Over $\mathbb{A}^n$, it is easy to construct Dmodules by writing down an explicit linear system of PDE's and then writing a presentation of the associated Dmodule $$ \mathcal{D}^n \xrightarrow{} \mathcal{D}^m \to \mathcal{M} \to 0 $$ Is there an analogous process for constructing Dmodules over projective space as an explicit system of differential equations?
You can construct $\mathcal{D}$ modules on projective space (or actually any space) by precisely the same process: write down a system of PDE's (using differential operators on the whole of $\mathbb{P}^n$) and consider the corresponding quotient. The key caveat is that on a general space, not every $\mathcal{D}$module will be of this form: some of them can be defined using systems on different coordinate patches which are consistent, but not globally (I think a degree 0 line bundle on an elliptic curve should give a counterexample). However, $\mathbb{P}^n$ is special, and every $\mathcal{D}$module can be defined this way (by the BeilinsonBernstein theorem).

$\begingroup$ Will $\mathcal{D}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(\mathbb{P}^n) = \mathbb{C}\left[\frac{\partial}{\partial x_0}, \ldots, \frac{\partial}{\partial x_n}\right]$? $\endgroup$ – 54321user Jan 3 '17 at 1:42

2$\begingroup$ @user251222 Those expressions don't even make sense as differential operators, since they have poles at $\infty$. The polynomial differential operators are generated by $x_i\frac{\partial}{\partial x_j}$. $\endgroup$ – Ben Webster♦ Jan 3 '17 at 2:24

$\begingroup$ Oh, why is that true? Do you have a reference? $\endgroup$ – 54321user Jan 3 '17 at 4:38

1$\begingroup$ Look at Section 11.3 of Hotta, Takeuchi and Tanisaki (math.columbia.edu/~scautis/dmodules/hottaetal.pdf). The essential point is that these vector fields (thought of as functions on $T^*\mathbb{P}^n$) generate all the polynomial functions on the cotangent bundle, since the induced map from $T^*\mathbb{P}^n$ to $(n+1)\times (n+1)$matrices is a resolution of singularities of the rank $\leq 1$ matrices. $\endgroup$ – Ben Webster♦ Jan 3 '17 at 13:33

1$\begingroup$ Also take a look at "Dmodules on Smooth Toric Varieties" (arxiv.org/abs/math/0007099) $\endgroup$ – Avi Steiner Jan 17 '17 at 15:30