First, it's easy to see that *real* solutions can be rescaled to be rational and therefore also integer.

For $n=7$ there are no solutions.

For $n=6$ there are essentially 4 primitive integral solutions, with only one consisting of natural numbers (as requested):

$\big(-35+12(1,2,4,3,6,5)\big) \times \big(-5+2(5,6,1,2,3,4)\big) = -153+38(1,2,3,4,5,6)$

$\big(-19+6(1,2,5,6,3,4)\big) \times \big(-5+2(5,6,1,2,3,4)\big) = -81+16(1,2,3,4,5,6)$

$\big(-10+3(1,3,2,4,6,5)\big) \times \big(-3+1(3,1,2,6,4,5)\big) = -2+2(1,2,3,4,5,6)$

$\big(1+6(1,5,3,2,6,4)\big) \times \big(5+6(5,1,3,6,2,4)\big) = 149+96(1,2,3,4,5,6)$

Other sequences can be obtained by rescaling, switching $a$ and $b$, reversing the orders, and replacing permutations $a,b$ with $7-a,7-b$ while adjusting the other parameters accordingly.

**Sketch of proof.**

Using bold letters for permutations of of the numbers $1,2,\dots n$, we are looking for real solutions to this equation:

$(a+d{\bf u})(b+e{\bf v})=c+f(1,2,\dots n)$

that is

$(1,2,\dots n)=\frac{ab-c}{f}+\frac{bd}{f}{\bf u}+\frac{ae}{f}{\bf v}+\frac{de}{f}{\bf uv}$

Therefore, given $\bf u,v$, the coefficients $\frac{ab-c}{f},\frac{bd}{f},\frac{ae}{f},\frac{de}{f}$ can be computed by a standard linear regression with $(1,2,\dots n)$ as the dependent ($y$-)variable and **intercept**, $\bf u$, $\bf v$ and $\bf uv$ as the 4 independent ($x$-)variables. Once $\frac{bd}{f},\frac{ae}{f},\frac{de}{f}$ are known, then also $\frac{b}{e}$ and $\frac{a}{d}$ are, and these determine the coprime pairs $(a,d)$ and $(b,e)$, uniquely for $d,e>0$.

There are $n!-2$ possibilities for each of $\bf u$ and $\bf v$ (excluding the trivial $(1,2,\dots n)$ and $(n,n-1,\dots 1)$).
Moreover we can assume ${\bf v}\ge {\bf u}$ (lexicographically) and also, obviously, that whenever $u_j<u_i$ for $j>i$ then $\bf v$ must satisfy $v_j>v_i$. Last, we want to avoid the singular cases ${\bf u}+{\bf v}=(n+1,n+1,\dots n+1)$. Given all these restrictions there are only $14777$ pairs $({\bf u},{\bf v})$ left for $n=6$ and $328790$ left for $n=7$.
I produced all these pairs with simple awk scripts and ran the $14777+328790$ regressions with awk+shell+Rscript, looking for the cases where both $\frac{de}{f}\ne 0$ and $\text{r-squared}=1$. The search produced 8 hits for $n=6$, that is $4$ pairs of related solutions, and no hits for $n=7$.

I **conjecture** that there are no solutions for $n\ge 8$. The case $n=8$ is definitely within computational reach using the method above, but a better programmer than myself is needed for it. It would be easy to also find *all* the solutions for $n\le 5$, but I ran out of motivation.