Consider the differential equation on $\mathbb{R}^2$ whose polar-coordinate representation is given by $$ \begin{array}{r c l} \dot{r} & = & r(\alpha - r^2) \\ \dot{\theta} & = & -sin(\theta).\end{array} $$ If $\alpha \leq 0$, then the origin $(0,0)$ is a globally asymptotically stable fixed point.

If $\alpha>0$, then there are three fixed points:

- the origin $(0,0)$ is an
*unstable*fixed point; - the point $(-\sqrt{\alpha},0)$ is a
*saddle*(attracting in the $x$-direction and repelling in the $y$-direction); - the point $(\sqrt{\alpha},0)$ is a
*stable*fixed point, whose basin of attraction is $\,\mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \{(x,0):x \leq 0\}$.

*Is there a name for this kind of bifurcation scenario?*

**Remark.** There is one heteroclinic connection from $(0,0)$ to $(-\sqrt{\alpha},0)$, namely the set $\{(x,0): -\sqrt{\alpha} \leq x \leq 0\}$. There are two heteroclinic connections from $(-\sqrt{\alpha},0)$ to $(\sqrt{\alpha},0)$, namely, the upper semicircle of radius $\sqrt{\alpha}$ about the origin, and the lower semicircle of radius $\sqrt{\alpha}$ about the origin.