I am trying to prove the following $\mathrm{Conn}^{\mathrm{reg}}(X) = \mathrm{Conn}(X) \cap \mathrm{Mod}_{rh}(\mathcal{D}_X)$. Here an integrable connection on a smooth algebraic variety $X$ is a $\mathcal{D}_X$ module which is locally free over $\mathcal{O}_X$ of finite rank. Regular integrable connections and regular holonomic modules are defined as in the book $\mathcal{D}$-modules, perverse sheaves and representation theory. The inclusion of the left-hand side into the right-hand side is easy because the composition factors of an integrable connection are integrable connections and regularity is closed under submodules, quotient modules and extensions. Where I got stuck is the other inclusion. Let $M$ be an integrable connection which is regular holonomic. Let $L_i$ a composition factor on $M$, then $L_i \simeq L(Y_i, N_i)$ where $N_i$ is a regular integrable connection on $Y_i$, and $Y_i$ is a locally closed smooth subvariety of $X$ such that the inclusion is affine. We notice that ($L_i$ is an integrable connection) we have $L(X,L_i) \simeq L_i \simeq L(Y_i, N_i)$. Therefore, by Theorem 3.4.2. on the same book, we have that $Y_i$ is dense (hence open being locally closed) and there exists a dense open subset $Y$ of $Y_i$ (which is, therefore, open dense in $X$) such that $L_i \vert_Y \simeq N_i \vert_Y$. Here is where I got stuck because I do not understand how I can conclude that the whole $L_i$ is a regular integrable connection, which is what I want to prove in order to prove that $M$ is a regular integrable connection.


This is actually just Theorem 6.1.6 (Curve Testing Criterion) combined with Defintion 5.3.2 (the definition of regular integrable connection).

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  • $\begingroup$ Ok, I see how to prove the claim assuming that theorem. However, in the book the claim comes before that theorem. Is there a way to solve the problem without that theorem? $\endgroup$ – Federico Barbacovi Jul 5 '18 at 18:26
  • $\begingroup$ I haven't looked at the theorem in detail, but I think in the process of the proof, they actually reduce things to proving what you want. $\endgroup$ – Avi Steiner Jul 5 '18 at 18:27
  • $\begingroup$ I read the proof again and I think you are right. Thank you. $\endgroup$ – Federico Barbacovi Jul 5 '18 at 18:28

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