# Is the total space of a family of normal varieties a normal variety?

Let $f:X \rightarrow C$ be a flat morphism from a complex variety $X$ to a smooth curve $C$. If any fiber $X_{t}=f^{-1}(t)$ is a reduced normal projective variety, is the total space $X$ a normal variety?

Let $R$ be a dvr with field of fractions $K$ and residue field $k$. Let $X$ be an $R$-scheme such that $O_X(U)$ is flat over $R$ for all affine open subschemes $U$ of $X$. Suppose that $X_K$ is normal and that $X_k$ is reduced. Then $X$ is normal.