# Questions tagged [bijective-combinatorics]

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18
questions

**30**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Mysterious symmetry - in search for a bijection

I have a mysterious symmetry that I have not managed to prove.
First some definitions (see picture below)
Fix a partition that fit in a staircase shape with $n$ rows.
There are $Catalan(n)$ such ...

**23**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Dividing by two in the category of vector spaces

Does every invertible linear map $M$ between $V \oplus V$ and $W \oplus W$ naturally yield an invertible linear map $L$ between $V$ and $W$?
Here "naturally" means "in an $GL(V) \times GL(W)$-...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### A symmetry of lattice paths

The number of $n$-step NSEW lattice paths from $(0,0)$ to $(a,b)$ that intersect the line $y=k$ precisely $t$ times is independent of $k$, for $0\leq k\leq b$, where we assume $b\geq0$ for simplicity.
...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

362 views

### Automated search for bijective proofs

In enumerative combinatorics, a bijective proof that $|A_n| = |B_n|$ (where $A_n$ and $B_n$ are finite sets of combinatorial objects of size $n$) is a proof that constructs an explicit bijection ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

866 views

### Two to the power of a triangular number: bijections

The numbers $2^{n(n+1)/2}$ come up in various enumerative contexts. In addition to the trivial example (bit-strings of length $n(n+1)/2$) and the old example of domino tilings of Aztec diamonds (...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

212 views

### Bijective proof of an identity involving number of standard Young tableaux and semistandard tableaux

Question. Can you find a bijective proof of the identity
$$ \operatorname{dim}(S^{\lambda} \mathbb{C}^m)\ \operatorname{dim}(S^{\lambda'} \mathbb{C}^n) \ f^{n^m}
= \dim \Lambda^p (\mathbb{C}^m \...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

460 views

### Tableaux with limited rows and complementary skew shapes

Given a partition $\mu=(\mu_1,\mu_2...,\mu_d)$, define $\bar\mu=(\mu_1-\mu_d,\mu_1-\mu_{d-1},...,\mu_1-\mu_2,0)$, the complementary shape in the $d\times \mu_1$ rectangle. Then the number of skew ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

393 views

### Curious Catalan convolutions

Question. Do these identities involving even-index Catalan numbers have a known combinatorial interpretation? They look as though they should. I haven’t seen one in the literature.
$$\sum_{a+b=n}C_{...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Bijective proof of formula for rooted binary forests

For $n\ge 1$, let $f(n)$ be the number of rooted complete (unordered) binary trees with $n$ leaves labeled from $1$ to $n$ ("complete binary" means that every vertex has either $0$ or $2$ children and ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Permutations with all cycles odd length and permutations with all cycles even length

If $n$ is even, then the number of permutations of $n$ in which all cycles have odd length equals the number of permutations of $n$ in which all cycles have even length. This fact is easily proved, ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Direct bijections for $s,t$-Fibonomial identities

Sagan and Savage gave a combinatorial interpretation of a polynomial generalization of Fibonomial coefficients. Their proof uses the recurrence relation for the Lucas polynomials that generalize the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### RSK and crystal operators

Is there a good reference on how RSK (and the 3 other variants)
interact with crystal operators on the semi-standard tableaux $(P,Q)$ in the image?
That is, we have biwords, $W$ which are in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Bijection between noncrossing matchings on $2b$ points and Standard Young Tableaux of size $2 \times b$

I'm currently reading a review article called Dynamical Algebraic Combinatorics: Promotion, Rowmotion, and Resonance by Jessica Striker. In this article, Striker writes that there is a ''nice'' ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### For a combinatorial proof of a symmetric identity

In my paper Supercongruences involving dual sequences [Finite Fields Appl. 46(2017), 179-216], I gave a new symmetric identity which states that if $x+y=-1$ then
$$\sum_{k=0}^n(-1)^k\binom xk^2\binom{...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

457 views

### Is there a combinatorial interpretation or bijective proof for this Catalan number identity?

Is there any combinatorial interpretation or bijective proof for this identity
$$2C_n=4{2n \choose n}-{2n+2 \choose n+1}$$
where $C_n$ is the sequence of Catalan numbers?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Matching in the Boolean Algebra

We consider the Boolean Algebra of the set $[n]=\{1,\dots,n\}$ and the matching $\psi$ from the $m+1$ subsets of $[n]$ into the $m$ subsets of $[n]$ for $(n+1)/2\leq m+1\leq n$, which is used to show ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

352 views

### A Simple Bijective Proof Of Stanley's Hook-Content Formula for Hook Shapes

this is my first post on math overflow so I hope it goes well. I believe I have a fairly simple bijective proof for Stanley's Hook-Content Formula in the case of hook shapes. I wanted to see if ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Why Polynomial bijection between rational sets so important in mathematics? [migrated]

From Wikipedia1 The simple definition of bijection " In mathematics, a bijection, bijective function, or one-to-one correspondence is a function between the elements of two sets, where each element of ...