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Consider a special type of convex function $g(\cdot):\mathbb{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}_+\cup\{+\infty\}$ such that $g(x)=+\infty$ as $|x|\to \infty$. Then $g$ is differentiable almost everywhere within its domain. Now consider the quantity $$\frac{\nabla g(x)}{(g(x))^{1+\delta}},$$ where $\delta>0$. Can we get some estimate of type $$||\nabla g(x)||_2\leq c_g(1+|x|)^{-\gamma} ((g(x))^{1+\delta}$$ for some $\gamma>0$ and all $|x|>R$, where $c_g$ may depend on some 'local' information of $g$ but not asymptotically as $x \to \infty$, and $R$ is independent of $g$? Or is there a counterexample?

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    $\begingroup$ You can find a counterexample for $d=1$ among functions which are linear on each interval $[n,n+1]$. $\endgroup$ Apr 12, 2015 at 6:15
  • $\begingroup$ @AntonPetrunin For piecewise function the left hand side is always $0$, where is the contradiction? $\endgroup$
    – Roy Han
    Apr 12, 2015 at 6:41
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    $\begingroup$ $g$ is piecewise linear (not piecewise constant). $\endgroup$ Apr 12, 2015 at 17:50

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Let me explain first what Anton wrote: we construct piecewise linear function $f$ by on $[0,n]$ by induction in $n$. Suppose that it is already constructed on $[0,n]$. Define the right derivative $D^+f(n)$ so that your inequality is violated. Then extend $f$ linearly on $[n,n+1]$. Then smoothen, if you need a smooth function.

However, inequality $f'\leq f^{1+\epsilon}$ holds on ``most'' of the positive ray: the set where it is violated has finite measure. Indeed, assuming that $f$ is increasing, let $E$ be the set where $f'>f^{1+\epsilon}$, and $a>0$ is the left-most point of $E$. Then $$|E|\leq\int_E\frac{f'}{f^{1+\epsilon}}dx=\int_{f(E)}\frac{dw}{w^{1+\epsilon}}<\int_{f(a)}\frac{dw}{w^{1+\epsilon}}<\infty.$$ I do not know what is the appropriate extension of this argument to higher dimensions, but certainly some statements of this sort can be made.

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