Questions tagged [bijective-combinatorics]

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The number of ways to merge a permutation with itself

Let $\sigma$ be a permutation of $[k]=\{1,2, \dots , k\}$. Consider all the ordered triples $(\pi, s_{1},s_{2})$, such that $\pi$ is a permutation of length $2k-1$ that is a union of its two ...
6
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1answer
175 views

Enumerating subspaces of $\mathbb{F}_q^n$ in terms of words and inversions

When $q$ is a prime power, then on the one hand the $q$-binomial coefficient $\binom{n}{k}_q$ equals the number of $k$-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{F}_q^n$, and on the other hand it is the ...
2
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0answers
200 views

Bijective proof of a combinatorial identity: $\sum\limits_{k=0}^n\binom nk^2 \binom k{n-m}=\binom nm \binom{n+m}m$

Identity \begin{equation} \sum_{k=0}^n\binom nk^2 \binom k{n-m}=\binom nm \binom{n+m}m \tag{1} \end{equation} was used in an answer here. As shown in that answer, (1) easily reduces to \begin{...
11
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1answer
257 views

Is there a bijective proof of an identity enumerating independent sets in cycles?

Let $C_m$ be the cycle with $m$ vertices, defined so that $C_1$ has a self-loop on its unique vertex. Let $p_m$ be the generating function enumerating the number of ways to choose $k$ vertices in $C_m$...
7
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2answers
175 views

RSK and crystal operators

Is there a good reference on how RSK (and the 3 other variants) interact with crystal operators on the semi-standard tableaux $(P,Q)$ in the image? That is, we have biwords, $W$ which are in ...
4
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0answers
184 views

For a combinatorial proof of a symmetric identity

In my paper Supercongruences involving dual sequences [Finite Fields Appl. 46(2017), 179-216], I gave a new symmetric identity which states that if $x+y=-1$ then $$\sum_{k=0}^n(-1)^k\binom xk^2\binom{...
4
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1answer
264 views

Bijection between noncrossing matchings on $2b$ points and Standard Young Tableaux of size $2 \times b$

I'm currently reading a review article called Dynamical Algebraic Combinatorics: Promotion, Rowmotion, and Resonance by Jessica Striker. In this article, Striker writes that there is a ''nice'' ...
30
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1answer
1k views

Mysterious symmetry - in search for a bijection

I have a mysterious symmetry that I have not managed to prove. First some definitions (see picture below) Fix a partition that fit in a staircase shape with $n$ rows. There are $Catalan(n)$ such ...
6
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1answer
189 views

Direct bijections for $s,t$-Fibonomial identities

Sagan and Savage gave a combinatorial interpretation of a polynomial generalization of Fibonomial coefficients. Their proof uses the recurrence relation for the Lucas polynomials that generalize the ...
8
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1answer
428 views

Curious Catalan convolutions

Question. Do these identities involving even-index Catalan numbers have a known combinatorial interpretation? They look as though they should. I haven’t seen one in the literature. $$\sum_{a+b=n}C_{...
13
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2answers
412 views

Automated search for bijective proofs

In enumerative combinatorics, a bijective proof that $|A_n| = |B_n|$ (where $A_n$ and $B_n$ are finite sets of combinatorial objects of size $n$) is a proof that constructs an explicit bijection ...
14
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0answers
224 views

A symmetry of lattice paths

The number of $n$-step NSEW lattice paths from $(0,0)$ to $(a,b)$ that intersect the line $y=k$ precisely $t$ times is independent of $k$, for $0\leq k\leq b$, where we assume $b\geq0$ for simplicity. ...
12
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0answers
225 views

Bijective proof of an identity involving number of standard Young tableaux and semistandard tableaux

Question. Can you find a bijective proof of the identity $$ \operatorname{dim}(S^{\lambda} \mathbb{C}^m)\ \operatorname{dim}(S^{\lambda'} \mathbb{C}^n) \ f^{n^m} = \dim \Lambda^p (\mathbb{C}^m \...
7
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1answer
243 views

Bijective proof of formula for rooted binary forests

For $n\ge 1$, let $f(n)$ be the number of rooted complete (unordered) binary trees with $n$ leaves labeled from $1$ to $n$ ("complete binary" means that every vertex has either $0$ or $2$ children and ...
3
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2answers
481 views

Is there a combinatorial interpretation or bijective proof for this Catalan number identity?

Is there any combinatorial interpretation or bijective proof for this identity $$2C_n=4{2n \choose n}-{2n+2 \choose n+1}$$ where $C_n$ is the sequence of Catalan numbers?
11
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2answers
521 views

Tableaux with limited rows and complementary skew shapes

Given a partition $\mu=(\mu_1,\mu_2...,\mu_d)$, define $\bar\mu=(\mu_1-\mu_d,\mu_1-\mu_{d-1},...,\mu_1-\mu_2,0)$, the complementary shape in the $d\times \mu_1$ rectangle. Then the number of skew ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Permutations with all cycles odd length and permutations with all cycles even length

If $n$ is even, then the number of permutations of $n$ in which all cycles have odd length equals the number of permutations of $n$ in which all cycles have even length. This fact is easily proved, ...
23
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4answers
1k views

Dividing by two in the category of vector spaces

Does every invertible linear map $M$ between $V \oplus V$ and $W \oplus W$ naturally yield an invertible linear map $L$ between $V$ and $W$? Here "naturally" means "in an $GL(V) \times GL(W)$-...
2
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1answer
377 views

A Simple Bijective Proof Of Stanley's Hook-Content Formula for Hook Shapes

this is my first post on math overflow so I hope it goes well. I believe I have a fairly simple bijective proof for Stanley's Hook-Content Formula in the case of hook shapes. I wanted to see if ...
13
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1answer
879 views

Two to the power of a triangular number: bijections

The numbers $2^{n(n+1)/2}$ come up in various enumerative contexts. In addition to the trivial example (bit-strings of length $n(n+1)/2$) and the old example of domino tilings of Aztec diamonds (...
3
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1answer
171 views

Matching in the Boolean Algebra

We consider the Boolean Algebra of the set $[n]=\{1,\dots,n\}$ and the matching $\psi$ from the $m+1$ subsets of $[n]$ into the $m$ subsets of $[n]$ for $(n+1)/2\leq m+1\leq n$, which is used to show ...
31
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7answers
6k views

Bijection between irreducible representations and conjugacy classes of finite groups

Is there some natural bijection between irreducible representations and conjugacy classes of finite groups (as in case of $S_n$)?