*I would perhaps to this post add problems of a similar kind.*

Problem 1. Prove convergence of the integral $\int_0^{\infty} xe^{-x^6\sin^2x}dx$,

From
https://www.desmos.com/calculator/sjizhbtbhp
we see the function can be best interpreted as follows: $(\frac{1}{e})^{\sin^2x}$ is a periodic function, with 'peak' 1 at $\sin x=0$, 'bottom' 1/e at $\sin x=1$. The wave is greatly shrinked, or each peak becomes greatly narrowed down by taking $x^6$-th power of it (and *the greater x is, the narrower each peak becomes, that's key to the integrability*); though the peak value is retained for it's 1. The narrowed wave is amplified by x, but that doesn't change the integrability. We need only to show the sum of all narrow peak near x=n$\pi$ converges (for in the tail (x near $\infty$), anywhere else is almost 0 as the result of $x^6$(*huge*)-th power of a number *less than unity*.

One possible way is to realize the behavior and size of $\sin(n\pi+h)$ (h small) is exactly like that of $\sin(0+h)$, so we can (by changing independent variable) move the curve near $n\pi$ to near 0. Similar idea may be applied to another problem $\int_{\pi}^\infty \frac{dx}{x^2(\sin x)^{2/3}}$

*Proof:* $\sin^2(n\pi+h/2)
=\frac{1-\cos{(2n\pi+h)}}{2}=\frac{\frac{h^2}{2!}-\frac{h^4}{4!}+\dots}{2}>\frac{h^2}{2\cdot2!}$

When x is near $n\pi$ but no less than h/2 away from it, $\exp\{-\sin^2(x)x^6\}<\exp\{-\sin^2(n\pi-\pi/2)x^6\}<\exp\{-\frac{h^2}{2\cdot2!} (n\pi+h/2)^6\}$,

Let $h<\frac{1}{n^{2+\lambda}}$, where 0<$\lambda<1/2$, then $\sum_n \int_{n\pi-h/2}^{n\pi+h/2} x\exp\{-\sin^2(x)x^6\}<\sum_n h\cdot 1$, which converges (to less than $\frac{\pi^2}{6}$).

$\sum_n(\int_{n\pi-\pi/2}^{n\pi-h/2}+ \int_{n\pi+h/2}^{n\pi+\pi/2}) \exp\{-\sin^2(x)x^6\}<\sum_n\pi \exp\{-\frac{h^2}{2\cdot2!} (n\pi+h/2)^6\}=\sum_n\pi \exp\{-\frac{(\frac{1}{n^{2+\lambda}})^2}{2\cdot2!} (n\pi+h/2)^6\}=\sum_n\pi \exp\{-Kn^{2-2\lambda}\}$, where K is a positive constant, roughly $\frac{\pi^6}{4}$. The series is less than $\sum_n\pi (\frac{1}{e})^{K{n}}$, a geometric series converging to $\frac{\pi}{1-\frac{1}{e^K}}$(possibly plus a constant $C$ representing sum of the beginning iterms).

So the integral is at least bounded to a small neighbourhood of

$$l<\frac{\pi^2}{6}+\frac{\pi}{1-\frac{1}{e^{[\frac{\pi^6}{4}]}}}+C.\blacksquare$$

My questions:

- How can one proceed from that to prove the convergence of the integral?
- Is there a neater way to prove it?