Consider the Hilbert space $H = L^2(\mathbb{R})$, and a bounded operator $A \in B(H)$ which satisfies: $$ \forall f \in H, \quad Af \text{ is trace class and } Tr(Af) < C \| f \|_{H}, $$ where $f$ is seen as the multiplicative operator by the function $f$. Can we deduce $$ \forall f \in H, \quad fA \text{ is trace class}, $$ which will automatically imply that $Tr(Af) = Tr(fA)$?

Does someone know whether such a result has been investigated, and if yes, what was the result? Thanks


The answer to your original question is NO. Here is an counterexample:

For simplicity, assume everything is real-valued and the Hilbert space is over $\mathbb{R}$, let $$ \varphi \in L^2(\mathbb{R}) \setminus L^\infty(\mathbb{R}) \text{ and } \varphi\chi_{[0,1]}\in L^\infty([0,1]);$$ $$\psi \in L^2([0,1]) \cap L^\infty([0,1]).$$

Consider the rank one operator $A = \varphi \otimes \psi$, i.e., $$ A(\xi) = \varphi \langle \xi, \psi\rangle_{L^2(\mathbb{R})}. $$ Then $A$ verifies of course your assumption. Indeed, we have $$ Af = \varphi \otimes (\psi\cdot f) \text{ and } \mathrm{tr} (Af) = \int\varphi(x) \psi(x) f(x) dx \le \|\varphi\psi \|_{L^2([0,1]} \| f\|_{L^2([0,1])} \le C\| f\|_H. $$ But now, for $fA$ to be in $B(H)$, it is necessary that for any $\xi \in H$, we have $$ f \in H \Longrightarrow f \cdot A(\xi) \in H, $$ this means that $A(\xi) \in L^\infty(\mathbb{R}) \cap L^2(\mathbb{R})$. But by our choice of $\varphi$, we know that $$ A(\psi) = \| \psi\|_H^2\cdot \varphi \notin L^\infty(\mathbb{R}) \cap L^2(\mathbb{R}). $$ This means that $fA$ is not even in $B(H)$.


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