Can anyone suggest me how to calculate explicitly the Bredon Cohomology of the sphere(at least for 2dimensional case) with antipodal Z/2action with constant coefficient system associated to integers?
1 Answer
EDIT: per request.
We can be pretty explicit in this case: the $n$sphere with antipodal action has a $\Bbb Z/2$equivariant cell structure whose $k$skeleton is the $k$sphere. As a result, we get a cellular chain complex of coefficient systems: $$ 0 \leftarrow C_0 \leftarrow C_2 \leftarrow \cdots \leftarrow C_n $$ where $C_k$ is the coefficient system associated to $(S^k,S^{k1})$. According to Bredon's definitions, we calculate the value of the coefficient system on the trivial orbit $*$ as $H_k((S^k)^{\Bbb Z/2},(S^{k1})^{\Bbb Z/2})$, which is trivial; we calculate the value on the orbit $\Bbb Z/2$ as $H_k(S^k,S^{k1}) = \Bbb Z \oplus \Bbb Z$ where the generator $g$ of $\Bbb Z/2$action swaps the two factors.
Therefore, in each degree the coefficient group is the same coefficient system $C$. More, one can calculate the cellular chain maps using the same homology calculation (one knows that it has to recover the homology of $S^n$) and find that it is a sequence of maps $$ 0 \leftarrow C \stackrel{1g}{\leftarrow} C \stackrel{1+g}{\leftarrow} \cdots $$
Now we apply Hom out to any coefficient system $M$. You can show $Hom(C,M)$ is $M(\Bbb Z/2)$. The resulting chain complex is $$ 0 \to M(\Bbb Z/2) \stackrel{1g}{\to} M(\Bbb Z/2) \stackrel{1+g}{\to} M(\Bbb Z/2) \stackrel{1g}{\to} \cdots $$ Substituting $M = \Bbb Z$, we get the cochain complex computing the cohomology of $\Bbb{RP}^n$.
This is part of a more general result here when the action is free and properly discontinuous, and the group $\Bbb Z/2$ acts trivially on the value $\Bbb Z$ of the coefficient system on $\Bbb Z/2$. In these cases, the Bredon cohomology coincides with cohomology of the orbit space.
Therefore, we're getting the cohomology of $(S^n) / \Bbb Z/2 = \Bbb{RP}^n$ with coefficients in $\Bbb Z$ (hence $\Bbb Z$ in degree 0, $\Bbb Z/2$ in even positive degrees, and 0 otherwise).

$\begingroup$ :could you please do this problem using the contractions of bredon cohomology made in J.P.May's Equivariant Homotopy and Cohomology Theory Book at pages 2021? $\endgroup$ Jan 8, 2014 at 16:47