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Let $\pi : \mathcal T \to \mathcal A$ be a homological functor from a stable / triangulated category to an abelian category, and let $\mathcal C \subseteq \mathcal A$ be a weak Serre subcategory. Let $\pi^{-1}(\mathcal C) \subseteq \mathcal T$ be the full subcategory of objects $T$ such that $\pi(\Sigma^n T) \in \mathcal C$ for all $n \in \mathbb Z$. Then $\pi^{-1}(\mathcal C)$ is a thick subcategory of $\mathcal T$ ("by construction" -- this is kind of the whole point of weak Serre classes!)

Question: Suppose that $\mathcal P \subseteq \mathcal T$ is a thick subcategory of a stable / triangulated category $\mathcal T$. Under what conditions does there exist an abelian category $\mathcal A$, a homological functor $\pi : \mathcal T \to \mathcal A$, and a weak Serre class $\mathcal C \subseteq \mathcal A$ such that $\mathcal P = \pi^{-1}(\mathcal C)$?

I'm also interested in the version of this question where $\mathcal T$ is compactly-generated, $\mathcal A$ is required to be Grothendieck, and $\mathcal \pi$ is required to commute with filtered colimits.

EDIT: I realize that when $\mathcal P$ is closed under colimits, then it's fruitful to think of this question in terms of the localization $\mathcal T / \mathcal P$. But, as I should have specified, this question is motivated primarily by the case where $\mathcal P$ is a thick subcategory which is not closed under coproducts -- in fact, I'd be happy to restrict to the case where $\mathcal P$ is small. For example, consider the case where $\mathcal T$ is the category of spectra and $\mathcal P$ is the full subcategory of finite-type spectra. Then $\mathcal P = \pi^{-1}(\mathcal F)$, where $\pi : \mathcal T \to Ab$ takes homotopy groups, and $\mathcal F \subset Ab$ is the full subcategory of finitely-generated abelian groups. I'm wondering to what extent one can understand small thick subcategories in terms of homological functors.

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  • $\begingroup$ An example of $\mathcal P$ which is of the above form is the thick subcategory of $p$-complete spectra sitting among all spectra; here $\pi : Spt \to Ab$ takes stable homotopy groups and $\mathcal C \subset Ab$ comprises the $p$-local, cotorsion abelian groups. I'm a bit confused now, but I think maybe one gets thick subcategories not obviously of this form from chromatic homotopy theory? $\endgroup$
    – Tim Campion
    Oct 18, 2021 at 19:05
  • $\begingroup$ Are you willing to pass to a larger universe?:) Then you can just take $\mathcal{C}=0$, $\mathcal{A}$ to be abelian groups, and consider the product of functors that are corepresentable in the quotient $\mathcal{T}/\mathcal{P}$. I can say more about this recipe in the compactly generated setting. $\endgroup$ Nov 13, 2021 at 17:07
  • $\begingroup$ @MikhailBondarko Oh... I would indeed be willing to pass to a larger universe. I'd be very interested to hear what you have to say $\endgroup$
    – Tim Campion
    Nov 14, 2021 at 20:09

1 Answer 1

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"Almost certainly" (as far as I remember, one needs either a set of generators for $\mathcal P$ or the Vopenka principle; see Theorem 7.2.1 of Krause's https://arxiv.org/abs/0806.1324) if $\mathcal{P}$ is closed with respect to $\mathcal{T}$-coproducts then the Verdier quotient $\mathcal{T}/\mathcal{P}$ is locally small and well generated. Thus if $L:\mathcal{T} \to \mathcal{T}/\mathcal{P}$ is the localization functor then you can compose it

(i) either with the collection of functors corepresentable by the corresponding generators. This will give a collection of functors into abelian groups whose kernel is $\mathcal{P}$. Unfortunately, these functors do not have to respect coproducts.

(ii) or with the functor into the category $\hat{\mathcal{S}}$ of coherent functors, where $\mathcal{S}$ is the $\coprod$-closure in $\mathcal{T}/\mathcal{P}$ of a perfect set of generators $\mathcal{S}_0$; see Krause's https://eudml.org/doc/49219. You will obtain a functor that respect coproducts and whose target is AB4.

I don't know how to respect coproducts and make the target Grothendieck abelian simultaneously, sorry. Possibly, Krause's papers on localizations contain a solution.:)

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    $\begingroup$ So, I suspect that you will not obtain many new examples if you take $\mathcal{C}$ that is not zero. $\endgroup$ Nov 15, 2021 at 9:58
  • $\begingroup$ Ah, thanks, that's enlightening! I realize now I should stress that I'm particularly interested in examples of $\mathcal P$ which are not closed under small coproducts, such as when $\mathcal P \subset Spt$ comprises the spectra of finite type. I will edit to clarify this. $\endgroup$
    – Tim Campion
    Nov 15, 2021 at 18:45
  • $\begingroup$ Anyway, your $\mathcal{P}$ should be closed with respect to the operations $X\mapsto \coprod_i X[s_i]$, where $|s_i|\to \infty$. $\endgroup$ Nov 16, 2021 at 12:25
  • $\begingroup$ I'm not sure I follow -- if $X$ is of finite type but unbounded below, then $\amalg_i X[s_i]$ is not of finite type for suitable $|s_i| \to \infty$. $\endgroup$
    – Tim Campion
    Dec 9, 2021 at 18:24
  • $\begingroup$ Sorry; it appears that I made a mistake. $\endgroup$ Dec 9, 2021 at 18:51

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