The following is not an answer, just an observation suggesting that maybe the question should be rephrased. I claim that if $X$ is a fibrant scaled simplicial set whose decalage is a fibrant marked simplcial set then both $X$ and $Y$ must in fact be $\infty$-groupoid (i.e., all the triangles in $X$ are thin, all the edges in $Y$ are marked, and the underlying simplicial sets of both $X$ and $Y$ are Kan complexes). Let me give a proof for the case where $X$ has exactly one vertex $x_0$ (the proof in the general case is similar). Let $y_0 \in Y_0$ be the object corresponding to the degenerate edge $s(x_0)$. Let $e$ be an edge in $X$ and let $y_e \in Y_0$ be the corresponding vertex. Then there is a degenerate triangle in $X$ with edges $s(x_0),e,e$ whose corresponding edge in $Y$ is not degenerate (recall that in the decalage process the last degeneracy in each dimension disappears). This gives an edge in $Y$ from $y_0$ to $y_e$ which must be marked because it corresponds to a degenerate (and hence thin) triangle of $X$. This shows in particular that all the objects in $Y$ are equivalent to each other. Since $Y$ is a fibrant marked simplicial set this means that there must be a marked edge between every two objects in $Y$. This now implies that every map $\Lambda^2_0 \longrightarrow X$ can be extended to a thin triangle $\Delta^2 \longrightarrow X$, which, in turn, implies that the maximal sub-$(\infty,1)$-category of $X$ is an $\infty$-groupoid (i.e., the maximal sub-simplicial set of $X$ in which all the triangles are thin is a Kan complex). This means that the automorphism category of $x_0$ is a monoidal $(\infty,1)$-category in which every object has an "inverse object". But it is known that such a monoidal $(\infty,1)$-category must be an $\infty$-groupoid. This implies that $X$ is actually an $(\infty,1)$-category, and hence an $\infty$-groupoid by the above. As a result $Y$ must be an $\infty$-groupoid as well.

**Edit**: I realized the argument above has a problem. It is not true in general that a monoidal $(\infty,1)$-category in which every object has an inverse is an $\infty$-groupoid. An alternative way to finish the argument is as follows. Let $e_1,e_2$ be two edges of $X$. Then every three edges in $Y$ of the form $f: y_0 \to y_{e_1}$, $g: y_{e_1} \to y_{e_2}$ and $h: y_0 \to y_{e_2}$, with $f$ and $h$ marked, can be extended to a triangle $\Delta^2 \to Y$. This is because the corresponding extension problem in $X$ is scaled anodyne (note that the edge of $X$ corresponding to $y_0$ is degenerate). We may hence conclude that $g$ is marked. But $g$ is completely arbitrary (since marked $f$ and $h$ always exist by the above arguments), and hence all the edges of $Y$ are marked. It follows that all the triangles of $X$ are thin, and hence we may conclude as above that $X$ and $Y$ are both $\infty$-groupoids.