# All Questions

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4 views

### In how many ways (up to isomorphism) can we merge two graphs?

Let $(V_1,E_1)$ and $(V_2,E_2)$ be two graphs with $|V_1|=n_1$, $|V_2|=n_2$, $|E_1|=m_1$ and $|E_2|=m_2$. The question is how to count the number of distinct (i.e. up to isomorphism) mergers of the ...

**-3**

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17 views

### Proving that f^2 is differentiable given that f is differentiable at (x_0,y_0) [on hold]

So I've tried using the definition: f is differentiable at $(x_0,y_0)$ iff
$$
f(x,y)-f(x_0,y_0)=\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}(x_0)\cdot x+\frac{\partial f}{\partial y}(y_0)\cdot y+o(\sqrt ...

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13 views

### Absoluteness and Tree Representations

Suppose $T$ is a tree on $\omega \times \omega \times \delta$ for some ordinal $\delta$ is a homogeneous tree (with some coherent set of measures witnessing homoegeneity). ($T$ can have additional ...

**1**

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11 views

### Collection of dense subsets as a “fingerprint” for Hausdorff topologies?

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a Hausdorff space and let ${\cal D}$ denote the collection of dense subsets of $(X,\tau)$. Is it possible that there is another Hausdorff topology $\tau_1 \neq \tau$ on $X$ such that ...

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19 views

### What about $\pi(x)-\sigma(y)$ and what is its relation with Riemann Hypothesis?

I want to know if it is possible get a relation between two known equivalences of Riemann hypothesis: the one concerning to the square-root accurate for $|\pi(x)-Li(x)|$, here $\pi(x)$ is the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

29 views

### Flat + locally of finite presentation + monomorphism = open immersion

It is known that the following are equivalent for an epimorphism $A \to B$ in $\mathbf{CRing}$:
Let $S$ be the set of elements $a \in A$ such that $A [a^{-1}] \to B [a^{-1}]$ is an isomorphism. Then ...

**2**

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17 views

### Representation theorem for modular lattices?

Birkhoff's representation theorem implies that every distributive lattice embeds into the lattice of subsets of a set. Is there also some representation theorem for modular lattices?
For example, I ...

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12 views

### How do I solve this model

Does the following function can be simplified or solved?
$$R(i) = \int_{y\in S} {\frac{{w(y) g(y,i)_{}^\sigma }}{{\int_{x\in S} {h(x)g(x,y)_{}^\sigma f(x,y)_{}^\sigma dx} }}dy} $$
where S is a ...

**-2**

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21 views

### Riemannian metric on an open dense subset [on hold]

If we have a description of the riemannian metric $g$ on an open dense subset $U\subset M$, then can we say that $M$ should have the metric $g$ on whole $M$?
For example, on some open dense subset ...

**-2**

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8 views

### A specific question regarding a proof in Hassan Khalil's book, Nonlinear Systems [migrated]

I am trying to understand the proof of a Lemma in the book 'Nonlinear Systems' by Hasaan Khalil (3rd edition). In the Proof of Lemma 3.1, about Lipschitz continuity of vector valued functions, I am ...

**-3**

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**0**answers

20 views

### Vector application [on hold]

A rope is hung at both ends from a horizontal beam, and a weight m is suspended from it. The left part of the rope exerts a force G at P, while the right part of the rope exerts a force H. Find the ...

**1**

vote

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50 views

### Set of Special Unitary Matrices that are dense in SU(4) and obey certain relations

I'm trying to find a finite set of 4x4 Unitary matricies $\{U_1,U_2,\ldots U_N\}$ such that the matrices are dense in SU(4), and obey the relations:
$[U_i, U_j] = 0$ for $|i-j|>1$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

145 views

### Differential characters, Chern-Simons forms, and differential cohomology

I've read through the classic Chern-Simons paper where they introduce the Chern-Simons forms. These are differential forms whose exterior derivative gives you the characteristic forms for any given ...

**2**

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**0**answers

248 views

### Grothendieck, A Place to Begin [on hold]

I'm finishing up an undergrad degree in mathematics and am beginning to think about areas of research. I know that the work of Grothendieck is considered the cornerstone of modern algebraic geometry, ...

**-4**

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**0**answers

35 views

### calculus integral with logs [on hold]

Why the solution of this integral $\displaystyle \int \frac{dx}{15-3x}$ is... $-\frac{1}{3} \ln \mid15-3x\mid$. I can't understand where $-\frac{1}{3}$ comes from, if the integral has not been ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

224 views

### Direct axiomatization of ordinal and cardinal numbers

Again, this question is related (**) to a previous one:
in standard books on basic set theory, after stating the axioms of ZFC, ordinal numbers are introduced early on. Afterwards cardinals appear: ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### How to calculate how much more wins to get a certain winrate? [on hold]

I have two values, wins and total games played.
To calculate the win rate I use the normal «formula»:
wins/totalGamesPlayed*100;
But let's say I have 21 wins ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Maple: In Matrices A x B = C, how do I find matrix A given B and C [on hold]

I have matrix A, B, and C which are all 8x8 matrices in Maple.
in the equation A x B = C, when B and C are known, how do I find matrix A?
I know how to do it by hand, but I don't know the maple ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### research articles in topology/geometry [on hold]

There is a saying "Do you read the masters?"
I want to read some basic papers in Topology/geometry...
I can not clearly state what is basic as of now...
My back ground includes course in
...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Arrange numbers? [on hold]

hello the question i would like to ask is very difficult as english is not my native language so here it goes...I need a program or exel chart that arrange numbers in a group in order to get the ...

**1**

vote

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40 views

### Perturbating the boundary of a helicoid

I prepare a long helix (with many periods) as the boundary of a long helicoid. I unavoidably made some mistake and the helix is not perfect, some perturbation or even defect is happening somewhere. ...

**2**

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**0**answers

59 views

### Lie Symmetries of the Bessel Differential Equation

The Bessel differential equation has an arbitrary looking form, but a lot is known about it.
$$ x^2 \frac{d^2 y}{dx^2} + x \frac{dy}{dx} + (x^2 - n^2)y = 0 $$
Is there a way to derive the Bessel ...

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**0**answers

45 views

### Sampling efficiently conditioned on linear constraints modulo both $\mathbb{F}_p$ and $\mathbb{F}_2$

Given a prime $p$ and positive integer $t \ll \log p$ (say $t = \sqrt{\log p}$), is there an algorithm that is polynomial time in $\log p$ to sample uniform $X, Y \in \mathbb{F}_p$ conditioned on the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Does $|A+A|$ concentrate near its mean?

Fix $N$ to be a large prime. Let $A \subset \mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z}$ be a random subset defined by $\mathbb{P}(a \in A) = p$, where $p = N^{-2/3 + \epsilon}$ for some fixed $\epsilon > 0$. My ...

**1**

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32 views

### Classifying Low Dimensional Solutions of the Yang--Baxter Equation

What is the present situation with classifying solutions of the Yang--Baxter equation in low dimensions?
To make my question more specific, have all solutions for dimension $2$ and $3$ been ...

**-1**

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**0**answers

61 views

### A question about Kähler Einstein metric [on hold]

Let $X$, and $Y$ are Kähler manifolds and $f:X\to Y$ is birational and let on $(Y,\omega)$ we have $\text{Ric}(\omega)=-\omega$, then Kähler Einstein metric on $X$ can be of which form?
can we say it ...

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21 views

### Common Point of Intersection of n-dimensional ellipsoids [on hold]

Suppose we have two ellipses in 2-dimensions centered at the origin. It is easy to visualize that (unless one is contained in the other) they will have 4 points of intersection. Can we say that in ...

**-4**

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30 views

### A set containing more than half elements of a group [on hold]

I wish to prove the exercise which states that for a set $A$ containing more than half elements of a group $G$, every element of $G$ is a product of two elements of $A$.
My attempt:
By Lagrange ...

**-2**

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**0**answers

20 views

### AQA A Level Normal Distribution [on hold]

The question goes like:
A wholesaler decides to grade such oranges by weight. He decided that the smallest 30% should be graded as small, largest 20% as large and in between as medium.
The ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### The fibration map $Diff(M) \rightarrow Emb(N,M)$

Let $M$ be a non-compact manifold, equipped with a (closed?) submanifold $N\subset M$. The action of $Diff(M)$ on the set of embeddings $N\hookrightarrow M$ induces a map
$$
Diff(M) \rightarrow ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

52 views

### When do powers and ends in functor categories act pointwise?

$\newcommand{\C}{\mathcal C}\newcommand{\I}{\mathcal I}\newcommand{\D}{\mathcal D}\newcommand{\J}{\mathcal J}$Let $(\C, \otimes, I, \multimap)$ be a complete closed monoidal category and $\I$ a small ...

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22 views

### Trouble with an assignment [on hold]

Can anyone please be kind enough to help me with this.
On one shelf there are 5 hardcover books and 6 paperbacks and on the other shelf there are 7 hardcover and 4 paperback. From the first shelf ...

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15 views

### Markov Modulated Markov Chain

Consider a discrete time Markov chain $X_t$ on some finite state space $\mathcal{S}$ with transition matrix $P$. Now consider a process $Y_t$ also on $\mathcal{S}$, which conditioned on $X_{t}=s$ ...

**4**

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88 views

### Moduli space of complex Tori

Is there any explicit computation for the Weil-Petersson metric on moduli space of Tori of complex dimension n?

**14**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### How big are the prime factors of $2^kp - 1$?

I have already asked this question here. No answers despite the bounty (which has now ended)
Let $p$ be a prime number, $p > 3$.
Does there always exist $k \in \mathbb N_{\ge 1}$ such that the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Fibers of a morphism

Let $X,Y,Z$ be projective varieties, and let $f:X\rightarrow Y$, $g:X\rightarrow Z$ be dominant morphisms. Assume that all the fibers of $g$ have the same dimension.
If there exists a point $z_0\in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Least ordinal not embedded in a total order

If $(E,<)$ is a linear order, let $s(E,<)$ denote the least ordinal which doesn't embed in $(E,<)$.
I am trying to prove the following:
If $(M,+,.,0,1)$ is a model of open induction, (or ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Stochastic Covering Number of a Convex Set

Consider a convex set, say $S = [0,1]^d$. Let $X_1, X_2,\ldots,X_n, \ldots$ be i.i.d. random variables that are uniformly distributed on $S$. Denote the Euclidean ball centered at $x \in \mathbb{R}^2$ ...

**2**

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51 views

### Weyl-type inequality for non-Hermitian matrices?

What is the weakest known condition under which a Weyl-type eigenvalue perturbation inequality holds? Does some analogue hold for normal matrices, for example?

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19 views

### Inequality for coefficient of ergodicity

Let $Α$, $B$, $C$ stochastic matrices and $τ(Α)= \max(A^T(e^i - e^j) )$, coefficient of ergodicity. We know that $τ(ΑΒ)\le τ(Α)τ(Β)$. Is true that $τ(ΑΒC)\le τ(ΑC)$
if $B$ has positive digonal ...

**4**

votes

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37 views

### Some questions on the nodal geometry of Dirac operators

Let me begin by quoting a well-known result of Christian Baer (see here). The result goes as follows:
Theorem (Baer): Consider a connected $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with Dirac bundle $S$ ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

58 views

### Symplectic manifolds with dense group of periods

Let $ (M, \omega) $ be a symplectic manifold. The de Rham class of $\omega$ induces a homomorphism $[\omega]: H_2(M) \to \mathbb{R}$, whose image $\Gamma_{\omega} \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ is called the ...

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20 views

### How do we prove that a specific kernel is positive definite (case of logarithm)? [on hold]

I have a problem proving that some specific kernels are positive definite. In general, I can find the answer quickly enough but here I have a specific case involving a logartihm :
$K : ...

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19 views

### The derivatives of Riemann xi function [migrated]

What are the first few values of derivatives of Riemann xi function at zero? Is there any general formula for calculating the nth derivative of the riemann zeta function at zero? What happens to the ...

**2**

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**0**answers

38 views

### clustering permutations by shared subsequences [on hold]

I have a question, stimulated by some biology, about comparing sets of permutations.
The problem
Let's think of genes on a bacterial chromosome as beads on a string - atomic, unique objects, with ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### How many times does a simple symmetric random walk of length n return to the origin?

Consider the simple symmetric random walk on the integers starting from
the origin of length $n$. More precisely, I will denote an $n$ step random walk $w$ as
$$ w:= \omega_0 \omega_1 \ldots ...

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**0**answers

32 views

### Context Free Languages closed under Kleene Star? [on hold]

I'm looking at the proof for the closure property of CFL under kleene star and I'm having a little trouble understand what it means. From what I saw this is the proof:
...

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vote

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49 views

### Inverses of probability generating functions: positivity of derivatives

Let $\mathcal{G}$ be the set of probability generating functions of random variables taking positive integer values, considered as functions on $[0,1]$.
So $G\in\mathcal{G}$ can be written ...

**0**

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46 views

### Special random variables and monotone class theorem

I am currently reading a proof where the $\pi-\lambda$ Lemma and the monotone class theorem are applied to show a certain property for bounded random variables. The author of the book always shows the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### extending local systems on a neighbourhood

Let $Y$ an affine finite type scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Let $S$ be a closed subscheme of $Y$ and $Y'$ the henselization of $Y$ along $S$.
If we have a $\mathbb{Z}_{\ell}$ local ...