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2answers
240 views

Amenability of $l^\infty$ [closed]

I'm working on the amenability of some Banach algebras, and I'm wondering why $l^\infty$ is amenable ? Does any one has any idea how to start ? Thank you in advance.
2
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0answers
89 views

Pointwise ergodic theorem for amenable semigroups

Using tempered Folner sequences one may show a pointwise ergodic theorem for amenable groups. (see http://www.aimsciences.org/journals/pdfsnews.jsp?paperID=2413&mode=full) Is there a similar ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Do syndetic sets on amenable semigroups have positive upper density?

Let $\mathbb{G}$ be a discrete amenable semigroup, and $\left\{ F_{n}\right\} $ a Folner sequence. For $S\subset \mathbb{G}$ define the upper density as $D^{\ast }(S)=\limsup_{n\rightarrow \infty ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Two kinds of invariance of full conditional probabilities

Given a field $F$ of subsets of $\Omega$, we can define full conditional probabilities to be a function $P:F\times (F-\{ \varnothing \}) \to [0,1]$ such that: $P(-|B)$ is a finitely-additive ...
4
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0answers
63 views

Estimates for simple random walks in groups of intermediate growth

I'm looking for references for the rate of escape and return probability for a group of intermediate growth. Let $0<\alpha < 1$. If the volume growth is $\succeq \mathrm{exp}(n^\alpha)$, then ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Relative amenability of subgroups

Let $\Gamma$ be a countable group and let $\Lambda_1,\Lambda_2<\Gamma$ be subgroups. We say that $\Lambda_1$ is amenable relative to $\Lambda_2$ if the action of $\Lambda_1$ on $\Gamma/\Lambda_2$ ...
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0answers
111 views

Star-shaped Folner sequence

Fix a (finite) generating set $S$ for $\Gamma$ (discrete) amenable. Given a Følner sequence (i.e. a sequence of finite sets $F_n$ whose boundary $\partial F_n$ in the Cayley graph of $S$ is such that ...
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0answers
88 views

Amenability of the pair $(GL(2,\mathbb{Q})^+,SL(2,\mathbb{Z}))$

I am trying to see whether the pair $(GL(2,\mathbb{Q})^+,SL(2,\mathbb{Z}))$ is amenable in the following sense: Let $H$ be a closed subgroup of a locally compact group $G$. The pair $(G,H)$ is called ...
8
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0answers
160 views

Proving amenability of an extension by using paradoxical decompositions

It is well known that an extension of an amenable group by an amenable group is amenable. Is it possible to prove that by using only paradoxical decompositions: if $G$ has a paradoxical decomposition ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

Does supramenability imply that $a+c=b+2c \Rightarrow a=b+c$ on the type semigroup?

Tarski proved that if a group $G$ is exponentially bounded, then for $a$, $b$ and $c$ in the associated (equidecomposability) type semigroup, we have $a+c=b+2c \Rightarrow a=b+c$. Question: Can ...
1
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1answer
172 views

A stronger version of supramenability?

A group $G$ is supramenable iff for all $\varnothing\ne A\subseteq G$ there is a finitely-additive left-$G$-invariant measure $\mu_A$ on $G$ with $\mu_A(A)=1$. I'm interested in a seemingly stronger ...
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0answers
296 views

The approximation property of group C*-algebras

Let $G$ be a discrete group. Then the group C*-algebra $C^*(G)$ is nuclear if and only if $G$ is amenable. I am wondering whether nuclearity of $C^*(G)$ can fail for a Banach-space reason, namely due ...
53
votes
1answer
2k views

Non-amenable groups with arbitrarily large Tarski number?

Just out of curiosity, I wonder whether there are non-amenable groups with arbitrarily large Tarski numbers. The Tarski number $\tau(G)$ of a discrete group $G$ is the smallest $n$ such that $G$ ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Amenable normal closure

Prove or disprove: Let $G$ be a countable group. Let $H < G$ be an amenable subgroup with a finite conjugacy class. Then the normal closure of $H$ is also amenable. Thanks!
5
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1answer
341 views

Characterization of amenable actions

Let $(X,\mu)$ be a $G$-space, i.e. a measure space with a Borel quasi-invariant $G$-action. Say that $X$ is amenable (equivalently, that the action is amenable) if there is a $G$-fixed point in every ...
4
votes
1answer
257 views

Probabilities of a random walk exiting a set

Let $F$ be a finite connected set in a graph (soon to be the Cayley graph of a group) and $\mathrm{Ex}_x^F$ be the function on the vertices in $F^c$ which are neighbour to vertices in $F$ defined as ...
3
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0answers
87 views

Cogrowth and value of its series at the critical exponent

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and write $G = F/N$ for $N$ a normal subgroup of a free group $F$. Let $S_n$ be the elements in $F$ written as words of exactly $n$ letters. So, for $n\geq 1$, ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Spectral synthesis for central functions on locally compact groups

There is a large literature on harmonic analysis on locally compact group, that I am just beginning to discover. However I have not seen so far anything that emphasizes the central functions on $G$. A ...
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3answers
414 views

Is the isomorphism problem for amenable groups decidable?

Is it algorithmically decidable if two finitely presented amenable groups are isomorphic? Or slightly different: Does there exist a family of amenable groups (indexed by natural numbers) for which ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Existence of nice Folner sequences

I'm attempting a proof by induction and, for the inductive step, it would be very useful for me to have some control on a Folner sequence. Indeed, let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group, fix a ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

Cocycles for right- and left- regular representations on $\ell_2(G)$

Using the standard notation, let $\lambda_gf(x)=f(g^{-1}x)$ be the left regular representation and $\rho_gf(x)=f(xg)$ be the right regular one, acting on the space $V$ of complex-values functions on ...
3
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2answers
394 views

Another question about amenability and Følner sequences

Følner's characterization of Amenability says that a group $G$ is amenable if there exists a directed set $(I,\leq)$ and a net {$F_i:i\in I$} of finite subsets of $G$ such that for every $γ ∈ G$, ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

left- and right- Folner sets

Given an amenable group, it is a standard trick to turn a left-invariant mean ( i.e. a continuous positive normalised linear functional $m:\ell_\infty(G) \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $\forall g \in G, m ...
5
votes
0answers
278 views

The kernel of all invariant means

Let $G$ be discrete group which is amenable (i.e. it admits an left-invariant mean, i.e. a continuous positive normalised linear functional on $m:\ell^\infty(G) \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $\forall g ...
5
votes
0answers
202 views

Can invariant means be really considered as the generalization of the uniform measure?

I am writing a paper for game theorists where I use (countable) amenable groups to do some things. So I am writing up a preliminary section about countable amenable groups whose main purpose is to ...
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votes
1answer
276 views

Subgroups of amenable periodic groups

Does every countable, infinite, amenable, periodic group $G$ contain an infinite locally finite subgroup? Remarks: I would be happy with an infinitely generated counterexample as long as it is ...
11
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0answers
405 views

The multiplication game on the free group

Fix $W\subseteq\mathbb F_2$ and consider the following two-person game: Player 1 and Player 2 simultaneously choose $x$ and $y$ in $\mathbb F_2$. The first player wins, say one dollar, iff $xy\in W$. ...
6
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1answer
398 views

Cake-cutting and amenable groups

I recently heard Alan Taylor speak about envy-free fair division and started wondering if questions like these make sense if we replace finitely additive measures with invariant means on amenable ...
4
votes
0answers
181 views

Can a non-amenable group have a 'centrally invariant mean'?

Let $G$ be a countable, discrete group, and $f\in\ell^\infty(G)$. Let me say that $f$ has a centrally invariant mean if there is a finitely additive probability measure $\mu$ on $G\times G$ such that ...
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0answers
355 views

Why groups that admit Folner Sequences are amenable

I've been looking at Folner's Condition recently, and I'm struggling to find a proof for why the existence of a Folner sequence on a locally compact group implies that it is amenable (and the converse ...
1
vote
1answer
187 views

Left mean values vs right mean values

Let $G$ be a countable amenable group and $f\in\ell^\infty(G)$. Denote by $L,R,I$ respetively the sets of left-, right- and bi-invariant means on $G$. Denote by $M_L(f)$ (resp. $M_R(f),M_I(f)$) be the ...
6
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1answer
371 views

A variational principle for amenable groups

Update: If somebody is interested, in Sec. 3, Theorem 3.5, of http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.2301 the variational principle for amenable groups such that every conjugacy class is finite is proved. Let $G$ ...
3
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1answer
306 views

Fubini's theorem and unique mean value

Following the terminology of Rosenblatt, I will say that a bounded function $f:\mathbb Z\rightarrow\mathbb R$ has a unique mean value if for every pair of finitely additive translation invariant ...
6
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0answers
349 views

References for “folklore” on strong amenability of (group) C*-algebras?

[Apologies in advance for the prolixity - but I was unsure how much of the story is familiar.] $\newcommand{\ptp}{\widehat{\otimes}} \newcommand{\co}{\operatorname{co}} ...
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1answer
406 views

Amenability of Thompson's group looking at a 4-manifold having it as the fundamental group

Just for curiosity I have done a quick web-search and I have seen that some people are studying manifolds with amenable fundamental group. On the other hand, any finitely presented group and then, in ...
0
votes
1answer
229 views

Amenability with respect to a function

Let $(G,\cdot)$ be a group and $\phi:G\rightarrow\mathbb R$ bounded. Let me say that the pair $(G,\phi)$ is amenable if there is a finitely additive probability measure $\mu$ on $G$ such that for all ...
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3answers
795 views

Alternative proofs of the Krylov-Bogolioubov theorem

The Krylov-Bogolioubov theorem is a fundamental result in the ergodic theory of dynamical systems which is typically stated as follows: if $T$ is a continuous transformation of a nonempty compact ...
3
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1answer
546 views

On growth rate of finitely generated groups

Update: From Clinton's comment below follows that I made some mistakes (that I'm going to correct) and that the question is completely answered by Arzhantseva, Guba and Guyot. Besides giving a precise ...
6
votes
3answers
383 views

Finitely presented groups which are not residually amenable

What are examples of finitely presented but not residually amenable groups? Well, the examples that I want to have are simple f.p. groups as well as examples of non residually amenable groups arise ...
6
votes
1answer
699 views

a paradoxical decomposition of a group

Just my curiosity... Are there proofs the following fact, which does not involve Hall's matching theorem: A group $\Gamma$ is amenable if and only if it does not admit a paradoxical decomposition. ...
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0answers
461 views

Some questions on unitarisability of discrete groups

In this post I would like to ask several of questions related to Dixmier problem. I will try to make the post as self-contained as possible. A discrete group $G$ is unitarisable if for every Hilbert ...
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0answers
602 views

Amenability of groups III

Does the following condition imply amenability of $G$? There exist constants $C<1$ and $\epsilon<1$ such that for every $S\subset G$ - finite set, there exists a finite ...
14
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1answer
803 views

Amenability of groups II

Are there any non-amenable group $G$ with the property: There exists $C<1$ such that for every finite set $S\subset G$ there exists a set $F\subseteq S$ such that $|F|\geq C |S|$ and $F$ generates ...
12
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1answer
578 views

Amenable groups with finite classifying space

A group $G$ is said to be elementary amenable if it can be obtained from finite and abelian groups by subgroups, quotients, extensions and increasing unions. It is well-known that all such groups are ...
13
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1answer
584 views

Amenability of groups in terms of a perturbation condition

Let $G$ be a countable group and $\lambda \colon G \to U(\ell^2 G)$ its left-regular representation. Suppose that there exists a constant $C>0$ such that for all $T \in B(\ell^2 G)$ $$\inf ...
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2answers
407 views

characterizations of amenable groups which use the space $\ell_1(G)$ and convolution

Let $G$ be a discrete group. Do you know characterizations of amenable groups which use the space $\ell_1(G)$ and convolution? I only know Johnson's theorem: A group is amenable if and only if the ...
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1answer
1k views

Amenability of groups

Let $G$ be non-amenable finitely generated group. 1) Is it true that there exists a sequence $S(n)$ of sets which generate $G$ and such that $\frac{1}{|S(n)|}||\sum_{g\in S(n)} ...