# Can convolution on $R_+$ be discontinuous everywhere ?

Let $L^+$ be a set of all real valued functions defined on a real line which are Lebesgue integrable on each $[0,c]$, where $c>0$, and are zero for $x<0$. Let for $a>0$, $f_a(t)=(t-a)^{-3/4}$ for $t>a$ and $0$ for $t \leq a$. Then, for $a,b>0$, convolution $(f_a*f_b)(x):=\int_0^x f_a(x-y)f_b(y)dy=\beta (x-a-b)^{-\frac{1}{2}}$ for $x> a+b$ and $0$ for $x \leq a+b$, where $\beta=B(\frac{1}{4}, \frac{1}{4})$. It shows that convolution of two functions from $L^+$ need not be continuous. Is it possible, maybe by condensation of singularities and above example to show existence of two functions from $L^+$ which convolution is discontinuous everywhere
on $[0, \infty)$?

• You say $\int_0^x f_a(x-y)f_b(y)dy=f_{a+b}(x)$. My calculations disagree. But the convolution $f_a * f_b$ is, indeed, unbounded at $a+b$. – Gerald Edgar Mar 31 '12 at 17:12
• Sorry, I did mistake. I just have edited. – arc Mar 31 '12 at 18:21

How about this. If $g \in L^+$, then almost every point is a Lebesgue point for $g$. And if $h \in L^+$, then almost every point is a Lebesgue point for $h$. We should then be able to show that the convolution $g * h$ is differentiable almost everywhere. Or something like that.
• Certainly $f*g$ is locally $L^1$, so almost all points are also Lebesgue points for $f*g$. For every such point $x$ and every $\varepsilon>0$ there exists a $\delta>0$ with almost all points $y\in B(x,\delta)$ satisfying $|f*g(x)-f*g(y)|<\varepsilon$. (Why? Just assume not...) So there exists a version of $f*g$ continuous at $x$. With a little thought you can now devise a scheme to modify $f*g$ so it really is continuous except at countably many points. – Ollie Apr 1 '12 at 0:59
You can't have a convolution of two functions in $L_1(0,c)$ that is not in $L_1(0,c)$, else you violate Young's inequality, or the fact that $L_1(0,c)$ (i.e. the space you refer to as $L^{+}$) is a Banach algebra under convolution, so the answer is no. I assume you are taking $a < c$ and $b < c$ (otherwise you can't work in $L_1(\mathbb{R})$ because $f_a$ and $f_b$ don't belong there).
However, if you are trying to construct a function that is discontinuous on a dense set, I do get the feeling that your construction wont do because the output of your convolution is (as you would expect) better behaved than the inputs, it is locally in $L_{2-\epsilon}$ and still has only one point of discontinuity. Perhaps I am missing the point here, though. Can you explain a bit more about what you want to achieve and your approach?
• An $L^1$ function can be discontinuous everywhere. – Gerald Edgar Mar 31 '12 at 23:36