**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### Effects of shortening and puncturing on codes

Given a binary block code $C=[n,k]$ of codeword length $n$, and dimension $k$.
Suppose I've determined these properties for it : $d_{min}$ (minimum distance),
$N_{dmin}$ (number of codewords at $d_{...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

17 views

### is any closed form relation that can state the error probability of code versus its variable and check node degree distributions?

In Low Density parity check code design, when bit (or frame) error probability of code is the objective of the design, we need a closed form relation between error probably (or even an approximate or ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### How to analysis the relationship between the accuracy of erasure and the probability of decoding in RS code

As we all know, in RS code, when provide erasure (the position of error symbol), the decoding capacity of RS code is stronger. Specifically, $2e+v \leq (n-k)$, where $e$ is the number of errors, $v$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

87 views

### Weighted counting of circular codes

Given a circular code $X$ (for example: $X=\{ w,b \}$) with generating function $u(z)=\sum\limits_{k=0}^{\infty}{u_k z^k}$ (in this example : $u(z)=2z$), the generating function $p(z)=\sum\limits_{k=0}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Maximum number of $4$-cycles

Suppose we have a balanced bipartite planar maximum degree $k$ graph.
How many such graphs on $2n$ vertices have at most $f(n)$ maximum number of $4$ cycles for a given function $f:\Bbb R^+\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### Is the direct sum in Maschke's Theorem an orthogonal decomposition?

I am reading a paper on coding theory, and it uses a statement, which was claimed to be a reformulation of Maschke's Theorem. But I felt that was false...
Let's say $\mathcal(V):=\mathcal{F}_2^n$ is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Bounding the number of information sets in a linear binary code

A pretty well-known theorem regarding linear $(n,k,d)$ codes is that every $n-d+1$ coordinate positions contain an information set, but not all $n-d$ coordinate positions do. This is equivalent to a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Relations between the parameters of the Best Linear Code

Let the triple $(n,k,d)$ be length and dimension and minimum distance of a code, respectively.
For a fixed given numbers $n$, $k$ and $d$, what relations there are between
BKLC$($GF(2)$,n,k)$ ,BLLC$($...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Is this graph 3-colorable?

Consider the permutations of $0,1,1,2,2,3,3.$ Each permutation is corresponding to a vertex in graph $G$. So, the graph $G$ has $630$ vertices.
Each vertex has exactly 6 neighbors. $P$ is connected $...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Finite field analogue of Chebotaryov theorem on roots of unity?

Chebotarev's theorem on roots of unity says that all the minors of a prime-length DFT matrix over the complex numbers are nonzero. I was wondering if there was an analogue for finite fields.
More ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Capacity of a channel with random phase rotation

Consider a wireless channel $h=e^{j\theta}$, where $\theta$ is a uniform random variable in $[0,2\pi]$ independent of the input messages and the independent of the noise. The channel randomly rotates ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### irregular LDPC code construction algorithm

I want to construct a sparse random binary matrix ${{\bf{H}}_{m \times n}}$ that has the following properties
1- Faction of columns of weight $i$ is ${v_i}$ .
2- Fraction of rows of weight $i$...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

78 views

### Binary Codes and its distance [closed]

Find n binary codes of length n such that distance between each pair is n/2 , where n is a even number , if possible?How to generate all codes? for example if n=4 we have 1110,1101,1011,0111 each pair ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Effects of many degree-2 variable nodes in the Tanner graph during the decoding of LDPC codes

Suppose that we have a LDPC code $C$ with a $(n -k )\times n $ parity check matrix $H$, and there exist approximately $ \sqrt n$ numbers of degree-2 columns. It means that there are approximately $\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

69 views

### Optimal covering and CSPNG

Consider a function $f: \{0,1\}^n \to \{0,1\}^{cn}$, where $c>1$.
A random $f$ with high probability generates optimal covering of $\{0,1\}^{cn}$,
i. e.:
$\forall x \in \{0,1\}^{cn}$ $\exists y \...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### A question on representation of graphs

Take a complete graph $K_n$. You want to assign a vectors from $\Bbb F_2^d$ to every edge such that sum of vectors in every simple cycle does not sum to $0$ vector. The question is what is minimum $d$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Rank of a particular matrix

Denote $P_{2n}$ to be collection of homogeneous total degree $2$ real polynomials in exactly $2n$ variables such that coefficient of every monomial is either $1$ or $-1$.
Split variable set into ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Application of finding shortest paths on Cayley graphs

For a fixed integer number $m$, Consider Cayley graph defined by all m-cycles in Symmetric group $Sym(n)$.
I know that for $m=2$,
there are some applications of finding shortest paths (or distance ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### The significance of the Parvaresh-Vardy curve

Even though this seems like a computer science question, it is purely mathematical and concerns polynomials and curves over finite fields.
Consider the Parvaresh-Vardy list decoder.
As I understand ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Probability of Hamming weight

Given $s,t\in(0,1)$, $c>1$, $n\in\Bbb N$, pick ${n^t}$ random vectors $\{v_i\}_{i=1}^{{n^t}}$ such that each $v_i\in\{x\in\{0,1\}^{2^n}:|x|_{hamming}={2^{n-n^s}}\}$.
Denote $v_j\cap v_j$ to be ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Maximal neighbour-full partition of $\{0,1\}^n$

What is the largest complete minor of the $n$-dimensional hypercube? (which we call $k(n)$)
Alternatively, what is the partition of $\{0,1\}^n$ with each set connected and neighboring each other that ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Hamming weight probability of projections

Given $s,t\in(0,1)$, $c>1$, $n\in\Bbb N$, pick $2^{n^t}$ random vectors $\{v_i\}_{i=1}^{2^{n^t}}$ such that each $v_i\in\{x\in\{0,1\}^{2^n}:|x|_{hamming}={2^{n-n^s}}\}$.
If $v_i^\perp$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### How do you use the bits you get back from Bits Back Coding?

Bits Back coding is a scheme to transmit an observation x.
You can read about it here [1]. To my understanding, it works like this:
The encoder samples a message z from a distribution Q(z|x) that it ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Information theoretic common sequence agreement (not secret key)

Supposing Alice and Bob share $\rho$-correlated sequences in $\{0,1\}^n$, what coding theory based schemes are available for Alice and Bod to extract sequences $A,B\in\{0,1\}^n$ respectively such that ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### lower bound on A(k,4,floor(k/2))

A(k,4,r) is the independence number of the Johnson graph J(k,r).
What is the best known asymptotic lower bound on A(k,4,floor(k/2)) ?
I only obtained $\frac{{k\choose\lfloor{k/2}\rfloor}}{\lfloor{k^2/...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Parity-check matrix for code with variable block size and minimum distance

Consider a linear error-correcting code with symbols in $GF(q)$, with codewords of length $k$ generated from messages of length $n$ and minimum distance $d+1 = k-n+1$. In the cases of interest, $q = ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

498 views

### “The Two Sheriffs” puzzle -2: threshold for security

I've already asked a question “The Two Sheriffs” puzzle with wrong assumption. Yoav Kallus in his amazing answer using Fano plane showed that the problem has a solution in the case of seven suspects.
...

**30**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### “The Two Sheriffs” puzzle

This puzzle is taken from the book Mathematical puzzles: a connoisseur's collection by P. Winkler.
Two sheriffs in neighboring towns are on the track of a killer, in a
case involving eight ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

66 views

### Bound on the weight of the minimum weight generator of [n,k] cyclic codes?

I'm looking at creating sparse generator matrices for cyclic codes of a given length and dimension. A generator matrix of an [n,k] cyclic code can be expressed as
$G = \begin{bmatrix}g_0 & g_1 &...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

94 views

### Optimal covering

Let consider a problem of optimal covering of Hamming space.
So we have Hamming space $\{0,1\}^n$ and some integer $r$. We want to find a set $A \subseteq \{0,1\}^n$ such that any point from $\{0,1\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### PRNG and coding theory

Let $k, n \in \mathbb{N}$, $k = (1 - \epsilon)n$ where $1 >\epsilon > 0$.
I want to find $f: \{0,1\}^k \to \{0, 1\}^n$
such that:
1) $f(a) \not= f(b)$ if $a \not=b $
2) for any $x \in \{0,1\}...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

223 views

### Picking codewords that are close

I posted this question in http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1142698/picking-codewords-that-are-close a week back.
Let $[n,k,d]$ be a linear code over $\Bbb F_q$ with minimum distance $d$ and ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

106 views

### Block error-correcting codes over inhomogeneous alphabets

For $n := (n_1,\dots,n_N) \in \mathbb{N}_{>1}^N$, let $X_n := \prod_{j=1}^N [n_j]$, where as usual $[m] := \{1,\dots,m\}$.
Are there any known generic constructions for (Hamming) sphere ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

387 views

### Correlation between two continuous-time stochastic processes

Consider two continous-time stochastic processes $\{A(t)\}_{t \ge 0}$ and $\{B(t)\}_{t \ge 0}$ with $A(t)=t$ and $B(t)=t$. Each process starts at $t=0$ and emits "ticks" at increasing time slots. For ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

194 views

### Polynomial existence over finite field

Denote $\mathcal{F_n}$ as collection of multiaffine polynomials $f\in\Bbb F_2[x_1,\dots,x_n]$.
Denote total degree of $f\in\mathcal{F_n}$ as $deg(f)$ (note $deg(f)\leq n$).
Denote $e_i=(0,\dots,0,\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### On subset of Deterministic games

Denote strings $u,v$ from $\{0,1\}^n$.
Denote concatenated pair $[uv]$.
Denote
$$[uv]_{1}=\{[uv]\oplus e_i\}_{i=1}^{2n}$$
collection of pairs with Hamming distance $1$ from $[uv]$ string ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

354 views

### Minimally intersecting subsets of fixed size

The question I have, is how to generate the following collection of subsets:
Given a set $S$ of size $n$. I want to find a sequence of $k$ subsets of fixed size $m$, $0<m<n$, such that at each ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

180 views

### Hamming graph and independent sets

I'm defining the Hamming graph $H(d,q)$ in the usual way, so we have a set $S$ of $q$ elements, the hamming graph $H(d,q)$ has vertex set $S^{d}$ (the set of all ordered $d$-tuples of elements of $S$) ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Balanced binary code that “resists” local decoding?

I am looking for a construction that can be stated as the following coding problem: a binary code with good distance ($d = \Omega(n)$ where codeword length is $n$) that "resists local decoding" in the ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

624 views

### Maximum number of vectors in a hypercube satisfying given conditions

$\mathcal{C}$ is a collection of binary vectors of length $n$, i.e. $\mathcal{C}\subseteq\{0,1\}^n$. For arbitrary $x,y,z\in\mathcal{C}$ and $x\neq z$, $y\neq z$, there always holds that the Euclidean ...

**32**

votes

**1**answer

602 views

### What measurable quantity can constrain the number of odors human can discriminate?

This is not a very typical MO question, but I hope you bear with me. It concerns a recent disagreement in the biology literature about how many different odors humans can discriminate. The authors of ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

130 views

### Form of the Shannon capacity for Heptagon?

Is the $0$-error capacity of $7$-cycle:
$(1)$ known to be of form $7^q$ for some $q\in \mathbb Q$?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

111 views

### Coding for channels with concentrated error

Can we implement a reduced-error transmission over a channel with error frequency having $\liminf<\frac{1}{2}$ and $\limsup>\frac{1}{2}$?
We know that if a channel with error flips (in the ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Noise reduction in capacity-0 channels

Suppose we have a binary symmetric channel with $p=\frac{1}{3}$; that is, a communications channel in which each bit is flipped with independent probability $\frac{1}{3}$. I know that there is a code ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### On a problem of sphere-packing for Reed-Solomon codes

Suppose we have an $[n, k+1, n-k]$ Reed Solomon code $\mathcal C$ over $\mathbb F_q$, where $n-k=d$ is the minimum distance, and suppose that $d=2t+1$. We know that for every $r \in \mathbb F_q^n$ the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Applications of list decoding

This is citation from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_decoding:
Algorithms developed for list decoding of several interesting code families have found interesting applications in computational ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Mutual information staying constant under composition of channels

Consider the following scenario: one has 2 communication channels $C_1$ and $C_2$. Denote by $p(x)$ the input probability distribution.
The mutual information between the input and the output of $C_1$...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

856 views

### “Codes” in which a group of words are pairwise different at a certain position

I read the following problem, claimed to be in the IMO shortlist in 1988:
A test consists of four multiple choice problems, each with three options, and the students should give an unique answer ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Another formulation of error-correcting coding problem

Consider classic error-correcting problem:
there is finite set $A$ and string $a_1...a_n$, $a_i \in A$ in the begin.
in the end we have $b_1...b_n$. Set places of errors $E = \{i| a_i\not= b_i \}$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

116 views

### Group action of $G<\mathbb Z^\infty_2$ over the Golden mean shif [closed]

I'm am looking for an action of an infinite subgroup of $\mathbb Z^\infty_2$ over the golden mean shift space $$X=\{x\in \{0,1\}^\mathbb N : x_i=1\Rightarrow x_{i+1}=0\}$$ such that any element of $G$ ...