# Questions tagged [curves]

The curves tag has no usage guidance.

**2**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### A problem of four conics

I found a remarkable theorem of four conics as follows some years ago. But it has no proof; I am looking for a proof:
Theorem: Take three conics. Suppose that each of them touch a fourth conic at two ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Explicit parametrization of closed space curves of constant curvature

Joining arcs of helices it is pretty easy to obtain closed curves with constant curvature and $C^2$ regularity (see http://www.heldermann-verlag.de/jgg/jgg01_05/jgg0203.pdf). Joining arcs of Salkowski ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Geometrical regularity of the projection/normalization of a curve

Let $v:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3/{(0,0,0)} $ be a $C^\infty$ regular arc-length parametrization of a space curve.
W.l.o.g. let us assume $v(0)=(1,0,0)$, $v'(0)=(1,0,0)$. Let $\bar{v}$ be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### A variation on four-vertex theorem

Is it true that, if a closed, strictly convex curve has exactly four vertices (extrema of curvature), then any circle has at most four points of intersection with it?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Smooth curves and arc length parametrization

Assume that $z(t)=x(t)+i y(t), t\in[-1,1]$ is smooth injective curve except in $0$ so that $\frac{\dot z(t)}{|\dot z(t)|}= e^{i\varphi(s(t))}$. Here $s(t)$ is the arc-length parameter. My question is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Can we foliate the space $\mathbb{R}^3$ with Frenet curves whose tangent and normal vectores span a given $2$ dimensional distribution?

Let $D$ be a $2$ dimensional distribution of $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Is there a $1$ dimensional foliation of $\mathbb{R}^3$ with Frenet curves such that for every leaf $\gamma$ of the foliation we have $\...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Axioms of length

Assume I want to define length of plane curves axiomatically.
It seems to be reasonable to assume that
The length of a unit segment is 1;
Congruent curves have equal lengths;
Length is additive with ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### Rationality of the moduli space of genus g curves

I'm not an expert in this topic, so please excuse my negligence. I'd also appreciate references to the literature. Throughout, I will work over the complex numbers, although the analogous questions ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### How much smoothness does the tennis ball theorem need?

The tennis ball theorem states that a smooth-enough curve that bisects the surface area of a sphere must have at least four inflection points. There are plenty of sources on this but most of them are ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

605 views

### A necessary and sufficient condition for a space curve to lie on a ellipsoid

Any (arc-length parametrized) space curve is uniquely determined (up to rigid motion) by its curvature and its torsion.
For instance we know that a necessary and sufficient condition for a space ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

344 views

### Is there a dense subset on closed Jordan curve $C$ which its points make intersections under certain rotations?

Is it true that for any given closed Jordan curve of $C \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ there is a dense subset $A$ such that for every point $p\in A$ we have the following property:
If we rotate $C$ around $p$...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

52 views

### Is the difference between polyfits for two data series equivalent to the polyfit of the difference between the two data series?

Suppose that we have two series of data points $a(x)$ and $b(x)$ with the same domain of definition for $x$, and we fit two polynomial functions $f(x)$ and $h(x)$ (of the same order $n$) to them, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

234 views

### Jordan curves in $\mathbb R^n$ and inscribed equilateral triangles

Inscribed square problem wants that we know "Does every Jordan curve admit an inscribed square?"
From my amateur viewpoint it seems that the concept of Jordan curve can be straightforwardly ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Does there exist curve (for example, in $\mathbb R^2$) that either touches itself or intersects itself at every one of its points?

I really do not even know how to constructively think about this question that I wanted to post before, but delayed. I know that there are space-filling curves and curves of positive area and those ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

92 views

### Segments on a closed convex plane curve

Is it true that there does not exist a closed convex plane curve containing an infinite number of segments, belonging to distinct lines each?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### How many times do I have to blow up such a curve until it is smooth?

If I have parametrized a curve in the complex plane by $$x(t)=a_lt^l+\cdots+a_nt^n$$
$$y(t)=b_kt^k+\cdots+b_mt^m$$
and the image is reduced (there exist at least two exponents which are relatively ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

375 views

### Jordan curves admitting only acyclic inscriptions of squares

The (unsolved) inscribed square problem or Toeplitz conjecture posits that every closed, plain continuous (Jordan) curve ${\it \Gamma}$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ contains all vertices of some square. Neither ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Uniformisation for non simple closed curves

Given a simple closed curve in the plane, there is a homeomorphism from the unit open disk to the interior of the curve. The homeomorphism can be taken conformal, this is the uniformisation theorem.
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

302 views

### Which equation of a Butterfly?

Let $A, B$ be two points and $L$ be a line on the Euclidean Plane. Take two points $J, G$ on the line $L$ such that $JG=constant$. Let $AJ$ meet $BG$ at $P$, $AG$ meet $BJ$ at $Q$, then the locus of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### A Geometric Combinatorial/Graph Theory Question

I have a combinatorics problem that seems pretty general - I'd be surprised if the answer is not known. Unfortunately, I can't seem to solve it.
The question concerns the following situation: ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

772 views

### Generating Random Curves with Fixed Length and Endpoint Distance

Are algorithms already known, that generate (arbitrarily good approximations of) random curves, w.l.o.g. with unit length, and joining endpoints $(0,0)$ and $(\alpha,0)$ with $\alpha \lt1$ given?
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Relation of pseudo-torsion with curvature in degenerate plane

Question: I'd like to know if there is some reference or reasonable way to develop curve theory in a plane with degenerate metric $(\Bbb R^2, {\rm d}s^2 ={\rm d}x^2)$.
Context: In Lorentz-Minkowski ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

471 views

### Can a shape rolling inside itself reproduce that shape?

Q. Is the circle the only shape that, when rolling inside itself,
has a point that draws out a scaled copy of itself?
Let $C$ be a simple, closed, smooth curve in the plane.
(Likely "smooth" can be ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

232 views

### “Correct” definition of signed curvature in Minkowski plane

We know that for $n\geq 2$ the de Sitter space $\mathbb{S}^n_1(r)$ and the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n(r)$ have constant curvature $1/r^2$ and $-1/r^2$, respectively.
Looking at references such as ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### Relation between Cox-deBoor recursion and Convolution (b-spline basis)

Consider the Cox-deBoor recursion formula for producing b-spline basis functions given a knot vector:
$N_{i,0}(u)=1 $ if $u_i\leq u < u_{i+1}$
otherwise, $=0$
$N_{i,p}(u)=\frac{u-u_{i}}{u_{...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

53 views

### Unbounded convex domains in 2D

Let $\gamma$ be a smooth planar curve. Assume that $\gamma$ divides the plane into two domains and, it addition, that one of these domains is unbounded and convex. What can be said about the behavior ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

736 views

### A chain of six circles associated with a conic

I found this problems three years ago. But I never have been a proof. Recently I posted in math.stackexchange.com. I am looking for a solution of the following problems:
A chain of six circles ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

636 views

### A problem of four curves

This is a generalization of my previous question, a problem of a cubic and six conics.
Let a curve $(K)$ of degree $m$ and three curves $(C_i)$ of degree $n$, for $i=1,2,3$. Let $(C_1)$ meets $(K)$ ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

618 views

### Automorphisms of cartesian products of curves

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve. Is it true that
$$\textrm{Aut}(C\times C)\cong S_2 \ltimes (\textrm{Aut}(C)\times \textrm{Aut}(C))$$
and in case, what would be a reference for this? Thanks.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Finite union of affinoid is affinoid in proper smooth rigid curves (unless it is everything)

In several papers I have found the surprising statement that finite unions of affinoid subspaces of a proper smooth and connected rigid curve are either the whole curve or again affinoid.
Could you ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Least Width of Planar Unimodal Curves with Unit Diameter

I am currently trying to find a way to define some notion of "roundness" for subtours in graphs and that definition should only be based on the comparing (sums of) edge length and on the order in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### How order of divisor with support at infinity is changed at reduction?

Jing Yu in his paper "On Arithmetic Of Hyperelliptic Curves" on page 5 asserts the following
The most interesting case is certainly the case $k = \mathbb Q$ and $D \in \mathbb Z[t]$.
To decide ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

50 views

### Understanding the Exp map from a moduli of smooth curves

The setup:
Suppose I'm given a family of class $C^k$ curves $\{f_{z}\}_{z\in Z}$ with values in $\mathbb{R}$ parameter by a finite number of parameters $Z\subseteq \mathbb{R}^m$.
Let $\mathscr{M}$ be ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Second symmetric product of a hyperelliptic curve

Let $C$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g\geq 3$, let $C^{(2)}$ be the second symmetric product of $C$ with itself, i.e. the quotient of $C\times C$ by the involution $(p,q)\mapsto (q,p)$ and let $...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

636 views

### A tricky tractrix question about vertical tangents

This is raised by a recent question occurring in combinatorial geometry.
It is about a sort of tractrix, but instead of a line, the pulling end moves along a circle of radius $r>\frac12$ (...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Parametric smooth curve that vists all integer points of the plane [closed]

Does there exist a parametric smooth curve that visits all integer points $(x,y),\, x,y \in \mathbb{N}$ of the plane?
Something similar to this:
$$\begin{align}
x = &\theta \cos(2\sin(\theta\pi))...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### A conjecture for a curve cuts a curve - variant Cayley-Bacharach's theorem

I propose a conjecture variant of Cayley-Bacharach's theorem.
I'm an electrical engineer, I am not a mathematician. I don't know how to prove this result. Could you give a solution or let me know ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

475 views

### A conjecture like Cayley–Bacharach theorem

Let six points $A, A', B, B', C, C'$ lie on a conic and a cubic. Let a conic through $B, B', C, C'$ and meets the cubic again at $A_1, A_2$. Let a conic through $C, C', A, A'$ and meets the cubic ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Characterizations of cycloid

There are several constructions of a cycloid. I have some examples below. Are there any others?
Trace of a fixed point on a rolling circle
Evolute of another cycloid (the locus of all its centers of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

462 views

### Isotrivial families with non-zero Kodaira spencer map

Let $S$ be a smooth quasi-projective curve over the complex numbers. Let $P$ be a closed point in $S$. Let $f:\mathcal X \to S$ be a polarized family of smooth projective connected varieties. To this ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### Cusp point and straightness of a smooth curve.

I have a smooth curve of length $L$ with a single cusp point $P$ occuring at length $s = L_P$. Let the curve in arc length parametrization be $\alpha_t(s) \equiv (X_t(s),Y_t(s)) $. They are actually a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### “Inverse problem” for the zeta function [duplicate]

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective, geometrically irreducible curve, of genus $g$, over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. By the Weil conjectures, the zeta function has the shape
$$
Z_C(t)=\frac{P(t)}{(1-t)(...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Can this simple integral be zero for a Jordan curve?

The following simple problem came up while doing some unrelated research.
Does there exist a Jordan curve $\gamma : [0,2\pi] \to \mathbb{C}$ of positive orientation, lets say $C^1$-smooth (just to ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

276 views

### support of embedded points in a curve

Let $C \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be an one dimensional scheme. Suppose that $C$ decomposes as the union of a Cohen Macaulay reduced curve $\tilde{C}$ (in particular $\tilde{C}$ does not have embedded ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Is this statement which relates the Fourier transform of a function to its singularities correct?

I am working on a problem, which would possibly relate the Fourier transform/series with the jump singularities of the function where the function itself or one of its derivatives jump. ((some kind of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

352 views

### endomorphisms of the Jacobian of a curve

Let $C$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus >1 over the complex numbers and let $J(C)$ be its Jacobian. The Torelli theorem relates the automorphisms of $C$ to the automorphisms of $J(C)$. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

351 views

### Lipschitz boundary vs rectifiable curve boundary

I was looking at an old paper about domains with Lipschitz boundary. I am wondering, suppose that the boundary of a compact domain homeomorphic to a disk is a rectifiable injective curve : is this ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

892 views

### Number of curves over a finite field

Let $K$ be a finite field. Is there a formula for the number of isomorphism classes of genus $g$ smooth curves over $K$?
In other words does there exists a formula for the number of rational points ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### meaning of $k(C)/1+\mathfrak{m}_x$ [closed]

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over some field $k$ and $x$ a closed point of $C$. I've seen some constructions in which people use
$k(C)^\times / 1+\mathfrak{m}_x$.
What's the meaning of that?...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Etale covers of products of curves

Is a finite etale cover of a product of curves again a product of curves?
The answer is no in general. Here's one way to construct an example. Take the product $A$ of two elliptic curves and an ...