Today this is common, but how exactly did it start? I am looking for examples in various languages, and suggest:
- Exclude Latin (as more “ancient” or “international” than “foreign”)
- Exclude French after, say, Huygens (as well-known: Leibniz, Euler, Jacobi, Dirichlet, etc.)
- Exclude anything resulting from a visit or permanent move to the foreign country (thus Cauchy or Riemann in Italian, World War refugees in English, etc.)
- Exclude translations not originated by the author.
- Do not otherwise exclude (early) English and German!
Bend these rules if necessary. Mathematical physics or celestial mechanics qualify. This ties in with various questions at hsm, but I am hoping for a wider pool of knowledge here. So far I am only aware of isolated(?) examples by Abel, Plücker, Lie, Lorentz, without clear lineage to the present.