Questions tagged [curves]

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18
votes
0answers
600 views

I found a (probably new) family of real analytic closed Bezier-like curves; is it publishable?

Given $n$ distinct points $\mathbf{x} = (\mathbf{x}_1, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_n)$ in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$, I associate a real analytic map: $f_{\mathbf{x}}: S^1 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ with the following ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

property of rational functions on projective curves

I have a couple of question about the proof of Lemma 1.20.5 from Janos Kolloar's Lecture on Resolution of Singularities (page 19): Lemma 1.20.5 Let $C$ be a reduced, irreducible projective curve (=...
2
votes
1answer
302 views

Very weak Riemann-Roch on curves (by J. Kollar)

I have a question on an unequality used in the proof of the Very weak Riemann-Roch on curves in Janos Kollar's Lecture on Resolution of Singularities (page 14): 1.13 (Very weak Riemann-Roch on ...
1
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0answers
161 views

Proposition from Kollar's Rational Curves on Algebraic Varieties

$\DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom}$I have some questions on a proof of Proposition II.3.10 & notations from Rational Curves on Algebraic Varieties by Janos Kollar (page 117). We work in setting ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Can a closed horizontal trajectory on a Riemann surface be freely homotopic to $0$?

Let $R$ be a Riemann surface and let $\varphi=\varphi(z)dz^2$ be a nonzero holomorphic quadratic differential on $R$. A differentiable curve $\gamma$ on $R$ is called a horizontal trajectory if along ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Number of curves in an admissible system of Jordan curves on a surface

Consider a compact Riemann surface of genus $g\geq2$. An admissible system of Jordan curves is a finite collection of Jordan curves $\{\gamma_1,\cdots,\gamma_n\}$ such that they are nonintersecting ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Large class of curves which only intersect each other finitely many times

I am trying to find a large subset of piecewise-differentiable plane curves of finite length (subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$) with the following property: For any pair $\gamma_1, \gamma_2$ of curves in ...
0
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0answers
95 views

cohomology of curves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex curve. Consider the diagonal $\Delta$ in $X \times X$, and $\mathcal{O}(\Delta)$ the associated line bundle. If $j$ is the inclusion of $\Delta$ in $X \times X$ ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Smooth transformation of a curve with fixed ends and length [duplicate]

I am simulating polymers of fixed length and fixed ends. I would like to search the phase space of all possible conformations quickly. Is there anyway I can generate efficiently a lot of (rather) ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

wild julia sets

Using the Baire category theorem, we may show that most simple closed curves satisfy the following property: any segment between an interior point and an exterior point of the curve intersects the ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Family of space curves with ratio torsion/curvature changing linearly

I was wondering what happens if we take a closed space curve and modify its curvature and torsion in a way their ratio changes linearly. Formally: Let $\gamma(s):[0,2\pi]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ be ...
1
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2answers
111 views

Envelope of Ellipses with Common Major-axis Length

are the envelopes of the following set of ellipses "classical" curves of mathematics, that appear naturally as the solution of a mathematical/physical problem; $$\mathcal{E}:=\Biggr\{\frac{(x-e)^2}{...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Do negative indecomposable bundles on curves have sections?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve, and $E$ an indecomposable vector bundle on $X$ with $\mathrm{deg} E<0$. Is it true that $H^0(X,E)=0$? This is true if $E$ is a line bundle, which means it is ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Closest points of curves on convex surfaces

Let $\Sigma$ be a convex surface with strictly positive curvature in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and $\Gamma \subset \Sigma$ be a closed simple space curve with parameterization $\gamma : \mathbb{S}^1 \rightarrow \...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

What curve of positive curvature minimizes distance from the origin, given length and total curvature?

Let $\textit{F}$ be the family of $C^1$ curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$ of fixed length $\bar{l}$ and fixed tangent's turning angle $\bar{k}$. What are the curves of positive curvature in $\textit{F}$ ...
7
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0answers
132 views

Interesting geometric flow of space curves with non-vanishing torsion

Recently, while thinking about CMC surfaces, I came up with an interesting geometric flow for curves in $\mathbb{R}^3$ given by \begin{equation} \partial_t \gamma = \tau^{-\frac{1}{2}} n, \end{...
3
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0answers
65 views

On the degrees of the normal and tangent sheaves of Gorenstein curves in Pn

It is known that if an irreducible curve $C$ is a local complete intersection in $\mathbb{P}^n$, then $\wedge^{n-1}\mathcal{N}\otimes\omega_{\mathbb{P}^n}$ is isomomorphic to the dualizing sheaf $\...
1
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0answers
131 views

Find wrapping angle of helix on a torus

I need some help in calculating the wrapping angle of a spiral helix wrapped on a torus with constant angle against all the meridians of the torus. The wrapping angle (or the angle measured around and/...
5
votes
1answer
241 views

A problem of four conics

I found a remarkable theorem of four conics as follows some years ago. But it has no proof; I am looking for a proof: Theorem: Take three conics. Suppose that each of them touch a fourth conic at two ...
5
votes
0answers
158 views

Explicit parametrization of closed space curves of constant curvature

Joining arcs of helices it is pretty easy to obtain closed curves with constant curvature and $C^2$ regularity (see http://www.heldermann-verlag.de/jgg/jgg01_05/jgg0203.pdf). Joining arcs of Salkowski ...
4
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1answer
148 views

A variation on four-vertex theorem

Is it true that, if a closed, strictly convex curve has exactly four vertices (extrema of curvature), then any circle has at most four points of intersection with it?
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Can we foliate the space $\mathbb{R}^3$ with Frenet curves whose tangent and normal vectores span a given $2$ dimensional distribution?

Let $D$ be a $2$ dimensional distribution of $\mathbb{R}^3$. Is there a $1$ dimensional foliation of $\mathbb{R}^3$ with Frenet curves such that for every leaf $\gamma$ of the foliation we have $\...
8
votes
1answer
290 views

Axioms of length

Assume I want to define length of plane curves axiomatically. It seems to be reasonable to assume that The length of a unit segment is 1; Congruent curves have equal lengths; Length is additive with ...
6
votes
1answer
348 views

Rationality of the moduli space of genus g curves

I'm not an expert in this topic, so please excuse my negligence. I'd also appreciate references to the literature. Throughout, I will work over the complex numbers, although the analogous questions ...
13
votes
0answers
211 views

How much smoothness does the tennis ball theorem need?

The tennis ball theorem states that a smooth-enough curve that bisects the surface area of a sphere must have at least four inflection points. There are plenty of sources on this but most of them are ...
9
votes
2answers
974 views

A necessary and sufficient condition for a space curve to lie on a ellipsoid

Any (arc-length parametrized) space curve is uniquely determined (up to rigid motion) by its curvature  and its torsion. For instance we know that a necessary and sufficient condition for a space ...
5
votes
3answers
386 views

Is there a dense subset on closed Jordan curve $C$ which its points make intersections under certain rotations?

Is it true that for any given closed Jordan curve of $C \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ there is a dense subset $A$ such that for every point $p\in A$ we have the following property: If we rotate $C$ around $p$...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Is the difference between polyfits for two data series equivalent to the polyfit of the difference between the two data series?

Suppose that we have two series of data points $a(x)$ and $b(x)$ with the same domain of definition for $x$, and we fit two polynomial functions $f(x)$ and $h(x)$ (of the same order $n$) to them, ...
7
votes
2answers
321 views

Jordan curves in $\mathbb R^n$ and inscribed equilateral triangles

Inscribed square problem wants that we know "Does every Jordan curve admit an inscribed square?" From my amateur viewpoint it seems that the concept of Jordan curve can be straightforwardly ...
4
votes
0answers
110 views

Does there exist curve (for example, in $\mathbb R^2$) that either touches itself or intersects itself at every one of its points?

I really do not even know how to constructively think about this question that I wanted to post before, but delayed. I know that there are space-filling curves and curves of positive area and those ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Segments on a closed convex plane curve

Is it true that there does not exist a closed convex plane curve containing an infinite number of segments, belonging to distinct lines each?
4
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0answers
130 views

How many times do I have to blow up such a curve until it is smooth?

If I have parametrized a curve in the complex plane by $$x(t)=a_lt^l+\cdots+a_nt^n$$ $$y(t)=b_kt^k+\cdots+b_mt^m$$ and the image is reduced (there exist at least two exponents which are relatively ...
19
votes
1answer
442 views

Jordan curves admitting only acyclic inscriptions of squares

The (unsolved) inscribed square problem or Toeplitz conjecture posits that every closed, plain continuous (Jordan) curve ${\it \Gamma}$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ contains all vertices of some square. Neither ...
7
votes
1answer
217 views

Uniformisation for non simple closed curves

Given a simple closed curve in the plane, there is a homeomorphism from the unit open disk to the interior of the curve. The homeomorphism can be taken conformal, this is the uniformisation theorem. ...
5
votes
0answers
311 views

Which equation of a Butterfly?

Let $A, B$ be two points and $L$ be a line on the Euclidean Plane. Take two points $J, G$ on the line $L$ such that $JG=constant$. Let $AJ$ meet $BG$ at $P$, $AG$ meet $BJ$ at $Q$, then the locus of ...
4
votes
1answer
257 views

A Geometric Combinatorial/Graph Theory Question

I have a combinatorics problem that seems pretty general - I'd be surprised if the answer is not known. Unfortunately, I can't seem to solve it. The question concerns the following situation: ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Generating Random Curves with Fixed Length and Endpoint Distance

Are algorithms already known, that generate (arbitrarily good approximations of) random curves, w.l.o.g. with unit length, and joining endpoints $(0,0)$ and $(\alpha,0)$ with $\alpha \lt1$ given? ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

Relation of pseudo-torsion with curvature in degenerate plane

Question: I'd like to know if there is some reference or reasonable way to develop curve theory in a plane with degenerate metric $(\Bbb R^2, {\rm d}s^2 ={\rm d}x^2)$. Context: In Lorentz-Minkowski ...
15
votes
1answer
519 views

Can a shape rolling inside itself reproduce that shape?

Q. Is the circle the only shape that, when rolling inside itself, has a point that draws out a scaled copy of itself? Let $C$ be a simple, closed, smooth curve in the plane. (Likely "smooth" can be ...
5
votes
0answers
290 views

“Correct” definition of signed curvature in Minkowski plane

We know that for $n\geq 2$ the de Sitter space $\mathbb{S}^n_1(r)$ and the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n(r)$ have constant curvature $1/r^2$ and $-1/r^2$, respectively. Looking at references such as ...
2
votes
1answer
505 views

Relation between Cox-deBoor recursion and Convolution (b-spline basis)

Consider the Cox-deBoor recursion formula for producing b-spline basis functions given a knot vector: $N_{i,0}(u)=1 $ if $u_i\leq u < u_{i+1}$ otherwise, $=0$ $N_{i,p}(u)=\frac{u-u_{i}}{u_{...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Unbounded convex domains in 2D

Let $\gamma$ be a smooth planar curve. Assume that $\gamma$ divides the plane into two domains and, it addition, that one of these domains is unbounded and convex. What can be said about the behavior ...
9
votes
1answer
833 views

A chain of six circles associated with a conic

I found this problems three years ago. But I never have been a proof. Recently I posted in math.stackexchange.com. I am looking for a solution of the following problems: A chain of six circles ...
4
votes
1answer
647 views

A problem of four curves

This is a generalization of my previous question, a problem of a cubic and six conics. Let a curve $(K)$ of degree $m$ and three curves $(C_i)$ of degree $n$, for $i=1,2,3$. Let $(C_1)$ meets $(K)$ ...
11
votes
3answers
692 views

Automorphisms of cartesian products of curves

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve. Is it true that $$\textrm{Aut}(C\times C)\cong S_2 \ltimes (\textrm{Aut}(C)\times \textrm{Aut}(C))$$ and in case, what would be a reference for this? Thanks.
6
votes
1answer
205 views

Finite union of affinoid is affinoid in proper smooth rigid curves (unless it is everything)

In several papers I have found the surprising statement that finite unions of affinoid subspaces of a proper smooth and connected rigid curve are either the whole curve or again affinoid. Could you ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Least Width of Planar Unimodal Curves with Unit Diameter

I am currently trying to find a way to define some notion of "roundness" for subtours in graphs and that definition should only be based on the comparing (sums of) edge length and on the order in ...
3
votes
0answers
102 views

How order of divisor with support at infinity is changed at reduction?

Jing Yu in his paper "On Arithmetic Of Hyperelliptic Curves" on page 5 asserts the following The most interesting case is certainly the case $k = \mathbb Q$ and $D \in \mathbb Z[t]$. To decide ...
1
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0answers
51 views

Understanding the Exp map from a moduli of smooth curves

The setup: Suppose I'm given a family of class $C^k$ curves $\{f_{z}\}_{z\in Z}$ with values in $\mathbb{R}$ parameter by a finite number of parameters $Z\subseteq \mathbb{R}^m$. Let $\mathscr{M}$ be ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Second symmetric product of a hyperelliptic curve

Let $C$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g\geq 3$, let $C^{(2)}$ be the second symmetric product of $C$ with itself, i.e. the quotient of $C\times C$ by the involution $(p,q)\mapsto (q,p)$ and let $...