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I asked this two weeks ago at https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3571697/squares-in-a-second-order-integer-recursive-sequence

Most of the related question shown to me while composing are about primes, not squares...

Given a sequence $x_n$ as in https://oeis.org/A001075 $$ 1, 2, 7, 26, 97, 362, 1351, $$ such that $$ x_{n+2} = 4 x_{n+1} - x_n $$

These are the $x$ values in $x^2-3y^2 = 1$

Can we find, and prove, all squares in the sequence and all double squares? I see that Cohn did this for the Fibonacci and Lucas numbers in the 1960's. For this sequence, it seems $1$ is the only square and $2$ is the only doubled square.

alright, an answer at the recent Squares in Lucas sequences does give a reference Petho

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  • $\begingroup$ Is this sequence somehow special? (and why?) $\endgroup$ – Wlod AA Mar 24 at 9:38
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CW. this turns out to be a question from May 2020 in a Hungarian magazine for high school students; a bit deflating. The deadline was June 10th and an answer became available online; they did squares but did not bother with twice squares.

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