I am trying to learn the theory of linear algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field. I know that if $R(G)$ denotes it radical, then $G/R(G)$ is semisimple and is therefore equal to its own commutator. So $G/R(G)=[G/R(G),G/R(G)]=[G,G]R(G)/R(G)=[G,G]/(R(G) \cap [G,G])$. So it's a quotient of the commutator by a finite normal subgroup.

But why would the rank (dimension of a maximal torus) of $[G,G]$ be equal to the rank of the quotient of $[G,G]$ by a finite subgroup? In general, is the rank additive in short exact sequences? I know it is true for the sequence

$1 \rightarrow SL_n(k) \rightarrow GL_n(K) \rightarrow \mathbb{G}_m \rightarrow 1$.