0
votes
0answers
4 views

In how many ways (up to isomorphism) can we merge two graphs?

Let $(V_1,E_1)$ and $(V_2,E_2)$ be two graphs with $|V_1|=n_1$, $|V_2|=n_2$, $|E_1|=m_1$ and $|E_2|=m_2$. The question is how to count the number of distinct (i.e. up to isomorphism) mergers of the ...
-3
votes
0answers
17 views

Proving that f^2 is differentiable given that f is differentiable at (x_0,y_0) [on hold]

So I've tried using the definition: f is differentiable at $(x_0,y_0)$ iff $$ f(x,y)-f(x_0,y_0)=\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}(x_0)\cdot x+\frac{\partial f}{\partial y}(y_0)\cdot y+o(\sqrt ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Absoluteness and Tree Representations

Suppose $T$ is a tree on $\omega \times \omega \times \delta$ for some ordinal $\delta$ is a homogeneous tree (with some coherent set of measures witnessing homoegeneity). ($T$ can have additional ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Collection of dense subsets as a “fingerprint” for Hausdorff topologies?

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a Hausdorff space and let ${\cal D}$ denote the collection of dense subsets of $(X,\tau)$. Is it possible that there is another Hausdorff topology $\tau_1 \neq \tau$ on $X$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What about $\pi(x)-\sigma(y)$ and what is its relation with Riemann Hypothesis?

I want to know if it is possible get a relation between two known equivalences of Riemann hypothesis: the one concerning to the square-root accurate for $|\pi(x)-Li(x)|$, here $\pi(x)$ is the ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Flat + locally of finite presentation + monomorphism = open immersion

It is known that the following are equivalent for an epimorphism $A \to B$ in $\mathbf{CRing}$: Let $S$ be the set of elements $a \in A$ such that $A [a^{-1}] \to B [a^{-1}]$ is an isomorphism. Then ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Representation theorem for modular lattices?

Birkhoff's representation theorem implies that every distributive lattice embeds into the lattice of subsets of a set. Is there also some representation theorem for modular lattices? For example, I ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

How do I solve this model

Does the following function can be simplified or solved? $$R(i) = \int_{y\in S} {\frac{{w(y) g(y,i)_{}^\sigma }}{{\int_{x\in S} {h(x)g(x,y)_{}^\sigma f(x,y)_{}^\sigma dx} }}dy} $$ where S is a ...
-2
votes
0answers
21 views

Riemannian metric on an open dense subset [on hold]

If we have a description of the riemannian metric $g$ on an open dense subset $U\subset M$, then can we say that $M$ should have the metric $g$ on whole $M$? For example, on some open dense subset ...
-2
votes
0answers
8 views

A specific question regarding a proof in Hassan Khalil's book, Nonlinear Systems [migrated]

I am trying to understand the proof of a Lemma in the book 'Nonlinear Systems' by Hasaan Khalil (3rd edition). In the Proof of Lemma 3.1, about Lipschitz continuity of vector valued functions, I am ...
-3
votes
0answers
20 views

Vector application [on hold]

A rope is hung at both ends from a horizontal beam, and a weight m is suspended from it. The left part of the rope exerts a force G at P, while the right part of the rope exerts a force H. Find the ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Set of Special Unitary Matrices that are dense in SU(4) and obey certain relations

I'm trying to find a finite set of 4x4 Unitary matricies $\{U_1,U_2,\ldots U_N\}$ such that the matrices are dense in SU(4), and obey the relations: $[U_i, U_j] = 0$ for $|i-j|>1$ ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Differential characters, Chern-Simons forms, and differential cohomology

I've read through the classic Chern-Simons paper where they introduce the Chern-Simons forms. These are differential forms whose exterior derivative gives you the characteristic forms for any given ...
2
votes
0answers
248 views

Grothendieck, A Place to Begin [on hold]

I'm finishing up an undergrad degree in mathematics and am beginning to think about areas of research. I know that the work of Grothendieck is considered the cornerstone of modern algebraic geometry, ...
-4
votes
0answers
35 views

calculus integral with logs [on hold]

Why the solution of this integral $\displaystyle \int \frac{dx}{15-3x}$ is... $-\frac{1}{3} \ln \mid15-3x\mid$. I can't understand where $-\frac{1}{3}$ comes from, if the integral has not been ...
3
votes
3answers
224 views

Direct axiomatization of ordinal and cardinal numbers

Again, this question is related (**) to a previous one: in standard books on basic set theory, after stating the axioms of ZFC, ordinal numbers are introduced early on. Afterwards cardinals appear: ...
-3
votes
0answers
27 views

How to calculate how much more wins to get a certain winrate? [on hold]

I have two values, wins and total games played. To calculate the win rate I use the normal «formula»: wins/totalGamesPlayed*100; But let's say I have 21 wins ...
-4
votes
0answers
32 views

Maple: In Matrices A x B = C, how do I find matrix A given B and C [on hold]

I have matrix A, B, and C which are all 8x8 matrices in Maple. in the equation A x B = C, when B and C are known, how do I find matrix A? I know how to do it by hand, but I don't know the maple ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

research articles in topology/geometry [on hold]

There is a saying "Do you read the masters?" I want to read some basic papers in Topology/geometry... I can not clearly state what is basic as of now... My back ground includes course in ...
-4
votes
0answers
29 views

Arrange numbers? [on hold]

hello the question i would like to ask is very difficult as english is not my native language so here it goes...I need a program or exel chart that arrange numbers in a group in order to get the ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Perturbating the boundary of a helicoid

I prepare a long helix (with many periods) as the boundary of a long helicoid. I unavoidably made some mistake and the helix is not perfect, some perturbation or even defect is happening somewhere. ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Lie Symmetries of the Bessel Differential Equation

The Bessel differential equation has an arbitrary looking form, but a lot is known about it. $$ x^2 \frac{d^2 y}{dx^2} + x \frac{dy}{dx} + (x^2 - n^2)y = 0 $$ Is there a way to derive the Bessel ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Sampling efficiently conditioned on linear constraints modulo both $\mathbb{F}_p$ and $\mathbb{F}_2$

Given a prime $p$ and positive integer $t \ll \log p$ (say $t = \sqrt{\log p}$), is there an algorithm that is polynomial time in $\log p$ to sample uniform $X, Y \in \mathbb{F}_p$ conditioned on the ...
6
votes
1answer
192 views

Does $|A+A|$ concentrate near its mean?

Fix $N$ to be a large prime. Let $A \subset \mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$ be a random subset defined by $\mathbb{P}(a \in A) = p$, where $p = N^{-2/3 + \epsilon}$ for some fixed $\epsilon > 0$. My ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Classifying Low Dimensional Solutions of the Yang--Baxter Equation

What is the present situation with classifying solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation in low dimensions? To make my question more specific, have all solutions for dimension $2$ and $3$ been ...
-1
votes
0answers
61 views

A question about Kähler Einstein metric [on hold]

Let $X$, and $Y$ are Kähler manifolds and $f:X\to Y$ is birational and let on $(Y,\omega)$ we have $\text{Ric}(\omega)=-\omega$, then Kähler Einstein metric on $X$ can be of which form? can we say it ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Common Point of Intersection of n-dimensional ellipsoids [on hold]

Suppose we have two ellipses in 2-dimensions centered at the origin. It is easy to visualize that (unless one is contained in the other) they will have 4 points of intersection. Can we say that in ...
-4
votes
0answers
30 views

A set containing more than half elements of a group [on hold]

I wish to prove the exercise which states that for a set $A$ containing more than half elements of a group $G$, every element of $G$ is a product of two elements of $A$. My attempt: By Lagrange ...
-2
votes
0answers
20 views

AQA A Level Normal Distribution [on hold]

The question goes like: A wholesaler decides to grade such oranges by weight. He decided that the smallest 30% should be graded as small, largest 20% as large and in between as medium. The ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

The fibration map $Diff(M) \rightarrow Emb(N,M)$

Let $M$ be a non-compact manifold, equipped with a (closed?) submanifold $N\subset M$. The action of $Diff(M)$ on the set of embeddings $N\hookrightarrow M$ induces a map $$ Diff(M) \rightarrow ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

When do powers and ends in functor categories act pointwise?

$\newcommand{\C}{\mathcal C}\newcommand{\I}{\mathcal I}\newcommand{\D}{\mathcal D}\newcommand{\J}{\mathcal J}$Let $(\C, \otimes, I, \multimap)$ be a complete closed monoidal category and $\I$ a small ...
-4
votes
0answers
22 views

Trouble with an assignment [on hold]

Can anyone please be kind enough to help me with this. On one shelf there are 5 hardcover books and 6 paperbacks and on the other shelf there are 7 hardcover and 4 paperback. From the first shelf ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Markov Modulated Markov Chain

Consider a discrete time Markov chain $X_t$ on some finite state space $\mathcal{S}$ with transition matrix $P$. Now consider a process $Y_t$ also on $\mathcal{S}$, which conditioned on $X_{t}=s$ ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

Moduli space of complex Tori

Is there any explicit computation for the Weil-Petersson metric on moduli space of Tori of complex dimension n?
14
votes
1answer
208 views

How big are the prime factors of $2^kp - 1$?

I have already asked this question here. No answers despite the bounty (which has now ended) Let $p$ be a prime number, $p > 3$. Does there always exist $k \in \mathbb N_{\ge 1}$ such that the ...
4
votes
0answers
79 views

Fibers of a morphism

Let $X,Y,Z$ be projective varieties, and let $f:X\rightarrow Y$, $g:X\rightarrow Z$ be dominant morphisms. Assume that all the fibers of $g$ have the same dimension. If there exists a point $z_0\in ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Least ordinal not embedded in a total order

If $(E,<)$ is a linear order, let $s(E,<)$ denote the least ordinal which doesn't embed in $(E,<)$. I am trying to prove the following: If $(M,+,.,0,1)$ is a model of open induction, (or ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Stochastic Covering Number of a Convex Set

Consider a convex set, say $S = [0,1]^d$. Let $X_1, X_2,\ldots,X_n, \ldots$ be i.i.d. random variables that are uniformly distributed on $S$. Denote the Euclidean ball centered at $x \in \mathbb{R}^2$ ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Weyl-type inequality for non-Hermitian matrices?

What is the weakest known condition under which a Weyl-type eigenvalue perturbation inequality holds? Does some analogue hold for normal matrices, for example?
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Inequality for coefficient of ergodicity

Let $Α$, $B$, $C$ stochastic matrices and $τ(Α)= \max(A^T(e^i - e^j) )$, coefficient of ergodicity. We know that $τ(ΑΒ)\le τ(Α)τ(Β)$. Is true that $τ(ΑΒC)\le τ(ΑC)$ if $B$ has positive digonal ...
4
votes
0answers
37 views

Some questions on the nodal geometry of Dirac operators

Let me begin by quoting a well-known result of Christian Baer (see here). The result goes as follows: Theorem (Baer): Consider a connected $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Dirac bundle $S$ ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Symplectic manifolds with dense group of periods

Let $ (M, \omega) $ be a symplectic manifold. The de Rham class of $\omega$ induces a homomorphism $[\omega]: H_2(M) \to \mathbb{R}$, whose image $\Gamma_{\omega} \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ is called the ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How do we prove that a specific kernel is positive definite (case of logarithm)? [on hold]

I have a problem proving that some specific kernels are positive definite. In general, I can find the answer quickly enough but here I have a specific case involving a logartihm : $K : ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

The derivatives of Riemann xi function [migrated]

What are the first few values of derivatives of Riemann xi function at zero? Is there any general formula for calculating the nth derivative of the riemann zeta function at zero? What happens to the ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

clustering permutations by shared subsequences [on hold]

I have a question, stimulated by some biology, about comparing sets of permutations. The problem Let's think of genes on a bacterial chromosome as beads on a string - atomic, unique objects, with ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How many times does a simple symmetric random walk of length n return to the origin?

Consider the simple symmetric random walk on the integers starting from the origin of length $n$. More precisely, I will denote an $n$ step random walk $w$ as $$ w:= \omega_0 \omega_1 \ldots ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Context Free Languages closed under Kleene Star? [on hold]

I'm looking at the proof for the closure property of CFL under kleene star and I'm having a little trouble understand what it means. From what I saw this is the proof: ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Inverses of probability generating functions: positivity of derivatives

Let $\mathcal{G}$ be the set of probability generating functions of random variables taking positive integer values, considered as functions on $[0,1]$. So $G\in\mathcal{G}$ can be written ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Special random variables and monotone class theorem

I am currently reading a proof where the $\pi-\lambda$ Lemma and the monotone class theorem are applied to show a certain property for bounded random variables. The author of the book always shows the ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

extending local systems on a neighbourhood

Let $Y$ an affine finite type scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $S$ be a closed subscheme of $Y$ and $Y'$ the henselization of $Y$ along $S$. If we have a $\mathbb{Z}_{\ell}$ local ...

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