30
votes

### Intuitive explanation why "shadow operator" $\frac D{e^D-1}$ connects logarithms with trigonometric functions?

This is basically a lightly transformed version of Euler's cotangent partial fraction expansion
$$ \pi \cot(\pi z) = \frac{1}{z} + \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{z-n} + \frac{1}{z+n}$$
(the log derivative ...

15
votes

### Do distance functionals separate probability measures?

No. Suppose that $\Omega$ consists of four points arranged in a square, where adjacent points have distance 1 between them and opposite points have distance 2. Specifically, if the points are labeled ...

12
votes

Accepted

### Representation of the Dirac delta function

As usual in such examples, there is no need to integrate against a test function. One can simply use the fact that if a sequence (or net) of distributions converges in the distributional sense, then ...

11
votes

### Intuitive explanation why "shadow operator" $\frac D{e^D-1}$ connects logarithms with trigonometric functions?

The op $$T_x = \frac{D_x}{e^{D_x}-1} = e^{b.D_x},$$
where $(b.)^n = b_n$ are the Bernoulli numbers, is (mod signs) often referred to as the Todd operator (maybe originally given that name by ...

11
votes

Accepted

### On an asymptotic integral decay

I'll change $[-1,0]$ to $[0,1]$ (so $t\to -t$), which seems easier on the brain.
$f(t)=e^{-1/t}$ is a counterexample: For $0<t<1/\sqrt{\lambda}$, we have $f\le e^{-\sqrt{\lambda}}$, so this part ...

10
votes

### volume over a hypercube, over simplex: twist by Euler numbers

This is only a partial answer. The Beukers-Kolk-Calabi change of variables
$$x_1=\frac{\sin{u_1}}{\cos{u_2}},\;\;x_2=\frac{\sin{u_2}}{\cos{u_3}},\ldots,
\;x_{n-1}=\frac{\sin{u_{n-1}}}{\cos{u_n}},\;\;...

8
votes

### A system of non-linear equations that is decomposable as a product -- uniqueness of solution?

The linear-in-$g$ system is uniquely solvable whenever $f_0\ne0$. therefore the solution set is parametrized by $f$ in the form
$$g=f_0^{-10}P(f;a),$$
where $P$ is linear in $a$, polynomial in $f$ ...

7
votes

Accepted

### Asymptotic behaviour of an integral

With the aid of Mathematica I found that
$$g(\theta)=\textrm{EllipticK}(a^2)-\textrm{EllipticF}(t,a^2).$$
I get the first terms of the asymptotic expansion
$$\frac{\sqrt{\pi}}{2\sqrt{k}}-\frac{\sqrt{\...

7
votes

Accepted

### Physical interpretation of the mellin transform variable?

Physical interpretation: To develop a physical intuition, this article might be informative:
The power spectrum of the Mellin transformation with applications to scaling of physical quantities
The ...

7
votes

Accepted

### Asymptotic behavior of integral with gamma functions

If I just insert the large-$z$ asymptotics of $\Gamma(z)\rightarrow \sqrt{2 \pi } e^{-z} z^{z-\frac{1}{2}}$, and take $z>1/2$ real for simplicity, I find
$$5^z\,F(z)\rightarrow \int_0^\infty \left(...

7
votes

### Do distance functionals separate probability measures?

On the positive side, the answer is affirmative if $\Omega$ is the unit interval $[0,1]$ with its standard distance. In this case $\phi_\mu$ is a convex $1$-Lipschitz function (in fact, it is also ...

6
votes

### Uncertainty principle for Mellin transform

There is something the above posts missed (perhaps because the wording didn't make it explicit): the condition on the function $f(x)$ is one sided (i.e., it assumes something on the decay as $x\to \...

6
votes

### Radon transform between affine grassmannians

Yes, it is known.
See Boris Rubin, Radon transforms on affine Grassmannians, 2004, in particular theorem 4.2.
A free full text pdf is available at the linked page.
The reconstruction formula is not ...

6
votes

### Why Mellin transform is omitting infinite terms?

This question has not been well received, but I am intrigued by the delta function Mellin transform and would like to respond. I found this 2004 paper by Norbert Südland and Gerd Baumann instructive. ...

6
votes

Accepted

### Injectivity of a class of integral operators

If the support of $\mu$ is contained in $[0, b]$ for some $b \in (0,1)$, then $T_\mu f = 0$ for any $f$ that is $0$ on $[0,b]$, so it is not injective.
EDIT: Another example, where the support of $\...

6
votes

### Integral with 4 Bessel functions and an exponential

Let's consider the second integral, which can be written in the following form:
$$
I(p, q, i, j, k, l; a, b, c, d)
:=
\int_0^\infty
dt\,
\exp(-p t^2)
t^q
j_i(a t) j_j(b t) j_k(c t) j_l(d t)
$$
where ...

6
votes

### Representation of the Dirac delta function

$\newcommand\ep\epsilon\newcommand\de\delta\newcommand\R{\mathbb R}$Consider any family of nonnegative measurable kernels $K_\ep\colon(0,\infty)\to\mathbb R$ for $\ep\in(0,\infty)$ such that $\int_0^a ...

5
votes

Accepted

### Infinite dimensional version of a simple fact on certain singular matrices

For the first question, the answer is not necessarily.
Very rough idea: The rank-nullity theorem doesn't always hold on infinite dimensional spaces.
Rough idea: Let the operator $A$ be defined on $...

5
votes

Accepted

### An integral identity relate to the Gamma function or the Beta function

To evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^\infty {dx\over (1+ix)^a\,(1-ix)^b}$, view this as $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \widehat{f_a}(x)\,\overline{\widehat{f_{\overline{b}}}(x)}\,dx$ where $f_c$ are functions whose ...

5
votes

### Relationship between the Radon transform and Twistor spaces

The correspondence between the Radon transform (from a space of real-valued functions on $\mathbb{R}^2$ to the space of functions on the manifold of straight lines in $\mathbb{R}^2$) and the Penrose ...

5
votes

### 2D Fourier transform of log function

If $v(r)=\log r$, then $\Delta v=\delta$ and $\hat {(\Delta v)}=1$, that is $-(\xi^2+\eta^2)\hat {v}(\xi, \eta)=1$. However this yields $-\hat{v}=1/(\xi^2+\eta^2)$ which has no sense since this ...

5
votes

Accepted

### Fast computation of convolution integral of a gaussian function

Convolution with a Gaussian kernel of an $n$-point function has $n^2$ complexity, while Fourier transformation (FFT), multiplication, and inverse Fourier transformation is only of complexity $n\log n$....

5
votes

### Solution to $\int_{0}^{y} x^{-a} \exp \left[- \frac{(b - cx^{-d})^2}{2} \right] dx$

Maple does not know a symbolic answer for this. The very special case $a=2,b=0,c=1,d=2$ is evaluated by Maple in terms of the Whittaker M function or a $\;{}_1F_1$ hypergeometric function:
$$
\int_{0}...

5
votes

Accepted

### Is there a solution to $\int_{\theta-1}^{x} \left(\frac{y+1-\theta}{\theta} \right)^{-\frac{1}{\epsilon+3}} y^{-\frac{\epsilon+4}{\epsilon+3}}dy$?

With some effort (the lower integration limit requires care) I found this answer for the definite integral:
$$I(x)=\int\limits_{\delta}^{x} \left(y-\delta\right)^{-\frac{1}{ \epsilon+3}} y^{-\frac{\...

5
votes

### How to solve the following $0= \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-\frac{(bt+\omega)^2}{2}} f(t+\omega) \frac{1}{i t} dt, \forall \omega \in \mathbb{R}$

It may be helpful to rewrite this in a way that avoids the principal value:
$$0=\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-(bt+\omega)^2/2} f(t+\omega) \frac{2}{i t} dt=\int_{-\infty}^\infty dt \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}...

5
votes

### A solution satisfying an integral inequality is bounded

Apparently, the question should be interpreted as follows:
Let $y\colon[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ be a measurable function satisfying the inequality
\begin{equation}
y(t)+\int_0^t y(s)\,ds\le c_1\int_0^...

5
votes

Accepted

### Integral of a function changing sign

In fact, this conjecture fails to hold for $x$ in a right neighborhood of $0$.
Indeed, let $g(x,s)$ denote the integrand. Note that $g(x,s)$ is continuous in $x\in[0,1)$ for each real $s>0$, and
$$...

5
votes

### A density claim

This is not an answer to the question, but a proof of something much weaker: there is a sequence $c_m\to0$ such that if $\lVert g_m\rVert\leq c_m$ for all $m$, then the result from the question is ...

5
votes

### A density claim

Following Jochen Wengenroth suggestion, I sketch the proof of the result from a comment.
The claim follows from the following
Lemma. If $\mu$ is a measure supported on $[0,X]$, where $X>1$ such ...

4
votes

### Wave front set from the FBI or Segal-Bergman transform (and a motivation)

For your first question, have a look at chapter 1 of the book of Jean-Marc Delort, "F.B.I. Transformation - Second Microlocalization and Semilinear Caustics", Springer Lecture Notes in Mathematics ...

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