# Questions tagged [jacobians]

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124
questions

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### Certain endomorphisms of $\mathbb{C}(x,y)$

Let $f: (x,y) \mapsto (p,q)$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-algebra endomorphism of $\mathbb{C}(x,y)$
satisfying the following two conditions:
(i) $\operatorname{Jac}(p,q):=p_xq_y-p_yq_x \in \mathbb{C}-\{0\}$.
(...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Surjectivity of the Abel-Prym map

It is well known that the Abel-Jacobi map restricted to $\text{Eff}_g(C)$ surjects onto the Jacobian $\text{Jac}(C)$, since every divisor of degree $g$ is effective.
Is there an analogous statement ...

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28 views

### Calculate the Jacobian of a particular diffeomorphism of parallelizable manifold onto itself

Let $M$ be $d$-dimensional parallelizable manifold. Let $e_k(x)$ for $k=1, \dots , d$ be the smooth vector fields forming orthonormal basis in tangent bundle of 𝑀, these vector fields exist because ...

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52 views

### A map on Jacobians coming from a correspondence explicitly

From this question, we know that every map of the form $J(C) \to J(C)$ for a curve $C$ and it's jacobian $J(C)$ comes from a correspondence between $C\times C$ and in fact we can take this ...

**2**

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**1**answer

182 views

### Degree of morphisms and isogenies

$\renewcommand{\J}{\mathrm{Jac}} \renewcommand{\F}{\mathbb{F}}$
I am reading this paper by B. Gross, and there is something I don't understand on p. 945. Here is the context: fix a prime $p \equiv 3 \...

**3**

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**3**answers

462 views

### Torsion in the jacobian of a super elliptic curve

Let $y^n = f(x)$ define a smooth projective curve $C$ over some field $k$ with $\deg f \geq n$ and odd and with $f(x)$ having no repeated roots. Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $C$ and $J[n]$ it's (...

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92 views

### What is the jacobian of an image lookup function?

I posted this question on Robotics Stack Exchange (link) but thought it could be relevant here as well.
I'm trying to solve a computer vision problem whereby I wish to use Levenberg–Marquardt non-...

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117 views

### non-singular divisors of the jacobian variety

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus at least $4$. The well-known divisor $\theta$ of the associated Jacobian variety is $\mathrm{Jac}(X)$ is singular and also ample. The $\theta$ divisor ...

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**1**answer

76 views

### Jacobian of changing of variables to singular value decomposition

It is well known that changing variables from a symmetric matrix to its eigenvalue decomposition involves a Jacobian which is just the Vandermonde determinant of the eigenvalues.
Now suppose I have a ...

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105 views

### Unirationality of universal Jacobian over special strata of moduli space of pointed genus 3 curves

Let $M_{3,1}$ be the (coarse, non-compactified) moduli space of genus $3$ curves with a marked point over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Throwing away the hyperelliptic curves, take the open ...

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**1**answer

32 views

### Keeping the covariant divergence intact under changes of frame

In Eulcidean 3-space with coordinates $(r, \theta, \phi)$ where $\theta$ is the polar angle and $\phi$ the azimuthal angle, we may write the covariant divergence of a vector $E = E^\mu e_\mu$ as
$$E^{...

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**0**answers

87 views

### Weak Lefschetz property Jacobian ring smooth hypersurface

Let $A_{.}$ be a graded commutative ring. We say that $A_{.}$ satisfies the weak Lefschetz property if for generic $L \in A_1$ the multiplication maps $ \times L : A_i \longrightarrow A_{i+1}$ has ...

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**1**answer

135 views

### What is the quotient $E \!\times\! E^\prime / G$?

Consider a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ such that $p \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$, $p \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$, $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$-isomorphic elliptic curves (of $j$-invariant $0$)
$$
E\!:y_1^2 ...

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64 views

### Isomorphism between 2nd symmetric product and Jacobian

Let $X=X_0(N)$ be hyperelliptic with $g(X)\geq 2$ with $\infty$ as a cusp and $\iota$ as the hyperelliptic involution. Then the map
$$X^{(2)} \longrightarrow Jac(X)$$ $$D \longrightarrow [D-\infty -\...

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47 views

### Is there a non-singular irreducible genus $2$ curve $C/\mathbb{F}_p$ and two $\mathbb{F}_p$-coverings $C \to E$, $C \to E^{(1)}$ of some degree $n$?

Consider a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ (where $p \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$, $p \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$), $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$-isomorphic elliptic curves (of $j$-invariant $0$)
$$
E\!:y_1^2 = ...

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65 views

### Can we approximate harmonic maps which are a.e. orientation-preserving with maps which preserve orientation globally?

Let $\mathbb{D}^n$ be the closed unit ball, and let $f:\mathbb{D}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be harmonic; More precisely, I assume that $f$ is real-analytic and harmonic on the interior $(\mathbb{D}^n)^o$ ...

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142 views

### Identifying elements in the kernel of an explicit endomorphism of a Jacobian variety

I hope this question fits here.
Let $H/k$ be a genus $2$ curve and $J$ its Jacobian variety. Since $J(k)\cong \text{Pic}^0(H)(k)$ we have that its generic point looks like $[(x_1,y_1)+(x_2,y_2)-2\...

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101 views

### Generic properties of Jacobians of smooth functions

Let $f = (f_1, \dotso, f_n):\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a smooth map and let $J$ be its Jacobian (determinant of the matrix with $ij$-th entry $\partial_i f_j$). We introduce the zero sets of $J$...

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129 views

### Solutions to $w_x=CA_x$, $w_y=CA_y$ other than $w=f(A)$ and $C=f'(A)$?

Let $R \in \{\mathbb{C}[t^2,t^3], \mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{5}]\}$,
and let $A=A(x,y) \in R[x,y]$ with $\deg(A) \geq 1$ (total degree).
I wish to prove or find a counterexample to the following claim:
If ...

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**1**answer

222 views

### $f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ satisfying: $\operatorname{Jac}(f,g)=0$ and $f,g \notin \mathbb{Z}[h]$ for every $h \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$?

Is it possible to find $f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ (with $\deg(f),\deg(g) \geq 1$) such that the following two conditions are satisfied:
(1) $\operatorname{Jac}(f,g)=f_xg_y-f_yg_x = 0$.
(2) ...

**6**

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**1**answer

259 views

### 2-Torsion in Jacobians of Curves Over Finite Fields

Let $C$ be a (smooth, projective) curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$, and let $J_C(\mathbb{F}_q)$ denote its Jacobian. Suppose the genus $g$ of $C$ is at least $1$.
Question 1: Are there curves ...

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**1**answer

470 views

### Confusion in known result about moduli space of vector bundle of rank 2 degree 0 vector bundles over smooth curve of genus 2

Theorem: Let $X$ be a complete, non-singular algebraic curve of genus
$2$. Let $U(2, \Theta)$ be the space of $S$-equivalence classes of semi-stable vector
bundles of rank $2$ and degree $\Theta$. The ...

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**0**answers

115 views

### When does the Jacobian of a smooth curve contains an unique principal polarization

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus at least $4$ and $X$ non-hyperelliptic. I am looking for additional conditions on $X$ such that the Jacobian $J(X)$ of $X$ contains an unique principal ...

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**1**answer

256 views

### Naive question on the Jacobian of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus $g \ge 2$. We know that the Jacobian $J(X)$ of the curve is a principally polarized abelian variety. The principal polarization is induced by the ...

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455 views

### Is a torsion free sheave of rank one on a reducible curve the pushforward of a line bundle on a normalization?

Let $X$ be a nodal curve, possibly reducible. Then can any torsion free sheaf of rank one on $X$ be expressed as $\pi_*(L)$, where $L$ is a line bundle on a partial normalization of $X$? This looks ...

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**4**answers

1k views

### Is every abelian variety a subvariety of a Jacobian?

Let $k$ be an infinite field and $A$ be an abelian variety over $k$. Can $A$ be embedded into a Jacobian variety $J$ over $k$?
In these notes by William Stein this is stated without proof in remark 1....

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**1**answer

244 views

### Some curves on the Jacobian of a genus $2$ curve and their image under certain maps (char $p$)

I hope this question belongs here. The situation in this question is quite particular and specific.
I am trying to weak some of theory to measure the degree of some function on the Jacobian of a ...

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276 views

### An example of curves with the same Jacobian, but different Jacobian automorphism groups (wrt their respective canonical principal polarizations)?

I am trying to understand examples of differing curves with the same Jacobian, and the quirks of the Jacobian.
Here is my question: What is an example where $Aut(Jac(X, a))$ and $Aut(Jac(X', a'))$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Regularity of the Jacobian of a $W^{2,n}$ Sobolev mapping

Given a mapping in the Sobolev space $f\in W^{2,n}_{\rm loc}(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n)$ I would like to know what is the
Sobolev regularity of the Jacobian $J_f=\operatorname{det} Df$.
It is well ...

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169 views

### Factors of the Jacobian of modular curves

Let $J_1(p)$ be the Jacobian of the modular curve $X_1(p)$ for p an odd prime. We know that $J_1(p)$ is isogenous to a direct sum of abelian varieties $\oplus_{f}A_f$ where the sum runs over Hecke/...

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103 views

### How to compute explicit equations for the Jacobian of a variety over a field [duplicate]

Suppose we start with a projective curve $X$ over a field $K$, given as a closed subvariety of $\mathbb P^n_K$ by some explicit list of equations. I would like to find an explicit representation of ...

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141 views

### On a smooth curve $C$, when is $K_C \sim_\mathbb{Q} (2g-2)P$?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve of genus $g$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I am interested in the following property:
There exists a point $P \in C$ such that $K_C \sim_\mathbb{Q} (2g-2)P$. Equivalently, $K_C - (2g-2)...

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**1**answer

365 views

### A map from a symmetric product of a curve to its Jacobian

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over an algebraically closed field $k$, of genus $g$.
It is well known that, after fixing a point $p_0$, the map $C^{(n)}\to J$ sending $\{a_1,\dots,a_n\}$ to $[...

**3**

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**2**answers

444 views

### Determinant of Jacobian and directional derivatives

I have a function $f: \Re^2 \to \Re^2$ and would like to understand why
$$|Jf(x)|=\max_\theta|D_\theta f(x)|\cdot\min_\theta|D_\theta f(x)|$$
that is, why the determinant of the Jacobian of $f$ at $...

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161 views

### Picard rank of Jacobian

Let $C$ be a curve over field $k$, let $J$ be its Jacobian.
(1)Suppose $C$ has no nontrivial automorphism, $k$ is algebraically closed, is it true that $\mathrm{NS}(J)\cong\mathbb{Z}\cdot\theta$? ...

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**1**answer

285 views

### Intersection number of divisors on abelian surfaces and its invariance under translation by 2-Torsion points

I am reading Fulton's but I cannot find a useful result for my problem that seems to be something well known.
Let $\mathcal{J}$ be the Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$. Consider $D_1,...

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**1**answer

216 views

### If $f,g \in D[x,y]$ are algebraically dependent over $D$, then $f,g \in D[h]$ for some $h\in D[x,y]$?

This question asks: If $f,g \in k[x,y]$ are two algebraically dependent polynomials over an arbitrary field $k$, is it true that there exists a polynomial $h \in k[x,y]$ such that $f,g \in k[h]$,
...

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### A non-commutative analog of: two polynomials are algebraically dependent iff their Jacobian is zero

Let $f,g \in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$.
There is a well-known result, that can be found for example
here, pages 19-20, that says the following:
$f,g$ are algebraically dependent over $\mathbb{C}$ if and ...

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138 views

### Scalar multiplication via the Kummer surface of a genus $2$ curve by $\sqrt{5}$

I hope this is a good question.
Recently I worked with genus two curves $H$ that have multiplication by $[\zeta_5]\in \text{Aut}(H)$, that is, multiplication by $e^{2\pi i/5}$. This automorphism is ...

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174 views

### Connected component of Picard group of a genus $2$ curve and its Jacobian over an imperfect field

Let $H/k$ be a genus $2$ curve. Consider the function field of $H$ given by $k(H)$. Take the base extension of $H$ to $k(H)$, namely $\hat H:=H\otimes_k k(H)$. Consider the Jacobian $J$ of the curve $...

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174 views

### Non-linear rational recurrence related to the Jacobian of hyperelliptic curve

EDIT The initial revision had typo, hope it is fixed.
Let $C$ be the hyperelliptic curve $y^2=x^5+x+5^2$ and $J$ its Jacobian.
Let $P=J(0,5)$ and define $a(n)$ to be the constant coefficient of
the ...

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233 views

### Is there a finite number of supersingular genus 2 curves?

Consider an algebraically closed field $k$ of prime characteristic. It is widely known that up to $k$-isomorphism there is a finite number of supersingular elliptic curves over $k$. Let $C$ be a ...

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**1**answer

202 views

### Explicit endomorphisms of Jacobians of genus $2$ and the Theta divisor

I hope this question is good to be here.
Let $J$ be the Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $H$ of genus $2$ given by $y^2 = x^5 + h$.
I was calculating an explicit formula in Mumford coordinates of $[...

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**1**answer

163 views

### 5-Descent or ($\sqrt{5}$-Descent?) on certain genus 2 Jacobians

I would like to know if there is something I can read to compute the following:
Let $H$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$ given by $y^2=x^5 + 10$ and let $J$ be its Jacobian.
How can I prove ...

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### How to describe the subspace of invariants under the Rosati involution?

Consider the Jacobian $J_C$ of hyperelliptic curve
$$C\!: y^2 = x^5 + a$$
over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$, where $a \in \mathbb{F}_p^*$, $p \equiv 2 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 5)$, $p > 2$. Let $\pi \...

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158 views

### The existence of the Drinfeld shtuka function

I want to understand the existence of the Drinfeld shtuka function but unfortunately I know very little in algebraic geometry.
I am reading Shtukas and Jacobi sums from D. Thakur and I am stucked at ...

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**2**answers

246 views

### Abel-Jacobi map for Mumford curves analytically

Let $K$ be a field equipped with a non-Archimedean absolute value, let $\Gamma$ be a Schottky group in $PGL_2(K)$, and let $X_\Gamma$ be the associated Mumford curve, which is a proper smooth rigid ...

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**1**answer

226 views

### Boundary of the image of a compact manifold in the complex plane

The Question
Consider the trace of an $n \times n$ unitary matrix with determinant 1
\begin{align}
f: SU(n) &\rightarrow \mathbb{C}\\
U \mapsto \text{tr}\, U &= \sum\limits_{i=1}^{n-1} z_i + ...

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274 views

### Clarke generalized Jacobian of an inverse function

For a Lipschitz function $f: X \rightarrow X$, Clarke's generalized Jacobian at $x$ is defined as the convex hull of the following set:
$$\delta f (x) = \text{convex hull} \left \{\lim_{x_i \...

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376 views

### Self intersection of theta divisor

I hope my question is not too basic here.
I have a very specific setting and I am trying to not use "big theorems" to prove a well known fact algebraically. I hope someone can give me a hint.
Let $J/...