# Questions tagged [virtual-knots]

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### Is there a natural, purely group-theoretic definition of the virtual braid group?

The braid group $B_n$ has the well-known presentation \left<\sigma_i,i=1\ldots n-1\, \left| \begin{cases}\sigma_i\sigma_j=\sigma_j\sigma_i & |i-j|>1\\\sigma_i\sigma_j\sigma_i=\sigma_j\...
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### Common invariants of virtual knots?

When I google invariants of virtual knots (links), there's a bunch of polynomial (and other) invariants, but it's very hard to distinguish which of these are considered as somewhat classical. In the ...
193 views

### Presentations of the monoidal categories of virtual tangles and of welded tangles by generators and relations

Reidemeister theorem implies, without too much fuss, that the monoidal categories of tangles, and of oriented tangles, can be presented by generators and relations. This is done for example in a) ...
125 views

### What is the original reference for disorientations on tangle diagrams?

There are several invariants whose "natural" domain is a category of disoriented tangles, that is tangles which are piecewise-oriented, but which contain points called disorientations' at which the ...
635 views

### Gauss Codes that produce classical knots as opposed to virtual knots

I have been doing some research in Gauss codes and have been reading Kauffman's paper Virtual Knot Theory. In section 3.3, Theorem 2, he states that If $K$ is a virtual knot whose underlying Gauss ...
117 views

### Tait conjectures for alternating w-links

The Tait Conjectures are useful in knot tabulation. For alternating knots and links, two of them state: Any reduced diagram of an alternating link has the fewest possible crossings. Any two reduced ...
329 views

### Commutativity in the Fundamental Group and Knot Theory

Let $M$ be a connected $3$-manifold and let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be elements in $\pi_1(M)$. Then $\alpha$ and $\beta$ can be represented by two knots $a$ and $b$ in $M$. We may further require that ...
851 views

### Diagrammatic proof of unique prime decomposition of knots

Consider a knot to be a diagram in a plane--- i.e. a drawing of a finite connected planar graph (loops and multiple edges allowed) whose vertices are 4-valent with cyclic ordering for the incident ...
219 views

### Application of a quandle cocycle invariant for virtual knots

In knot theory, a quandle cocycle invariant was defined. Moreover, to virtual knot theory it was generalized by avoiding for virtual crossings. Question Are there many application of a quandle ...