Questions tagged [universal-property]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
12
votes
2answers
320 views

How to understand adjoint functors?

I asked this same question on MathUnderflow two weeks ago but didn't receive any answer. Now that I am thinking more, it feels like the most suitable place for this question is here. I have a good ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

if $\max_{z \in K} |\zeta(z+it)-f(z)|<\epsilon.$ then is this $\lim_{t\to \infty} \inf \frac {|\zeta'(z+it)|}{|f'(z)|} $ a finit limit?

Universality theorem of Riemann zeta function states that :Let $K$ be a compact subset with connected complement lying in the strip $\{1/2 < \operatorname{Re}(z)<1\}$, and let $f : K \rightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
120 views

Group law in universal central extension of Thompson's group T

I'm having some troubles with universal central extensions and associated cocycles; in particular, I want to understand the group law of the universal central extension of the Thompson's group $T$. ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Universality of the top eigenvalue of correlation matrices

Let $X$ be a $N\times P$ matrix with random independent and identically distributed entries $x_{ij}$. I also assume that $\langle x\rangle = 0$ and $\langle x^2\rangle = 1$. Define the $N\times N$ ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

When will a monad satisfy Moggi’s “equalizer” property?

I’m interested in finding when ($V$)-monads will satisfy the universal property that $\eta$ equalizes $\eta_T, T\eta$. I’m particularly interested in the case for monads on presheaf categories or that ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Universal property of the cocomplete category of models of a limit sketch

Let $\mathscr{S}$ be a limit sketch in a small category $\mathcal{E}$, i.e. just a collection of cones in $\mathcal{E}$. Then its category $\mathbf{Mod}(\mathscr{S})$ of models (i.e. functors $\...
10
votes
3answers
642 views

Hopf structure on the universal enveloping of a super Lie algebra

The universal enveloping algebra of a Lie algebra has a canonically defined Hopf algebra structure. Is the same true of the universal enveloping of a super Lie algebra? A presentation in terms of the ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Questions of the paper “PBW-pairs of varieties of linear algebras”

I am reading this paper "PBW-pairs of varieties of linear algebras", the link is here:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00927872.2012.720867. At page 672, there is a definition of PBW-pair. ...
10
votes
1answer
235 views

Intuition behind orthogonality in category theory, and origin of name

In category theory, two morphisms $e:A\to B$ and $m:C\to D$ are said to be orthogonal if for any $f:A\to C$ and $g:B\to D$ with $m\circ f=g\circ e$, there exists a unique morphism $d:B\to C$ such that ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Module of Kahler differentials for manifolds [duplicate]

Let $A$ be a $k$-algebra and let $\mathcal{M}_A$ be the set of all $A$-modules. In $\mathcal{M}_A$, there exists a universal object $\Omega_{A/k}$, called the module of Kahler differentials, and a $k$...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Definition of $\in_c$ for power objects

On the nLab page for power objects, the object $\in_c$ is defined as the domain of a monomorphism $\in_c\hookrightarrow c\times\Omega^c$, and it is mentioned at the end of the article that in any ...
13
votes
2answers
992 views

What is the correct definition of localisation of a category?

Disclaimer: I wasn't sure if this was an appropriate question for MathOverflow, and so I've also asked this on StackExchange. There appears to be a discrepancy in the literature regarding the ...
5
votes
0answers
225 views

closed substack of quotient stack

The question concerns quotient stacks. I am not very comfortable with stacks, so feel free to edit the question if I am saying nonsense. It is also the reason why I may be spelling in too much detail ...
7
votes
0answers
183 views

The category of elements corresponding to a coend as a higher colimit

Let $D: \mathcal{C} \to \mathbf{Set}$ be a diagram of sets, then we can obtain the colimit of $D$ as the set of connected components of the category of elements of $F$, which we denote by $\mathrm{el}(...
2
votes
0answers
198 views

Categorical quotients for quasi-affine varieties

Let $X$ be an affine variety and let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group acting on $X$. Let $U \subset X$ be a $G$-invariant open set. Under what hypothesis there exists a categorical quotient of $U$ ...
7
votes
2answers
939 views

Is there a useful limit or co-limit of a diagram that has only a single object?

I'm starting to study category theory kind of informally and everytime I read about the definitions of limits and co-limits, the first three examples are always the same: terminal/initial objects, ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Analogs of universal coverings for vector bundles

Not sure if I should use the soft-question tag here. Decided to wait with it :D The universal covering of a (nice enough) space $X$ is a universal, in a suitable sense, representation of $X$ in the ...
7
votes
1answer
163 views

“Universal embedding structures” in a general setting?

There are a number of famous results to the effect that "countable structures" of a certain type have a universal, "homogeneous" structure of the same type into which they all embed with various nice ...
4
votes
1answer
660 views

Left adjoint of pullback

In Awodey's Category Theory, p233 of 2nd ed. (or p205 of 1st ed.), he states: Indeed, the UMP of pullbacks essentially states that composition along any function α is left adjoint to pullback ...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

How Universal is the Topological $\mathbb K$-algebra $C(\Omega, \mathbb K)$?

For $\Omega$ an arbitrary set the family $C(\Omega, \mathbb K)$ of all functions $\Omega \to \mathbb K$ becomes a complete topological $\mathbb K$-algebra under the topology of uniform convergence. ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

What is the universal property of being the maximal common subobject of two objects in a semisimple category?

Imagine a semisimple abelian category $\mathcal{C}$, for example representations of a finite group. Take two (nonsimple) objects $X, Y$ that are subobjects of a common object $Z$, and decompose them ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Where does Segal's category come from?

Segal's category $\Gamma$ is the skeleton of the category $\text{FinSet}_{\ast}$ of pointed finite sets. It is used to write down $\Gamma$-spaces, which are functors $\Gamma \to \text{Top}$ satisfying ...
5
votes
1answer
353 views

Does $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ have some universal properties similar to its universal enveloping algebra?

Let $k$ be a field and $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ be $n \times n$ matrices over $k$. Let's consider $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ as an associative algebra and denote $gl_n(k)$ be the same $k$-linear space as $\text{Mat}...
0
votes
1answer
359 views

universal families and maps to quotient stacks

Suppose I have a certain (contravariant) moduli functor $M:Schemes \to Groupoids$ that is represented by a quotient stack $[X//G]$ where $X$ is a scheme and $G$ a linearly reductive group. Roughly ...
4
votes
0answers
358 views

Do generalizations of adjoint functors, such as adjunctions in 2-categories, and multivariable adjunctions, have formulations in terms of something like universal morphisms?

I recently learned about two-variable adjunctions and multi-variable adjunctions, and about adjunctions in 2-categories. The nCatLab page on two-variable adjunctions talks about how to go from the ...
6
votes
1answer
562 views

universal property of blow up for stacks?

I will use as a reference Hartshorne Prop. II.7.14, the universal property of blow-up. $\tilde{X}$ is the blow up of $X$ along a sheaf of ideals. $Z\to X$ is the morphism that is to be lifted to $\...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Adjoint Functors as Initial Objects of Some Category

Just as universal arrows can be characterized as initial objects of some appropriate comma category, and (co)limits can be characterized as (initial) terminal objects of the appropriate (co)cone ...
13
votes
5answers
3k views

Universal Property of the Smash Product (of pointed spaces)

Hey Is there a universal property for the smash product (of pointed spaces or pointed CW-complexes or something of that ilk)? I've seen the smash product of spectra defined with a universal property ...
1
vote
0answers
822 views

When do coproducts commute with filtered projective limits?

Let $C$ be a category with filtered projective limits and coproducts (denoted by $+$). Then for all filtered projective systems $\{X_i\}$, $\{Y_i\}$ in $C$ there is a canonical morphism $$\alpha ~:~ \...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Elements in a localization - category theoretic approach

This question is about the elements in a localization $S^{-1} A$ of a commutative ring $A$. Is it possible to derive $\frac{a}{1} = 0 \in S^{-1} A \Rightarrow \exists s \in S : sa = 0$ only using the ...
26
votes
14answers
2k views

Characterizing specific “concrete” mathematical objects by abstract general properties

In this note by Tom Leinster the Banach space $\mathrm{L}^1[0,1]$ is recovered by "abstract nonsense" as the initial object of a certain category of (decorated) Banach spaces. So a function space, ...
4
votes
3answers
550 views

Are schemes pushouts of neighbourhoods and formal neighbourhoods?

Hello, I have two questions, the first less important. Let $X$ be a scheme, $x \in X$ a schematic point. What is an elegant way of defining/characterizing the map $\operatorname{Spec}(O_{X,x}) \...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

universal property of stein factorization

This question has not the ambition of being very precise, instead it is more philosophical. The question is the following: does the Stein factorization of a morphism have some kind of universal ...
6
votes
0answers
305 views

Stable distributions for Lindeberg exchange strategy?

Terence Tao has mentioned the importance of the Lindeberg exchange strategy, citing as an application how it was used in the proofs of some recent results relating to universality laws for random ...
8
votes
0answers
327 views

Universal non-degenerate map over the space of complete linear maps

Let $E$ and $F$ be vector spaces and assume for simplicity that $\dim E = \dim F = n$. Recall that the moduli space of complete linear maps from $E$ to $F$ is the space $M(E,F)$ parameterizing all ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Completion of the rationals to the reals as an inverse limit construction?

There is of course the standard construction of the reals by considering the set of sequences that are Cauchy with respect to the standard metric and taking the quotient by sequences that converge to ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a “categorical” description of Grothendieck's algebra of differential operators?

First, pick a commutative ring $k$ as the "ground field". Everything I say will be $k$-linear, e.g. "algebra" means "unital associative algebra over $k$". Then recall the following construction due ...
4
votes
3answers
360 views

Characterizing nilpotents in a ring by a universal property

This is again a question asked to me by this user. He apparently quit using MO due to a busy time in personal and professional life and resulting difficulties in spending time here with patience. I am ...
8
votes
1answer
398 views

Can minimal surfaces be characterized by some universal property?

As objects which are minimal (in some respect), this seems entirely plausible, but I'm not sure what category we should be working in, and what restrictions we would need, to actually have a situation ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

equality of elements in localization via universal property [unsolved!]

I've been studying universal objects of universal algebra in a quite general setting and try to exhibit the structure of their elements just using the universal property. a very nice example for this ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

“Albanese” schemes: When does an “initial abelian scheme” exist under a given scheme?

For a variety V, its Albenese variety Alb(V) is a variety with a map V → Alb(V) which factors uniquely into any map from V to an abelian variety. Can we say something similar for an arbitrary ...
25
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the universal property of associated graded?

Given a filtered vector space (or module over a ring) $0=V_{0}\subseteq V_{1}\subseteq\cdots\subseteq V$, you can construct the associated graded vector space $\mathrm{gr}\left(V\right)=\oplus_{i}V_{i+...
26
votes
4answers
4k views

Is there a universal property for Witt vectors?

Do the Witt vectors satisfy a universal property?
26
votes
6answers
6k views

What is the universal property of normalization?

What is the universal property of normalization? I'm looking for an answer something like If X is a scheme and Y→X is its normalization, then the morphism Y→X has property P and any ...