Let $K$ be a differential field with algebraically closed constant field $C$ (Think $K=\mathbb{C}(x)$ here). I am looking for an example of a simple algebraic extension $L = K[t]$, such, that $t' \notin K$, i.e., $[ K[t']: K] > 1$. In other words, I am looking for an example of an irreducible polynomial $p(t)$ over the univariate polynomial ring $K[t]$ such, that the derivative $p'(t)$ does not split completely in linear factors over $K$ (the derivative with respect to the canonical extension of the derivative of $K$). I am not sure if such a polynomial even exists, but with $\mathbb{C}(x) = K$ in mind I don't even have a good way to construct examples of irreducible polynomials at all. I would be happy to even see a single example of an irreducible polynomial over $\mathbb{C}(x)$ even if its derivative is not proper algebraic.

Just for some more context: the actual origin of this question is two different definitions I saw for an elementary extension of a differential field. In both they call a differential field extension $L/K$ elementary, if you have a tower of fields $K = K_0 \leq K_1 = K_0[t_1] \leq ... \leq K_n = K_{n-1}[t_n] = L$. The first definition wants $t_{i}$ for $i = 1, ..., k$ to be algebraic over $K_{i-1}$ or for the logarithmic derivative $t_i'/t_i \in K_{i-1}$ to be there, and $t_{k+1}, ..., t_n$ to be integrals of elements in $K$. The second definition just wants each $t_i$ to be either algebraic over $K_{i-1}$, or for the logarithmic derivative to be a derivative already in the field before, i.e. $ \exists 0 \neq u \in K_{i-1}$ with $t_i'/t_i = u'$, or for $t_i$ to be the integral of a logarithmic derivative, i.e. $\exists 0 \neq u \in K_{i-1}$ with $t_i' = u_i'/u_i$. Trying to prove these to be equivalent, I came to the thought that the second definition was stronger, and if I find such an extension, it would be of the second class but not of the first one, since the first one does not allow you to have integrals of properly algebraic elements, whereas the second one does, as long as these are derivatives of some element already in the extension.