Questions tagged [linear-groups]

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votes
1answer
183 views

Generators of $SL(n,\mathbb F_2)$? [closed]

Consider the invertible matrices in $\mathbb F_2^{n\times n}$ which are a multiplicative group structure. Is there a finite set of $2k$ (at a $k\in\mathbb Z_{\geq1}$ independent of $n$) generators for ...
12
votes
1answer
288 views

Is every finite $d$-dimensional matrix group generated by $d$ elements?

The question is in the title. If $\Gamma\subset\mathrm{GL}(\Bbb R^d)$ is a finite matrix group, can it be generated by (at most) $d$ elements? I suspect that this hope is too naive, but I have no ...
10
votes
2answers
342 views

Sequence of epimorphisms of residually finite groups stabilizes

Let $G_1 \to G_2 \to \cdots$ be a sequence of epimorphisms of finitely generated residually finite groups. Does it eventually stabilize? That is, are all but finitely many epimorphisms actually ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Diagonal elements of a finite order matrix in char $p$

We have a $2\times 2$ block matrix $X=\begin{pmatrix} A&B \\ C&D \\ \end{pmatrix}$ in $GL_n(R)$ for some $\mathbb{F}_p$ algebra $R$. Let's say we know that $X$ is conjugate to an element of $...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Question about generalizing Cauchy identity

One of the Cauchy identities says that $$\prod_{i,j}(1+x_iy_j) = \sum_\lambda s_\lambda (x_1, \cdots,x_m) s_{\lambda'} (y_1, \cdots,y_n) $$ Where $\lambda$ is a Young diagram, $\lambda'$ is the ...
5
votes
0answers
213 views

Centralizer of elements in the upper-triangular matrices

Let $p$ be a prime number and $G=\operatorname{GL}_n ( \mathbb{Z} / p \mathbb{Z} )$ such that $n\leq p$. Consider the set $U$ of upper-triangular matrices of $G$ having entries of $1$ on the diagonal. ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Upper bounds for difference of entries between matrices and their inverses in $\mathsf{GL}_k(\mathbb Z)$

Let $a(M)$ be the maximum absolute value of entries of matrix $M\in\mathsf{GL}_k(\mathbb Z)$. $M^{-1}\in\mathsf{GL}_k(\mathbb Z)$ holds. What is a good upper bound for $|a(M)-a(M^{-1})|$? I am ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Is the Singer cycle preserved by field automorphisms and graph automorphisms?

Let $T=\operatorname{PSL}_n(q)$ with $n$ a prime number. Then the $\mathscr{C}_3$ subgroup $M=\langle x\rangle{:}\langle\sigma\rangle$ of $T$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}_{\frac{q^n-1}{(q-1)(n,q-1)}}{:...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Conjugacy classes and normal form of $O_n$ and $U_n$

I'm interested in characterizing conjugacy classes inside $O_n$ and $U_n$ over local fields of positive characteristic ($\neq 2$). I need this for my research on representation theory of these groups. ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Relation to the Bruhat cell

Let $g\in\operatorname{SL}_n(\mathbb Z)$ such there exists $v\in\mathbb Q^n$ such that $v, gv, \dotsc, g^{n−1}v$ is a $\mathbb Q$-base of $\mathbb Q^n$ and there exists a $\mathbb Z$-base $w_1, \dotsc,...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

If $\Lambda \cap U$ is Zariski-dense in $U$, then $\Lambda$ contains $U(k\mathbb Z)$ for some $k ≥ 1$?

If $G$ is a $\mathbb Q$-defined subgroup of $\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $\Lambda$ is a subgroup of $G(\mathbb Z)$, and $U$ is a unipotent subgroup of $G(\mathbb C)$ such that $\Lambda \cap U$ is ...
4
votes
2answers
376 views

Non-torsion part of the abelianisation of congruence subgroups

I've posted this question on math.stackexchange, but haven't gotten any responses so I'm trying here instead. Let $A = F_q[T]$ be the ring of polynomials in one variable with coefficients in a finite ...
6
votes
1answer
285 views

$\operatorname{Out}(F_n)$ is not linear for $n > 3$

The paper The Tits alternative for $\operatorname{Out}(F_n)$ I by Bestvina, Feighn and Handel and the paper Automorphisms of free groups and Outer space by Vogtmann both state that $\operatorname{Aut}(...
2
votes
0answers
299 views

Finite simple subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$

Let $n$ be a fixed positive integer. Is it true that there are only finitely many isomorphism classes of finite nonabelian simple subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$? I'm especially interested ...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

Automorphisms of products of $GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$ 's

It is a Theorem of Hua y Reiner (1951) that the group or outer automorphisms $Out(GL_n(\mathbb{Z}))$ is either isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}/2$, if $n$ odd or $n=2$, or to $\mathbb{Z}/2 \times \mathbb{Z}/...
12
votes
0answers
239 views

Bijective proof of an identity involving number of standard Young tableaux and semistandard tableaux

Question. Can you find a bijective proof of the identity $$ \operatorname{dim}(S^{\lambda} \mathbb{C}^m)\ \operatorname{dim}(S^{\lambda'} \mathbb{C}^n) \ f^{n^m} = \dim \Lambda^p (\mathbb{C}^m \...
16
votes
1answer
619 views

Transitive actions of finite subgroups of ${\rm GL}(n,\Bbb Z)$ on projective geometries

For any $n$, the group ${\rm GL}(n,\Bbb Z)$ has a natural action on $\Bbb Z^n$. Modding out a prime $p$ yields an action on the vector space $F_p^n$, where $F_p$ is the finite field with $p$ elements. ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Double cosets of $U(n)\times U(n)$ in $U(2n)$

This may be well-known but I couldn't find a way to charcterize the double-cosets of $U(n)\times U(n)$ in $U(2n)$ or couldn't find reference. Is there reference where I can look for?
3
votes
0answers
110 views

An $\mathsf{SL(n,F)}$ decomposition problem

Given $n\times n$ square matrix $A\in\Bbb F^{n\times n}_{}$ where $\Bbb F$ is a field is there an easy way to test there is NO decomposition $A=B+C+D$ where $B,C,D\in\mathsf{SL}(n,{\Bbb F})$ are ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Intransitive finite irreducible linear groups whose orbits are all large

I am interested in intransitive irreducible linear subgroups $G\subseteq\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb{F}_p)$ acting on $V-\{0\}=\mathbb{F}_p^n-\{0\}$ in the natural way, such that all of the orbits are very ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Profinite rank of Fuchsian groups

Let $G$ be a Fuchsian group whose profinite completion is finitely generated. Must $G$ be finitely generated? A Fuchsian group is a discrete subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ or $\mathrm{PSL}_2(...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

When is the image of the adjoint representation of a real algebraic group Zariski closed?

Let $\operatorname{Ad}:\operatorname{SL}_n(\mathbb{R}) \to \operatorname{GL}(\mathfrak{sl}_n(\mathbb{R}))$ be the adjoint representation (i.e. $\operatorname{Ad}(g)X=gXg^{-1}$) of $SL_n(\mathbb{R})$. ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

The maximal possible rank of a subgroup of a product of special linear groups

In this question I ask for a generalization of What is the maximal possible rank of a subgroup of a special linear group mod a prime? Let $p_1, \dots, p_r$ be $r$ distinct odd primes. Set $$G = \...
7
votes
1answer
157 views

What is the maximal possible rank of a subgroup of a special linear group mod a prime?

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be the unique field of cardinality $p$. What is $\max \{d(H) : H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{F}_p)\}$? Here we denote by $d(G)$ the smallest ...
5
votes
1answer
436 views

Maximal subgroups of special linear groups over finite fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and denote by $\mathbb{F}_p$ the field with $p$ elements. Is there a classification of the maximal subgroups of $G = \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{F}_p)$ ? I am interested in ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

Is there a bound on the rank of finite index subgroup of SL_3(Z)?

Is there an $N \in \mathbb{N}$ such that every finite index subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ has a generating set of size $N$?
18
votes
0answers
426 views

Linear groups which don't contain products of free groups

Let $G \subset GL(n, \Bbb Z)$ be a f.g. linear group. The Tits alternative says that $G$ is either virtually solvable (i.e. has a solvable subgroup of finite index), or contains a free group $F_2$. ...
0
votes
0answers
233 views

Zariski dense subgroups and conjugates

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ be a finitely generated subgroup which is not Zariski dense, and let $g \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$. Must there be some $a \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ such ...
19
votes
2answers
3k views

Minimal number of generators for $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$

$\DeclareMathOperator{\gl}{GL}\DeclareMathOperator{\sl}{SL}$From de la Harpe's book "Topics in Geometric Group Theory" I learnt that $\gl(n,\mathbb{Z})$ is generated by the matrices $$s_1 = \begin{...
11
votes
1answer
447 views

The Mordell and Bogomolov problems in linear groups

Many things in the arithmetic of abelian varieties have counterparts not only in linear tori, but also for semisimple linear groups. Two examples are the Tamagawa number and the conjectured finiteness ...
2
votes
1answer
398 views

Is every closed subgroup of $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ finitely generated?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a finite field. Denote by $K[[x]]$ the (profinite) ring of formal power series over $K$. Note that $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ is a profinite group. Is every closed subgroup of $...
3
votes
1answer
569 views

classify antiholomorphic involutions of projective space

On $\mathbb{CP}^1$ with standard complex structure, how to prove that there are only two types of antiholomorphic involution, given by $$ \tau :[z:w]\mapsto [\bar w, \bar z] \qquad \eta :[z:w]\mapsto [...
8
votes
2answers
947 views

Maximal order of finite subgroups of $GL(n,Z)$

I am interested in the finite subgroups of $GL(n,Z)$ of maximal order. Except for the dimensions $n = 2,4,6,7,8,9,10$ they are -- up to conjugacy in $GL(n,Q)$ -- in each dimension the group of signed ...
4
votes
2answers
366 views

differences between character distributions of supercuspidal representations and others

Let $G$ be a $p$-adic linear reductive group. For an irreducible admissible smooth representation $\pi$ of $G$, there is a distribution $\Theta(\pi)$, called the character distribution, attached to $\...
6
votes
3answers
657 views

Does every linear group admit a subgroup of dimension 1?

Suppose that $G$ is a linear group of positive dimension, defined over some field $k$. Is that true, that $G$ admits a (closed) one-dimensional subgroup? I'm pretty much sure this is true in ...
1
vote
1answer
215 views

centralizer of a n-cyclic permutation matrix over F_2 in GL(n,2)

This is a continuation of this question, where I talked about the case $n=2^k$. Let $C$ be the $n\times n$-permutation matrix over $\mathbb{F}_2$ of the $n$-cycle. We needed to know the explicit ...
5
votes
1answer
389 views

centralizer of the order 2^k cyclic permutation matrix over F_2

Let $C$ be the $2^k\times 2^k$-permutation matrix over $\mathbb{F}_2$ of the $2^k$-cycle. We needed to know the structure of its centralizer in $\mathrm{GL}_{2^k}(\mathbb{F}_2)$, and we computed it - ...
4
votes
2answers
322 views

Restricting the composition factors of subgroups of GL_m(Z/nZ)

For a positive integer $m$, let $\mathcal{A}(m)$ be the set of all integers $k \geq 5$ such that: there is a positive integer $n$ and a subgroup $G \subset \operatorname{GL}_m(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})$ ...
9
votes
1answer
341 views

Representation of surface group

Is there a faithful representation of a surface group of genus $>2$ into $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ for some $n$ for which, for each conjugacy class of each embedded loop in the fundamental group, the ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

When is a Baumslag-Solitar group linear?

The Baumslag-Solitar group $BS(m,n)$ is given by the group presentation $BS(m,n)=(a,b|ba^{m}b^{-1}=a^{n})$. When does it embed into a linear group? Thanks!
4
votes
0answers
227 views

A conjecture on Zassenhaus groups

In a 1995 paper by Ali Nesin, "Permutation groups of finite Morley rank", the following conjecture is mentioned: Conjecture 5 An infinite Zassenhaus group $G$ of finite Morley rank is isomorphic ...
7
votes
1answer
351 views

What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for GL(n,Z/p^lZ) to be isomorphic to GL(n,F_p[t]/t^l)?

Let $p$ be a prime number and $n,l$ be natural numbers. I'm interested in the conditions under which the general linear groups of degree $n$ over the following two length $l$ finite discrete valuation ...
47
votes
2answers
2k views

Isomorphic general linear groups implies isomorphic fields?

Suppose $n > 1$ is a natural number. Suppose $K$ and $L$ are fields such that the general linear groups of degree $n$ over them are isomorphic, i.e., $GL(n,K) \cong GL(n,L)$ as groups. Is it ...
15
votes
1answer
585 views

distribution of Young diagrams

Consider $\Lambda^p(C^n\otimes C^n)=\oplus_{\pi}S_{\pi}C^n\otimes S_{\pi'}C^n$ as a $GL_n\times GL_n$-module. This space has dimension $\binom {n^2}p$. I would like any information on the shapes of ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Sylow subgroups of projective general linear groups

What is known about the Sylow 2-subgroups of $\rm{PGL}_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$, where $q$ is any prime power? For example, according to Theorem 7.9 in Isaacs's Character Theory, these Sylow 2-subgroups ...
9
votes
3answers
913 views

Presentations of PSL(2, Z/p^n)

As is well known, the group $PSL(2,\mathbb Z)$ is isomorphic to the free product $C_2 \ast C_3$ of cyclic groups of order $2$ and $3$. Call the generators of the cyclic groups $S$ and $T$. Problem: ...
9
votes
1answer
334 views

On which space does $GL_n(F_p[X])$ act nicely?

The group $GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$ acts properly and isometrically on the space of homothety classes of scalar products on $\mathbb{R}^n$. This is a Riemannian manifold of nonpositive sectional curvature. ...
2
votes
2answers
317 views

Existence of proper invariant subset in an irreducible action

Let $G<\rm{GL}_n(\mathbb{k})$ be a linear group, where $\mathbb{k}$ is an algebraically closed field. Assume that the linear action of $G$ on $\mathbb{k}^n$ is strongly-irreducible (i.e. there are ...
0
votes
1answer
880 views

Groups GLn(F) and PSLn(F)

As J.S.Rose noted in his book "A Course on Group Theory" : There is a section of GLn(F) which is isomorphic to PSLn(F), n≥1, F is a field"?. I ask that "What can this section be?"
7
votes
3answers
2k views

A free subgroup of GL(2,Z)?

Is the subgroup of $GL(2,\mathbb Z)$ generated by the matrices $$ \left( \begin{array}{cc} 1 & 1 \\\ 1 & 0 \end{array} \right) \ \ \text{and} \ \ \left( \begin{array}{cc} 2 & 1 \\\ 1 &...