Questions tagged [quandles]

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7
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0answers
271 views

When do two knots have isomorphic fundamental bikeis?

A kei, also known as an involutive (or involutory) quandle, is a quandle $(Q,*)$ satisfying the involution condition that $(x*y)*y=x$ for all $x$ and $y$. Just like we can define a fundamental ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Can different knots have the same numbers of quandle colorings for all quandles?

Let $K_1$ and $K_2$ be two knots such that for all finite quandles $X$, the number of colorings of $K_1$ by $X$ is the same as the number of colorings of $K_2$ by $X$. Then my question is, must $K_1$ ...
2
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1answer
218 views

Distinguishing Square Knot and Granny Knot using Quandles

It is known that the square knot and the granny knot are nonequivalent although they have isomorphic fundamental groups. I want to write a work on knot theory and provide these knots as an example ...
6
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1answer
226 views

Is the category of racks semi-abelian?

I wonder whether the category of (pointed) racks is semi-abelian. Any comments and references would be appreciated.
2
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0answers
99 views

Is the action of free self-distributive algebras on racks computable in polynomial time?

Let $B_{\infty}$ denote the infinite strand braid group. Let $\mathrm{sh}:B_{\infty}\rightarrow B_{\infty}$ be the mapping where $\mathrm{sh}(\sigma_{i})=\sigma_{i+1}$ whenever $i\geq 1$. Then $B_{\...
12
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0answers
220 views

Higher homotopical information in racks and quandles

A quandle is defined to be a set $Q$ with two binary operations $\star,\bar\star\colon\ Q\times Q\to Q$ for which the following axioms hold. Q1. a $\star$ a = a Q2. (a $\star$ b) $\bar\star$ b = (a $...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

Quandle homomorphism does not always induces group homomorphism on inner automorphism groups of quandles

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two quandles and $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be a quandle homomorphism. Then we can define a map $\bar f: Inn(X) \rightarrow Inn(Y)$ as $\bar f(S_a)=S_{f(a)}$, where $a \in X$. Then $\bar ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Classification of pretzel links up to link homotopy using alexander quandle

I am currently reading this paper where the author classifies the pretzel links up to link homotopy using a quasi-trivial quandle $\mathbb{Z}_{k}[t^{\pm 1}]\diagup_{(t-1)^{2}}$, and I find it ...
3
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0answers
197 views

Partial information decomposition for tangle machines

In (Williams and Beer, 2010), they define the partial information decomposition (PID) as a generalization of Shannon's Mutual Information for multiple information sources. Their key insight is that ...
6
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0answers
275 views

Hemi-semi direct product of racks or quandles

In the category of racks (similarly quandles), instead of well-known semidirect product, we have the hemi-semi direct product construction as seen on Wagemann & Crans. As far as I know, semi ...
10
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4answers
1k views

Conjugation Quandles and… “Quandle-Groups”? From quandles to Groups

This question is already asked MathSE A quandle $(Q,*,/ )$ is a idempotent right-distributive and right invertible structure. 1) $a*a=a$ 2) $(a*b)*c=(a*c)*(b*c)$ 3) $(a*b) /b=(a/b)*b=a$ ...
3
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2answers
534 views

A name for the inverse image of the center of a quotient group?

Given the projection $\pi_A$ from a group $G$ to $G/A$ where $A$ is normal, is there a name and/or a standard notation for $\pi_A^{-1}\left(Z\left(G/A\right)\right)$? I came across this object in my ...
5
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1answer
322 views

One question about the quandle

Given a finite quandle $Q$, for any knot $K$ one can associate an invariant, i.e. the number of proper colorings $p(K)$. Let us consider the inverse $K^{-1}$ and mirror image $K'$ of $K$. My queston ...
8
votes
1answer
309 views

The equality problem between conjugate group elements

The Novikov--Boone Theorem, which is perhaps the archetypal local unsolvability result in group theory, states existence of a finitely presented group whose word problem is recursively unsolvable. ...
15
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2answers
534 views

Formally undecidable problems on finitely presented quandles

In the literature, one sometimes sees the claim that finitely presented quandles (in particular, knot quandles) are "hard to deal with". Hence, a great deal of effort has gone into studying finite ...
8
votes
2answers
754 views

Higher order quandle

The notion of quandle is known to be closely related to knot theory. The three axioms in the definition of quandle correspond to the Reidemeister moves. Recently I learned that there are higher ...