# complete non-compact Riemannian manifolds and critical points

For a complete non-compact Riemannian manifold with sectional curvature positive, it is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ by known result. Choose a point $p$ on the manifold, is it possible that the distance function $d(p, \cdot)$ has a sequence of critical points going to the infinity of the manifold?

• Sectional curvature is positive or nonpositive? – Mahdi Aug 6 '17 at 11:12
• strictly positive sectional curvature. – mmaatthh Aug 6 '17 at 11:45

Let $q_1,\dots,q_n$ be a sequence of critical points such that $$|q_{n+1}-p|\ge 2\cdot |q_n-p|.$$ By Toponogov's comparison, $$\measuredangle [p\,^{q_i}_{q_j}]\ge \tfrac\pi3.$$ Hence we get a bound on $n$.
• What about $3$-dim complete Riemannian manifold with $Rc> 0$? Schoen-Yau had proved it is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^3$, is it also true that all critical points with respect to a fixed point $p$ is in a compact set?@Anton Petrunin – mmaatthh Aug 7 '17 at 0:00