# Questions tagged [curves]

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115
questions

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### Biot-Savart-like integral for a toroidal helix

The following problem originates from Physics, so I apologize if I will not use a rigorous mathematical jargon.
Let us consider a toroidal helix parametrized as follows:
$$
x=(R+r\cos(n\phi))\cos(\phi)...

1
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0
answers

58
views

### Curvature of randomly generated B-spline curve

I am working on Bayesian statistical estimation of parameters (control points) of closed B-spline curve bounding an object on a an image. The problem is that I require those curves to not be much &...

9
votes

1
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459
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### Are any embeddings $[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}^3$ topologically equivalent?

Suppose we are given embeddings $f_1,f_2:[0,1]\to\mathbb R^3$.
Does there exist a homeomorphism $g:\mathbb R^3\to\mathbb R^3$ such that $g\circ f_1=f_2$?
This question seems to be classical eighty ...

2
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0
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90
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### Vanishing of Goldman bracket requires simple-closed representative?

Let $\Sigma$ be a connected oriented surface, and $[-,-]\colon \Bbb Z\big[\widehat\pi(\Sigma)\big]\times Z\big[\widehat\pi(\Sigma)\big]\to Z\big[\widehat\pi(\Sigma)\big]$ be the Goldman Bracket. Note ...

1
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116
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### More on points on a curve of genus 3

Let $Y$ be a smooth complex projective curve of genus two,
$X$ a Galois cover of degree two of $Y$ and $K$ the canonical
divisor of $X$. Let $i$ be the involution of $X$ over $Y$.
Can one find two ...

2
votes

1
answer

295
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### Points on curves of genus 3

Let $Y$ be a smooth complex projective curve of genus two, $X$ a Galois
cover of degree two of $Y$ and $K$ the canonical divisor of $X$.
Let $i$ be the involution of $X$ over $Y$.
Can one find a point ...

3
votes

1
answer

100
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### A closed curve can be homotopic to remove all intersections with a filling $\Gamma$ if it has zero geometric intersection numbers with $\Gamma$

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact oriented connected bordered surface other than the pair of pants. Let $\Gamma:=\{\gamma_i\}$ be a finite collection of simple closed curves on $\Sigma$ such that each ...

4
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2
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92
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### Characterization of a non-trivial non-peripheral element of the free homotopy classes of a compact bordered surface

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact orientable connected $2$-manifold with a non-empty boundary. Let $\widehat \pi(\Sigma)$ denote the set of free homotopy classes of
curves in $\Sigma$. We say $x\in \widehat \...

1
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0
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35
views

### Fibrewise coordinates in a neighborhood of a graph of a continuous curve

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, $\dim M=n$ and $\gamma:[0;1]\to M$ be continuous. Is it true that there exists local coordinates $(y^0,\ldots,y^n)$ in a neighborhood $V$ of the graph $\{(t,\gamma(t)),t\...

5
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1
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571
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### A regular, geometrically reduced but non-smooth curve

Can anyone give an example of a projective, regular, geometrically reduced but non-smooth curve ?
Of course, the base field should be imperfect.
In Exercise 4.3.22 of Qing Liu's book Algebraic ...

1
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1
answer

63
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### Representation of $x$-non-monotone curves with one intersection each by $x$-monotone curves

Take the $y$-axis and a set of $n$ curves starting from $y$-axis, labelled as $\mathcal{C}:=\{C_1,C_2,...,C_n\}$. These curves fulfill the following conditions:
The curves all have a starting point ...

3
votes

1
answer

451
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### There exists differentiable curves arbitrarily close to the continuous ones

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold; if $d$ is the distance on $M$, we can consider the distance $D$ between any two continuous curves given by $D(c, \gamma) = \max _{t \in [0,1]} d(c(t), \gamma(t))$.
...

10
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1
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265
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### Rational even polynomials maximally tangent to the unit circle

This question is motivated by College Mathematics Journal problem 1196, proposed by Ferenc Beleznay and Daniel Hwang. My solution to this problem (pre-publication version here) uses Chebyshev ...

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0
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32
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### Curves traced out by the centers of mass of rolling convex shapes

Question:
which kind of curves can be traced out by the center of mass of a rigid compact convex shape of uniform density that rolls along the x-axis without slip?
Formulatd differently: are there ...

3
votes

1
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143
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### Maps that preserve winding numbers

This question is a cross post from the Math StackExchange since it got no attention at all there: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4414601/maps-that-preserve-winding-numbers
I am looking for a ...

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95
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### Single theorem for hybrid of winding number and rotation number?

I am trying to make mathematical sense of some observations from my physics research, so I hope that you will bear with me.
For a complex-valued function $z(t)$ dependent on parameter $t$, I calculate ...

4
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1
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148
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### Proof for rotation number $\operatorname{rot}(K) = \sum \limits_C \omega_C(K) - \sum \limits_p \operatorname{ind}_p(K)$?

I need the following statement for a proof I am working on. It seems so simple and I'd rather have it ready to be cited instead of spending a page proving it (I found one for this statement), but ...

3
votes

0
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238
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### An algebraic proof: A line bundle on a curve with a connection must be of degree 0

Let me state it using the language of $D$-modules. Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve and $\mathcal{L}$ a line bundle on it. Assume that $\mathcal{L}$ has a left action of $\mathcal{D}_X$. Then show ...

4
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0
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62
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### $(n-2)$-degree curve passing through $n(n-1)/2$ midpoints

It is known that in the plane, there is an unique conic passing through given $5$ points.
For any $4$ points, there is 6 segments which vertex from these points.
It is known that $6$ midpoints of ...

1
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0
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80
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### Constant width curves and inscribed/ circumscribed ellipses

It is known (see for example the Wikipedia entry on the Reuleaux triangle) that for every curve of constant width (CCW), the largest inscribed circle and the smallest circumscribed circle are ...

14
votes

2
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938
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### Is there a square with all corner points on the spiral $r=k\theta$, $0 \leq \theta \leq \infty$?

I've posted this question on Math Stack Exchange, but I want to bring it here too, because 1) the proof seems missing in the literature, although they are some sporadic mentions and 2) maybe it ...

2
votes

1
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129
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### Hemispherical space filling hilbert curve

First question here, sorry for any posting infractions.
I need to create/find/buy a hemispherical space-filling Hilbert(or similar) curve.
something similar to Cube hilbert
but only filling a ...

6
votes

2
answers

377
views

### Grand tour of the special orthogonal group

Is there a continuous function $f:[0,+\infty) \to \operatorname{SO}(n)$ whose image is dense in $\operatorname{SO}(n)$ and that is well behaved in certain ways?
For each $\varepsilon>0$ it doesn't ...

3
votes

0
answers

132
views

### Semistability of restrictions of a semistable vector bundle over a reducible nodal curve

Let $C$ be a reducible nodal curve over complex numbers with two smooth components $C_1$ and $C_2$ intersecting at the only node $P$. Let $E$ be a $\omega$ semistable vector bundle over $C$ of rank $r$...

1
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0
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68
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### Is there an analytic formula (or even a name...) for a plane curve with curvature inversely proportional to x?

I'm interested in plane curves with curvature inversely proportional to distance from the axis:
$$\kappa(t) = \left(\frac{x'(t) y''(t) - y'(t)x''(t)}{(x'(t)^2 + y'(t)^2)^{3/2}} \right) = \frac{1}{a x(...

1
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0
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93
views

### Existence theory for geometric flow of space curves

Is there any existence theory applicable to general geometric flows of space curves in the following form?
$$
\partial_t \gamma = v_t t + v_n n + v_b b
$$
Here $\gamma$ is the evolving curve, $t$, $n$ ...

4
votes

1
answer

420
views

### Higher order inflection points

Consider a smooth plane curve $X\subset\mathbb{P}^2$ of degree $d$. We will say that $x\in X$ is an inflection point of order $s$ if the tangent line $T_xX$, of $X$ at $x\in X$, intersects $X$ in $x\...

2
votes

1
answer

182
views

### Configuration of points on a plane curve

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^2$ be a smooth plane curve of degree six. On $C$ there are $21$ points given as the intersection points of two lines choosen among a set of seven lines. More precisely there ...

11
votes

2
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282
views

### Connecting a compact subset by a simple curve

Let $K$ be a compact subset of $\mathbb R^n$ with $n\ge 2$ (say if you like $n=2$, which is possibly sufficiently representative).
Q: Does there exist a closed simple curve $u:\mathbb S^1\to\mathbb R^...

5
votes

0
answers

342
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### Most divisors on a curve aren't special?

I have a generic smooth curve $C$ of genus $g$ and fixed multiplicities $a_1, \dots, a_n \geq 0$ with $\sum a_i = g+1$.
Q1 : For generic marked points $p_1, \dots, p_n \in C$, must $\sum a_i p_i$ be a ...

0
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0
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63
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### Question on existence of almost length-minimizing curve in a general domain?

I have the following question: for a general domain $\Omega$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$, is it true that for each pair of points $x,y\in \Omega$, there exists a curve $\gamma$ connecting $x$ and $y$ in $\Omega$...

6
votes

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388
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### Snake algorithm that minimizes straight lines

How can I find the non-self-intersecting loop that uses the least amount of straight lines (curves left/right as often as possible every turn) and still loops back on itself?
Here's an example we have ...

90
votes

5
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3k
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### Does this property characterize straight lines in the plane?

Take a plane curve $\gamma$ and a disk of fixed radius whose center moves along $\gamma$. Suppose that $\gamma$ always cuts the disk in two simply connected regions of equal area. Is it true that $\...

2
votes

0
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50
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### Classification and computation of the entanglements of pairs of planar curves

Let $C$ is the set of continuous $f:[0;1]\to \mathbb R^2$ with $\|f\|=\max_t\|f(t)\|$. For $f,g\in C$ let $(f,g)\in E$ iff $\{f(0),f(1)\}\cap {\rm Range}(g)=\emptyset$ and $\{g(0),g(1)\}\cap {\rm ...

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votes

3
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3k
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### Cardioid-looking curve, does it have a name?

The curve, given in polar coordinates as $r(\theta)=\sin(\theta)/\theta$
is plotted below.
This is similar to the classical cardioid, but it is not the same curve (the curve above is not even ...

1
vote

1
answer

286
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### Is this curve well known?

I consider the curve $c(t)=(x(t),y(t))$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ such that
$\frac{d^2x(t)}{dt^2}=-(a\sin t+b)\frac{dy(t)}{dt}$
$\frac{d^2y(t)}{dt^2}=(a\sin t+b)\frac{dx(t)}{dt}$
$a,b\in\mathbb{R}$
Is the ...

25
votes

5
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2k
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### Surprising properties of closed planar curves

In https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.05422 I proved with elementary topological methods that a smooth planar curve with total turning number a non-zero integer multiple of $2\pi$ (the tangent fully turns a ...

4
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0
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94
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### Closed curves with minimal total curvature in the unit circle

Chakerian proved in this paper that a closed curve of length L in the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$ has total curvature at least L.
In this later paper Chakerian gave a simpler proof and noted that ...

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822
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### I found a (probably new) family of real analytic closed Bezier-like curves; is it publishable?

Given $n$ distinct points $\mathbf{x} = (\mathbf{x}_1, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_n)$ in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$, I associate a real analytic map:
$f_{\mathbf{x}}: S^1 \to \mathbb{R}^2$
with the following ...

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votes

1
answer

266
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### property of rational functions on projective curves

I have a couple of question about the proof of Lemma 1.20.5 from Janos Kolloar's Lecture on Resolution of Singularities (page 19):
Lemma 1.20.5 Let $C$ be a reduced, irreducible projective curve (=1D ...

2
votes

1
answer

360
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### Very weak Riemann-Roch on curves (by J. Kollar)

I have a question on an unequality used in the proof of the Very weak Riemann-Roch on curves in Janos Kollar's Lecture on Resolution of Singularities (page 14):
1.13 (Very weak Riemann-Roch on curves)...

1
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0
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218
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### Proposition from Kollar's Rational Curves on Algebraic Varieties

$\DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom}$I have some questions on a proof of Proposition II.3.10 & notations from Rational Curves
on Algebraic Varieties by Janos Kollar (page 117).
We work in setting ...

3
votes

1
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111
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### Can a closed horizontal trajectory on a Riemann surface be freely homotopic to $0$?

Let $R$ be a Riemann surface and let $\varphi=\varphi(z)dz^2$ be a nonzero holomorphic quadratic differential on $R$. A differentiable curve $\gamma$ on $R$ is called a horizontal trajectory if along ...

3
votes

1
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83
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### Number of curves in an admissible system of Jordan curves on a surface

Consider a compact Riemann surface of genus $g\geq2$. An admissible system of Jordan curves is a finite collection of Jordan curves $\{\gamma_1,\cdots,\gamma_n\}$ such that
they are nonintersecting ...

3
votes

1
answer

178
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### Large class of curves which only intersect each other finitely many times

I am trying to find a large subset of piecewise-differentiable plane curves of finite length (subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$) with the following property:
For any pair $\gamma_1, \gamma_2$ of curves in ...

0
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0
answers

112
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### cohomology of curves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective complex curve. Consider the diagonal $\Delta$
in $X \times X$, and $\mathcal{O}(\Delta)$ the associated line bundle.
If $j$ is the inclusion of $\Delta$ in $X \times X$ ...

2
votes

1
answer

245
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### Smooth transformation of a curve with fixed ends and length [duplicate]

I am simulating polymers of fixed length and fixed ends. I would like to search the phase space of all possible conformations quickly. Is there anyway I can generate efficiently a lot of (rather) ...

5
votes

0
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100
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### wild julia sets

Using the Baire category theorem, we may show that most simple closed curves satisfy the following property: any segment between an interior point and an exterior point of the curve intersects the ...

1
vote

2
answers

134
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### Envelope of Ellipses with Common Major-axis Length

are the envelopes of the following set of ellipses "classical" curves of mathematics, that appear naturally as the solution of a mathematical/physical problem;
$$\mathcal{E}:=\Biggr\{\frac{(x-e)^2}{...

1
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1
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369
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### Do negative indecomposable bundles on curves have sections?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve, and $E$ an indecomposable vector bundle on $X$ with $\mathrm{deg} E<0$. Is it true that $H^0(X,E)=0$?
This is true if $E$ is a line bundle, which means it is ...