}...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

A generalization of the discriminant of a polynomial

Let $\mathbb{K}$ be a field and let $f \in \mathbb{K}[x]$ be a monic polynomial of degree $n$. Suppose that $\alpha_1, \ldots, \alpha_n$ are all the roots of $f$ (in some algebraic closure of $\mathbb{...
9
votes
0answers
246 views

Is the discriminant of a free (as a module) $R$-algebra always congruent to a square modulo 4?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring. Let $A$ be an $R$-algebra (i.e., an $R$-module equipped with an $R$-bilinear multiplication map that turns $A$ into a unital ring). We do not require $A$ to be ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Does anyone know anything about the 2-valuation of the discriminant of a polynomial?

Take a random polynomial $f$ with integer coefficients (e.g., choose coefficients between $1$ to $B$ of a fixed degree $n$ and let $B$ tend to $\infty$). Using computer we noted that the 2-valuation ...
4
votes
1answer
236 views

Principal Minors of the Resultant

Let $x_1, \ldots, x_n$ be variables, $e_n$ be the elementary symmetric polynomials. I will denote the discriminant by $$D_n(x_1, \ldots, x_n) = \prod_{i<j} (x_i - x_j)^2$$ And a generalized ...
13
votes
1answer
798 views

Most discriminants are almost squarefree

Write, for $f(x) = x^d + a_2 x^{d-2} + \cdots + a_d\in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, $H(f) := \max(|a_i|^{\frac{1}{i}})$. Does anyone know of a reference that would allow me to show that the proportion of $f$ with ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Discriminant of a polynomial in two variables

I want to compute the discriminant of the following polynomial $$ F(X,Y)=X^mY^n+\sum_{i=0}^{m-1}\sum_{j=0}^{n-1}c_{ij}X^iY^j. $$ Here the discriminate means the equation $D(c_{i,j})$ in the variables ...
3
votes
0answers
193 views

Discriminant polynomial generalizing the usual discriminant

I wonder if anybody has seen the following natural polynomial. Given a monic univariate polynomial $P(z)$ of degree $N$, denote its roots by $z_1,..., z_N$. Now form a new polynomial $Q(z)$ of ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

Genus 2 hyperelliptic cryptography : typical discriminant and class number

As far as I know, there is no standard yet for cryptography based on the DLP over Jacobians of genus 2 curves. Yet, what can we say about the class number, and the discriminant of the complex ...
1
vote
0answers
995 views

Discriminant of a compositum of number fields, a bound?

Given two number fields $E$ and $F$, is there a bound on $|d_{EF}|$, the absolute value of the absolute discriminant of the compositum of fields $EF$, in terms of $d_E$, $d_F$, and the extension ...
5
votes
1answer
273 views

Discriminants of Clifford algebras

I have a Clifford algebra defined over a field of characteristic not equal to $2$. Is there a formula for its discriminant in terms of the corresponding symmetric bilinear form (or in terms of its ...
3
votes
1answer
307 views

plane cubics and conic bundles

It is well known that any plane cubic curve can be obtained as the discriminant locus of a conic bundle (actually even just of a net of conics). Does this hold true also for all nodal cubics (with ...
10
votes
2answers
848 views

Parameter space for complete intersections and their discriminant

Consider globally complete intersections in $\mathbb{P}^n$, of codimension $k$, of some fixed multi-degree $(d_1,\dots,d_k)$. Is there some nice (i.e. "explicit") parameter space for them? (even if ...
5
votes
1answer
313 views

Prime-like elements of rings

An element $p$ of a commutative ring $R$ is called "prime" if, for any $a,b\in R$, whenever $ab$ is a multiple of $p$, either $a$ or $b$ is a multiple of $p$. Is there a word for the "prime-like" ...