Questions tagged [jacobians]

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Elements of order two in a Prym variety

Let $Y_0$ be a genus two projective smooth complex curve, let $Y_1$ be an étale cover of degree 2 of $Y_0$, and let $\sigma$ be the involution of $Y_1$ over $Y_0$. If $J_1$ is the jacobian of $Y_1$, ...
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  • 181
6 votes
1 answer
282 views

Degree-2 étale covers of curves in characteristic 2 vs torsion points on the Jacobian

It can be found, at Hartshorne exercise 4.2.7 for example, that in the case where $\operatorname{char}(k) \neq 2$ we have a nice correspondence between etale degree 2 covers of a curve $C$ and 2-...
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9 votes
0 answers
266 views

Is there a variational interpretation for the equation $\operatorname{div}(\star \circ \bigwedge^k df\circ \star )=0$?

$\newcommand{\id}{\operatorname{Id}} \newcommand{\R}{\mathbb{R}} \newcommand{\TM}{\operatorname{TM}} \newcommand{\Hom}{\operatorname{Hom}} \newcommand{\Cof}{\operatorname{Cof}} \newcommand{\Det}{\...
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0 answers
11 views

Amplitude and phase of trajectories of non-linear dynamical system

Assume we have a 2D non-linear dynamical system with 2x2 Jacobain matrix (at the steady state). We also assume that we have periodic solutions, i.e. we have complex eigenvalues of the form $\pm i \phi$...
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90 views

Hessian approximation from Jacobian

I've seen two expressions for using the Jacobian to compute an approximation for the Hessian, and I don't see how they can give you the same answer in general. Both are approximations for the Hessian ...
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3 votes
0 answers
125 views

Derivative of dual isogeny is pullback on $H^1$

Apologies if this is not quite at the level of MathOverflow, but I have already asked at MSE and received no answer after two+ weeks and a bounty. Let $X$ and $Y$ be elliptic curves (over an ...
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2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Grassmannian of line subbundle of a stable rank 2 vector bundle on a smooth projective curve

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g\geq 2$. Given a rank two, degree $d=0$ vector bundle $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$, we consider the grassmannian of sub-line bundles of $\mathcal{F}$ of degree $...
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128 views

Why is the Jacobian of a curve "irreducible" as a principally polarized abelian variety?

In J.P. Murre's "Reduction of the proof of the non-rationality of a non-singular cubic threefold to a result of mumford", in the proof of Theorem 3.11 he remarks that "the Jacobian of a ...
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  • 233
3 votes
1 answer
313 views

Relation between the cohomology group of a curve and the cohomology group of its jacobian

Let $J_C$ be the Jacobian of a smooth projective curve $C$ over $\mathbb{C}$. I would like understand the isomorphism between $H^1(J_C,\mathbb{C})$ and $H^1(C,\mathbb{C})$. I read in a paper that ...
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4 votes
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How often is the rank of J_0(p)^- zero

As mentioned in this answer there is a conjecture by Kimball Martin that, formulated slightly informally, has the following special case. Conjecture: On average $J_0(p)$ has 2 simple components when ...
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  • 1,775
3 votes
1 answer
115 views

Dual family of torsion-free rank-1 sheaves on Gorenstein curves

Let $X$ be a Gorenstein curve over a field an consider the compactified Jacobian parametrizing torsion-free, rank-1 sheaves on $X$. Is there a chance that the dual functor $Hom(\_, \mathcal O_X)$ ...
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3 votes
0 answers
92 views

Richelot isogenies in characteristic $2$

I am interested in Richelot isogenies between ordinary abelian surfaces in characteristic $2$. If I am not mistaken, the corresponding theory is developed in Article "J.-B. Bost, J.-F. Mestre, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
221 views

What is the involution on the moduli space of genus 3 curves induced by the Torelli map

Let $M_g$ be the moduli space of genus $g$ curves, $A_g$ be the moduli space of principally polarized dimension $g$ abelian varieties. They have dimensions $3g-3,g(g+1)/2$ respectively. The Torelli ...
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3 votes
1 answer
235 views

Generalization of torsion points on Jacobian of genus 2 over finite fields (with respect to the theta divisor)

Let $J(C)$ be the jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $C$ of genus 2 defined over finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. Let $\Theta$ be the image of the curve on the Jacobian under the embedding $P \mapsto P - \...
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1 answer
283 views

An explicit equation for $X_1(13)$ and a computation using MAGMA

By a general theory $X_1(13)$ is smooth over $\mathbb{Z}[1/13]$, and so is its Jacobian $J$. And the hyperelliptic curve given by an affine model $y^2 = x^6 - 2x^5 + x^4 -2x^3 + 6x^2 -4x + 1$ is $X_1(...
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  • 1,556
4 votes
0 answers
54 views

The unit root subspace of a genus-2 odd degree hyperelliptic curve of semistable reduction

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$. If $A_K$ is a semistable Abelian variety over $K$, then we have a Frobenius endomorphism on $H_{dR}^1(A_K)$, whose definition depends on a choice of a ...
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0 answers
45 views

The intersection form on a Jacobian

$\DeclareMathOperator{\End}{End}$ Let $J=\mathop{Jac}(C)$ be a Jacobian, $\Theta$ the theta divisor. Since it is principal, it induces a bijection between the Néron-Severri group $NS(J)$ and the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
158 views

Flat connection of a degree zero line bundle on curve

The question is clear from the title. Suppose we have a line bundle on a compact smooth complex curve $X$, and a line bundle $\mathcal{L}=\mathcal{O}_X(p-q)$, where $p$ and $q$ are divisors, then what ...
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5 votes
0 answers
124 views

The image of a curve under the multiplication endomorphism of its Jacobian

Let $X$ be a complex smooth projective curve of genus $g\geq 2$. Embed $X$ in its Jacobian ${\rm{J}}(X)\cong{\rm{Div_0}}(X)/{\rm{Div_p}}(X)$ where ${\rm{Div_0}}(X)$ is the group of degree zero ...
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  • 2,042
1 vote
0 answers
115 views

The compactified Jacobian is birational to a $\mathbb{P}^1$-fibration over the Jacobian of normalization

Let $Y$ be an integral curve whose only singularity is one simple node at a point $y$, and $\pi:X\rightarrow Y$ be the normalization with $\pi^{-1}(y)=\{x,z\}$. $J(X)$ is the Jacobian of $X$, and $\...
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3 votes
0 answers
99 views

Using principal polarisation to "cancel" Jacobian summands in isomorphism

I'm working through the sketch proof of irrationality of cubic threefolds in Huybrechts' The geometry of cubic hypersurfaces. Let $J(X)$ denote the intermediate Jacobian of a cubic threefold $X \...
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  • 223
12 votes
1 answer
450 views

Embedding of a derived category into another derived category

I am considering the following two cases: Assume that there is an embedding: $D^b(\mathcal{A})\xrightarrow{\Phi} D^b(\mathbb{P}^2)$and the homological dimension of $\mathcal{A}$ is equal to $1$($\...
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  • 1,516
1 vote
1 answer
48 views

Continuations of derivations of Jacobian subring

Assume that the algebraically independent polynomials $f_1,\ldots, f_n\in\mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots, x_n]$ are such that the Jacobian matrix $\text{Jac}_{x_1,\ldots, x_n}^{f_1,\ldots, f_n}\in\mathbb{C}\...
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  • 361
2 votes
1 answer
237 views

Functions with a Jacobian whose columns are orthogonal

I am interested in vector fields whose Jacobian has orthogonal columns; i.e. if $\mathbf{f}(\cdot):\mathbb{R}^{n} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{n}$ is a function where $\mathbf{f}(\mathbf{x})=[f_1(\mathbf{x}...
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  • 23
4 votes
1 answer
163 views

Certain endomorphisms of $\mathbb{C}(x,y)$

Let $f: (x,y) \mapsto (p,q)$ be a $\mathbb{C}$-algebra endomorphism of $\mathbb{C}(x,y)$ satisfying the following two conditions: (i) $\operatorname{Jac}(p,q):=p_xq_y-p_yq_x \in \mathbb{C}-\{0\}$. (...
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  • 2,573
9 votes
1 answer
305 views

Surjectivity of the Abel-Prym map

It is well known that the Abel-Jacobi map restricted to $\text{Eff}_g(C)$ surjects onto the Jacobian $\text{Jac}(C)$, since every divisor of degree $g$ is effective. Is there an analogous statement ...
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2 votes
0 answers
42 views

Calculate the Jacobian of a particular diffeomorphism of parallelizable manifold onto itself

Let $M$ be $d$-dimensional parallelizable manifold. Let $e_k(x)$ for $k=1, \dots , d$ be the smooth vector fields forming orthonormal basis in tangent bundle of 𝑀, these vector fields exist because ...
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1 vote
0 answers
85 views

A map on Jacobians coming from a correspondence explicitly

From this question, we know that every map of the form $J(C) \to J(C)$ for a curve $C$ and it's jacobian $J(C)$ comes from a correspondence between $C\times C$ and in fact we can take this ...
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2 votes
1 answer
294 views

Degree of morphisms and isogenies

$\renewcommand{\J}{\mathrm{Jac}} \renewcommand{\F}{\mathbb{F}}$ I am reading this paper by B. Gross, and there is something I don't understand on p. 945. Here is the context: fix a prime $p \equiv 3 \...
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  • 1,637
4 votes
3 answers
583 views

Torsion in the jacobian of a super elliptic curve

Let $y^n = f(x)$ define a smooth projective curve $C$ over some field $k$ with $\deg f \geq n$ and odd and with $f(x)$ having no repeated roots. Let $J$ be the Jacobian of $C$ and $J[n]$ it's (...
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0 votes
0 answers
222 views

What is the jacobian of an image lookup function?

I posted this question on Robotics Stack Exchange (link) but thought it could be relevant here as well. I'm trying to solve a computer vision problem whereby I wish to use Levenberg–Marquardt non-...
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  • 101
3 votes
0 answers
137 views

non-singular divisors of the jacobian variety

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus at least $4$. The well-known divisor $\theta$ of the associated Jacobian variety is $\mathrm{Jac}(X)$ is singular and also ample. The $\theta$ divisor ...
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  • 1,533
1 vote
1 answer
385 views

Jacobian of changing of variables to singular value decomposition

It is well known that changing variables from a symmetric matrix to its eigenvalue decomposition involves a Jacobian which is just the Vandermonde determinant of the eigenvalues. Now suppose I have a ...
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  • 825
5 votes
0 answers
136 views

Unirationality of universal Jacobian over special strata of moduli space of pointed genus 3 curves

Let $M_{3,1}$ be the (coarse, non-compactified) moduli space of genus $3$ curves with a marked point over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. Throwing away the hyperelliptic curves, take the open ...
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  • 1,192
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

Keeping the covariant divergence intact under changes of frame

In Eulcidean 3-space with coordinates $(r, \theta, \phi)$ where $\theta$ is the polar angle and $\phi$ the azimuthal angle, we may write the covariant divergence of a vector $E = E^\mu e_\mu$ as $$E^{...
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2 votes
0 answers
111 views

Weak Lefschetz property Jacobian ring smooth hypersurface

Let $A_{.}$ be a graded commutative ring. We say that $A_{.}$ satisfies the weak Lefschetz property if for generic $L \in A_1$ the multiplication maps $ \times L : A_i \longrightarrow A_{i+1}$ has ...
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  • 6,159
2 votes
1 answer
159 views

What is the quotient $E \!\times\! E^\prime / G$?

Consider a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ such that $p \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$, $p \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$, $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$-isomorphic elliptic curves (of $j$-invariant $0$) $$ E\!:y_1^2 ...
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0 votes
0 answers
71 views

Isomorphism between 2nd symmetric product and Jacobian

Let $X=X_0(N)$ be hyperelliptic with $g(X)\geq 2$ with $\infty$ as a cusp and $\iota$ as the hyperelliptic involution. Then the map $$X^{(2)} \longrightarrow Jac(X)$$ $$D \longrightarrow [D-\infty -\...
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1 vote
0 answers
52 views

Is there a non-singular irreducible genus $2$ curve $C/\mathbb{F}_p$ and two $\mathbb{F}_p$-coverings $C \to E$, $C \to E^{(1)}$ of some degree $n$?

Consider a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ (where $p \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$, $p \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$), $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$-isomorphic elliptic curves (of $j$-invariant $0$) $$ E\!:y_1^2 = ...
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4 votes
0 answers
75 views

Can we approximate harmonic maps which are a.e. orientation-preserving with maps which preserve orientation globally?

Let $\mathbb{D}^n$ be the closed unit ball, and let $f:\mathbb{D}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be harmonic; More precisely, I assume that $f$ is real-analytic and harmonic on the interior $(\mathbb{D}^n)^o$ ...
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  • 6,286
5 votes
1 answer
153 views

Identifying elements in the kernel of an explicit endomorphism of a Jacobian variety

I hope this question fits here. Let $H/k$ be a genus $2$ curve and $J$ its Jacobian variety. Since $J(k)\cong \text{Pic}^0(H)(k)$ we have that its generic point looks like $[(x_1,y_1)+(x_2,y_2)-2\...
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5 votes
1 answer
155 views

Generic properties of Jacobians of smooth functions

Let $f = (f_1, \dotso, f_n):\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a smooth map and let $J$ be its Jacobian (determinant of the matrix with $ij$-th entry $\partial_i f_j$). We introduce the zero sets of $J$...
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  • 389
3 votes
0 answers
132 views

Solutions to $w_x=CA_x$, $w_y=CA_y$ other than $w=f(A)$ and $C=f'(A)$?

Let $R \in \{\mathbb{C}[t^2,t^3], \mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{5}]\}$, and let $A=A(x,y) \in R[x,y]$ with $\deg(A) \geq 1$ (total degree). I wish to prove or find a counterexample to the following claim: If ...
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  • 2,573
6 votes
1 answer
316 views

$f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ satisfying: $\operatorname{Jac}(f,g)=0$ and $f,g \notin \mathbb{Z}[h]$ for every $h \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$?

Is it possible to find $f,g \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ (with $\deg(f),\deg(g) \geq 1$) such that the following two conditions are satisfied: (1) $\operatorname{Jac}(f,g)=f_xg_y-f_yg_x = 0$. (2) ...
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  • 2,573
6 votes
1 answer
278 views

2-Torsion in Jacobians of Curves Over Finite Fields

Let $C$ be a (smooth, projective) curve over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$, and let $J_C(\mathbb{F}_q)$ denote its Jacobian. Suppose the genus $g$ of $C$ is at least $1$. Question 1: Are there curves ...
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5 votes
1 answer
671 views

Confusion in known result about moduli space of vector bundle of rank 2 degree 0 vector bundles over smooth curve of genus 2

Theorem: Let $X$ be a complete, non-singular algebraic curve of genus $2$. Let $U(2, \Theta)$ be the space of $S$-equivalence classes of semi-stable vector bundles of rank $2$ and degree $\Theta$. The ...
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1 vote
0 answers
121 views

When does the Jacobian of a smooth curve contains an unique principal polarization

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus at least $4$ and $X$ non-hyperelliptic. I am looking for additional conditions on $X$ such that the Jacobian $J(X)$ of $X$ contains an unique principal ...
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  • 1,940
4 votes
3 answers
589 views

Naive question on the Jacobian of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus $g \ge 2$. We know that the Jacobian $J(X)$ of the curve is a principally polarized abelian variety. The principal polarization is induced by the ...
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  • 1,940
7 votes
2 answers
737 views

Is a torsion free sheave of rank one on a reducible curve the pushforward of a line bundle on a normalization?

Let $X$ be a nodal curve, possibly reducible. Then can any torsion free sheaf of rank one on $X$ be expressed as $\pi_*(L)$, where $L$ is a line bundle on a partial normalization of $X$? This looks ...
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24 votes
4 answers
2k views

Is every abelian variety a subvariety of a Jacobian?

Let $k$ be an infinite field and $A$ be an abelian variety over $k$. Can $A$ be embedded into a Jacobian variety $J$ over $k$? In these notes by William Stein this is stated without proof in remark 1....
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