Questions tagged [grothendieck-topology]

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3
votes
1answer
125 views

Sheaves on sites given by a (regular) cd-structure

Let $C$ be a category equipped with a Grothendieck topology generated by a cd-structure (see https://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/cd-structure or Voevodsky's paper Homotopy theory of simplicial presheaves in ...
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0answers
146 views

fppf/ etale Cohomology calculate with Cech cohomology

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with one and $S$ commutative faithfully flat $R$-algebra (that is there is a faithfully flat ring map let $\phi: R \to S$). Then the so called Amitsur complex $R \to S^{\...
4
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0answers
179 views

Building intuition for the étale topology

My Honours supervisors have charged me with building intuition for étale morphisms and the étale topology. Their suggestions were to "compute the étale topology in a few simple cases", such ...
3
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0answers
92 views

Is the category of covering spaces always a topos?

It is well knows that for a nice (locally path connected, semi-locally simply connected) topological spaces, the category of covering spaces over $X$ is equivalent to the functor category $\left[\Pi_1\...
10
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3answers
700 views

Resources for topos theory

I am trying to learn topos theory and I am finding a strong scarcity of resources. Is there any canonical textbook to refer someone to when learning this topic? So far, I have only been able to find ...
4
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1answer
252 views

Is there a notion of Čech groupoid of a cover of an object in a Grothendieck site?

Given a topological space $X$, and a cover $\mathcal{U} :=\cup_{\alpha \in I}U_{\alpha}$ of $X$, one can define a groupoid called Čech groupoid $C(\mathcal{U})$ of the cover $\mathcal{U}$ by $\...
5
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0answers
156 views

Étale stack on $\text{Spec}(k)$

Let $\mathcal{F}:\text{Ét}(\text{Spec}(k))^{\mathrm{op}}\rightarrow \text{Set}$ be an étale presheaf. The étale sheaf condition for the cover $\text{Spec}(l)\rightarrow \text{Spec}(k)$ is $$\mathcal{F}...
2
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0answers
133 views

Localization of Chow groups and flat base change

For any flat morphism $f:X\rightarrow Y$, we have a flat pullback of Chow groups $$Ch^i(Y)\rightarrow Ch^i(X).$$ A particular example of this is of course an open immersion $U\rightarrow X$. In that ...
2
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2answers
295 views

What is the geometric description of the set of isomorphism class of $G$-torsors over a site $C$?

Let $X$ be a topological space and $G$ be a topological group. Let $\tilde{G}$ be the sheaf of groups defined by the sheaf of sections of the product $G$ bundle $ \pi_1:X\times G \rightarrow X $. (1)...
3
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2answers
290 views

Is any constant Zariski sheaf already a Nisnevich sheaf?

Lat $A$ be a set and $\underline{A}$ the associated constant Zariski sheaf on the category $Sm/S$ of schemes which are smooth over $S$ for a fixed base scheme $S$. Is $\underline{A}$ already a (...
5
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0answers
212 views

$\ell$-adic Eilenberg-MacLane space and Brown representability

I posted the following question on MathStackexchange, where it was suggested that I should move my question to Mathoverflow, which do here (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3550741/algebraic-...
2
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0answers
121 views

Only discrete topology gives trivial topos?

Given a Grothendieck site $\mathsf{(C,\tau)}$, if the associated Grothendieck topos $\mathsf{Shv(C,\tau)}$ is trivial, i.e. $\mathsf{Shv(C,\tau)}$ consists of the terminal sheaf $*$ only, can we ...
9
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0answers
286 views

When is fppf better than fpqc (and vice versa)?

Depending on a geometer's needs, they may use the Zariski/etale/syntomic/etc. topology on the spaces they consider. I know some settings where etale topology is better suited for the task than the ...
3
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1answer
206 views

What to call a morphism of sites inducing an equivalence on categories of sheaves?

Is there a standard term for a morphism of sites $(C,J)\to(C',J')$ which induces an equivalence on sheaf categories $\operatorname{Sh}(C',J')\xrightarrow\sim\operatorname{Sh}(C,J)$? The nLab entry ...
14
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1answer
641 views

Has this “backwards” perspective on toposes been studied?

Topos theory can be seen as a categorification of topology via the following analogies. \begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline \text{locales}&\text{Grothendieck toposes}\\\hline \text{open sets}&\text{...
2
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0answers
211 views

Significance of some expected results when defining Grothendieck topology

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category. Fixing an object $U$ of $\mathcal{C}$, there are some obvious functors we can associate to it, for example: $h_U:\mathcal{C}^{op}\rightarrow \text{Set}$ given by $V\...
2
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1answer
196 views

fppf-extension of algebraic groups is an algebraic group

The problem is the following: Let $k$ be a field and let $N,G,Q: (\operatorname{Sch}/k)_{\operatorname{fppf}} \longrightarrow \operatorname{Grps}$ be fppf-sheaves from the big fppf-site of $\...
2
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1answer
228 views

Stack associated to Groupoid object in category $\text{Sch}/S$

Consider the category of manifolds $\text{Man}$. A groupoid object in the category of manifolds is called a Lie groupoid, denoted by $\mathcal{G}$. There is a way to associate a stack (over the ...
1
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1answer
418 views

Why care about Grothendieck topology? [closed]

Noah Schweber said here the following: Why would you want a notion of sheaf theory for objects more general than topological spaces? Well, the original motivation (to my understanding) was to ...
4
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1answer
340 views

How to construct cup-product in a general site?

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a site on the category of schemes for some Grothendieck topology, $X$ a scheme, and let $F,G$ be two sheaves of abelian groups on $\mathcal{C}$. Do we have cup-product as follows? ...
4
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1answer
453 views

Do coherent sheaves on rigid analytic spaces form an abelian category?

It is said that the category of sheaves of abelian groups on a Grothendieck site(topology) is an abelian category. On the other hand, it is known that in usual algebraic geometry, given an variety (...
2
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2answers
323 views

In the definition of big/small étale/fppf/… site, is their covering set really a set?

My definition of a site is a pair $(\mathcal{C},\DeclareMathOperator{\Cov}{Cov}\Cov (\mathcal{C}))$ where $\mathcal{C}$ is a category and $\Cov (\mathcal{C})$ is a set consisting of elements of the ...
6
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1answer
502 views

Applications of $h$-topology and $h$-descent

This is a technical problem about applications of Grothendieck topologies. In some recent works, the technique of $h$-topology and $h$-descent is very useful, for an introduction see https://stacks....
0
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0answers
287 views

Grothendieck topology on a scheme equivalent to the circle

Suppose a class of morphisms of schemes is reasonable enough so that we can associate a small site to any scheme (just like small étale site). Is there a simple class of morphisms such that there is a ...
6
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0answers
140 views

Does an fppf cohomological class annihilated by an etale cover come from etale cohomological group?

Let $X$ be a scheme, $F$ a sheaf on the fppf site of $X$, and $\alpha\in H^i_{\mathrm{fppf}}(X,F)$ such that it is trivialized by an etale cover of $X$. Does $\alpha$ lie in the image of the canonical ...
4
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1answer
160 views

When can a scheme be recovered from its descent groupoid?

Suppose that $ Y $ is a scheme and $ f\colon X\to Y $ a covering of $ Y $ in some Grothendieck topology on the category of schemes (i.e. if $\{ U_i\to Y\}$ is a covering in the topological sense, then ...
2
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1answer
209 views

Why are sheaves of a coverage the same as those on its generated Grothendieck coverage?

Preliminaries: There are lots of variations on the settings in which we define sheaves. I am concerned with the details linking the general definition below to the Grothendieck topology it generates; ...
3
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0answers
233 views

Locality in Grothendieck Topologies

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a category and $\mathcal{J}$ be a Grothendieck topology on it (i.e., $(\mathcal{C},\mathcal{J})$ is a site). Then what is a good notion of locality in it? I came up with the ...
2
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3answers
708 views

Classical point-set topology using Grothendieck topologies

Its well known that the category of opens $O(X) $of a topological space $X$ can be endowed with a Grothendieck topology making it into a site. I am looking for references which take the reader through ...
7
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0answers
169 views

Pushout of Nisnevich sheaves

Let us consider the projective line $\mathbb{P}^1$ over a field $k$ and take the following open embeddings $$j_{\epsilon}\colon \mathbb{P}^1\setminus\{0,\infty\} \to \mathbb{P}^1\setminus\{\epsilon\}$$...
6
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1answer
334 views

Equivalence of the definitions of a sheaf in SGA4 and in “Categories and Sheaves”

I asked this question on Mathematics Stack Exchange, but got no answer. I don't understand why the definition of a sheaf (Definition 17.3.1 (ii)) given in the book [KS] Categories and Sheaves by ...
10
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1answer
446 views

What is the total space of a stack after all?

From my general experience I think for myself of what follows as some kind of taboo question for some reason: in my imagination, everybody wants an answer to this but somehow thinks it shall not be ...
0
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1answer
152 views

If $J$-coverings can be glued $I$-locally is $J$-locality an $I$-local property? (Reducing descent problems to simpler ones)

Let $(C,J)$ be a category with a grothendieck topology. For every object $X \in C$ there's (I hope) a little site which is the full subcategory of the slice category $C_{/X}$ whose objects are the ...
9
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1answer
700 views

Are all Grothendieck topologies on Set equivalent?

The category $\textbf{Set}$ can be given a Grothendieck topology where the covering families are jointly surjective families of set inclusions $\{X_i\stackrel{\phi_i}{\hookrightarrow} X\}\in\mathrm{...
7
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0answers
250 views

Reference for the Brown-Gersten property for smooth manifolds

A classical result by Brown and Gersten says that to verify the homotopy descent property for the Zariski topology it suffices to verify it for Zariski squares and the empty cover of the empty scheme. ...
7
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1answer
363 views

Is there a way to “puncture” a topos?

Let $E$ be a (Grothendieck) topos, e.g. $E = \text{Sh}(X)$ for a topological space $X$. And let $p = (p^*, p_*):\text{Set}\to E$ be a point of $E$, is there a way to "puncture" $E$ in some sense? By "...
2
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1answer
110 views

Exercise on “locality” in topos theory

Let $\mathcal E=\mathsf{Sh}(\mathsf C,J)$. Let $A\rightarrowtail \Omega$ be a fixed subobject. For each $X$ in $\mathcal E$, define $T_A(X)$ to be a set of subobjects of $X$ as follows. $U\...
16
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3answers
1k views

Voevodsky's Triangulated Categories of Motives and their Relationships

As we know, Voevodsky constructed several candidates for the triangulated category of motives using different constructions and topologies (h, qfh, etale, and Nisnevich). I would like to know what ...
20
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1answer
671 views

Can we just use effective descent morphisms (pure morphisms) as covers?

There are a number of notions of "cover" for a scheme: etale, faithfully flat, fpqc, fppf, Zariski, Nisnevich, etc. Most of these have a nice property, which is that a cover of that type satisfies ...
3
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2answers
518 views

Grothendieck topologies on $\mathbb{C}$

I would like to consider three sheaves $\mathcal{C}^0$, $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{S}$ on $\mathbb{C}$ (endowed with the euclidean topology): the first is the sheaf of continuous $\mathbb{C}$-valued ...
21
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1answer
1k views

Flat versus etale cohomology

Although the definition of etale ($\ell$-adic) cohomology is scary, I have at least some intuition for how it should behave: for instance, when it makes sense, I expect that it should be ``similar'' ...
10
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0answers
362 views

Making the conceptual leap from locales to Grothendieck topologies?

I find the definition for locales and sheaves on locales to be straightforward, but I'm stumbling over the idea of a Grothendieck topology. Is there a nice way to see roughly how the latter ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

Sections of morphisms up to fppf covering

Let $f:X\to S$ be a finite type affine morphism of schemes where $S$ is an integral noetherian affine regular scheme whose function field is of characteristic zero. Assume that all geometric fibers ...
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0answers
247 views

Isomorphism in a derived category of chain complexes with rational coefficients

Let $C$ be the category of quasi-projective schemes over a base field $k$ (maybe I will need some assumptions on $k$). Let $Ab(C_{\tau})$ be the category of Abelian sheaves on a site $C_{\tau}$, where ...
46
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3answers
5k views

What is the purpose of the flat/fppf/fpqc topologies?

There have been other similar questions before (e.g. What is your picture of the flat topology?), but none of them seem to have been answered fully. As someone who originally started in topology/...
2
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0answers
386 views

Reference for cdh topology

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a proper surjective morphism over some base scheme $S$ of finite type, suppose $f$ restricts to an isomorphism over some open $U$ of $X$, we also suppose both $X$ and $Y$ are ...
3
votes
2answers
420 views

Morphism on schemes induced by continuous morphism of sites

I am beginner in the theory of Grothendieck topologies and I have the following question. Let $X, Y$ be schemes over an algebraically closed field $k$. Denote by $X_{et}$ and $Y_{et}$ the Etale sites ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Gerbes and Stacks

The definition of a gerbe on a smooth manifold that I know is that - after fixing an open cover $U_i$, a gerbe consists of the data of line bundles $L_{ij}$ on two-fold-intersections $U_{ij}$, ...
12
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1answer
1k views

Reference request: Book of topology from “Topos” point of view

Question: Is there any book of topology in the modern language of topos theory? Motivation: In "Sheaves in Geometry and Logic" Mac Lane and Moerdijk say: "For Grothendieck, topology became the ...
3
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0answers
435 views

Two functorial definitions of schemes

I have been reading a bit about the "functor of points" theory for schemes. There seem to be two ways of going about defining schemes this way: Equip the category $\textbf {Psh}=\operatorname{Fun}(\...