# Questions tagged [linear-groups]

The linear-groups tag has no usage guidance.

55
questions

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### Finite pro-$ p $ subgroups of $ {\rm SL}_{2}(\mathbb{F}[[T]]) $

Let $ p $ be an odd prime, $ \mathbb{F} $ a finite field of characterisitc $ p $ and $ \mathbb{F}[[T]] $ the formal power series over $ \mathbb{F} $. Let $ G $ be a pro-$ p $ subgroup of $ {\rm SL}_{2}...

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### When is an infinite pro-$p$ group generated by its torsions

Let $p$ be a prime and $\mathcal{O}=\mathbf{Z}_p$ or $\mathbf{F}_p[[T]]$, i.e. the ring of $p$-adic integers or the ring of formal power series over a finite field $\mathbf{F}_p$ of order $p$. Let $G\...

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### A characterisation of full subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbf{F}_p)$

Let $p\geq 5$ be a prime and $\mathbf{F}_p$ a finite field of characteristic $p$. A subgroup of ${\rm GL}_n(\mathbf{F}_p)$ is full if it contains ${\rm{SL}}_n(\mathbf{F}_p)$. When $n=2$, we have the ...

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### Reference request: Lower group (co)homology of linear groups

I am finding references about the following general question:
What is the group (co)homology $H_{i}(G,\mathbb{Z})$ for a linear group $G$?
In my case, I'm particularly interested in the special case ...

7
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1
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333
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### How can I detect the homology image of a unipotent group in the general linear group?

Suppose $n$ is a positive integer greater than 2, and $F$ is an arbitrary field with at least 4 elements.
Denote $\text{GL}_n(F)$ the general linear group in the usual sense and $U_n(F)$ the unipotent ...

5
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2
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243
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### If $K\rtimes \mathbb{Z}$ is a finitely generated group but $K$ isn't, must the fixed points of $1_\mathbb{Z}$ be a finitely generated group?

I've copied over this question from what I asked on StackExchange, in the hope that an expert here can readily answer the question.
Is there an example of a group $G=K\rtimes \mathbb{Z}$ satisfying ...

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1
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289
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### Generators of $SL(n,\mathbb F_2)$? [closed]

Consider the invertible matrices in $\mathbb F_2^{n\times n}$ which are a multiplicative group structure. Is there a finite set of $2k$ (at a $k\in\mathbb Z_{\geq1}$ independent of $n$) generators for ...

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1
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### Is every finite $d$-dimensional matrix group generated by $d$ elements?

The question is in the title. If $\Gamma\subset\mathrm{GL}(\Bbb R^d)$ is a finite matrix group, can it be generated by (at most) $d$ elements?
I suspect that this hope is too naive, but I have no ...

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426
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### Sequence of epimorphisms of residually finite groups stabilizes

Let $G_1 \to G_2 \to \cdots$ be a sequence of epimorphisms of finitely generated residually finite groups. Does it eventually stabilize? That is, are all but finitely many epimorphisms actually ...

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### Question about generalizing Cauchy identity

One of the Cauchy identities says that
$$\prod_{i,j}(1+x_iy_j) = \sum_\lambda s_\lambda (x_1, \cdots,x_m) s_{\lambda'}
(y_1, \cdots,y_n) $$
Where $\lambda$ is a Young diagram, $\lambda'$ is the ...

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386
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### Centralizer of elements in the upper-triangular matrices

Let $p$ be a prime number and $G=\operatorname{GL}_n ( \mathbb{Z} / p \mathbb{Z}
)$ such that $n\leq p$. Consider the set $U$ of upper-triangular matrices of $G$
having entries of $1$ on the diagonal. ...

1
vote

1
answer

142
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### Upper bounds for difference of entries between matrices and their inverses in $\mathsf{GL}_k(\mathbb Z)$

Let $a(M)$ be the maximum absolute value of entries of matrix $M\in\mathsf{GL}_k(\mathbb Z)$.
$M^{-1}\in\mathsf{GL}_k(\mathbb Z)$ holds.
What is a good upper bound for $|a(M)-a(M^{-1})|$?
I am ...

3
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1
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133
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### Is the Singer cycle preserved by field automorphisms and graph automorphisms?

Let $T=\operatorname{PSL}_n(q)$ with $n$ a prime number. Then the $\mathscr{C}_3$ subgroup $M=\langle x\rangle{:}\langle\sigma\rangle$ of $T$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}_{\frac{q^n-1}{(q-1)(n,q-1)}}{:...

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### Conjugacy classes and normal form of $O_n$ and $U_n$

I'm interested in characterizing conjugacy classes inside $O_n$ and $U_n$ over local fields of positive characteristic ($\neq 2$). I need this for my research on representation theory of these groups.
...

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173
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### Relation to the Bruhat cell

Let $g\in\operatorname{SL}_n(\mathbb Z)$ such there exists $v\in\mathbb Q^n$
such that $v, gv, \dotsc, g^{n−1}v$ is a $\mathbb Q$-base of $\mathbb Q^n$ and there exists a $\mathbb Z$-base $w_1, \dotsc,...

1
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1
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179
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### If $\Lambda \cap U$ is Zariski-dense in $U$, then $\Lambda$ contains $U(k\mathbb Z)$ for some $k ≥ 1$?

If $G$ is a $\mathbb Q$-defined subgroup of $\operatorname{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $\Lambda$ is a subgroup of $G(\mathbb Z)$, and $U$ is a unipotent subgroup of $G(\mathbb C)$ such that $\Lambda \cap U$ is ...

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499
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### Non-torsion part of the abelianisation of congruence subgroups

I've posted this question on math.stackexchange, but haven't gotten any responses so I'm trying here instead.
Let $A = F_q[T]$ be the ring of polynomials in one variable with coefficients in a finite ...

7
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424
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### $\operatorname{Out}(F_n)$ is not linear for $n > 3$

The paper The Tits alternative for $\operatorname{Out}(F_n)$ I by Bestvina, Feighn and Handel and the paper Automorphisms of free groups and Outer space by Vogtmann both state that $\operatorname{Aut}(...

2
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303
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### Finite simple subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$

Let $n$ be a fixed positive integer. Is it true that there are only finitely many isomorphism classes of finite nonabelian simple subgroups of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb{C})$?
I'm especially interested ...

4
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### Automorphisms of products of $GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$ 's

It is a Theorem of Hua y Reiner (1951) that the group or outer automorphisms $Out(GL_n(\mathbb{Z}))$ is either isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}/2$, if $n$ odd or $n=2$, or to $\mathbb{Z}/2 \times \mathbb{Z}/...

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### Bijective proof of an identity involving number of standard Young tableaux and semistandard tableaux

Question. Can you find a bijective proof of the identity
$$ \operatorname{dim}(S^{\lambda} \mathbb{C}^m)\ \operatorname{dim}(S^{\lambda'} \mathbb{C}^n) \ f^{n^m}
= \dim \Lambda^p (\mathbb{C}^m \...

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1
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665
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### Transitive actions of finite subgroups of ${\rm GL}(n,\Bbb Z)$ on projective geometries

For any $n$, the group ${\rm GL}(n,\Bbb Z)$ has a natural action on $\Bbb Z^n$. Modding out a prime $p$ yields an action on the vector space $F_p^n$, where $F_p$ is the finite field with $p$ elements. ...

3
votes

1
answer

118
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### Double cosets of $U(n)\times U(n)$ in $U(2n)$

This may be well-known but I couldn't find a way to charcterize the double-cosets of $U(n)\times U(n)$ in $U(2n)$ or couldn't find reference.
Is there reference where I can look for?

3
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111
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### An $\mathsf{SL(n,F)}$ decomposition problem

Given $n\times n$ square matrix $A\in\Bbb F^{n\times n}_{}$ where $\Bbb F$ is a field is there an easy way to test there is NO decomposition $A=B+C+D$ where $B,C,D\in\mathsf{SL}(n,{\Bbb F})$ are ...

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134
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### Intransitive finite irreducible linear groups whose orbits are all large

I am interested in intransitive irreducible linear subgroups $G\subseteq\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb{F}_p)$ acting on $V-\{0\}=\mathbb{F}_p^n-\{0\}$ in the natural way, such that all of the orbits are very ...

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### Profinite rank of Fuchsian groups

Let $G$ be a Fuchsian group whose profinite completion is finitely generated. Must $G$ be finitely generated?
A Fuchsian group is a discrete subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ or $\mathrm{PSL}_2(...

2
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1
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### When is the image of the adjoint representation of a real algebraic group Zariski closed?

Let $\operatorname{Ad}:\operatorname{SL}_n(\mathbb{R}) \to \operatorname{GL}(\mathfrak{sl}_n(\mathbb{R}))$ be the adjoint representation (i.e. $\operatorname{Ad}(g)X=gXg^{-1}$) of $SL_n(\mathbb{R})$. ...

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168
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### The maximal possible rank of a subgroup of a product of special linear groups

In this question I ask for a generalization of What is the maximal possible rank of a subgroup of a special linear group mod a prime?
Let $p_1, \dots, p_r$ be $r$ distinct odd primes.
Set $$G = \...

7
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1
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165
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### What is the maximal possible rank of a subgroup of a special linear group mod a prime?

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be the unique field of cardinality $p$.
What is $\max \{d(H) : H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{F}_p)\}$?
Here we denote by $d(G)$ the smallest ...

5
votes

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549
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### Maximal subgroups of special linear groups over finite fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and denote by $\mathbb{F}_p$ the field with $p$ elements.
Is there a classification of the maximal subgroups of $G = \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{F}_p)$ ?
I am interested in ...

3
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1
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### Is there a bound on the rank of finite index subgroup of SL_3(Z)?

Is there an $N \in \mathbb{N}$ such that every finite index subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ has a generating set of size $N$?

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### Linear groups which don't contain products of free groups

Let $G \subset GL(n, \Bbb Z)$ be a f.g. linear group. The Tits alternative says that $G$ is either virtually solvable (i.e. has a solvable subgroup of finite index), or contains a free group $F_2$. ...

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### Zariski dense subgroups and conjugates

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ be a finitely generated subgroup which is not Zariski dense, and let $g \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$. Must there be some $a \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ such ...

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### Minimal number of generators for $GL(n,\mathbb{Z})$

$\DeclareMathOperator{\gl}{GL}\DeclareMathOperator{\sl}{SL}$From de la Harpe's book "Topics in Geometric Group Theory" I learnt that $\gl(n,\mathbb{Z})$ is generated by the matrices $$s_1 = \begin{...

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### The Mordell and Bogomolov problems in linear groups

Many things in the arithmetic of abelian varieties have counterparts not only in linear tori, but also for semisimple linear groups. Two examples are the Tamagawa number and the conjectured finiteness ...

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### Is every closed subgroup of $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ finitely generated?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a finite field. Denote by $K[[x]]$ the (profinite) ring of formal power series over $K$. Note that $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ is a profinite group.
Is every closed subgroup of $...

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650
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### classify antiholomorphic involutions of projective space

On $\mathbb{CP}^1$ with standard complex structure, how to prove that there are only two types of antiholomorphic involution, given by
$$ \tau :[z:w]\mapsto [\bar w, \bar z] \qquad \eta :[z:w]\mapsto [...

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### Maximal order of finite subgroups of $GL(n,Z)$

I am interested in the finite subgroups of $GL(n,Z)$ of maximal order.
Except for the dimensions $n = 2,4,6,7,8,9,10$ they are -- up to conjugacy in $GL(n,Q)$ -- in each dimension the group of signed ...

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### differences between character distributions of supercuspidal representations and others

Let $G$ be a $p$-adic linear reductive group. For an irreducible admissible smooth representation $\pi$ of $G$, there is a distribution $\Theta(\pi)$, called the character distribution, attached to $\...

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699
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### Does every linear group admit a subgroup of dimension 1?

Suppose that $G$ is a linear group of positive dimension, defined over some field $k$. Is that true, that $G$ admits a (closed) one-dimensional subgroup?
I'm pretty much sure this is true in ...

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1
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257
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### centralizer of a n-cyclic permutation matrix over F_2 in GL(n,2)

This is a continuation of this question, where I talked about the case $n=2^k$. Let $C$ be the $n\times n$-permutation matrix over $\mathbb{F}_2$ of the $n$-cycle. We needed to know the explicit ...

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### centralizer of the order 2^k cyclic permutation matrix over F_2

Let $C$ be the $2^k\times 2^k$-permutation matrix over $\mathbb{F}_2$ of the $2^k$-cycle. We needed to know the structure of its centralizer in $\mathrm{GL}_{2^k}(\mathbb{F}_2)$, and we computed it - ...

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### Restricting the composition factors of subgroups of GL_m(Z/nZ)

For a positive integer $m$, let $\mathcal{A}(m)$ be the set of all integers $k \geq 5$ such that: there is a positive integer $n$ and a subgroup $G \subset \operatorname{GL}_m(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})$ ...

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### Representation of surface group

Is there a faithful representation of a surface group of genus $>2$ into $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ for some $n$ for which, for each conjugacy class of each embedded loop in the fundamental group, the ...

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### When is a Baumslag-Solitar group linear?

The Baumslag-Solitar group $BS(m,n)$ is given by the group presentation
$BS(m,n)=(a,b|ba^{m}b^{-1}=a^{n})$. When does it embed into a linear group? Thanks!

4
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245
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### A conjecture on Zassenhaus groups

In a 1995 paper by Ali Nesin, "Permutation groups of finite Morley rank", the following conjecture is mentioned:
Conjecture 5 An infinite Zassenhaus group $G$ of finite Morley rank is isomorphic ...

7
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366
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### What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for GL(n,Z/p^lZ) to be isomorphic to GL(n,F_p[t]/t^l)?

Let $p$ be a prime number and $n,l$ be natural numbers. I'm interested in the conditions under which the general linear groups of degree $n$ over the following two length $l$ finite discrete valuation ...

48
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2
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### Isomorphic general linear groups implies isomorphic fields?

Suppose $n > 1$ is a natural number. Suppose $K$ and $L$ are fields such that the general linear groups of degree $n$ over them are isomorphic, i.e., $GL(n,K) \cong GL(n,L)$ as groups. Is it ...

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675
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### distribution of Young diagrams

Consider $\Lambda^p(C^n\otimes C^n)=\oplus_{\pi}S_{\pi}C^n\otimes S_{\pi'}C^n$ as
a $GL_n\times GL_n$-module. This space has dimension $\binom {n^2}p$. I would
like any information on the shapes of ...

11
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3
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### Sylow subgroups of projective general linear groups

What is known about the Sylow 2-subgroups of $\rm{PGL}_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$, where $q$ is any prime power? For example, according to Theorem 7.9 in Isaacs's Character Theory, these Sylow 2-subgroups ...