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Questions tagged [jacobians]

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Generic properties of Jacobians of smooth functions

Let $f = (f_1, \dotso, f_n):\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a smooth map and let $J$ be its Jacobian (determinant of the matrix with $ij$-th entry $\partial_i f_j$). We introduce the zero sets of $J$...
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55 views

$A,B,w \in \frac{\mathbb{Q}[t]}{(t^2-1)}[x,y]$: $\operatorname{Jac}(A,B)=1$, $\operatorname{Jac}(A,w)=0$, $w \notin \frac{\mathbb{Q}[t]}{(t^2-1)}[A]$

Let $R=\frac{\mathbb{Q}[t]}{(t^2-1)}$; trivially, $R$ is not an integral domain, since $(\overline{t-1})(\overline{t+1})=\overline{t^2-1}=\overline{0}$. Is it possible to find $A,B,w \in R[x,y]$ ...
3
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120 views

Solutions to $w_x=CA_x$, $w_y=CA_y$ other than $w=f(A)$ and $C=f'(A)$?

Let $R \in \{\mathbb{C}[t^2,t^3], \mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{5}]\}$, and let $A=A(x,y) \in R[x,y]$ with $\deg(A) \geq 1$ (total degree). I wish to prove or find a counterexample to the following claim: If ...
5
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1answer
200 views

$f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ satisfying: $\operatorname{Jac}(f,g)=0$ and $f,g \notin \mathbb{Z}[h]$ for every $h \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$?

Is it possible to find $f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ (with $\deg(f),\deg(g) \geq 1$) such that the following two conditions are satisfied: (1) $\operatorname{Jac}(f,g)=f_xg_y-f_yg_x = 0$. (2) ...
6
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1answer
236 views

2-Torsion in Jacobians of Curves Over Finite Fields

Let $C$ be a (smooth, projective) curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$, and let $J_C(\mathbb{F}_q)$ denote its Jacobian. Suppose the genus $g$ of $C$ is at least $1$. Question 1: Are there curves ...
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1answer
229 views

Confusion in known result about Moduli space of vector bundle of rank 2 degree 0 vector bundles over smooth curve of genus 2

Theorem: Let $X$ be a complete, non-singular algebraic curve of genus $2$. Let $U(2, \Theta)$ be the space of $S$-equivalence classes of semi-stable vector bundles of rank $2$ and degree $\Theta$. The ...
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0answers
94 views

When does the Jacobian of a smooth curve contains an unique principal polarization

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus at least $4$ and $X$ non-hyperelliptic. I am looking for additional conditions on $X$ such that the Jacobian $J(X)$ of $X$ contains an unique principal ...
2
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1answer
181 views

Naive question on the Jacobian of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus $g \ge 2$. We know that the Jacobian $J(X)$ of the curve is a principally polarized abelian variety. The principal polarization is induced by the ...
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2answers
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Is a torsion free sheave of rank one on a reducible curve the pushforward of a line bundle on a normalization?

Let $X$ be a nodal curve, possibly reducible. Then can any torsion free sheaf of rank one on $X$ be expressed as $\pi_*(L)$, where $L$ is a line bundle on a partial normalization of $X$? This looks ...
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4answers
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Is every abelian variety a subvariety of a Jacobian?

Let $k$ be an infinite field and $A$ be an abelian variety over $k$. Can $A$ be embedded into a Jacobian variety $J$ over $k$? In these notes by William Stein this is stated without proof in remark 1....
3
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1answer
216 views

Some curves on the Jacobian of a genus $2$ curve and their image under certain maps (char $p$)

I hope this question belongs here. The situation in this question is quite particular and specific. I am trying to weak some of theory to measure the degree of some function on the Jacobian of a ...
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An example of curves with the same Jacobian, but different Jacobian automorphism groups (wrt their respective canonical principal polarizations)?

I am trying to understand examples of differing curves with the same Jacobian, and the quirks of the Jacobian. Here is my question: What is an example where $Aut(Jac(X, a))$ and $Aut(Jac(X', a'))$ ...
5
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1answer
182 views

Regularity of the Jacobian of a $W^{2,n}$ Sobolev mapping

Given a mapping in the Sobolev space $f\in W^{2,n}_{\rm loc}(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n)$ I would like to know what is the Sobolev regularity of the Jacobian $J_f=\operatorname{det} Df$. It is well ...
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Factors of the Jacobian of modular curves

Let $J_1(p)$ be the Jacobian of the modular curve $X_1(p)$ for p an odd prime. We know that $J_1(p)$ is isogenous to a direct sum of abelian varieties $\oplus_{f}A_f$ where the sum runs over Hecke/...
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How to compute explicit equations for the Jacobian of a variety over a field [duplicate]

Suppose we start with a projective curve $X$ over a field $K$, given as a closed subvariety of $\mathbb P^n_K$ by some explicit list of equations. I would like to find an explicit representation of ...
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125 views

On a smooth curve $C$, when is $K_C \sim_\mathbb{Q} (2g-2)P$?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve of genus $g$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I am interested in the following property: There exists a point $P \in C$ such that $K_C \sim_\mathbb{Q} (2g-2)P$. Equivalently, $K_C - (2g-2)...
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1answer
237 views

A map from a symmetric product of a curve to its Jacobian

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over an algebraically closed field $k$, of genus $g$. It is well known that, after fixing a point $p_0$, the map $C^{(n)}\to J$ sending $\{a_1,\dots,a_n\}$ to $[...
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2answers
320 views

Determinant of Jacobian and directional derivatives

I have a function $f: \Re^2 \to \Re^2$ and would like to understand why $$|Jf(x)|=\max_\theta|D_\theta f(x)|\cdot\min_\theta|D_\theta f(x)|$$ that is, why the determinant of the Jacobian of $f$ at $...
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136 views

Picard rank of Jacobian

Let $C$ be a curve over field $k$, let $J$ be its Jacobian. (1)Suppose $C$ has no nontrivial automorphism, $k$ is algebraically closed, is it true that $\mathrm{NS}(J)\cong\mathbb{Z}\cdot\theta$? ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Intersection number of divisors on abelian surfaces and its invariance under translation by 2-Torsion points

I am reading Fulton's but I cannot find a useful result for my problem that seems to be something well known. Let $\mathcal{J}$ be the Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$. Consider $D_1,...
6
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1answer
208 views

If $f,g \in D[x,y]$ are algebraically dependent over $D$, then $f,g \in D[h]$ for some $h\in D[x,y]$?

This question asks: If $f,g \in k[x,y]$ are two algebraically dependent polynomials over an arbitrary field $k$, is it true that there exists a polynomial $h \in k[x,y]$ such that $f,g \in k[h]$, ...
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2answers
178 views

A non-commutative analog of: two polynomials are algebraically dependent iff their Jacobian is zero

Let $f,g \in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$. There is a well-known result, that can be found for example here, pages 19-20, that says the following: $f,g$ are algebraically dependent over $\mathbb{C}$ if and ...
3
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0answers
121 views

Scalar multiplication via the Kummer surface of a genus $2$ curve by $\sqrt{5}$

I hope this is a good question. Recently I worked with genus two curves $H$ that have multiplication by $[\zeta_5]\in \text{Aut}(H)$, that is, multiplication by $e^{2\pi i/5}$. This automorphism is ...
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0answers
126 views

Connected component of Picard group of a genus $2$ curve and its Jacobian over an imperfect field

Let $H/k$ be a genus $2$ curve. Consider the function field of $H$ given by $k(H)$. Take the base extension of $H$ to $k(H)$, namely $\hat H:=H\otimes_k k(H)$. Consider the Jacobian $J$ of the curve $...
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1answer
164 views

Non-linear rational recurrence related to the Jacobian of hyperelliptic curve

EDIT The initial revision had typo, hope it is fixed. Let $C$ be the hyperelliptic curve $y^2=x^5+x+5^2$ and $J$ its Jacobian. Let $P=J(0,5)$ and define $a(n)$ to be the constant coefficient of the ...
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207 views

Is there a finite number of supersingular genus 2 curves?

Consider an algebraically closed field $k$ of prime characteristic. It is widely known that up to $k$-isomorphism there is a finite number of supersingular elliptic curves over $k$. Let $C$ be a ...
3
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1answer
173 views

Explicit endomorphisms of Jacobians of genus $2$ and the Theta divisor

I hope this question is good to be here. Let $J$ be the Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $H$ of genus $2$ given by $y^2 = x^5 + h$. I was calculating an explicit formula in Mumford coordinates of $[...
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1answer
143 views

5-Descent or ($\sqrt{5}$-Descent?) on certain genus 2 Jacobians

I would like to know if there is something I can read to compute the following: Let $H$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$ given by $y^2=x^5 + 10$ and let $J$ be its Jacobian. How can I prove ...
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How to describe the subspace of invariants under the Rosati involution?

Consider the Jacobian $J_C$ of hyperelliptic curve $$C\!: y^2 = x^5 + a$$ over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$, where $a \in \mathbb{F}_p^*$, $p \equiv 2 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 5)$, $p > 2$. Let $\pi \...
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0answers
131 views

The existence of the Drinfeld shtuka function

I want to understand the existence of the Drinfeld shtuka function but unfortunately I know very little in algebraic geometry. I am reading Shtukas and Jacobi sums from D. Thakur and I am stucked at ...
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2answers
218 views

Abel-Jacobi map for Mumford curves analytically

Let $K$ be a field equipped with a non-Archimedean absolute value, let $\Gamma$ be a Schottky group in $PGL_2(K)$, and let $X_\Gamma$ be the associated Mumford curve, which is a proper smooth rigid ...
5
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1answer
170 views

Boundary of the image of a compact manifold in the complex plane

The Question Consider the trace of an $n \times n$ unitary matrix with determinant 1 \begin{align} f: SU(n) &\rightarrow \mathbb{C}\\ U \mapsto \text{tr}\, U &= \sum\limits_{i=1}^{n-1} z_i + ...
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Clarke generalized Jacobian of an inverse function

For a Lipschitz function $f: X \rightarrow X$, Clarke's generalized Jacobian at $x$ is defined as the convex hull of the following set: $$\delta f (x) = \text{convex hull} \left \{\lim_{x_i \...
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0answers
191 views

Self intersection of theta divisor

I hope my question is not too basic here. I have a very specific setting and I am trying to not use "big theorems" to prove a well known fact algebraically. I hope someone can give me a hint. Let $J/...
3
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1answer
240 views

How is the Jacobian or Sandpile group of a graph computed?

From what I understand, given a graph, the Jacobian group and the Sandpile group refer to the same object. Until now, I have been computing this group in the way detailed in Chapter 1 of this ...
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1answer
134 views

Isogeny from kernel in higher dimensional abelian varieties

Is there any kind of generalization of Vélu formulae for Jacobians? The question technically is: Given a hyperelliptic curve $H/\overline{\mathbb{F}}_q$ and its jacobian $J_H$ of dimension $2$, if $...
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Generalization of Area and Coarea formula for fractional Hausdorff measures

Let $X,Y$ be polish spaces, $s,t>0$ and $F:X\to Y$ locally Lipschitz continuous such that $X$ is $\sigma$-finite w.r.t. the $(s+t)$-dimensional Hausdorff measure $\mathcal{H}^{s+t}$. The Eilenberg ...
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1answer
261 views

Jacobians of genus 2 curves isogenous to a square of a supersingular elliptic curve over $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$

I would like to construct hyperelliptic curves whose Jacobians are isogenous to the square of a supersingular elliptic curve over $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$ My question is motivated by the following example. ...
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Bounding the determinant of the Jacobian between a set and its polyhedral approximation

My question is, essentially, suppose I have two simply connected subset of $R^n$, if I know that the boundary's of both are very close, how can I bound the determinant of the Jacobian between them. I ...
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1answer
198 views

Resolution of the ideal of the Abel-Jacobi image of a curve?

Let $C$ be a complex curve of genus $g\ge 2$ and let $a\colon C\to J(C)$ be the Abel-Jacobi map. Is there a finite resolution of the ideal $\mathcal I_{a(C)}$ whose terms are sums line bundles of the ...
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2answers
88 views

Functions with scalar times orthogonal Jacobian [duplicate]

I am interested in understanding functions $f:\mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d $ whose Jacobian at every point $x \in \mathbb{R}^d$ is a scalar times an orthogonal matrix. I've seen a similar ...
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1answer
106 views

Are the Prym varieties geometrcally nondegenerate subvarieties of the Jacobians?

A subvariety $V$ of an abelian variety $X$ is geometrically nondegenerate if it meets any subvariety of $X$ of dimension bigger than or equal $codim(V)$. My question is about the Prym varieties as ...
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Polarization of the Prym variety

Let $X\rightarrow Y$ a ramifield double cover of curves, $J_X, J_Y$ their jacobians, $P\subset J_X$ the Prym variety, for any line bundle $L$ on $X$ of degree $g_X-1$, denote by $\Theta_L$ the ...
3
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1answer
394 views

About the characteristic polynomial of Frobenius of the Jacobian of a genus 2 hyperelliptic curve

I was looking for some information related to the values of the characteristic polynomial $\chi(t)$ of the Frobenius of a Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $C$ of genus 2 over $\mathbb{F}_q$ and in ...
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2answers
541 views

functions with orthogonal Jacobian

I'm working on a model that would require to use vectorial functions of $\mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$, such that $\forall x, y \in \mathbb{R}^n$, $\lVert \frac{df(x)}{dx}(y) \lVert_2 = \...
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1answer
270 views

Is there a covering of Prym variety?

$\mathstrut$Hi, guys! Let $C$, $C^\prime$ be projective smooth irreducible algebraic curves over an algebraically closed field $k$ ($\mathrm{char}(k) \neq 2$), $\phi : C$ $\to$ $C^\prime$ a two-...
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1answer
182 views

When stable curves can be embedded to their Jacobian?

Let $X$ be a stable curve over a complete DVR $R$ with smooth generic fiber. If $X$ has a $R$-rational point, by the universal properties of Neron models, we obtain a morphism from $f: X-X_{s}^{\rm ...
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1answer
422 views

Do all simple factors of jacobians of curves come from correspondences?

For this question I will let the overly ambiguous word curve mean: smooth projective and connected curve over $\mathbb C$ (or equivalently a smooth compact Riemann-Surface). Let $C$ be a curve over ...
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0answers
189 views

Is there a concrete description of $\Theta_{sing}$ for a generic curve of genus 6?

If C is generic of genus 6, then $\Theta_{sing}$ is a smooth surface. Can anyone give me a reference or a hint as to what that surface might be. What are the numerical characteristics of this surface? ...
8
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1answer
368 views

Distribution of Mordell–Weil ranks of higher genus curves

By "nice curve", I mean a smooth, projective, geometrically integral curve over $\newcommand{\Q}{\mathbb{Q}}\newcommand{\Jac}{\operatorname{Jac}}\Q$ with at least one $\Q$-rational point. The Mordell–...