# All Questions

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64 views

### Проверка статистических гипотез

Проверка гипотез
В математической статистике рассматривается задача проверки гипотез: по выборке проверить гипотезу Н(о)-все наблюдения выборки имеют распределение Р(о) при альтернативе Н(1)-все ...

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16 views

### about the horizontal lift in a principal bundle

I'm currently studying Fibre Bundle by Nakahara's book, and I'm a bit confused about the following:
Imagine we have a Principal Bundle $P(M,G)$ with open chart {$U_i$} and a local section ...

**-1**

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13 views

### Advanced use of commutation matrices

I am aware of matrix operators vec and kronecker product, commutation matrices and various related identities like stated in ...

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**1**answer

14 views

### Maximal chromatic number with a fixed number of edges

Given a graph $G$ with $m$ edges, what is the maximum chromatic number $\chi(G)$ that the graph can have?
My guess is that $\chi(G) \leq r(m)$ where $r(m) := \max\{k\in \mathbb{N}:
\frac{k(k-1)}{2} ...

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9 views

### expoential tail bound for conditional probability

I am aware of expoential tail probabilities for unconditional probability (for ex: Normal). Are there any similar results available for conditional probability (w.r.t to a sigma field) in literature ? ...

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27 views

### Was “arithmetical translation” (coding in the Goedel sense) ever a part of Hilbert's Program?

Was "arithmetical translation" (that is, coding in the Goedel sense) ever a part of Hilbert's Program? I ask this question for several reasons:
i) it gives the numerals |, ||, |||,.... an ersatz ...

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16 views

### Why End to End Testing is Required and How to Perform It? [on hold]

Nobody wishes to be known for their negligence and mistakes, and there same is the case with the Testers. When Testers are assigned any project to test, then from that moment, they take the burden and ...

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41 views

### Definition of a normed ring

A normed ring "should" be a monoid object in the monoidal category of normed abelian groups. There are (at least) two choices of morphisms of normed groups, namely bounded or short homomorphisms, ...

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29 views

### Shape-related vector fields

Assume that $M$ is a surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$. We denote its shape operator by $S$. A vector field $X$ is shape related to $Y$ if $S(X)=Y$.
(of course it is not an equivalent relation).
...

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130 views

### If $k$ is an algebraically closed field of any characteristic, then the fundamental group of $A$ is abelian

This is a followup to my earlier question, see here. I reproduce it as follows.
Let $A$ be an abelian variety over a field $k$ of characteristic $0$. How do I prove, without using transcendental ...

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vote

**1**answer

47 views

### Tight binomial left tail bound

Let $X \sim \text{Bin}(n,p)$. Wikipedia claims
$$\mathbf P[X \leq (p-\epsilon)n ] \leq e^{ - 2 \epsilon^2 n}.$$
This follows from Hoeffding's inequality ...

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38 views

### Alternative Geometries [migrated]

In our world, the distance between two points (in 2d) is defined as $\sqrt{(\Delta x)^2 + (\Delta y)^2}$. Suppose that in an alternative geometry, it was defined as $\sqrt[p]{|\Delta x|^p + |\Delta ...

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**2**answers

203 views

### Can all the sporadic groups be expressed as permutation groups based on a single big cycle?

Working on M11, I came up with that it can be generated using the following permutations:
[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
[[2, 0, 1, 7], [3, 4, 5, 6]]
[[4, 0, 6, 7], [2, 3, 1, 5]]
[[0, 7], [4, 6], ...

**10**

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154 views

### Factorization of a matrix as a product of a symmetric and a skew-symmetric matrix

When can an $n\times n$ matrix $M$ be written as a product $M=AB$, where $A^T=A$ and $B^T=-B$?
For example, a necessary condition is that the trace of $M$ vanishes. In this case, it is easy ...

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126 views

### What characterizations of relative information are known?

Given two probability distributions $p,q$ on a finite set $X$, the quantity variously known as relative information, relative entropy, information gain or Kullback–Leibler divergence is defined ...

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52 views

### Is the positive existential theory undecidable?

Could you tell if the positive existential theory of $\mathbb{C}[e^{\mu x} \mid \mu \in \mathbb{C}]$ is undecidable in the language $\{+, \cdot , \frac{d}{dx} , 0, 1, e^x\}$ ?
How can we prove the ...

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8 views

### Convex Optimization in an Ellipsoid

Suppose we want to minimize a linear objective inside an ellipsoid that is,
$\min _x l^Tx$
such that $(x - \mu)^TA(x - \mu) \leq \beta ^2$.
Here, A is PSD and $\mu$ is a fixed vector. Can this be ...

**4**

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**1**answer

50 views

### Equalizing Geometric means of Graph Cycles

Consider a strongly connected directed graph $G$. I have been stuck on the following question: can you assign real numbers in $[0,1]$ to each edge of $G$ so that the geometric mean of all cycles are ...

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112 views

### all subsets borel

Assume Martin's axiom plus $\neg CH$. It is well known, via almost disjoint forcing, that every set of reals of size less than continuum is an example of a metric space whose subsets are all ...

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**1**answer

180 views

### Grothendieck's paper on principal bundles, reduction to a torus step

In Grothendieck's paper "Sur la Classification des Fibres Holomorphes sur la Sphere de Riemann", there is a step I don't understand in section 4, where he proves reduction to a torus. He states (lemma ...

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**1**answer

243 views

### P.G.Goerss, J.F.Jardine, “Simplicial Homotopy Theory” prerequisites

I know that such questions may be better suited for math.stackexchange, but I believe that that the topic of simplicial homotopy theory is advanced enough for mathoverflow.
Besides, I know that there ...

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**1**answer

47 views

### Complexity of Deciding Feasibility of a system of linear inequalities over restricted variables

I am working out an interesting problem and would like some help with this particular sub problem:
Suppose we have a matrix $ M =\left\lbrace a_{ij}\right\rbrace $ of size $n\times m$ where $ ...

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37 views

### Simplicial approximation diagram

Let $K$ and $L$ be simplicial complexes as given, and let $\phi:|K|\to|L|$ be the continuous map, where $A=\phi(a)$, $B=\phi(b)$, and so on.
Check whether the map $\phi$ has a simplicial ...

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127 views

### Linear forms that avoid numbers with lot of factors

Is following true?
For every given $c>0$ there is an $n_c>0$ such that for every $n>n_c$ there are integers $n<a,b<2n$ such that there are two positive integers $\frac{n}{2(\log ...

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**2**answers

524 views

### A new result on the Diophantine equation $x^3 + y^3 +z^3 = 3$ [on hold]

The above Diophantine equation is unknown to have any further integer solutions other than $(x, y, z) = (1, 1, 1)$ and $(4, 4, -5)$.
I am a prospective undergraduate mathematics student in Zimbabwe ...

**5**

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**0**answers

74 views

### Improving Baumgartner's result?

Q1: Is it consistent with the failure of CH to have an $\aleph_1$-dense subset $A \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ such that for every $X \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ of size $\aleph_1$, there is a $C^{\infty}$ map $F: ...

**13**

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**1**answer

283 views

### Okounkov-Vershik approach to representation theory of $S_n$

This is a rather soft question. I was wondering if someone could explain on a fundamental and intuitive level, what the Okounkov-Vershik approach to representation theory of $S_n$ is all about. It's ...

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**1**answer

68 views

### Time Hierarchy Theorem and P vs NP

One obvious strategy for proving P not equal to NP would be to show that there is some problem in NP which is hard for a time class strictly containing P (the origin of this question is the recent ...

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113 views

### The difference between Hilbert Scheme and Chow Scheme

I am confused by Hilbert Scheme and Chow Scheme. Whenever you have a point in hilbert scheme, take its fiber in the universal family and take its fumdamental class, we get a point in Chow Scheme; and ...

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100 views

### What is known about the large cardinal strength of Shelah's categoricity conjecture?

Shelah's categoricity conjecture states that for every Abstract Elementary Class $\mathcal{K}$ there is a cardinal $\mu$ depending only on $\operatorname{LS}(K)$ (i.e. the Löwenheim–Skolem number of ...

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**2**answers

39 views

### Prove or disprove a monotonicity property of a certain convex optimization problem

Let $R = (r_{ij})$ be an $n\times k$ real matrix with only positive entries,
and consider the convex optimization problem
$\max f(x) = \sum_{i=1}^n \log \sum_{j=1}^k r_{ij} x_j$
such that ...

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64 views

### Does $\mathfrak{P}(A)\cong\mathfrak{P}(B)$ imply $A\cong B$? [duplicate]

Does $\mathfrak{P}(A)\cong\mathfrak{P}(B)\implies A\cong B$ hold for arbitrary sets $A, B$?
Notation:
We write $\mathfrak{P}(M)$ to denote the power set of a set $M$.
$M_1\cong M_2$ is just an ...

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votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Does the nearby cycle functor commute with the Verdier duality?

I would be interested to know the answer to the above question for the constructible bounded derived category on complex analytic or complex algebraic manifolds (or some other context). A reference ...

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votes

**3**answers

821 views

### Number theory and physics

I was following some lectures by Edward Frenkel about Langlands correspondence. He was describing some analogies between number theory and theoretical physics (Mirror symmetry). At some point ( my ...

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vote

**1**answer

68 views

### How to prove the Hölder continuity of a function $u$ by evaluating $\int_{B_{\rho}(x_0)}\frac{|Du(x)|^{2}}{|x-x_0|^{n-2}} dx$?

I'm looking at a video on thin obstacle problem given by Arshak Petrosyan.
In his lecture, he uses the following results:
Let $0<\alpha<1$, and $B_1$ be the unit ball centered at origin in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### Which Banach spaces are realcompact?

I have a question about the topological space underlying a Banach space.
A topological space $X$ is realcompact iff it is homeomorphic to a closed subset of an infinite product of the form $\mathbb ...

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votes

**2**answers

270 views

### Subgroups of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated hyperbolic group, and let $H \leq G$ be a subgroup whose profinite completion is finitely generated. Must $H$ be finitely generated?
In view of Ian Agol's answer, I ...

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40 views

### Onsager-Machlup function for special matrix-valued diffusion process

Potentially useful background info
For standard vector-valued diffusion processes the following result is well-known:
Suppose we have a diffusion $X_{t}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ given by
\begin{align*}
...

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18 views

### F-points of product of closed subgroups vs. product of F-points, F a local field, reference?

Let $F$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb Q_p$, where p is an odd prime. Let $G$ be a connected reductive group defined over $F$. Let $M, H$ be closed $F$-subgroups of $G$ (in particular, I'm ...

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**1**answer

60 views

### Horn's spectrum problem with random Hermitian matrices

An important problem in matrix analysis, completely solved in the early 2000's by A. Knutson & T. Tao (The honeycomb model of GLn(C) tensor products. I. Proof of the
saturation conjecture. J. ...

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votes

**1**answer

228 views

### K theory long exact sequence

(1) Suppose that $Z\subset X$ is a closed embedding, $U = X\setminus Z$ is the complement. If relevant, suppose that both $X, Z$ are smooth and even (if relevant) that the normal bundle of $Z\subset ...

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17 views

### Fractal Dimension Estimate from Hurst Paramater using Higuchi's Algorithm [on hold]

I am using R Stats package to calculate the Hurst parameter of my Center of Pressure Data set. I am using Higuchi's Algorithm to calculate it. I went and read his paper and saw that "index H is ...

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votes

**1**answer

44 views

### Proving moduli of uniform continuity in RCA_0

Simpson's Subsystems of Second Order Arithmetic (pp. 134ff.) uses RCA$_0$ to prove various theorems of analysis for all continuous functions with a suitable modulus of uniform continuity. And he ...

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15 views

### regularization and conversion of sgn(x) to difference of convex [on hold]

sgn(x) or sign function has discontinuity in 0 which make it nonconvex function.
however i have tried to represet sgn(x) as a limit for a sequence of converging function which are smooth and ...

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96 views

### Simple question: different definitions of Bousfield localization

I am not an expert on model categories and I am getting lost with two different definitions I have found on Bousfield localizations. I don't see the link between them.
First definition: Let ...

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54 views

### Strongly real elements of odd order in sporadic finite simple groups

Recall that an element of a finite group is said to be real if it is conjugate to its inverse, and strongly real if the conjugating element can be chosen to be an involution.
Question: Is it true ...

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votes

**3**answers

209 views

### family of polynomials with square discriminant

The title pretty much sums it up: do people know of nice parametrized families of polynomials (with integer coefficients) with square discriminant. I should say that one such family consists of ...

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36 views

### Compute the index of the Dirac operator on $C_0(R^2)$ to obtain Bott element in $K_0$

I am studying the paper of Baum-Connes-Higson to understand the Connes-Kasparov conjecture. In example 4.23, they discuss the case $G=\mathbb{R}^2$. I have constructed the Dirac operator, but I’m ...

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307 views

### Deep/precise relationship between two approaches to FLT for polynomials, $n = 3$

David Speyer commented the following here.
I saw Brian Conrad give an excellent one hour talk to undergraduates where he proved that there do not exist nonconstant, relatively prime, polynomials ...

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96 views

### Integrations of Ricci curvature of the Weil-Petersson metric on the moduli space of varieties of general type is a rational numbers?

It is known that the integrations of Ricci curvature of the Weil-Petersson metric on the moduli space of Calabi-Yau varieties is a rational numbers.
My question is on moduli space of varieties of ...