-2
votes
0answers
7 views

Trigonometric substitution [migrated]

Been out of touch with trigonometry for some time now. Need help proving this expression. Sin2x/2 = 1/2(1-Cosx) Any help will be appreciated. Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Bott formula for projective bundles

For a projective space one has Bott formula to compute $h^q(ℙ^n,Ω^p(k))$, where $Ω^p(k)$ is the k-twisted sheaf of sections in the p-th power of the cotangent bundle of $ℙ^n$. I am wondering if there ...
4
votes
1answer
229 views

Existence of a certain subset of natural numbers equidistributed modulo $m$ for every $m$

I was talking to a friend and the following set $S$ came up. Let $f$ be some real valued function tending to infinity. Let $S$ be a subset of natural numbers such that $|S \cap [1,N]| = N^{\delta}+ ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Matching in the Boolean Algebra

We consider the Boolean Algebra of the set $[n]=\{1,\dots,n\}$ and the matching $\psi$ from the $m+1$ subsets of $[n]$ into the $m$ subsets of $[n]$ for $(n+1)/2\leq m+1\leq n$, which is used to show ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

Where are there defined objects between gerbes and bundle gerbes?

Consider a special kind of/something like a gerbe where there is first given local trivialization data with equivalence over 2-fold overlaps but not isomorphism. Does this exist in the literature?
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Characterization(?) of coersive(?) elements in the special linear group

Take your favorite matrix norm $\|\bullet\|$ (my favorite is the Frobenius norm $\|A\| = \sqrt{\operatorname{tr} A A^t}$). Now consider the set $S_x$ of matrices $A,$ such that $\|A\| < x$ and ...
16
votes
1answer
974 views

Unexpected $\sqrt{3}$

A somewhat lengthy calculation, involving integrals, reveals that the probability an $n\times n$ Hermitian matrix, drawn from the Gaussian unitary ensemble, is positive definite, decays as ...
4
votes
0answers
45 views

Euler number of the complex of basic forms

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\pi:P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. I would like to understand the geometry of $M$ through $P$ with the $G$-action. I am trying to understand the Hopf bundle ...
6
votes
3answers
467 views

Links between Geometric Group Theory and Number Theory

Do You know any successful applications of the geometric group theory in the number theory? GTG is my main field of interest and I would love to use it to prove new facts in the number theory.
1
vote
4answers
207 views

Homology of infinite intersection

If $X_1\supseteq X_2\supseteq \ldots$ is a sequence of "nice" compact spaces, I would like to know whether the natural map from $H_*(\cap X_i)$ to the inverse limit $\lim \, H_*(X_i)$ is surjective. ...
2
votes
3answers
301 views

Variations to Cayley's Embedding Theorem for Groups

Early in a course in Algebra the result that every group can be embedded as a subgroup of a symmetric group is introduced. One can further work on it to embed it as a subgroup of a suitable (higher ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

Abstract Algebra [migrated]

Show that a group that has only a finite number of subgroups must be a finite group.(Fraleigh, A First Course in abstract Algebra-7th Edition,pg.67) I could not show properly so I need help. Thank ...
2
votes
2answers
215 views

Morita equivalence via Kan extension

Are there necessary/sufficient conditions for a functor $f\colon \mathcal C\to \widehat{\mathcal A}$ to induce an equivalence $\text{Lan}_yf=F\colon \widehat{\mathcal C}\leftrightarrows ...
6
votes
3answers
158 views

Existence of nonergodic polygonal billiard

Let $P$ be a polygon in the plane. One can define the billiard flow on the unit tangent bundle of $P$, just following the trajectories of the billiard at speed one. A standard conjecture is that a ...
-1
votes
0answers
32 views

Maximum chi-square distance between norm vectors [closed]

What is the maximum possible chi-square distance between two normalized vectors? The representation of chi-square distance is below. $d(x,y) = \sum_i \frac{(x_i-y_i)^2}{x_i+y_i}$
1
vote
1answer
115 views

Kaehler form on weighted projective space

The Kaehler potential for the standard Fubini-Study Kaehler form in projective space $\mathbb{C} P^n$ is given by: $$\log(\sum_{i=0}^n |z_i|^2)).$$ What is the analogous formula for a Kaehler ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

DGBV algebra of symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a simply connected closed symplectic manifold. Then we have the symplectic codifferential operator $d^{\star}$. Furthermore, $(\Omega^{*}(M),d,d^{\star})$ is a differential ...
-5
votes
0answers
90 views

The problem of Reimann zeta function [closed]

$\zeta(2)=\sum_0^\infty 1/n^{2}<\pi^2/6=1.644934<2$ From the popular knowledge $\zeta(2)\Gamma(2)=\int_0^\infty x/(e^x-1)dx$ but $\int_0^\infty x/(e^x-1)dx=\int_0^\infty ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

K-theory of ringed spaces (including henselian and formal schemes); excision and Mayer-Vietoris

Given a ringed topological space $S$ one can easily define its K and K'-theory as the K-theories of the categories of locally free sheaves and of the category of coherent sheaves on it, respectively. ...
-5
votes
0answers
61 views

Prove determinant of nxn matrix is (a+(n-1)b)(a-b)^(n-1)? [closed]

Prove det(mat) is (a+(n-1)b)(a-b)^n-1 where matrix is nxn matrix with a's on diagonal and all other elements b, off diagonal? For example, suppose matrix with diagonal composed solely of a's. All ...
4
votes
0answers
107 views

$SL(n) \times SL(n)$-invariants of $m$-tuples of matrices

I work over field of complex numbers. Let $G=SL(n) \times SL(n)$, and $(A,B) \in G$ acts on $m$-tuples of matrices $M_{n \times n}(\mathbb{C})^{\oplus m}$ as follows $$ (A,B) \cdot (M_1, \ldots, M_m) ...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

Circle method on things other than the integers

The circle method is often used to estimate the number of solutions to the equation $$x_1 + x_2 + ... x_k = N$$ if for all $i$ $x_i\in A\subseteq\mathbb{N}_0$ and some subset of the nonnegative ...
3
votes
1answer
702 views

Can we construct cohomolgy theory on noetherian separated schemes without Axiom of Choice?

The usual cohomology theory on schemes uses injective or flasque resolutions of quasi-coherent sheaves. Hence it uses Axiom of Choice. However, if the base scheme is a noetherian separated scheme, the ...
-3
votes
0answers
105 views

The problem of Riemann zeta function [closed]

$\zeta(2)=\sum_0^\infty 1/n^{2}<1.8$ From the popular knowledge $\zeta(2)\Gamma(2)=\int_0^\infty x/(e^x-1)dx$ but $\int_0^\infty x/(e^x-1)dx=\int_0^\infty xe^{-x}/(1-e^{-x})dx$ $=\int_0^\infty ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Suslin lines hereditarily Lindelof

I need to prove that every suslin line is hereditarily Lindelof. Any idea will be helpfull.
0
votes
0answers
183 views

Recreating the wheel

I recently finished my Phd in pure maths and I am looking for open problems in my research area, functional analysis. Without going into the details, I stumbled onto an interesting problem and I ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Cover one finite subset of integers by another one

Let $A$, $B$ be two finite subsets of integers. We denote by $C(A, B)$ the minimum number of shifts of $A$ to cover $B$. More formally, it can be written as $$ C(A, B)=\min\{|S|: S\subseteq ...
6
votes
1answer
411 views

Is there a sideways-walking rolling convex body?

Let $K$ be a solid, homogenous convex body in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Place $K$ on an inclined plane, and let it roll down the plane, under some reasonable assumptions of friction between $K$ and the plane, ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

additive support functions of a convex set

Let $K \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a compact, convex set. It could be uniquely determined by its support function (for $u$ on the unit-sphere $S^{d-1}$), given by $$h_K(u) = \sup \{ \sum_{i=1}^d x_i ...
-2
votes
0answers
42 views

n-th prime in first order arithmetics [closed]

Recently I have thought about formalizing Turing machine in first order arithmetics, step by step, starting from the most basic things. But I quickly struck a problem - to continue, I need to find a ...
1
vote
0answers
184 views

A generalized urn-ball matching problem; Complicated combinatoric/probabilistic limit

I'm looking for a generalization to the urn-ball matching problem. As a reminder of what I've got in mind, here's the simple version: Randomly assign (with replacement) $N$ balls to $M$ urns. ...
-1
votes
0answers
82 views

Why integer should have finite many digits? [closed]

for example, if we take the real part of pi 3.1415926... and write it from right to left like ...6295141, we can get a number, but this number is not a integer, why ? why it is not a integer? Can we ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

a class of directed hypergraphs

I am interested in a certain class of directed hypergraphs, more precisely in the class of those hypergraphs each of whose hyperedges contain an even number of nodes (not necessarily the same even ...
6
votes
0answers
72 views

When were bordered Heegaard Floer homology's DA bimodules invented?

This is less of a strictly mathematical question and more of a reference request. In their paper "Bordered Heegaard Floer Homology (http://arxiv.org/pdf/0810.0687.pdf)," Lipshitz-Ozsvath-Thurston ...
9
votes
2answers
323 views

What are the invariants of $U\otimes V\otimes W$ under action of $GL(U)\times GL(V) \times GL(W)$

The tensor product of some (finite dimensional real) vector spaces is acted on by the direct product of their general linear groups. I would like to know if there are explicit invariants in the case ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

What year was Hechler forcing created?

Hechler forcing is described on page 278, Jech. Does anyone know when Hechler forcing was first used in a publication?
-2
votes
0answers
34 views

Simplifying Trig Equation with Identifities [closed]

I have an equation I have been given to solve, I know how to start but I do not know what to do after I use the Trig Identities. Any help? Here is what I was given (cos(A + B) + cos(A - B)) / ...
4
votes
2answers
202 views

Can finitely generated subgroups of limit groups be detected in free group quotients?

In Henry Wilton's excellent paper "Hall's Theorem for limit groups" (Geom. Funct. Anal. 18, pp. 271–303, 2008 ) he proves the following result (see his paper or here and here for the relevant ...
4
votes
1answer
214 views

Universal property of module categories over monads

Let $T$ be a monad on a cocomplete category $\mathcal{C}$. Let's assume that $T$ preserves reflexive coequalizers (or something weaker?). Then the category of $T$-modules $\mathsf{Mod}(T)$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Extremal graph theory for directed graphs

In extremal graph theory, there are results such as $$t(C_4,G)\geq t(K_2,G)^4,$$ where $G$ is an undirected graph, $C_4$ is a cycle graph on 4 nodes, $K_2$ is a complete graph of $2$ nodes, and ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

What is the early history of the concepts of probabilistic independence and conditional probability/expectation?

In the 1738 second edition of The Doctrine of Chances, de Moivre writes, Two Events are independent, when they have no connexion one with the other, and that the happening of one neither forwards ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Zero currents localized along a submanifold

Let $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{R})$ be the continuous dual of $C^\infty_c(\mathbb{R})$, the space of compactly-supported smooth functions. There is a nice characterization of distributions ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Grassmann algebra morphism with universal property

I'm pretty sure that the following doesn't work, but nevertheless i wanted to ask, maybe this is a kind of well-known construction i've never heard of: Let $\Lambda(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be a finite ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Is there inverse FFT algorithm for Fourier transform of a integer-valued random variable?

In many applications, it is possible to derive an explicit expression for the Fourier transform of a random variable $X$ $$\varphi (\theta ) = \sum\limits_{n = 0}^\infty {{p_n}} {e^{in\theta }}$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

A comparison principle for parabolic equation

(Crossposted from http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/757672/how-to-prove-comparison-principle-for-parabolic-pde-nonlinear) Suppose $F:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ is smooth with $F(x) > 0$ for ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Simple example of isolated critical point with non-semisimple monodromy

Consider a polynomial map $f :\mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ with $f(0)=0$ (no constant term) and with isolated critical point at $0 \in \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$. We can choose a disc $D$ of some ...
-1
votes
0answers
11 views

regu tools l_curve regularization stanford ee 263 [migrated]

I am trying to solve one of the famous stanford EE263 problems, which gives me matrix A representing blurring of an image and y, representing the blurred image. For that I have been trying to use ...
4
votes
4answers
857 views

Advice for number theory library

Hi I just got a faculty position and it comes with a generous start up funds for "office supplies", which I must use or lose. What does a pure mathematician need? I have good computers already. I ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Infinite series of determinants

I am interested in what is known about the following class of sums. For a sequence of matrices $A_i$ (which possibly have different size), I am wondering about examples and methods for evaluating sums ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

$p$-groups with $\Omega_1(G)\leq\Phi(G)$ [on hold]

Let $G$ be a finite $p$-group with $\Omega_1(G)\leq\Phi(G)$. What do we have information about this group?

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