Questions tagged [birch-swinnerton-dyer]

Questions related to the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture about the vanishing order and first Taylor coefficient of the L-functions of elliptic curves at the point 1.

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Rank 1 curves with prime conductor have trivial torsion. Why?

In the LMFDB database, there are 337912 elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$ for which the rank is 1 and the conductor is a prime number. All of these curves have trivial torsion group. Is there a known ...
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3 votes
0 answers
145 views

Rank and Taylor coefficient in Birch and Swinnerton–Dyer

I am trying to get a better understanding of the Birch and Swinnerton–Dyer conjecture. I have two questions Why might one expect that the analytic rank of $L(E,s)$ is equal to the rank of $E(\mathbb{...
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  • 821
9 votes
1 answer
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Analogue of the original Birch–Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture for abelian varieties

$\newcommand{\Q}{\Bbb Q} \newcommand{\N}{\Bbb N} \newcommand{\R}{\Bbb R} \newcommand{\Z}{\Bbb Z} \newcommand{\C}{\Bbb C} \newcommand{\F}{\Bbb F} \newcommand{\p}{\mathfrak{p}} $ Let $A$ be an abelian ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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Which proportion of elliptic curves over Q is proved to satisfy BSD conjecture?

In 2014, Bhargava and other authors proved that more than 66 % of all elliptic curves defined over $ \mathbb{Q} $ satisfy the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture. Tonight I stumbled upon an article ...
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14 votes
3 answers
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Recent progress toward Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture

Has there been any progress toward the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture after The current status of the Birch & Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture
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  • 141
17 votes
2 answers
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Consequences of the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture?

Before asking my short question I had made some research. Unfortunately I did not find a good reference with some examples. My question is the following What are the consequences of the Birch and ...
7 votes
1 answer
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Does Chabauty-Coleman method give an algorithm for finding rational points?

Let $X$ be a curve of genus $g\geq 2$ over a number field $K$. If $\mathrm{rk} \,\mathrm{Jac}\, X$ is less than $g$ there is a $p$-adic method of bounding $\# X(K)$ due to Chabauty and Coleman (see ...
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  • 6,537
6 votes
1 answer
737 views

Relationship between Tate-Shafarevich group and the BSD conjecture

The finiteness of the Tate-Shafarevich group is known to be equivalent to BSD for elliptic curves over function fields over $\mathbb{F}_{q},$ this result is due to Kato and Trihan if I am not mistaken....
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12 votes
5 answers
1k views

Clarification on the weak BSD conjecture

It is usually told that Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer developped their famous conjecture after studying the growth of the function $$ f_E(x) = \prod_{p \le x}\frac{|E(\mathbb{F}_p)|}{p} $$ as $x$ tends to ...
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17 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the smallest positive integer for which the congruent number problem is unsolved?

The congruent number problem is the problem of figuring out whether a given positive integer $N$ is the area of a right-angled triangle with all side lengths rational. According to Dickson's "History ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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BSD and generalisation of Gross-Zagier formula

The classical Gross-Zagier formula and the modularity theorem leads to a proof of half-BSD (i.e. an inequality and not equality) for elliptic curves of analytic rank 0. The Gross-Zagier formula gives ...
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1 vote
0 answers
221 views

The Birch-Swinerton-Dyer conjecture for rank 1 [closed]

I'm reading the kolinvagin's work about the Birch Swinnerton-Dyer of elliptic curves woose rational points have rank one. I want to ask about the prerequisites to understand the Kolinvagin's work on ...
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  • 527
2 votes
1 answer
342 views

integral basis for the Lie algebra of the Neron model of an abelian variety

Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a number field $K$. Let $\mathcal{A}$ be the Neron model of $A$ over $O_K$. Let $\Omega_{\mathcal{A}/O_K}$ be the sheaf of invariant differential forms on $\mathcal{...
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  • 213
2 votes
2 answers
279 views

BSD leading-term coefficient in terms of places without distinction

After reading this blog post, I learned the BSD conjectural formula for the coefficient of the leading term $a_0$ of the L-function of an elliptic curve $E$, namely $$ a_0 \stackrel{?}{=} \frac{\...
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9 votes
1 answer
329 views

Is the leading Taylor coefficient at $s = 1$ of the $L$-series of an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$ positive, as predicted by BSD?

Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$. As proved by Wiles et al., its $L$-series $L(E, s)$ is entire. Set $r := \mathrm{ord}_{s = 1} L(E, s)$, a value conjecturally equal to $\mathrm{dim}_{\...
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7 votes
2 answers
819 views

BSD conjecture for X_0(17)

I use Magma to calculate the L-value, yields E:=EllipticCurve([1, -1, 1, -1, 0]); E; Evaluate(LSeries(E),1),RealPeriod(E),Evaluate(LSeries(E),1)/RealPeriod(E); Elliptic Curve defined by y^2 + x*y + y =...
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  • 73
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

A generalisation of the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture

We know that the grand Riemann hypothesis is a generalisation of the Riemann hypothesis and Generalized Riemann hypothesis. My question is about the existence of a similar generalisation of the Birch ...
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12 votes
3 answers
1k views

Deducing BSD from Gross-Zagier and Kolyvagin

Does anyone know which papers deduce BSD for elliptic curves $E/\mathbb{Q}$ of rank 0 or 1 from the papers by Gross and Zagier and Kolyvagin? If I understand these theories right, there is still a ...
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  • 953
7 votes
2 answers
715 views

Power series expansions of $L$-series

Let $\zeta_K(s)$ be the Dedekind zeta function for a number field $K$. We can understand the first non-vanishing coefficient of its Laurent series via the class number formula. Is anything known/...
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61 votes
3 answers
7k views

Is there a "Basic Number Theory" for elliptic curves?

Tate's thesis showed how to profitably analyze $\zeta$ functions of number fields in terms of adelic points on the multiplicative group. In particular, combining Fourier analysis and topology, Tate ...
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6 votes
1 answer
3k views

How did Birch and Swinnerton Dyer arrive at their conjecture?

I suspect that they knew that the $L-$function is defined only for $Re(s) \gt 3/2$. Did they attempt to evaluate the $L-$function at $s=1$ by plugging $s=1$ in the infinite product $\prod_p (\frac{1}...
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17 votes
6 answers
4k views

A non-technical account of the Birch—Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture

I was wondering whether anyone knows of any good non-technical or even popular expositions of the Birch—Swinnerton-Dyer conjecture, for someone with minimal background in elliptic curves. I was ...
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