I am not 100% clear what you are asking, but I will answer according to two interpretations:

a) Suppose that $F$, a metrizable TVS, is the strong dual of $E$, a locally convex TVS. Need $F$ be complete?

The answer to this question is no, by the following counterexample, where we obtain an incomplete normed space as the strong dual of a locally convex space.

Take $E$ to be $B(\mathcal{H})$, the bounded operators on an an infinite dimensional Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. The topology on $B(\mathcal{H})$ we will use is the strong operator topology (SOT, i.e. pointwise convergence of Hilbert space norm). It is not hard to show that, as a vector space, $F = E'$ is $\mathrm{FinRank}(\mathcal{H})$, the finite-rank operators (see, for example, Takesaki's *Theory of Operator Algebras I*, Theorem II.2.6). To work out what the strong dual topology on $F$ is, we need to know what the bounded sets are for the SOT on $B(\mathcal{H})$.

To this end, we can use the completeness of $\mathcal{H}$ and apply the uniform boundedness principle (see Schaefer's *Topological Vector Spaces*, III.4.2), showing SOT-bounded sets are exactly equicontinuous sets, *a.k.a.* norm-bounded sets in $B(\mathcal{H})$. Therefore the strong dual topology on $F$ is that defined by the dual norm, which is the trace-class norm on $\mathrm{FinRank}(\mathcal{H})$. As $\mathcal{H}$ is infinite-dimensional, $F$ is not complete in this norm, as there are trace-class operators that are not of finite rank.

(Added in edit: Here, the definition of strong dual topology on $F$ that I used was the unique locally convex topology having the polars of the bounded sets of $E$ as basic 0-neighbourhoods. It can also mean (as it does in Schaefer) the topology obtained by taking the polars of *weakly* (*i.e.* $\sigma(E,F)$) bounded sets instead. In this case, as $\sigma(E,F) = \sigma(B(\mathcal{H}),\mathrm{FinRank}(\mathcal{H}))$ is the weak operator topology, these are the WOT-bounded sets. Fortunately, WOT-bounded sets can be shown to be SOT-bounded by applying the uniform boundedness principle pointwise, so the two definitions of strong topology on $F$ coincide.)

b) Suppose that $F$, a metrizable TVS, is the strong dual of $E$, a metrizable TVS. Need $F$ be complete?

The answer to this question is yes, and also that $F$ is a Banach space (or "Banachable" space, without choosing any norm in particular). This is a consequence of this answer, plus the fact that the dual of a normed space is a Banach space.