The $p$-Wasserstein between two measures $\nu_1$ and $\nu_2$ on $X$ is given by

$$d_p(\nu_{1},\nu_{2})=\underset{\pi\in\Gamma(\nu_{1},\nu_{2})}{\inf}\int_{\mathbf{\mathcal{X}}^{2}}d(x,y)^p\pi(dx,dy)$$

where $\Gamma(\nu_{1},\nu_{2})$ is the set of all couplings between $\nu_1$ and $\nu_2$. For $X=\mathbb{R}^d$ and $d$ being the euclidean distance the optimal transport between $\nu_{1}=N(m,V)$ and $\nu_{2}=N(n,U)$ is well known for $p=2$ see e.g. On Wasserstein geometry of the space of Gaussian measures by Asuka Takatsu. However what is known for $p=1$ for the Euclidean distance or other "reasonable" metrics? I am interested in explicit formulas or sharp bounds.