# Questions tagged [grothendieck-topology]

The grothendieck-topology tag has no usage guidance.

124
questions

7
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### Bisimplicial spaces as a coequalizer of maps between "simpler" bisimplicial spaces

From a bisimplicial space $T$, one can consider the simplicial spaces $p \mapsto T_{pp}$, $p \mapsto | q \mapsto T_{pq}|$, and $q \mapsto |p \mapsto T_{pq}|$, where $| \cdot|$ denotes geometric ...

2
votes

1
answer

90
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### Are the injections of a coproduct a cover in the canonical pretopology?

Assume we're in a category $C$ with all pullbacks and finite coproducts.
Recall that the canonical coverage of $C$ is the finest Grothendieck (pre) topology for which all representables are sheaves. A ...

7
votes

0
answers

225
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### Generalizing uniform structures as Grothendieck topologies

Recently, I was reading a classical book "Sheaves in Geometry and Logic" by S. MacLane and I. Moerdijk, and then it stroke me that, that the definition of Grothendieck Topology bears some ...

6
votes

1
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360
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### Relationship between canonical topology on a topos and its site of definition

The canonical (Grothendieck) topology for a category $C$ is the largest (finest) topology such that every representable presheaf over $C$ is a sheaf.
According to First Order Categorical Logic Lemma 1....

2
votes

1
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148
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### Is the slice of a subcanonical site also subcanonical?

A subcanonical site is one for which every representable functor is a sheaf.
For a subcanonical site $C$, the fundamental theorem of topos theory says that there is an equivalence $Sh(C/c)\cong Sh(C)/...

3
votes

0
answers

202
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### How to read the definition of Grothendieck Pretopology in SGA4?

In SGA4, the first axiom of a Grothendieck pretopology is given as:
PT0: Pour tout objet $X$ de $C$, les morphismes des familles de morphismes de $Cov(𝑋)$
sont quarrables. (Rappelons qu’un morphisme ...

7
votes

1
answer

251
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### Subobject classifier for sheaves on large sites with WISC

Let $\mathsf{C}$ be a possibly large category with a Grothendieck topology satisfying the Weakly Initial Set of Covers condition: there is for each $X$ a set (not a proper class) of covering families ...

8
votes

1
answer

331
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### The Grothendieck topology of closed immersions on schemes

Let $S$ be a scheme. Let's define a Grothendick topology on $\mathrm{Sch}/S$ where a covering family $\{f_i:Z_i\rightarrow X\}_{i\in I}$ on an $S$-scheme $X$ is a collection of closed immersions of $S$...

1
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0
answers

92
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### Why is the induced singleton pretopology closed under pullbacks?

Let $(C,\mathcal{T})$ be an arbitrary site with a pretopology $\mathcal{T}$. The category $C$ has coproducts.
As a pretopology I mean the definition 2.24 of Grothendieck topology
in Angelo Vistoli’s ...

2
votes

1
answer

204
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### Trivial Grothendieck topology and identity morphisms

So on nLab the definition of a trivial (Grothendieck) topology is the following: "The Grothendieck topology on any category for which only the identity morphisms are covering is the trivial ...

6
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1
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325
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### Decategorifying Grothendieck topoi and categorifying topological spaces

(This is in a sense a follow-up to this question.)
I was under the impression these days that Grothendieck topoi were also¹ analogous to topological spaces in that the former were left exact ...

6
votes

1
answer

449
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### Subsheaves of Spec K, K a field

$\DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec}\newcommand\Ring{\mathrm{Ring}}\newcommand\op{^\text{op}}\DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom}\DeclareMathOperator\Sh{Sh}$In the category of schemes the objects of the form $\...

4
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0
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201
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### Geometric intuition for pf in fppf-topology

I am trying to learn a bit about algebraic spaces and the various topologies on categories of schemes in general. And, as it seems to always be the case, I am struggling with understanding how exactly ...

0
votes

1
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174
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### Does the (Vistoli-)sheafification induce isomorphism?

Given a presheaf, in Angelo Vistoli's 2007 Notes on Grothendieck topologies,
fibered categories
and descent theory
there is a construction of the sheafification (Proof for theorem 2.64).
Note: In ...

3
votes

0
answers

169
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### Is the Grothendieck topology equivalent to its Singleton Grothendieck topology?

I'm using the definition of a Grothendieck topology in Angelo Vistoli’s 2007 Notes on Grothendieck topologies,
fibered categories
and descent theory and I found on nLab about superextensive site, that ...

3
votes

0
answers

141
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### Johnstone's Elephant - Lemma C2.1.7 confusion

I don't understand the proof of (ii) in the Johnstone's Elephant:
Lemma 2.1.6 is:
Now consider $\bigcup_{f \in R} f \circ f^*(S)$. This is my notation for the sieve Johnstone references in the proof ...

3
votes

1
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480
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### Proof without sieves: Equivalent grothendieck topologies have the same sheaves

I'm currently learning about sheaf theory with Angelo Vistoli’s 2007 Notes on Grothendieck topologies,
fibered categories and descent theory. And in page 35, there is the following definition of a ...

3
votes

1
answer

233
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### Compatibility of pullbacks with an equivalence relation

This question was originally posted last week in Math Stack Exchange (see here).
I'm currently working on the proof of the existence of the sheafification in Angelo Vistoli’s 2007 Notes on ...

3
votes

0
answers

190
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### The etymologies behind certain topologies on the category of schemes

Certain topologies on the category of schemes (or perhaps certain appropriate subcategories thereof) are named rather aptly, e.g. Zariski, étale, fppf, fpqc, syntomic, smooth, v(aluation), etc., but ...

5
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0
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201
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### Is there something similar to Lawvere-Tierney topologies for Abelian categories?

Lawvere-Tierney topologies generalize the notion of local operators on a Topos from Sheaf toposes over a Grothendieck site to arbitrary Toposes.
However, while the special case of Sheaves of sets or ...

5
votes

1
answer

258
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### Group scheme with an isotrivial maximal torus

Let $G$ be a reductive group scheme over a normal ring $A$. Then, we know that Zariski locally it admits a maximal torus.
Let us assume that it admits a maximal torus after a finite surjective (resp. ...

7
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1
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454
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### When is a basis of a topological space a Grothendieck pretopology?

Bases of a topological space in point set topology will in general form a coverage on its category of inclusion on open subsets and on its category of inclusion on basic opens, but it takes a bit more ...

4
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0
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254
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### Defining the h-topology via v-covers

I have two questions about v-covers and the h-topology (as defined by Voevodsky) which arose when reading Bhatt-Scholze's "Projectivity of the Witt vector affine Grassmannian" available here ...

3
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1
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224
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### Sheaves on sites given by a (regular) cd-structure

Let $C$ be a category equipped with a Grothendieck topology generated by a cd-structure (see https://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/cd-structure or Voevodsky's paper Homotopy theory of simplicial presheaves in ...

3
votes

0
answers

610
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### fppf/ etale Cohomology calculate with Cech cohomology

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with one and $S$ commutative faithfully flat $R$-algebra (that is there is a faithfully flat ring map
let $\phi: R \to S$). Then the so called Amitsur complex
$R \to S^{\...

4
votes

0
answers

334
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### Building intuition for the étale topology

My Honours supervisors have charged me with building intuition for étale morphisms and the étale topology. Their suggestions were to "compute the étale topology in a few simple cases", such ...

3
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0
answers

216
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### Is the category of covering spaces always a topos?

It is well knows that for a nice (locally path connected, semi-locally simply connected) topological spaces, the category of covering spaces over $X$ is equivalent to the functor category $\left[\Pi_1\...

13
votes

3
answers

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### Resources for topos theory

I am trying to learn topos theory and I am finding a strong scarcity of resources. Is there any canonical textbook to refer someone to when learning this topic?
So far, I have only been able to find ...

6
votes

1
answer

338
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### Is there a notion of Čech groupoid of a cover of an object in a Grothendieck site?

Given a topological space $X$, and a cover $\mathcal{U} :=\cup_{\alpha \in I}U_{\alpha}$ of $X$, one can define a groupoid called Čech groupoid $C(\mathcal{U})$ of the cover $\mathcal{U}$ by $\...

5
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0
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169
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### Étale stack on $\text{Spec}(k)$

Let $\mathcal{F}:\text{Ét}(\text{Spec}(k))^{\mathrm{op}}\rightarrow \text{Set}$ be an étale presheaf. The étale sheaf condition for the cover $\text{Spec}(l)\rightarrow \text{Spec}(k)$ is
$$\mathcal{F}...

2
votes

0
answers

225
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### Localization of Chow groups and flat base change

For any flat morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$, we have a flat pullback of Chow groups
$$Ch^i(Y)\rightarrow Ch^i(X).$$
A particular example of this is of course an open immersion $U\rightarrow X$. In that ...

2
votes

2
answers

486
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### What is the geometric description of the set of isomorphism class of $G$-torsors over a site $C$?

Let $X$ be a topological space and $G$ be a topological group. Let $\tilde{G}$ be the sheaf of groups defined by the sheaf of sections of the product $G$ bundle $ \pi_1:X\times G \rightarrow X $.
(1)...

3
votes

2
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392
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### Is any constant Zariski sheaf already a Nisnevich sheaf?

Lat $A$ be a set and $\underline{A}$ the associated constant Zariski sheaf on the category $Sm/S$ of schemes which are smooth over $S$ for a fixed base scheme $S$. Is $\underline{A}$ already a (...

5
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0
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232
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### $\ell$-adic Eilenberg-MacLane space and Brown representability

I posted the following question on MathStackexchange, where it was suggested that I should move my question to Mathoverflow, which do here (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3550741/algebraic-...

2
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0
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206
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### Only discrete topology gives trivial topos?

Given a Grothendieck site $\mathsf{(C,\tau)}$, if the associated Grothendieck topos $\mathsf{Shv(C,\tau)}$ is trivial, i.e. $\mathsf{Shv(C,\tau)}$ consists of the terminal sheaf $*$ only, can we ...

11
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0
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722
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### When is fppf better than fpqc (and vice versa)?

Depending on a geometer's needs, they may use the Zariski/etale/syntomic/etc. topology on the spaces they consider. I know some settings where etale topology is better suited for the task than the ...

3
votes

1
answer

303
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### What to call a morphism of sites inducing an equivalence on categories of sheaves?

Is there a standard term for a morphism of sites $(C,J)\to(C',J')$ which induces an equivalence on sheaf categories $\operatorname{Sh}(C',J')\xrightarrow\sim\operatorname{Sh}(C,J)$? The nLab entry ...

19
votes

1
answer

873
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### Has this "backwards" perspective on toposes been studied?

Topos theory can be seen as a categorification of topology via the following analogies.
\begin{array}{|c|c|}
\hline
\text{locales}&\text{Grothendieck toposes}\\\hline
\text{open sets}&\text{...

2
votes

0
answers

227
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### Significance of some expected results when defining Grothendieck topology

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category. Fixing an object $U$ of $\mathcal{C}$, there are some obvious functors we can associate to it, for example:
$h_U:\mathcal{C}^{op}\rightarrow \text{Set}$ given by $V\...

3
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1
answer

373
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### fppf-extension of algebraic groups is an algebraic group

The problem is the following:
Let $k$ be a field and let $N,G,Q: (\operatorname{Sch}/k)_{\operatorname{fppf}} \longrightarrow \operatorname{Grps}$
be fppf-sheaves from the big fppf-site of $\...

2
votes

1
answer

531
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### Stack associated to Groupoid object in category $\text{Sch}/S$

Consider the category of manifolds $\text{Man}$.
A groupoid object in the category of manifolds is called a Lie groupoid, denoted by $\mathcal{G}$. There is a way to associate a stack (over the ...

2
votes

1
answer

661
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### Why care about Grothendieck topology? [closed]

Noah Schweber said here the following:
Why would you want a notion of sheaf theory for objects more general
than topological spaces? Well, the original motivation (to my
understanding) was to ...

4
votes

1
answer

619
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### How to construct cup-product in a general site?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site on the category of schemes for some Grothendieck topology, $X$ a scheme, and let $F,G$ be two sheaves of abelian groups on $\mathcal{C}$. Do we have cup-product as follows?
...

5
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1
answer

644
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### Do coherent sheaves on rigid analytic spaces form an abelian category?

It is said that the category of sheaves of abelian groups on a Grothendieck site(topology) is an abelian category. On the other hand, it is known that in usual algebraic geometry, given an variety (...

2
votes

2
answers

699
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### In the definition of big/small étale/fppf/... site, is their covering set really a set?

My definition of a site is a pair $(\mathcal{C},\DeclareMathOperator{\Cov}{Cov}\Cov (\mathcal{C}))$ where $\mathcal{C}$ is a category and $\Cov (\mathcal{C})$ is a set consisting of elements of the ...

7
votes

1
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921
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### Applications of $h$-topology and $h$-descent

This is a technical problem about applications of Grothendieck topologies. In some recent works, the technique of $h$-topology and $h$-descent is very useful, for an introduction see https://stacks....

0
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0
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319
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### Grothendieck topology on a scheme equivalent to the circle

Suppose a class of morphisms of schemes is reasonable enough so that we can associate a small site to any scheme (just like small étale site). Is there a simple class of morphisms such that there is a ...

6
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0
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151
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### Does an fppf cohomological class annihilated by an etale cover come from etale cohomological group?

Let $X$ be a scheme, $F$ a sheaf on the fppf site of $X$, and $\alpha\in H^i_{\mathrm{fppf}}(X,F)$ such that it is trivialized by an etale cover of $X$. Does $\alpha$ lie in the image of the canonical ...

4
votes

1
answer

178
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### When can a scheme be recovered from its descent groupoid?

Suppose that $ Y $ is a scheme and $ f\colon X\to Y $ a covering of $ Y $ in some Grothendieck topology on the category of schemes (i.e. if $\{ U_i\to Y\}$ is a covering in the topological sense, then ...

3
votes

1
answer

345
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### Why are sheaves of a coverage the same as those on its generated Grothendieck coverage?

Preliminaries: There are lots of variations on the settings in which we define sheaves. I am concerned with the details linking the general definition below to the Grothendieck topology it generates; ...